- Taschenbuch: 352 Seiten
- Verlag: Yellow Jersey (2. Januar 2014)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 022409162X
- ISBN-13: 978-0224091626
- Größe und/oder Gewicht: 12,9 x 2,2 x 19,8 cm
- Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 2 Kundenrezensionen
- Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 147.967 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
The Sports Gene: Talent, Practice and the Truth About Success (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 2. Januar 2014
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"A wonderful book. Thoughtful... fascinating." (Malcolm Gladwell, author of Outliers)
"Provides a powerful and convincing analysis of how genes influence all our lives, especially the careers of elite sportsmen" (The Times)
"A fascinating, thought-provoking look at the leading edge of sports performance, written by a guy who knows the territory. David, besides being a senior writer for Sports Illustrated, was a collegiate runner for Columbia University. More to the point, he’s a terrific researcher and a fine, thoughtful writer" (Dan Coyle, author of The Talent Code)
"Full credit to David Epstein, a Sports Illustrated journalist with a serious and deep knowledge of genetics and sports science, for his terrific and unblinking new book, The Sports Gene, a timely corrective to the talent-denial industry" (Ed Smith New Statesman)
"Endlessly fascinating" (John Harding Daily Mail)
An entertaining and thought-provoking examination of the truth behind talent and success.Alle Produktbeschreibungen
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What does it take to become an elite athlete? The intuitive answer for most of us is that it probably takes some lucky genes on the one hand, and a whole heck of a lot of hard work on the other. Specifically, that we may need to be blessed with a particular body type to excel at a particular sport or discipline (after all, elite marathon runners tend to look far different from elite NFL running backs, who in turn tend to look far different from elite swimmers), but that beyond this it is practice and diligence that paves the way to success. When we look at the science, though--as sports writer David Epstein does in his new book The Sports Gene: Inside the Science of Extraordinary Athletic Performance--we find that the story is much more complicated than this. In general terms we find that nature and nurture interact at every step of the way in the development of an elite athlete, and that biology plays far more of a role (and in far more ways) than we may have expected.
To begin with, when it comes to physiology, we find that biology does indeed have a large role to play in influencing our height and skeletal structure (as we would expect), but that biology also influences physiology in many other ways that are important when it comes to elite sports. For example, we find that people naturally vary widely in all of the following ways: the size of our heart and lungs, and the amount of red blood cells and hemoglobin that pumps through our veins; the specific type of muscle fibers that are most prevalent in our bodies (and the specific number of each); as well as our visual acuity--and again, all of these factors play a significant role in determining just how athletic we will be (and in what sports we will excel).
Second, when it comes to training, we find that hard work is not all there is to it. For biology not only shapes our physiology, but also how our physiology responds to training (including how much muscle mass and aerobic capacity we are able to build through exercise). The fact is that we naturally vary widely in just how much we respond to exercise (to the point where some of us improve dramatically through exercise, whereas others of us respond hardly at all). And we also respond differently to different training regimens (to the point where a training regime that works for one person may in fact harm another).
And while we may wish to take credit for just how hard we train, here too biology is found to play a role. For it turns out that we differ widely in just how naturally disposed we are to push ourselves. And over and above this, biology also influences how much we experience pain, such that even among those who experience the same desire to push themselves (both in training and in competition), one may find it much easier to handle the pain involved than the other--which, of course, can have a big impact on results.
And speaking of pain, our biology even influences how easily we injure and how well we recover from our injuries--which, once again, has a significant impact on performance.
As an added bonus, Epstein not only covers which biological factors have an impact on sports performance, but the evolutionary story of these biological factors (including why different populations that have adapted to different environments have come to acquire traits that make them well-disposed to different sports and disciplines [for example, why many elite marathoners have origins in East Africa, many elite sprinters have origins in West Africa, and many elite swimmers and weight-lifters have origins in Europe]).
In short, then, biology plays much more of a role in elite athletic performance that we may have realized. Not that the point of the book is to say that athletic performance is all in our genes. Just the contrary, as mentioned above the book makes the point that genes always interact with the environment to produce athletic outcomes. Genes are essential in shaping the athlete, but just as essential is the athlete's upbringing and culture, and that they do in fact get the training that is needed to make the most of their natural talents.
