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The Modern Mind: An Intellectual History of the 20th Century [Kindle Edition]

Peter Watson
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Produktbeschreibungen

Kurzbeschreibung

From Freud to Babbitt, from Animal Farm to Sartre to the Great Society, from the Theory of Relativity to counterculture to Kosovo, The Modern Mind is encyclopedic, covering the major writers, artists, scientists, and philosophers who produced the ideas by which we live. Peter Watson has produced a fluent and engaging narrative of the intellectual tradition of the twentieth century, and the men and women who created it.

Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende

Peter Watson has been a senioreditor at the London Sunday Times, a New York correspondentof the London Times, a columnist for theLondon Observer, and a contributor to the New YorkTimes. He has published three exposés on the world ofart and antiquities, and is the author of several booksof cultural and intellectual history. From 1997 to 2007he was a research associate at the McDonald Institutefor Archaeological Research at the University of Cambridge.He lives in London.


Produktinformation

  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • Dateigröße: 2220 KB
  • Seitenzahl der Print-Ausgabe: 868 Seiten
  • ISBN-Quelle für Seitenzahl: 0060084383
  • Verlag: HarperCollins e-books (22. März 2011)
  • Verkauf durch: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ASIN: B004PYDNJ2
  • Text-to-Speech (Vorlesemodus): Aktiviert
  • X-Ray:
  • Word Wise: Aktiviert
  • Verbesserter Schriftsatz: Nicht aktiviert
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 4.5 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (4 Kundenrezensionen)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: #206.173 Bezahlt in Kindle-Shop (Siehe Top 100 Bezahlt in Kindle-Shop)

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1 von 1 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen ein Roman des modernen westlichen Denkens seit 1900 17. November 2013
Format:Kindle Edition|Verifizierter Kauf
Wie schon andere Beurteiler bemerkt haben, ist dieses dicke Buch sehr anregend sowohl fuer Neulinge wie fuer Kenner, aber eben auch nicht besonders tief. Man merkt, dass der Autor ein Journalist ist, der gerne Geschichten erzaehlt. Als Buch zur Konfirmation fuer bildungshungrige Teenager also sehr zu empfehlen, oder (in meinem Falle) als schoene Auffrischung des Gedaechtnisses im Alter. Wenn man es so liest, ist es die vier Sterne wert. Aber den fuenften Stern haette ich doch einem Buch vorbehalten, dass tiefer in die geistigen Debatten der letzten 100 Jahre eindringt. So etwas schaffen aber nur sehr gute Fachbuecher, die die Problemlage in der Kunst- und Musik- und Literturgeschichte, oder in der Physik und Mathematik und anderen Naturwissenschaften wirklich von Fach her durchdrungen haben. Drei Viertel des Textes hier sind "Erzaehlung", die allerdings angenehm vernuenftig und sachlich. Also fuer geistig hungrige Leseratten ab 14 genau richtig als Einstieg. Auf den Inhalt im einzelnen gehe ich hier nicht ein, man sehe sich einfach das Inhaltsverzeichnis an.
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3 von 3 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Großartiger Streifzug durchs letzte Jahrhundert 13. Februar 2004
Von Ein Kunde
Format:Taschenbuch
Watson gibt einen fantastischen Überblick über 100 Jahre Weltgeschichte und darüber hinaus. Er verbindet scheinbar zusammenhanglose Ereignisse zu einem dichten Wissensnetz. Dabei schreibt er äußerst unterhaltsam und auch für den Laien verständlich, selbst bei Expertenthemen wie der Relativitätstheorie und Gentechnologie. Er vermittelt Wissen als Abenteuer und bewegt sich dabei auf allen Ebenen der Forschung: Naturwissenschaften sind zweifelsfrei seine Leidenschaft, doch läßt er auch die Literatur und die Kunst nicht außen vor. Watsons Erzählstil ist dabei noch ein Spur narrativer, als der von Diedrich Schwanitz. Dennoch hat man das Gefühl, dem menschlichen Fortschritt im Zwanzigsten Jahrhundert hautnah auf den Fersen zu sein. Watson regt zum Nachdenken an und bleibt in seiner Darstellung neutral und sachlich, aber niemals langweilig.
Absolut empfehlenswerter Überblick über die Weltgeschichte eines Jahrhunderts.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen entertaining, profound & illustrative 14. März 2012
Format:Taschenbuch
this book is really marvellous - not just linking up the most interesting topics of our times it brings up a complex story that combines thousands of interesting bits of modern culture history. i would suggest it to my best friends
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4.0 von 5 Sternen Wissenschaft, Wirtschaft und Kultur 5. Oktober 2007
Format:Taschenbuch|Verifizierter Kauf
Dieses Buch behandelt die Ideengeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts. (Die Vorgeschichte wird in "Ideas" vom selben Autor behandelt.)

