- Gebundene Ausgabe: 278 Seiten
- Verlag: Yale Univ Pr (10. Mai 2011)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 030015271X
- ISBN-13: 978-0300152715
- Größe und/oder Gewicht: 15,6 x 2,5 x 23,5 cm
- Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: Schreiben Sie die erste Bewertung
- Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 698.655 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
Run of the Red Queen: Government, Innovation, Globalization, and Economic Growth in China (Englisch) Gebundene Ausgabe – 10. Mai 2011
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."..Highlights the hot issues from a global as well as regional dimension with very deep knowledge of China."--Xielin Liu, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
--Xielin Liu (02/15/2011)
."..A very valuable contribution to our understanding of the coevolution of public policy and industrial strategy in China. This penetrating study ... is on my short list of must-reads of the best recent writing about innovation with Chinese characteristics."--Song Lei, Peking University
--Song Lei (02/15/2011)
"In this impressive, insightful, and now essential book, Breznitz and Murphree uncover and explain how China's system of innovation fits into a world of fragmented production and a rapidly expanding technological frontier. Our overly simplistic debates about which nations are catching up or falling behind will have to change. No one in the West will have a comprehensive understanding of the rise of China and its place in the current era of globalization until reading Run of the Red Queen."--Rawi Abdelal, Harvard Business School--Rawi Abdelal (02/15/2011)
."..Gives us an entirely new way of thinking about innovation and economic development. By focusing on the specific kinds of innovation that flourish in China, and the institutional and geographical factors at play, Breznitz and Murphree offer a fascinating and nuanced view of how technology is developing in the world's fastest growing economy."--Arthur Kroeber, Editor, "China Economic Quarterly"
--Arthur Kroeber (02/15/2011)
Won a Bronze Medal for the 2012 Axiom Business Awards in the International Business/Globalization category. This award is sponsored by the Jenkins Group--Bronze Medal: Business/Globalization"2012 Axiom Business Awards" (06/06/2012)
Winner of the Susan Strange Best Book Award for 2012, as given by the British International Studies Association--Susan Strange Best Book Award"British International Studies Association" (08/01/2012)
..".Highlights the hot issues from a global as well as regional dimension with very deep knowledge of China."--Xielin Liu, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
--Xielin Liu (02/15/2011)
"Run of the Red Queen gives us the smartest view of the most important question facing Beijing's economic planners: the sustainability of Chinese growth. The answers in Breznitz's and Murphree's important work are as intriguing as they are fresh."--Gordon Chang, Author of "The Coming Collapse of China"
--Gordon Chang (02/15/2011)
..".Gives us an entirely new way of thinking about innovation and economic development. By focusing on the specific kinds of innovation that flourish in China, and the institutional and geographical factors at play, Breznitz and Murphree offer a fascinating and nuanced view of how technology is developing in the world's fastest growing economy."--Arthur Kroeber, Editor, "China Economic Quarterly"
--Arthur Kroeber (02/15/2011)
..".A very valuable contribution to our understanding of the coevolution of public policy and industrial strategy in China. This penetrating study ... is on my short list of must-reads of the best recent writing about innovation with Chinese characteristics."--Song Lei, Peking University
--Song Lei (02/15/2011)
"Run of the Red Queen provocatively forces us to reconsider the character of the challenge China represents."--John Zysman, University of California Berkeley
--John Zysman (02/15/2011)
Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende
Dan Breznitz is an associate professor at the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs and the College of Management, and an associate professor by courtesy at the School of Public Policy at Georgia Institute of Technology. He is author of the award-winning book "Innovation and the State," published by Yale University Press, and a Sloan Foundation Industry Studies Fellow. He lives in Atlanta. Michael Murphree is a project coordinator at the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He lives in Atlanta.
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That the book's views are not surprising to me is probably due to my background. My parents had worked for local governments in China, and I had worked in an SOE and later a private company in China. Currently I am an academic researcher in the US and my research touches on innovation in China (hence my interests in this book).
Personally, I believe a few other factors also contributed to the lack of success. First, the system of funding university research projects is highly inefficient (see this critical article by two prominent Chinese scientists on the Science magazine: [...], leading to waste of vast amounts of research money. This is an important aspect of the national institution which is not covered in the book. Second, there is also a scarcity of highly educated scientists and engineers with experience in cutting edge research, although rank-and-file engineers are abundant. The current environment in China does not attract enough of the best overseas Chinese (let alone foreign) scientists and engineers to migrate to China yet. It's more difficult for them to find in China the type of employers they prefer, e.g. Intel. It's true that Intel has research facilities in China, but it's unlikely they have moved their most valuable research to China. Third, while China boasts great manufacturing capacity in many products, it does not produce the best high-precision machinery which is required for making advanced high-tech products such as computer chips and airplane engines. I would say this is a lack of manufacturing capacity at the top end.
On the research methodology side, I would love to see a survey of executives on what they think are the most severe impediments to long-term R&D. This would provide direct evidence on the link from weak institution to weak frontier innovation performance suggested in the book. Since R&Ds are carried out by firms and individuals, it's crucial to get an direct account of their behavior.
China plans to spend $1.5 trillion in seven sectors (including alternative energy, green cars, advanced manufacturing) over the next five years. Cutting edge innovation is not a requisite for sustained economic vitality - a point proven by China, per Breznitz. He also brings concern that the government's thirst for big, state-directed projects may undermine its privately owned companies.
Breznitz believes that China is a world leader in second-generation, process and production innovation, and that this strength can continue to thrive for many years. Opportunities exist both in process and product (adaptation of existing goods to China's unique requirements). Like the Red Queen in "Through the Looking Glass," Chinese technology companies run as fast as they can to remain in the same spot - remaining at the global technology frontier without advancing the frontier. The government's push for cutting-edge innovation may prevent some companies from pursuing profitable activities - eg. companies in the Pearl River Delta reaching the technological edge in industries seen as 'sunset' by the government (eg. batteries in uninterruptible power supplies) are essentially barred from the formal financial system.
The development of Chinese industry transferred responsibility for the bulk of innovation away from the center to localities, leaving the center in control of a few key areas such as the financial system and basic research. Since local officials know economic growth is key to political advancement, they focus on short-term projects and proven technologies.
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