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Beiträge von Sonya Trejo
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Sonya Trejo "Evo Psycho" (Seattle, WA)
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The Evolution Of Desire: Strategies Of Human Mating
The Evolution Of Desire: Strategies Of Human Mating
von David M. Buss
  Taschenbuch

3.0 von 5 Sternen Broad in Scope, Narrow in Analysis, 4. Januar 2000
One must give Buss credit for the remarkable scope of his surveys and the success of having 10,000 people world wide participate. But what has been said about these results outside this book were actually more interesting than the book itself.
First -- the world over, men and women valued kindness and intelligence in their mates. This book however focuses on the differences between men and women -- the values they desire after kindness and intelligence, but then is rather light-handed in discussing how even these sex differences were highly influenced by culture.
Second -- I thought his discussion of men, women and sexual fantasies had some wrongheaded conclusions. Between 41-49% of women focus on only one partner per fantasy, fantasize about someone they know, and think about feelings rather than visuals, yet he declares that "women emphasize tenderness and romance." It seems odd to me that less than half of women should count as "women"; the only reason he comes to this conclusion is because more women than men report these details about their fantasies. Are we going to define women by how the majority of women actually behave, or by how women compare to men? Also, how does he know the "feelings" women report relate to "emotion" rather than to sensation? Obnoxiously, while only 33% of men report fantasies of group sex, he goes on to provide us with descriptions of group sex fantasies, referring to them as "typical."
I also disliked how his chapter on Casual Sex lumped a one-night-stand between strangers, a one friendly one nighter, a fling, a short term relationship and an affair in the same category, which he referred to as a "dark and shrouded region of human sexuality." This chapter was not nearly as bad as it could be, considering how strangely conservative other authors on the topic of evo-psycho are, in fact it was far more thoughtful and grounded in reality than other discussions I've read.
But, all in all Buss presents some interesting data which reflects our evolution as human animals. I agree that it's a good intro to the field.


The Moral Animal: Why We Are, the Way We Are: The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology
The Moral Animal: Why We Are, the Way We Are: The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology
von Robert Wright
  Taschenbuch
Preis: EUR 16,76

6 von 6 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
2.0 von 5 Sternen Profoundly Unscientific, Poorly Reasoned, 30. Dezember 1999
I am a student of evolutionary psychology and evolution, and I found this book a poor representation of both. This book fails to provide anything more than carefully selected biological jargon to support the author's desire for a world based on Victorian principles of sexual restraint and life-long monogamy. Wright is under several delusions. First, that pretty women have more sexual restraint. Gee, Wright, I guess that means that all those women in pornography and Playboy are grotesque! The reality is that attractive women have the opportunity to play at high-stakes in the world of sexual economics. Being in high demand, they have two choices -- they can withhold supply to the highest bidder (marriage) or, they can supply sex to many lesser bidders in the form of dates, serial monogamy, prostitution, or other sex work. Which a woman chooses is PURELY CULTURAL. Today in the first world, thanks to the economic power and reproductive choices women now enjoy, most women choose serial monogamy. In Victorian times they choose marriage. In societies in which marriage is drudgery and prostitution is legal, the most independent woman will choose prostitution. Where prostitutes are killed, of course, only the very desperate will risk it. To say that NATURE dictates monogamous life-long marriage as the MORALLY superior choice is pure and utter fantasy.
The other delusion Wright holds is that men loathe women they sleep with unless they are married, and that women are best off withholding sex lest their willingness destroy any budding love he may have had for her. This is also backward logic. It is indeed true that men will have sex with women they dislike, and almost immediately after the act they will be reminded of his dislike and flee. The point here is that he disliked her to begin with, not because they had sex.
It is also true that men are not willing to invest a marriage commitment in women who are not sexually loyal, but at the same time have no trouble having sex with such women. This is evolutionary advantagous and should be expected. However, it is again PURELY CULTURAL for a man to feel hatred for the women he has sex with but does not marry, or to be offended by a woman's appetite or enjoyment of sex. Not proposing marriage is not the equivalent of hatred, though Wright seems to think so.
And yes, of course culture comes from the adapted mind, but cultures are vastly different. It is the intersection of biology and environment that creates culture, and it is within culture that morals are formed.


The Moral Animal: Why We Are, the Way We Are: The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology
The Moral Animal: Why We Are, the Way We Are: The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology
von Robert Wright
  Taschenbuch
Preis: EUR 16,76

1.0 von 5 Sternen The "way we are?", 22. Oktober 1999
I have utterly no problem with the idea that we are creatures of evolution, and that our behavior is at least partially biological. However, before I can accept an explanation for "why we are" I need to hear an accurate description of "the way we are." Steven Wright has no idea. He should have titled this book, "My Peronal Morality: Ideas that Explain Why We Are the Way I Assume We Are."