Einige wichtige Ideen, die in dem Buch ausführlich dargestellt werden, sind:

- von den Quanten zur Quantengravitation
- Physik und deren Anwendungen, z. B. Computer und Atom(bombe)
- Keynesianismus, Neoliberalismus, Sozialismus, Faschismus
- Philosophie; u. a. Frankfurter Schule, Existenzialismus, Pragmatismus und Rawls
- Kluft zwischen Wissenschaft und Kultur / Philosophie / Religion
- moderne Kultur; u. a. Impressionismus, Dada, Rock

Der rote Faden des Buches besteht in der Darstellung der wechselseitigen Beziehungen zwischen Wissenschaft, Gesellschaft, Kultur und Wirtschaft.

Der Autor fasst die politischen Richtungen am Ende des Buches wie folgt zusammen:

- Linke: Hier war die Wirkung vor allem in den Bereichen Kunst / Kultur und Soziologie zu spüren. Da deren Grundlagen (Marx und Freud) unwissenschaftlich bzw. widerlegt seien, sei das 20. Jahrhundert eine Sackgasse gewesen.

- Rechte: Hier lag die Wirkung vor allem im wirtschaftlichen Bereich; die ungezügelte Marktwirtschaft sei für die Weltwirtschaftskrise verantwortlich (welche Keynes erfolgreich bekämpft habe) und die Neoliberalen würden das Problem der Armut ignorieren.

