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4,8 von 5 Sternen
4,8 von 5 Sternen
Ancient Iraq (Penguin History)
Format: Kindle Edition|Ändern
Preis:13,03 €

am 9. Oktober 2005
Now in its 3rd edition, Ancient Iraq remains the most complete and readable overview of the history of this cradle of civilization. Interestingly, the word Iraq comes from the name of the Sumerian city state Uruk. There is now a village called Warka near the ruins of the ancient city.
The introductory chapters explore the geographical setting, archaeological research and the paleo-, meso- and neolithic periods. Following on, the author discusses the Hassuna, Samarra, Halat, Ubaid, Uruk and Jemdat timeframes, and the ancient trade routes.
Next up is the Sumerian civilization, with a study of its origin, religion, history and mythology. The story of Gilgamesh is covered here. There was a Semitic interlude and a final Sumerian renaissance before the torch of history passed to the Semites in the form of the Akkadians and later the Assyrians and Babylonians. The statesman and lawgiver Hammurabbi is thoroughly dealt with.
But other peoples played a part too, like the Hurrians, Mitannians and Kassites. Insofar as they impacted upon the history of the area, empires like the Hittite and the Egyptian are also considered. There are detailed narratives on the Assyrian empire, the Chaldean kings and the fall of Nineveh and later of Babylon. After this event, Mesopotamia ceased to be a seat of empire and passed from the Persians to the Greeks, the Parthians, the Sassanids and ultimately to the Arabs.
In the Epilogue, we learn of the heritage of this civilization, such as enduring religious symbols like the Maltese cross, the tree of life an the crescent. Some words have come down to us, like "alcohol" (guhlu in Akkadian), "myrrh" (murru) and " "naphta" (naptu), "abyss" (abzu in Sumerian). Some Sumerian words still live in Hebrew, like Egal (great house) = Heikal = Temple and the personal name Eitan (Etana).
The book contains plates with photographs and illustrations, and concludes with bibliographic notes, comparative history tables, various interesting maps and indices of names and subjects. For those interested in the paleolithic origins of civilization, I recommend Lost Civilizations Of The Stone Age by Richard Rudgley. If you have a taste for alternative history, the book Ramses II And His Time by Immanuel Velikovsky has much to say about Babylon and the Chaldeans. And finally, Empires Of The Word: A Language History Of The World by Nicholas Ostler, deals extensively with ancient Mesopotamia, its languages, culture and empires.
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am 12. September 1999
Before "Ancient Iraq" I never knew it was possible to write about (ancient) history in such an accessible way . I will never forget lighting on this sentence: "...a formidable warrior whose name sounds like the beat of a battle-drum, Gungunum, King of Larsa."
George Roux showed me that History need not be a dull science when a storyteller uses imagination to color the images he wants us to remember.
Georges Roux left us last August, but won't be forgotten.
Chris Cleutjens
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am 22. August 2006
Roux schreibt allgemeinverständlich und doch tiefsinnig. Man erfährt etwas über die Sumerer, Akkader, Amoriter, Guti, Kassiten, Assyrer, Aramäer, Perser, Griechen und Parther. Die sumerische Kultur entstand vor etwa 6.000 Jahren, gegen 4.000 v. Chr. und ging bis 2.000 v. Chr. Dann wurden die Sumerer von den semitischsprachigen Akkadern erobert. Die Sumerer sind auch die Erfinder der Keilschrift, die sich etwa 3.400 v. Chr. aus einer Bilderschrift entwickelte. Die ägyptischen Hieroglyphen entstanden etwa 3.100 v. Chr. und damit 300 Jahre später. Die sumerische Sprache ist nicht zu klassifizieren. Nur die Religion und die Wirtschaft haben mich nicht besonders interessiert. Ansonsten ist das Buch absolut spitze.
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am 6. Januar 1998
Iraq is not a fashionable topic these days, but ancient Iraq is something else. This is one of the only books available in print describing ancient Mesopotamia in toto, including not only the southern region (Sumeria) and the middle regions (Babylonia), but also Assyria in the north. Information on Assyria is particularly hard to come by for the nonspecialist. The author is not a trained archeologist; as a physician he worked as a medical officer for the Iraq Petroleum Co. for nine years in the '50s, and his series of articles in the company publication "Iraq Petroleum" formed the basis for this book. He is now a respected scholar in this field. Distinct from the three dozen or so other works in ancient history I have read, this one takes pains to describe how various facts are gathered, and how their reliability may be assessed. The whole work has the flavor of someone who has taken trouble to learn something, and wants eagerly to share it with his readers. I strongly recommend this book.
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am 11. Juni 1999
This is a delightful introduction the Chaldean, Assyro-Babylonian, Sumero-Akkadian and Mesopotamian civilization(s) from earliest times down to around 500 B.C. Over half a million of their written tablets have been found (yet the number of sites identified and not dug up is much bigger than the number dug up so far). The author writes nicely in English; the book is not a translation from French.
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am 24. Oktober 1999
Though so much of the past is and will likely remain hazy or unknown, what we CAN know about it may challenge and even sweep away many of our rash assumptions (especially assumptions about certain kinds of progress). What an exotic, grand, fragile and terrifying world Roux shows us. Heartily recommended.
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am 27. Oktober 1998
I have read this book during my engagement on the huge construction project in Iraq. It has inspired me so much that I visited almost all of the accesible sites (Ur, Uruk, Eridu, Kish, Babylon, Dur Kurigalzu, Ashur, Nimrud, Nineveh, etc.). I would like to thank Mr. Roux on his wonderful work.
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am 20. April 2000
This book is one of the best that I have read about ancient Mesopotamia, but is so badly illustrated.
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