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The Marine Chronometer: Its History and Development (Englisch) Gebundene Ausgabe – Juli 2013

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Produktbeschreibungen

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Ten years short of the original publication s centenary, one of the greatest books on a horological sub-genre has attained Second Edition status. First published in 1923, Gould s masterpiece covers the topic of marine chronometers from its natural starting point: the need for the discovery of longitude. But even before you reach this stage in the book, the illuminating introduction by Jonathan Betts MBE warns you that the journey through its 400-plus pages will prove rewarding and frustrating in equal measure. How so? Because, this long-awaited second edition includes Gould s own amendments and additions from his original annotated manuscripts. Here s where the bibliophile in me starts salivating, for this is two books in one: the original, plus the 'outtakes.' What it does not do is rewrite Gould s work in light of all that has been discovered since 1923, the editor preferring instead to provide ample annotation. It is an ideal way of updating a work that has earned the honour of being a subject s definitive study, because the reader can savour the original as it appeared, while benefitting from superlative editing and sympathetic, respectful treatment. This is, though highly readable, an intensely technical work, certainly suitable for researchers or scholars. But do not be deterred: this book is an absolute joy. And be glad we didn t have to wait until its centenary for this 're-boot.'--Ken Kessler "QP Magazine, April 15, 2013 ""

No book is a more complete history of the marine chronometer, even after nearly a century, and many, Jonathan Betts and Rudyard Kipling among them, consider this the finest horological work of the twentieth century.--David Rachlin, reference librarian, James E. Shepard Memorial Library, North Carolina Central University "Reference Reviews, Volume 28, Number 1, 2014 Edition "

Synopsis

Originally published in 1923, this is a facsimile edition of the definitive reference work on the Marine Chronometer, with seventy additional photographs. This revised edition, now with the author's later revisions and corrections, covers the chronometer's history from the earliest attempts to measure longitude while including detailed discussions and illustrations of the various mechanisms and their inventors. It is difficult to grasp, at first sight, the extraordinary fact that the first machines capable of performing the extraordinary feat of accurately determining a ship's longitude, were designed and made by an obscure Yorkshire carpenter, John Harrison (1693-1776). Harrison was entirely self-educated and never served a day's apprenticeship to any clock maker.

The Marine Chronometer is not only the entirely absorbing story of John Harrison's marine timekeepers, which won him the reward of GBP20,000 offered by the British Government for any method of finding a ship's longitude within thirty geographical miles at the end of a six weeks' voyage, but also covers the inventions of such famous scientists and pioneers as Christian Huyghens (1629-95), Jeremy Thacker, Henry Sully and Leibniz. The book also recounts in detail the inventions of other professional clock makers such as Paul Ditisheim, J.G. Ulrich, Thomas Earnshaw, John Arnold, Ferdinand Berthoud, Thomas Mudge and Pierre Le Roy.

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Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
The Most Important Book on the History of the Marine Chronometer

The Marine Chronometer, Its History and Development, incorporating Gould’s own amendments and additions from his original annotated manuscripts, by Rupert T. Gould, with new illustrations and a foreword to this edition by Jonathan Betts. [The ‘2nd’ Edition]. Published in 2013, by Antique Collectors’ Club. ISBN 978-1-85149-365-4. Hardcover (cloth, dust jacket), 496 pages, 26 x 20 cm, ca. xx illustrations, many in color. Available at http://www.amazon.com/Marine-Chronometer-Its-History-Development/dp/1851493654/ for ca. US$ 120 plus shipping. NAWCC members may borrow a lending copy from the Library in Columbia Pa.

Finally, the long delayed and much anticipated 2nd edition of a great horological book is available. The wait may rank among the longest ever for a ‘2md edition’. Horologists with a serious interest in marine chronometers and their history all agree that the best available book on the subject is the text by Gould, first published in 1923. The last copy of the original 1st edition was sold in January 1942. Within weeks of the first publication, in anticipation of that day, Gould had started annotating his two personal copies of the book (actually custom bound books of galley sheets with extra wide margins) with detailed (and dated) marginal notes, and he worked on that task on-and-off, as his workload and health permitted, for 23 years till his death in 1946. But only now, 90 years after publication of the 1st edition, and 70 years after the 1st printing sold out, we can finally get the ‘2nd revised and enlarged’ edition.
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Format: Gebundene Ausgabe Verifizierter Kauf
GOULD hat sagenhaft gut recherchiert. Das Buch ist mit hervorragenden Bildern ausgestattet. Es werden neben Harrison auch weitere namhaften Chronometerbauer GBs besprochen. Dazu kommen noch Skizzen von Hemmungen und Unruhen. Das Buch überzeugt mit Reichhaltigkeit und Informationsdichte.
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Amazon.com: 4.8 von 5 Sternen 11 Rezensionen
16 von 16 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen The Most Important Book on the History of the Marine Chronometer 19. August 2013
Von Fortunat Mueller-maerki - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
The Most Important Book on the History of the Marine Chronometer