Woman: An Intimate Geography
Woman: An Intimate Geography
von Natalie Angier
  Gebundene Ausgabe

5.0 von 5 Sternen Groundbreaking book -- can't wait for the ensuing revolution, 2. Juni 1999
Woman: An Intimate Geography, by Natalie Angier is the book I've been waiting for my whole life.
It always seemed that the more I reveled in being female the more I was called manly, the more I lusted for men the more I was called masculine. This never made sense to me. I cannot see the female body, with its bloodletting and birthing, as dainty, pure, or weak. My libido has never been mute. When I embraced my body, my animal nature, I was told I was being unnatural. Women don't have an "aggressive nature", we are told, unless they are defying their biology.
But I've always been loyal to my femaleness while negating the idea that I was innately feminine. It has been depressing to me to see that other women who have refused to knuckle under and conform to imposed gender expectations have done so by shunning science, biology, and evolution. They assume that science is just rotten men out to prove that we are weak, retiring, and in need of male shelter, therefor, the sciences are to be ignored, mocked, and socially deconstructed until all that is left is the male's gaze and his delusions. "Nature is just another social construction," they would insist in the light of Donna Haraway. "Subjectivity destroys any possibility of science being truly objective," the Sandra Harding school would say. "Gender is just performance," says Judith Butler. "Looking for the biological basis for gender will simply pathologize those of us who don't conform," is the concern of gender activists like Pat Califia.
The answer to bad science is better science. Science with adequate and representative populations. Science without an agenda. Science that does not negate that which women experience on a daily basis. Science that remembers the basic tenants of mathematics and statistics -- there can be more variations with a single group than between groups in comparison. Before you attempt to "prove" that there is a gene for making women are less intelligent, demure and more sociable, first you are going to have to prove that women ARE less intelligent, demure, and more sociable.
That scientific inquiry begins, though certainly does not end, with this book. Without ignoring the profundity of the body, or claiming that the body defines us completely, Angier both celebrates that which is innate to the female body and with the grace of queen, shakes off that which is not. She poetically and accurate discusses the biology of the vagina, clitoris, ovaries, breasts, the cycling of the menstrual hormones, and the undeniable experiences that come with them, and confidently scoffs at the idea that these things somehow prove that we are simple, dainty, submissive, or have only a weak pulse of a libido. She manages to do this without reducing us to our parts. She does not insist we find beauty in our menstrual blood or peace in suckling our babies. Nor does she limit her discussion of womanhood to only the pure genetic female; she includes the experience of women with Androgen-Insensitivity Syndrome (those born with XY chromosomes), women who were born intersexual (with ambiguous genitalia) and Turner's girls (those with only one X chromosome). She discusses the nugget of truth in the both statements, "Women are made, not born" and "Women are born, not made."
Her critique of evolutionary psychology is done with such aplomb I want to anoint her feet with oil. She exposes how evolutionary psychologists seem not to fully grasp scientific thought, but pick and chose from their observations to assert their own belief systems. One minute they are discussing gay men as Ubermen, men without fetters, truly living out their untainted manliness with each other so that they may claim that the promiscuity of gay men is innate to all men. The next minute they are describing gay men as half-women, so that they may attribute their less gender conformist activities to something other than themselves.
The only thing wrong with this book is that I didn't get to write it. But I'm glad someone did.
also recommended: The Mismeasure of Woman, by Carol Tavris


Loose Woman
Loose Woman
von Sandra Cisneros
  Gebundene Ausgabe
Preis: EUR 20,51

5.0 von 5 Sternen Beautiful, Lyrical, Lusty, 27. April 1999
Rezension bezieht sich auf: Loose Woman (Gebundene Ausgabe)
I'm not sure I can really articulate how amazing Sandra's work is. She goes beyond modernism, beyond the language poets, and straight into the language of the heart, soul, and body.


Why Men Rule: A Theory of Male Dominance
Why Men Rule: A Theory of Male Dominance
von Steven Goldberg
  Taschenbuch

1.0 von 5 Sternen Replacing One Myth with Another, 23. August 1998
How very nice that Goldberg can deconstruct tired, unsubstatiated feminist arguments. What good does it do if he replaces their falsehood with his own?
Sure - most geniuses are men. Are most men men geniuses? NOT!
Sure - most geniuses are men - but does that mean there are no female geniuses? NOT!
Saying that men are inherently superior and fit for rulership because most gifted people are male (which begs the questions "what defines gifted?")is just as flawed as saying that men are inherently barbaric because most criminals are male.


