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Walden Two
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am 14. März 2004
Eine utopische Welt - gibt es so was? Glück und Freude überall, jederzeit? Wir können uns so etwas kaum vorstellen, genauso geht es dem Ich-Erzähler des Buches, der den Leser auf eine Erlebnisreise in eine besondere Welt entführt.
Ein Verhaltensforscher hat seine eigene Welt gegründet, in der alle Menschen glücklich und zufrieden sind.
Nun führt der Verhaltensforscher den Ich-Erzähler durch seine Welt und erklärt ihm das Prinzip. Streit gibt es nicht, weil kein Neid vorkommt, da man alles haben kann. Unglückliche Liebe ist abgeschafft. Alles ist umsonst, dafür gibt es eine Arbeitspflicht. Dabei verlangen verschieden harte Berufe unterschiedlich lange Arbeitszeiten, so braucht eine Putzfrau z.B. nur 1 Stunde, ein Professor dagegen muss 10 Stunden arbeiten, da er mehr Spaß hat. Der Spaß wird anhand der Nachfrage gemessen.
Es scheint eine perfekte Welt, doch der Ich-Erzähler bleibt genauso kritisch wie der Leser. So hakt er an allen Stellen nach und probiert alles zu analysieren. Im Leser wächst die Spannung, was denn nun faul ist an dieser Welt.
Natürlich, nichts läuft ohne Manipulation, aber dies ist kein Geheimnis in Walden Two. Es gibt keine „wahre" Liebe, aber auch das wirkt unwichtig gegen die ganzen Vorteile.
Bis zum Ende findet der Ich-Erzähler nichts, was man dem Verhaltensforscher wirklich zu Lasten legen könnte. Dennoch kann er sich nicht mit der Welt anfreunden. So ähnlich geht es dem Leser. Wir glauben einfach nicht an eine perfekte Welt. Homen homini lupus est - der Mensch dem Mensch ein Wolf ist. Was anderes kommt für uns nicht in Frage. Aber man sollte sich einmal auf das Gedankenexperiment einlassen.
Dieser Roman besteht fast ausschließlich aus Gesprächen, eine andauernde, unglaublich interessante Diskussion zwischen dem Verhaltensforscher und dem Ich-Erzähler.
Ist Kommunismus möglich? Bedarf er der Manipulation? Wie weit ist Manipulation erlaubt, wenn sie dem Nutzen dient? Die Antworten bleiben offen. Es gibt kein Schwarz-Weiß, es gibt nur Tausende von Argumenten.
Das faszinierendste Buch, das ich je gelesen habe!!!
11 Kommentar| 19 Personen fanden diese Informationen hilfreich. War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?JaNeinMissbrauch melden
am 24. März 2000
Rodger ("Rodge") and Steve Jamnik, two young men returning from service at the end of WWII, stop by the office of Professor Burris to ask if he knows anything about a man named Frazier, and the new society Frazier is trying to build. Burris remembers that Frazier was a classmate of his in graduate school, one with radical ideas. He sends a letter to Frazier and immediately gets a reply inviting him to visit the community. Burris agrees to take time off from his academic duties to accompany Rogers and Steve on a visit to "Walden Two," Frazier's community. Rodge's girlfriend Barbara, Steve's girlfriend Mary, and Burris' Colleague Castle, also come. The population of Walden Two is about one thousand people, all of whom seem to be healthy and happy. They live in dwellings, eat in common dining spaces, raise their children in a nursery, and grow and build much of what they need. The standard workday lasts only four hours, or less; no one is paid wages--but nothing at Walden Two costs money. Each of the visitors responds to the community differently. Castle finds it challenging he spends the duration of the visit arguing with Frazier about such a community like Walden Two. Burris, on the other hand, finds himself somewhere in the middle: he is skeptical that such a community could work, but he finds Frazier's arguments compelling and he cannot forget the evidence of success in front of him. Steve and Mary are both convinced that this is the life for them; they decide to stay at Walden Two. Rodge, too, is convinced, but Barbara is not; he leaves Walden Two with her at the end of their visit. Burris decides to return to his academic life. However, at the train station he suddenly realizes that he would rather try life at Walden Two, for whatever it's worth, than go back to the university. He walks back to Walden Two and begins his new life there along with the rest of the group.
0Kommentar| 4 Personen fanden diese Informationen hilfreich. War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?JaNeinMissbrauch melden
am 16. April 1999
Walden Two is an excellent portrayal of a working utopian society contrasted with the relatively gloomy style of life as we know it. A Brave New World and 1984 portray attempted utopian societies which fail or appear to be failing, but Walden Two works, according to its author. All throughout this novel, readers wonder if they would really like to live in a society like this by weighing the costs and benefits. Written in more of a philosophical type of dialogue between the protaganists and the antagonists, the novel at first presents to be dull, but persistence proves to be worthwhile. This is a must read for any student or professor, as it is for anyone interested in the psychology or philosophy of the book. Try to make your decision to live in the society before the last few chapters and debate it with your friends! Good luck!