The Marine Chronometer, Its History and Development, incorporating Gould’s own amendments and additions rom his original annotated manuscripts, by Rupert T. Gould, with new illustrations and a foreword to this edition by Jonathan Betts. [The ‘2nd’ Edition]. Published in 2013, by Antique Collectors’ Club. ISBN 978-1-85149-365-4. Hardcover (cloth, dust jacket), 496 pages, 26 x 20 cm, ca. xx illustrations, many in color. Available at Marine Chronometer Its History Development for ca. US$ 120 plus shipping. NAWCC members may borrow a lending copy from the Library in Columbia Pa.

Finally, the long delayed and much anticipated 2nd edition of a great horological book is available. The wait may rank among the longest ever for a ‘2md edition’. Horologists with a serious interest in marine chronometers and their history all agree that the best available book on the subject is the text by Gould, first published in 1923. The last copy of the original 1st edition was sold in January 1942. Within weeks of the first publication, in anticipation of that day, Gould had started annotating his two personal copies of the book (actually custom bound books of galley sheets with extra wide margins) with detailed (and dated) marginal notes, and he worked on that task on-and-off, as his workload and health permitted, for 23 years till his death in 1946. But only now, 90 years after publication of the 1st edition, and 70 years after the 1st printing sold out, we can finally get the ‘2nd revised and enlarged’ edition.

Obviously there are other books on the history of the marine chronometer: My choice for second ranked book would be von Bertele: Marine and Pocket Chronometers, History and Development (1981ff in German, 1991ff in English), followed by Whitney: Ships Chronometer (1981ff) and Parvulesco: L’heure en Mer, une histoire de chronometer (2010, in French), although the latter two are somewhat biased toward their ‘home country’ (but then so was Gould who, while recognizing the contributions of makers like Pierre LeRoy, Breguet or Guillaume, is somewhat dismissive of the overall contribution of France).

But these are ‘2nd choice’ texts ranking after the Gould book, whose price after 1942 started increasing in the used book market. In 1960, after an 18 year wait, in Holland Press at least published an unchanged reprinting of the first editions (with subsequent, additional re-printings of the 1st edition in 1971, 1973, 1976 and 1978). In the early 1980s the British publisher ‘Antique Collectors’ Club’ bought the rights to the first edition from Gould’s heirs, but in spite of intense efforts at the time could not find a chronometer expert to create the 2nd edition, so eventually they too republished (in 1989) the first edition (with some altered illustrations and textual errors thrown in for good measure).

By the turn of the millennium even the newer ‘reprints’ were so scarce and sought after that they retailed for hundreds of dollars. The global community of chronometer scholars and aficionados agreed that any second edition would need to incorporate the corrections that Gould himself had suggested between 1923 and 1942. But that was easier said than done: First there were complex intellectual property issues to solve between the two owners who had acquired the two physical books with Gould’s annotations, and the heirs of Gould (who owned the copyright to the text of the first edition). The fact that the two annotated copies differ significantly, and at times seem to contradict each other, also posed problems of Salomonic proportions, which only someone with an intimate knowledge of chronometer history, and a good sense of Gould’s mindset could hope to tackle.

It has been quite clear for some time who would be best qualified for that difficult job: Jonathan Betts, the biographer of Gould (Time Restored – The Harrison Timekeepers and R.T. Gould; 2006, Oxford University Press, 978-0-19-856802-9) and as the Senior Curator of Horology at Royal Museums Greenwich, the custodian of many of the world’s most important historic chronometers. But for many years Jonathan was busy with his many other roles, in addition to writing the Gould biography. But in the end it happened: The collaboration of Betts, and the publishers, and the copyright holder has produced what this reviewer considers the most important horology book of the year.

Its layout is highly unconventional: The bulk of the book consists of a re-typeset facsimile of the first edition as originally published in 1923 (including errors, idiosyncratic page numbering, original footnotes, original illustrations, original index, etc.), on slightly larger pages allowing to print –in a different font- the marginal notes from both of Gould’s two personal copies of the first edition (incl. occasional sketches). Where Gould suggested deletions these are marked in ‘Overstrike’ format. Footnote type numerals refer the reader to Gould’s comments, corrections, additions and deletions. Particularly the marginal ‘Comments’, even if they did not lead Gould to recommend changes in the text make for very interesting reading. There are virtually no pages without marginalia, the majority of pages have 4 to 8 of them (in addition to the original printed footnotes of the 1st edition, of which there are several on most pages). In some instances where the Gould copies included longer inserted notes on separate sheets the resulting texts and sketches are reproduced as additional inserted pages in the 2nd edition.

