5 von 9 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
More Value for Describing Traditional Society than for Prescribing Improvements for Today's Society,
Rezension bezieht sich auf: The World Until Yesterday: What Can We Learn from Traditional Societies? (Taschenbuch)
"But you must continue in the things which you have learned ...." -- 2 Timothy 3:14 (NKJV)
I enjoyed reading The World Until Yesterday because it describes practices in some traditional societies that I was unfamiliar with. Twenty-five of these societies (and much more of the text) are from New Guinea, a place I'm not likely to visit. Geography professor Jared Diamond mostly draws on descriptions and observations by Westerners who spent limited amounts of time with the traditional societies, sometimes expanded by comments from those who remember practices before interaction with today's typical societies occurred. He addresses these topics:
1. How friends, enemies, strangers, and traders were viewed ... particularly in terms of geographical boundaries.
2. Some ways that small-scale conflicts were resolved.
3. A war between related peoples is recounted.
4. A contrast is drawn between "limited" war and international war.
5. Child-rearing methods are characterized.
6. The role of aged people is related.
7. Ways of identifying and responding to signs of danger are detailed.
8. The sources of religious sentiments are theorized.
9. The advantages of knowing many languages are spelled out.
10. The consequences of changing diet and exercise from what traditional societies have practiced.
While you don't need to know my views on Professor Diamond's conclusions, I suspect that you will find many of them scanty and others may not sit well with you. While almost everyone will agree that eating lots of salt and sugar and not exercising are bad practices, most everything else is much more controversial. I suspect that the flaw is in book's research design. Professor Diamond probably needed to draw on more perspectives from other scientific disciplines to make his conclusions.
Certainly, there's food for thought and discussion here. Just don't rush to judgment ... or to change too many things without more investigation and testing.
I do recommend the book for those who would like a better sense of what life has been like for people who lived independently of the global strip mall that seems to be reducing so many differences among people and cultures.
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