This book is a triumph. I can't imagine it would be possible to cover the topic better than the author has. The science involved is thoroughly researched; the anecdotes are perfectly chosen and add both context and interest (many of them are downright inspirational); and it is all presented in a very clear and thoroughly enjoyable way. Well done Mr. Epstein. A full executive summary of the book will be available at newbooksinbrief dot com, on or before Tuesday, August 20; a podcast discussion of the book will be available shortly thereafter.
Ein gutes Seminar-Fachbuch mit übergreifenden Inhalten. Klare Empfehlung für Trainer, Studenten aus Sport, Medizin und Psychologie.
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David Epstein does a fantastic job digging into the argument and unearthing qualified evidence to support both sides. He remains objective and professional throughout the entire treatise. In the 280 or so pages he spans the globe, spans the sports landscape and spans the genetic map to find out what makes superior athletes superior athletes. He interviews scientists, authors, professors, trainers and athletes. He references research from many different scientists and researchers to support their claim of genetics or environment or history or other. I've never had such a thorough lesson in genes and gene mutations.
But don't let the content intimidate you or scare you into believing that this book is drab and reads like a text book. It is very interesting and uses a somewhat storytelling style to convey the facts, opinions and anecdotal evidences. It was very interesting to read how certain genes were found in certain athletes or how poverty or lack thereof can contribute to athletics. Poverty and the absence of facilities and training has hindered some nations and wealth has hindered others! Yes, when you have cars, plenty of food and video games with no need to walk to school and no interest in running because there is no need to--then your nation will lose runners.
It was great to read the different hypotheses, their evidence and their conclusions. I think David did a very objective and fair job in presenting everything there was to present. Even the conclusions he presented in a very non-biased way and leaving them open for the reader. Ultimately there are so many factors that go into being a superior athlete that no one thing can be pointed to but it won't stop us from trying to find out.
In David Epstein's THE SPORTS GENE our bodies' diversity and limits are encoded in the very cells we're born with. The book is thorough and far-reaching. It's an exciting (and ominous) time in the science of genetics, and Epstein's research sizzles with the breakthroughs and questions that are escalating every year. In minute detail, he deconstructs the science revealing what distinguishes an Olympic gold medalist from my Aunt Linda with the lazy eye and buttocks-softened sofa.
The book's most intriguing element is its exploration of the innate differences between genders and races. This is where Epstein deserves a lot of credit - he boldly plows through the briar patch and comes out unscathed on the other side. With Kenyan runners dominating marathons and athletes of African descent showing statistical superiority over a range of sports, we all know there has to be something to the idea that there is a genetic component to athletic prowess. Epstein delves into the subject and offers objective reasons for the phenomenon.
The writing is bumpy at times. E.g. "Like flying fighter jets, no one participates for too long without an injury." (Uhh...) Writing a book about genetics for the general reader is challenging given the complexity of the subject. THE SPORTS GENE does occasionally slip into wonk - boredom and wonk being conjoined twins.
Despite the fact that Usain Bolt has a genetic predisposition for athleticism, Epstein never says that people can't make astounding improvements through training and determination. All men may not be created equal, as it seems in THE SPORTS GENE, but that doesn't mean that 10,000 hours is a waste of time.
A good and worthy addition to the subject of genetics.
A radio interview prompted me to buy the book. DE displayed a keen understanding of a field that may be experiencing the most rapid scientific growth: genetics. While his focus is on the nature/nurture debate in sports, DE simplifies the role genes play in every aspect of our health.
DE is very thoughtful in addressing issues around race and athleticism. He doesn't pretend there are easy answers, but ducks none of the questions.
I expected this book to be informative; I didn't expect it to be so entertaining.
DE is an ex-jock with a comprehensive understanding of sports. More importantly, he's a great story-teller. 'TSG' smoothly transitions from one sport to another, spanning decades of amateur and professional athletics.
This is the type of book I'd buy for a rabid sports fan like my father and encourage my mother to read after he's done.