- Taschenbuch: 64 Seiten
- Verlag: Osprey Publishing (19. Mai 2009)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 1846033802
- ISBN-13: 978-1846033803
- Größe und/oder Gewicht: 18,4 x 0,7 x 24,8 cm
- Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 1 Kundenrezension
- Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 92.390 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
Roman Auxiliary Forts 27 BC-AD 378 (Fortress, Band 83) (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 19. Mai 2009
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"All of this is superbly illustrated by photographs of the sites as they appear today as well as the excellent illustrations of Brian Delf, whose work allows us a look at these places as photos of the ruins cannot easily portray. In all, a fine addition to the Fortress series and a book that I believe you will find interesting." - Scott Van Aken, Modeling Madness (September 2009)
With the vast expansion of the Roman Empire came a need for more and more fortifications to defend it. The borders of the Empire stretched through wildly different terrains which demanded a huge variety of different fortifications, depending on the local conditions and the threats faced by the different areas. The adoption of local troops (auxiliaries) and local building techniques at key strategic points on the outskirts of the empire led to an intriguing mix of strong Roman structure with unique culturally diverse elements. Describing the development of these hugely varied defensive systems, Duncan Campbell delves into the operation and social history behind the fortifications.With detailed colour artwork and maps, he traces their history through the Batavian Revolt of the 1st century AD, which saw auxiliary units scattered far from their native regions, until the decline of the late 3rd and 4th centuries placed their fortifications in an increasingly pressurized and eventually untenable position.Alle Produktbeschreibungen
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During era of the Roman Empire, it encompassed a considerable part of the western world. This vast expanse needed to have it borders protected against its many enemies. As such it needed a considerable number of fortifications to help protect the border areas and the lines of commerce. During this time, it was quite common for most of the protectors of these borders to be local troops, or auxiliaries. This resulted in buildings that were designed to fit the local terrain and ones that while Roman in nature, incorporated a lot of local building techniques.
Naturally, as time progressed, so did the design and function of these forts. The author, Duncan Campbell covers all of this starting with a general look at the forts under the various Roman Emperors. Much of the discussion in this section covers just what kind of forces and how many were normally housed in these forts. They varied quite a bit in size depending on the importance of the structure to the local defense, and that is covered in the second major area of the book. The third part covers the design of the forts themselves as to the purpose of the various structures normally contained in these forts. I found it particularly interesting that the barracks for horsemen had the forward room devoted to the horse, while the larger back room contained the living quarters of the rider. It must have been quite an odorous experience, to say the least. Of course, living quarters were generally shared with several other men with single and larger units saved for the upper ranks.Lesen Sie weiter... ›
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The author then presents a brief overview of the types of auxiliary units under the Empire. There were infantry, cavalry or mixed units and normal sized or double sized cohorts. Added to this, the locations where the forts were built would also ensure diversity so that, as the author clearly asserts, no two auxiliary forts were the same.
Another good point raised in this book is to question the assertion that forts somehow have standard sizes which were related to the size of the units that they contained. As shown by the author through examples, there was no fixed and absolute rule. However, one would, of course, expect that a larger double-sized unit would have a larger fort than that of a ordinary cohort, if only because everyone would not fit in otherwise.
The sections on the elements of such forts and living in a Roman fort deal with the various buildings, barracks, headquarters, granaries and supply buildings which could hold reserves for up to one year and so on. Both sections are very similar to those that can be found in the other Osprey title on Legionary fortresses, although this is hardly surprising. The issues were the same and they were addressed in a similar way. The bathing complex, however, was set outside of the fort, partly because of size constraints but also partly to avoid the fire hazard that it implied.
This is a good, solid introduction worth a solid four stars, although we know less about the Roman auxiliary forts than about the legionary fortresses.