The resulting reading experience for this reviewer was vastly unlike casually reading a book. It felt more like attending a graduate seminar involving textual analysis. Of course one could read the new edition of Gould ignoring the hundreds of foot- and margin-notes, but one would miss a unique experience. By also reading all the notes in addition to the main narrative this reviewer felt nearly like he were engaging in a one-on-one interactive discussion with Gould. By reading every footnote and margin annotation one can now appreciate the nuances and complexities of Gould’s thinking. Reading the new book in this manner is a slow, intellectually challenging process, but a most rewarding and satisfying experience.

Additional new material of the 2nd edition (all in the front of the book) now includes: 1. A one page “Publisher’s Note”, 2. a two image frontispiece, 3. an eight page “Foreword” by Betts (including 7 plates), 4. a 36 page, 54 plates “Picture Gallery of Chronometers”, supplementing the 39 plates and 84 figures (pen and ink drawings by Gould, originals now owned by the Museum in Greenwich) from the first edition, which were left at the location they were originally published. This additional information alone justifies the purchase of the 2nd edition

The “1st edition” already was a most thorough and comprehensive text dealing with the subject of “The Marine Chronometer, Its History and Development”, but the new 2013 edition offers so much more that that any horologists who appreciates marine chronometers should buy it irrespective if an earlier copy already sits on the bookshelf.

This reviewer appreciates the huge effort that went into creating the new book by the Antiques’ Collectors Club (Publisher), Susannah Hecht (Editor), Jonathan Betts (who provided the horological expertise). You have done justice to the legacy of Gould. Thank you .

Fortunat F. Mueller-Maerki, Sussex NJ, August 12, 2013
9 von 9 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen 'The Marine Chronometer' by Cmdr Gould (RN) - Availability 17. Juni 2012
Von PaulN - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe Verifizierter Kauf
(UPDATED 19 Aug 2013)

(The recently released reprint of 'The Marine Chronometer' rendered my previous review out-of-date.)

At long last the (almost 'mystical') rumors about 'The Marine Chronometer', by Cmdr. Gould, being reprinted have come-to-pass.

If you find the old mechanical marine chronometers fascinating then you need a copy of this book (get one before it drops out-of-print again).

(concluding thoughts)

If you have never actually had the opportunity to look at the internal mechanism of a mechanical marine chronometer let me suggest that you make the effort. Although electronic precision timekeeping devices long ago surpassed the mechanical marine chronometer for accuracy the sheer beauty of a marine chronometer is inspiring. Marine chronometers were designed and built in a time when the lives of ship's crews, and the survival of the ships, could easily depend on the accuracy of the marine chronometer(s) they carried on board so their navigators could make accurate positional calculations based on celestial navigation. In a time when people were feeding hay to their prime mode of transportation marine chronometers were being built that even now show them to be the technical tour-de-force that they were.
13 von 13 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Chronometer Development Explained 11. April 2003
Von P. Coleman - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
This is an excellent history of the development of the marine chronometer from the earliest attempts through to the modern day. Gould was in an excellent position to write authoritatively because he reconstructed John Harrison's original "sea clocks" some of which had lain forgotten and in a very poor state. He not only restored them and got them working, but described them in detail for posterity.
This book contains a wealth of technical detail, carefully and accurately describing the designs, techniques and principles of the various developments that occurred as timekeeping at sea gradually improved over two centuries. Those who want technical details and explanations will not be disappointed in this book, while those who want to know about the background and the personalities who devoted their lives to the pursuit of accurate timekeeping will find plenty to interest them. The book contains many drawings and sketches of the various escapements which evolved and the other refinements that were invented in the course of the history of the chronometer.
All those interested in the history and technology of mechanical timepieces need to have this book in their library.
400 pages, 40+ photos, 85 sketches.
4 von 4 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen I Can Hear Rupert Singing 7. April 2014
Von Ron DiGiovanni - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe Verifizierter Kauf
I just received this book 30 minutes ago.

When I pushed the "Place Your Order" button I thought I must have been crazy. At 120 balloons, I came to think that I must certainly be a closet Gould fan. I now know why I paid so much.

This book is gorgeous!

I wasn't expecting either hardbound or glossy paper, but here it is, almost as pretty as H4.

As far as literary quality and depth of knowledge, I almost don't even have to read it. If I want, I can just put it down on the coffee table. History has already spoken here.

Congratulations to the publishers. Great job!

Ron DiGiovanni
Easton, PA.
3.0 von 5 Sternen detailed drawings of the many chronometer movements - In this sense the book is excellent. However 7. April 2015
Von michael kesteven - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe Verifizierter Kauf
I wanted this book primarily for the grea, detailed drawings of the many chronometer movements - In this sense the book is excellent.

However, I found the book overall a big disappointment --- Gould's original text was fine. An edited version (some judicious use of his revisions) would have been fine. To publish what is in essence an editor's markup sheet is a mistake.
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