- Taschenbuch: 294 Seiten
- Verlag: Profile Books; Auflage: Main. (16. Juli 2009)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 1846681200
- ISBN-13: 978-1846681202
- Größe und/oder Gewicht: 13 x 1,9 x 19,4 cm
- Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 2 Kundenrezensionen
- Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 62.700 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
Vermeer's Hat: The Seventeenth Century and the Dawn of the Global World (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 16. Juli 2009
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Spell-binding ... as a guide to the world behind the pictures Vermeer's Hat is mind-expanding -- John Carey * Sunday Times * A brilliant attempt to make us understand the reach and breadth of the first global age -- Kathryn Hughes * Guardian * Brook takes you into the paintings in a way that can be spookily intimate -- William Leith * Evening Standard * Brook is a gifted storyteller... spellbinding... a treasure trove of astonishing pleasures * The Lady * How brilliantly Brook connects all with all * Guardian * Revelatory * Sunday Business Post * Illuminating footnotes to Vermeer's miracles on canvas * Independent * An erudite, surprising book that finds traces of swashbuckling where you'd least expect -- Thomas Marks * Daily Telegraph * Truly mesmerising. In this accessible but authoritative study, he... shows better than anyone I've read so far, the truly subversive power of detail -- Lesley McDowell * Independent on Sunday *
From the epicentre of Delft in the Netherlands, Brook takes the paintings of Johannes Vermeer and uses details of them as a series of entry points to the widest circles of world trade and cultural exchange in the seventeenth century. An officer's beaver hat in "Officer and the Laughing Girl" opens up the story of Champlain's dealing with the native peoples of Canada and the beaver trade. A china dish on a table in another painting uncovers the story of the Chinese porcelain trade. Moving outwards from Vermeer's studio Brook traces the web of trade that was spreading across the globe, from firearms to silver mines and Manila galleons. And his vision embraces many personal stories - of an African slave and a Chinese aesthete, of a Dutch gunsmith stranded in Korea and of Vermeer himself.Alle Produktbeschreibungen
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The consumption of tobacco grew explosively in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. The Europeans discovered smoking in America and exported it all over the world. China became soon the largest market. Tobacco was delivered to China directly from Mexico via Manila in what are now the Philippines, from the America's east coast directly via Macao in India, and from Europe by several harbor stops in East Asia.
The finest and most desirable tobacco was produced in what are now the Southern States of North America. Tobacco produced enormous wealth for all involved, for the growers, the transporters, and the traders at all levels and for the government though taxation.
Tobacco was unique in that all classes, men and women consumed it. One emperor at an early stage passed a law that anybody found to be selling tobacco would be decapitated. In the beginning it was considered healthy, to cure many illnesses and to create a positive relationship between people smoking together. At a later stage tobacco leaves were dipped in the sap of poppies that had even a stronger impact. The next step was to bypass the tobacco leaves and replace it with opium leading to the opium wars and other disasters.
Returning to the profits and growth, another effect was that especially English farmers moved to the Southern States in America took land and established plantations that required many workers. As Native Indians refused to work for them, they imported workers from Africa as slaves, which led to a very profitable business. This raid growth still required another ingredient, a way for traders to buy and sell tobacco, slaves and other goods. This was solved by the export from Mexico and South America from huge amounts of silver.
The money machine "Tobacco" produced wealth over several centuries. It started to decline slowly in the second half of the 20th century in the developed countries. The problems with the use of opium and similar drugs are well known. Several Chinese emperors tried to halt the import of opium in China were forced by the Western powers to accept their export of opium into China as they made huge profits on this activity.
The author always at the end of the chapter refers to the starting point. In this case he refers to a famous museum in the Netherlands, the "Mauritshuis" that was built by Johan Maurits who had been the governor of the Dutch possessions in Brazil by the Dutch West India Company (WIC) in the period of trade expansion. The author could have added that the museum owns as part of its permanent collection, the famous Vermeer painting, "The girl with a pearl earring." This is just one of many "windows'.
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This is a book of first contacts. In a globalized world, we take for granted the diversity we see in society. But what happened the very FIRST time a Portuguese vessel marooned onto a beach of a tiny fishing village on the southeast coast of China? How did these Chinese fishermen, who knew of nothing else outside their own world, react to seeing the red-haired Dutch, Indian merchants, and African slaves coming from this one vessel? What about the first interactions between Europeans and the natives in North America? At times truly hilarious, at times saddening, but always engaging.
Oh, and the reference to Indra's web in this book has been used over and over again. Marvelous imagery.
Coincidentally, our local museum, where I am a docent, is currently featuring an exhibit of Baroque Florentine art. No Vermeer, of course. Things I learned from this book fit comfortably into my tours of the oil paintings as well as into a new exhibit of Middle Eastern art dating from the early first millennium to the present day. I treasure the book and am recommending it to every I know, whatever their interests.
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