Sex Changes: The Politics of Transgenderism
Sex Changes: The Politics of Transgenderism
von Pat Califia
  Taschenbuch

5.0 von 5 Sternen Anaylsis of the Binary Gender System and Who Benefits, 25. Juli 1998
The reviewer who claimed that Califia thinks that transexuals should not exist or change their bodies clearly did not read the book. Not only does she protect transexuals, transgenders and gender misfits in general, she praises transsexual Kate Bornstien lavishly, calling her brave, beautiful and brilliant.
What Califia does is question the binary categorization of gender, given that humanity is expressed on a spectrum of gender expression, not two distinct categories. Why do people feel the need to pathologize those that don't cleanly fit? Is changing our bodies giving in or resisting the binary gender discourse? In her introduction she makes clear that only the individual can decide what gender path to take, and that claims of objectivity in gender research or theory should be viewed skeptically. She ultimately upholds personal choice of gender expression, which is varied, not one-or-the-other, and attacks those who judge, medicalize, and pathologize those of! us who refuse to conform to one box or the other. Her chapter on the gender "scientists" of John Hopkins medical school was brilliant.
Excellent work, as usual, from Pat Califia.


Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in Human Sexuality (6th ed)
Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in Human Sexuality (6th ed)
von Robert T. Francoeur
  Taschenbuch

2.0 von 5 Sternen Taking the Conservative, Ignorant Side, 16. Juli 1998
This textbook is outragously disappointing. It made me lose faith in academia. Sure, they let intelligent people like Pat Califia and Susan Hamson write some articles - only to write incredibly warped interpretations of them. Each debate is preceded and concluded with a painful gut-wrenchingly biased quip by the editors. You don't have to be a lawyer to see how obvious the supposed "thougful questions" they pose lead the reader to agreement with the editors. Even in the face of a clear, academic, scientific, humanitarian point of view, if the opposer is more well-known, conservative, or male, the editors will regard their conclusions more highly.
The editors make three particular mistakes that make my head swim: they refer to dividing males and females into 2 categories as "diversity" (that's called a binary, folks), they confuse sex with gender identity and with sexuality (those are three different things, people), and they insist on asking &q! ! uot;how should people with vandalized lovemaps be treated" when the debate itself was questioning whether a lovemap could be vandalized, and why sexual diversity (that's MORE than 2, boys) is considered a sickness in the first place.
I haven't gotten to their stance on abstinence-only based education yet. I shudder to know.
Here's the worst: They actually ask, "Do we use the emerging evidence of gender diversity to maintain traditional patriarchal prerogatives?" First - this followed a discussion by John Gray - a man with absolutely no scientific credentials. Second - gender DIVERSITY is not a binary. Third - The emereging evidence supports a TRUE diversity of gender (people differ more within the sexes than between them) a truth upon which a patriarchy would fall.
Sonia - Volunteer Sex Educator for San Francisco Sex Information


Brain Sex: The Real Difference Between Men and Women
Brain Sex: The Real Difference Between Men and Women
von Anne Moir
  Taschenbuch
Preis: EUR 16,99

1 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
1.0 von 5 Sternen Give me a break, 7. Juli 1998
Here's statistics 101 for any readers of books like this (and the authors of this book should know better):
The statistical difference between two groups (in this case, men and women) CAN'T TELL YOU ANYTHING ABOUT THE INDIVIDUALS THAT MAKE THOSE GROUPS!
This book is an absurdity. Yes, men and women differ as groups, as individuals, there are more variations within the sexes than between them. Shame on these so called "scientists" for promoting this kind of reductionist, uncritical, sloppy bullsh**.


Public Sex: The Culture of Radical Sex
Public Sex: The Culture of Radical Sex
von Pat Califia
  Taschenbuch

2 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Pat Califa is Goddess of Truth, 11. Juni 1998
Well, that might be a little much, but she certainly is a dissonant voice of reason. I discovered Pat Califia when my women's studies friends were pasing around her book of dirty stories "Macho Sluts" (yuck! disgusting! misogynist! ooh, nice!) and was one of the few to actually read the introduction. Wow, I thought, this woman is a genius and a slut. Which I have since considered a sign of genuine feminine maturity. Califia isn't just "emotional and lusty" - she's sharply aware, grounded and logical. Califia's work tells us to speak from our loins and we can't go wrong. And she's right.


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