Als Wirtschaftswissenschaftler bin ich mit dieser Beurteilung nicht einverstanden. Wie man in Mises' Vortrag über "Die Ursachen der Wirtschaftskrise" nachlesen kann, ist Keynes' Wirtschaftspolitik kein Rezept gegen die Depression gewesen, sondern hat diese verschärft.
Lesen Sie weiter... ›
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Amazon.com: 4.2 von 5 Sternen  55 Rezensionen
136 von 140 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Everything 23. März 2001
Von Panopticonman - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
At 800 pages the heft of the book makes you quite aware that you should think of it as a reference book. But then, you open it up and start reading, and suddenly, you're hooked. You're hooked because Mr. Watson is telling you the great, scary, tragic story of the 20th century, moving from the nearly unbridled optimism at the beginning of the century through the despair and disenchantment and dark days of WWI, Stalinism, WWII, into Vietnam and the rejection of liberalism and modernism in the last decades of the 20th Century, and he's telling it in an inherently fascinating way: through the leading lights in the arts, sciences and humanities -- a kind of meta-biography. Because he moves chronologically, you begin to anticipate the next raft of intellectuals, the next slew of scientific achievements. Then, later, you get the next iteration of certain theories and ideas in the hands of greater and lesser minds. Or, you start to fear how certain misguided ideas -- eugenics and defective Darwinism, for instance -- will be transmogrified into the rationale for evil. What's most valuable is that Mr. Watson also puts various schools of thought -- the Vienna Circle, the Frankfurt School for instance -- into their proper relation in terms of intellectual history. Mr. Watson's grasp of what's important and what's not, of whom to speak at length and of whom simply to mention, is for the most part nearly faultless. But that is another of the lures of the book -- seeing if you agree with his characterizations and the amount of space he dedicates to each one! For those who crave the long view, who weren't alive in Vienna in the 1900s, or Paris in the 1910s, New York in the 20s, Berlin in the 30s, Paris after WWII, New York in the 50s, who have tried to grasp the overlapping histories of the fine arts, music, literature and science in some kind of systematic way, this book is the answer. An awesome achievment!
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5.0 von 5 Sternen So Much Information 24. Juni 2001
Von Timothy Haugh - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe|Verifizierter Kauf
In writing The Modern Mind, Peter Watson has attempted the impossible. He tries to give us a look at the entirety of twentieth century thought. Still, though there are bound to be omissions and inaccuracies in such a book, Watson succeeds admirably in giving us a taste of the intellectual achievements of the past 100 years.
There is so much I like about this book. I like the fact that he sticks to his purpose. He stays away from the wars and politics that dominate most histories and focuses on scientific, literary, artistic and other intellectual achievements. Not that I have no interest in our political history but it is nice to be able to give some consideration to what is often best in humankind--the achievements of the mind.
Also, this is a very well-written book. It is long, but broken up into easily digestible segments with important names and concepts highlighted. Reading too much at one sitting can lead to information overload but in short gulps this book can really educate. I am amazed at the breadth of knowledge Watson displays in this book. I, for one, felt that I gained a lot of insight into things of which I already had some knowledge and, in addition, picked up many new things.
Of course, a book like this with such a large scope can be by no means complete. On the other hand, it achieved something that is rare and that I enjoy very much while reading--it lead me to new people, new ideas and new books to read. I was encouraged to track down and read a handful of titles that I might never have come across without reading this book.
A final warning: if you are a fan of Freud and psychoanalysis, you will not like this book. Watson does discuss the subject quite a lot (as he should, considering the influence Freud and his successors have had); however, he is not a fan and comes down rather hard on the field. Fortunately, I feel much the same way as Watson and was glad to read such a well-articulated position on the subject.
Not that such a position matters much to me anyway. Everyone has a right to a well-argued position and, agree or disagree, it is worth learning. All in all, anyone with a desire to broaden the range of his or her thinking will find some enjoyment in this book. I might not always agree with Watson's conclusions but it really got the wheels in my mind turning.
51 von 55 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen an introduction; only an introduction 4. Februar 2006
Von Wyote - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
The essential virtue of this book is that there is nothing else like it out there. So if you want to read a book like this, this is the best one available. Thus it gets 5 stars and I strongly recommend it.

In particular, there is strong coverage of science's progress (toward consilience), and its influence and intimidation of the humanities (although the Sokal hoax is unfortunately not mentioned). The influence and eventual failure of Freud, and its implication for his followers (not only the French left but a lot of self-conscious art and critical theory) is a major theme, along with the failure of socialism. But also, economic criticism of capitalism is well covered; as are questions about the meaning of life in capitalist societies. A related theme is the end of high art and the rise of pop. In the early part of the century the discovery of the non-Western mind in anthropology, archaeology and history is considered well; appropriately balanced by the emergence of non-Western intellectuals in various disciplines in the latter half of the century. But the failure to deal with racial inequality in the US (and now, Europe) is considered as well.

Those are the just major themes that I picked out; many more minor issues are dealt with as well. No other book that I know of covers this range of themes.

But I do have to criticize it a bit, hoping that something better does come out.

A minor criticism, which the author acknowledges and is perhaps somewhat inevitable, is that he relies heavily on a few other books, which maybe you should just as well read.

The essential criticism is that it is too brief. The list of omissions is huge: jazz, the Asian values debate, all of Japanese scholarship, math aftr Turing (such as solutions to the sphere-packing problem, Fermat's last theorem, and so on), liberation theology (other aspects of theology are pretty well covered), social and experimental psychology (Asch, Milgram, Zimbardo, etc), the idea of "kitsch" in art criticism, comparative religion. In contrast to the otherwise good coverage of science, he seems to have confused environmentalism with ecology (related indeed, but not the same), and didn't either one well.

