Geben Sie Ihre Mobiltelefonnummer oder E-Mail-Adresse ein
Über „Link senden“ stimmen Sie den Amazon-Nutzungsbedingungen zu.
Sie stimmen zu, unter der oben angegebenen Mobiltelefonnummer über die Kindle App eine automatisierte Textnachricht von oder im Namen von Amazon zu erhalten. Ihre Zustimmung ist keine Bedingung für einen Kauf. Möglicherweise fallen Kosten für Nachrichten und Daten an.
A New Stoicism Gebundene Ausgabe – 1. März 1998
"A stimulating discussion of ethics that is free of the jejune or overly technical attitudes characteristic of much current writing on the subject."---Joseph Shea, n.b.: new from The Reader's Catalog
Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende
- Herausgeber : Princeton University Press (1. März 1998)
- Sprache : Englisch
- Gebundene Ausgabe : 216 Seiten
- ISBN-10 : 0691016607
- ISBN-13 : 978-0691016603
- Abmessungen : 16.51 x 1.27 x 24.13 cm
- Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 5,481,689 in Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Bücher)
Spitzenbewertung aus Deutschland
Derzeit tritt ein Problem beim Filtern der Rezensionen auf. Bitte versuchen Sie es später noch einmal.
Spitzenrezensionen aus anderen Ländern
Becker's objective - in which he is mostly successful - is to reconcile Stoicism to the modern age. His neo-Stoicism does not require a purposeful universe. It is a materialist rather than an idealist philosophy, grounded in modern science including psychology and learning theory. Moreover it does not require asceticism, or the divorce from the emotions that some of the ancient Stoics seemed to be advocating, although Stoics will want to learn how to control their emotions so they can still pursue desired objectives.
Becker's style is difficult - mostly formal and academic - which means he re-uses defined terms (e.g. "agency", "all-things-considered") rather repetitively, but he is capable of leavening this style with vivid and sometimes poetic examples of what he means. It's these glimpses of a playful personality behind the academic philosopher that keep a lay reader such as myself reading (and indeed awake!)
His evident concern is to present a rigorous formal exposition of a modernised Stoicism that can withstand the scrutiny of his academic peers. Sometimes, as with his "Calculus for Normative Logic", this is beyond the lay reader - perhaps beyond anyone but a logician - but at least he has the grace to put this in an Appendix.
The least convincing part of his argument for me - as highlighted by a previous reviewer - is his apparent defence of the ancient Stoic doctrine that virtue is an "all or nothing" quality, which only sages can lay claim to. It is surprising that he does defend this concept, as he has already come up with an alternative in a graduated scale of "health", "fitness" and "virtuosity" which is more practical and commonsensical.
As the first book I have read on Stoicism, this was both satisfying (in that it convinced me that Stoicism is a respectable philosophy for a non-religious and scientific age) and unsatisfying (in that it said little about stoic moral training, the means as opposed to the end). I will however be reading more about Stoicism, and I suspect Becker would be happy with that.
But I can't extend that recommendation to more casual readers with an interest in stoicism.
Even though I am quite comfortable, if a bit rusty, with the language of academic philosophy and formal logic (in college I spent months studying Russell & Whitehead's "Principia Mathematica") reading this book still required significant effort. Here is a sample of the language used in the section titled "A Posteriori Normative Propositions": "The axioms and rules of inference in our normative logic represent all norms as connected to the endeavors of some agents, and exclude a priori from moral deliberation only those normative propositions constructed (in part or whole) from errors of fact." If you have trouble understanding the section tittle or parsing such a sentence, this might not be the book for you.
On the other hand, if you are a fan (as I used to be) of applying formal logic along with a set of axioms (a-la Russell & Whitehead) to the field of Stoic ethics--and willing/able to invest the time and effort required to follow the arguments--I can't think of a better book. Appendix, titled "A Calculus for Normative Logic" does just that, with enough rigor and formulae to satisfy and challenge any logician.
I believe that the long-lasting and broad appeal of stoicism is due in great part to the beauty of the language of its surviving writings. The language of Epictetus/Arrian's discourses, Marcus Aurelius' meditations and Seneca's letters is the antithesis of the language of academic philosophy; and what those books lack in formalism they make up with compelling language, examples and images. Any reader enamored with the aforementioned writings will find him/herself as in a foreign land where a different and difficult language is spoken. I was not expecting this book to be as easy a read as Seneca's letters, but I thought that my background would make the journey of reading it much easier than it actually was ... let's say something along the lines of Pierre Hadot's books.
Having said that, one might argue that there are already plenty of books on stoicism for the general public, and few that approach it from such an academic and formal angle. From that perspective, this is--without question--a valuable and important contribution to the evolution of stoicism. It combines an obvious passion for the philosophy with a very rigorous treatment, and it's a compelling defense of the value and applicability of stoic teachings even absent the metaphysical foundations on which they were originally based. I commend, congratulate and thank Lawrence Becker for undertaking such a task, and I hope that the book finds its way into the right hands and minds.