0Kommentar| 2 Personen fanden diese Informationen hilfreich. War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?JaNeinMissbrauch melden
am 28. September 1999
The 20th century has been characterised by an increasing awareness of threats for our society and a growing pessimism. Many authors showed great skill in identifying points of concern and managed to turn their findings into startling visions of the future. "1984" and "Brave New World" are among the most well known. In times where positive approaches towards our future are very rare, B.F. Skinner wrote a novel which provides many ideas concerned with constructing a better world. The governing principle his ideal world is based on is the reduction of society's size to a degree where a contingency between action and outcome is again guaranteed. This can only be achieved by modifying the environment in a way that cooperative and creative action is facilitated. In the novel Professor Burris and a group of friends follow the invitation of Mr. Frazier, who has established a model society called Walden Two in the middle of modern America. Frazier guides his guests through Walden Two, showing them all his new achievements and afterwards discussing them. Children are born into a protected environment. Only very slowly are they exposed to obstacles of life and negative aspects in our world. Their patterns of behaviour are formed through positive reinforcement, thus negative behaviour is eliminated. The citizens have a free choice of jobs afterwards and can occupy themselves with things they like. A credit system ensures that everybody contributes to the work required for the sake of society, but variety of jobs and the focusssing on internal rewards make work easily bearable. Arts, communication and cooperation flourish and the people in Walden II seem to have got rid of the problems which depress the world around them. Frazier is confronted with the reproach that he conditions the citizens of Walden II and leaves them no freedom of choice. The disappearence of some of our democratic structures is seen as a form of dictatorship by some of the guests. Burris, who is the narrator of the story has to take the decision which socity he prefers... B.F. Skinner turns his belief in behavioural engineering into a highly controversive novel. The novel tries to demonstrate that many of his ideas can actually be established in our society. He stimulates many thoughts, discusses essential questions for our future and gives -this is the courageous approach of the book - a concrete picture of his ideal society. As a reader you might argue many of the suggested changes, you might even find some ideas absurd, but it is a constructive start which is open for additional ideas. Readers are provoked to reconsider their own attitudes and actions. Who disagrees with Skinner should try to turn his ideal world into existence, because as Skinner tries to tell us: We can built up an ideal society within the existing society. An experiment in our own circle could deliver the knowledge which makes the whole society change.
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am 29. Juni 1999
Skinner, the champion of radical behaviorism, offers the blueprints of his utopian society as driven by a technology of behavior. Instead of boring readers with an extensive review of the research by himself or others, Skinner returns to his literary roots and provides a novel. This book provides a working knowledge of Skinnerian psychology and should be on the book list in psychology classes that deal with Skinner's theories. Beyond academia, this book provides an interesting dialogue concerning science's role in society. The novel is fairly easy to read and moves along well. However, this is not a book to read solely for entertainment -- it does not move quite that quickly! As Skinner intended, this book is a conversation piece.
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am 9. September 1999
An interesting combination of new and old ideas on the possibility of an existing Utopia. Yet the beauty of this book lies within the fact that biased as the ideas are, the reader is given the freedom to make an objective decision on all of the issues. Plotless, another reader said because the book lacks any events, but boring because of this ? Far from the truth. That the book is not pretending to be "entertainment" but just fuelforthebrain is one of its many attractions.
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am 18. Juni 1998
The problem with most novels is that they are devoid of intellectual content. The problem with most books on utopia is that they are boring. Walden Two, a novel about utopia, avoids both these traps. This book is probably the most exciting and captivating book ever written about utopia and communal living. If you want to read a compelling adventure story that really makes you think at the same time - for the love of Mike, buy this book.
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am 6. Juli 1999
An experminetal community that is on the border of morality and immorality. It questions whether or not behavioral engineering limits or adds to the freedom of the inhabitants of Walden Two. The many theories and problems (and the solutions) of the nature and behavior of humans are used to shape the community.
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am 6. Juli 1999
An experminetal community that is on the border of morality and immorality. It questions whether or not behavioral engineering limits or adds to the freedom of the inhabitants of Walden Two. The many theories and problems (and the solutions) of the nature and behavior of humans are used to shape the community.
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am 20. September 1999
If you're into Utopias, Philosophy, psychology, or any hybrid of the two, Walden II is for you. As a teenager it enlightened me on the pinpoints of teenage behavioralism. A must read for the intelligant human being. The productive member or society. But beware you may come back a changed man
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