Everything that is actually covered is covered too briefly, which is probably necessary from a marketing standpoint at least; but unfortunate for a student. For instance, minor theories and incredibly influential ones are considered shoulder to shoulder; based on the coverage here, a naive reader would conclude that David Riesmann is more influential than Gadamer.

The book should be 4 times as long, and it would still only be introductory.

I emphasize that these are minor criticisms because no other book like this exists currently: if you are a student or desire to fill-out your knowledge of the intellectual world, this is unsurpassed and despite my nit-picking I strongly recommend it.

In contrast to several other reviewers, however, I do not recommend using it as a "reference," as it compares poorly with several resources available on the internet.

I mentioned the author's reliance on a few key books; you might want to check some of them out. Among them are Wilson's "Consilience," Weatherall's "In Search of a Cure," Rhodes' "The Making of the Atomic Bomb," Johnston's "The Austrian Mind," Everdell's "The First Moderns," and Hughes' "The Shock of the New."

Besides them, Pinker's "The Blank Slate" is a book that I'd recommend because it has many similar themes to this one, but more focused and argumentative.
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4.0 von 5 Sternen A hundred years of ideas 23. August 2002
Von Pumpkin King - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
What Peter Watson attempts to create with "The Modern Mind" is a narrative tale of (mostly Western) ideas that have shaped the 20th century. With a project so ambitious, it is certain that many readers will feel some important people are left out, or that some ideas are not covered in adequate detail. But reading through his accomplishment, it is forgivable. "The Modern Mind" must be read as a personal work that is intricately tied to the mind of its author. It is one person's view of intellectual history, and it is what he managed to fit in the space of less than 800 pages.
What is immediately clear from the beginning is that this story is molded by two thinkers: Charles Darwin and Sigmund Freud. It is thus a tale of first, how science came to dominate our view of the world, and second, how psychology came to be so focal in our lives. The book is roughly chronological, but the chapters are topical so it is not simply structured as a list of intellectual events. There is form here, and one of the book's achievements is that there actually is a narrative going on, and it is interesting to see what was happening in literature or music, for instance, during the same time as certain scientific discoveries or during particular political events. There is definitely something to be said for looking back upon a century and taking in a distant, if thin, view of how ideas developed during that time.
The content essentially boils down to a bunch of books and accounts taken from other books. The older the history, it seems the more established the thinkers and their impacts are. The more recent material has some idiosyncratic choices, though most are no doubt influential and important. I also felt that Watson was a little too optimistic of science, and as important as science was in the book, I did not feel confident of the author's grasp of scientific concepts or of mathematics. Are string theory and chaos theory really that important at the moment, or are they simply new and sensational? Still, what you end up with is a very large reading list and a narrative to tie them together. If you're interested in some famous thinkers of the past but don't know how their ideas fit into a larger historical context, this may be a good resource for you.
13 von 13 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen Excellent though flawed intellectual history of the 20th century 22. November 2006
Von Greg - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
Peter Watson, holding a number of research degrees, offers a comprehensive intellectual history of the 20th century in this book. Not being an easy read, it takes some time to get through.

The main strengths of this book are placing the intellectual development of the 20th century in its economic and social context. This is quite an achievement, considering the remarkable scientific and technological advances and the fragmentation of human knowledge into many small and specialised areas in very arcane topics.

Watson tends to cover science the best, and provides excellent accounts of the development and progress of 20th century science, including the theories of relativity, quantum mechanics, scientific cosmology, evolutionary biology and the discovery of the gene. However, the book falls down in some parts where it covers philosophy. Watson dismisses Husserl's Phenomenology as 'abstract' and of little importance, when in fact Phenomenology was probably the most important philosophical school in the 20th century along with analytical philosophy, founded by Russell and Wittgeinstein, and attracted so many leading European minds to philosophy in a time when science was at its zenith of glory.

Overall though, Watson's work is a very important attempt to see where we are in what we know, and where we are going.
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