- Taschenbuch: 320 Seiten
- Verlag: Yale University Press; Auflage: 2nd Revised and expanded ed (3. September 1997)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 0300070861
- ISBN-13: 978-0300070866
- Größe und/oder Gewicht: 14 x 2,5 x 21,6 cm
- Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 3 Kundenrezensionen
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Marihuana, the Forbidden Medicine: Revised and Expanded Edition (Institution for Social and Policy) (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 3. September 1997
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This revised text describes the medical benefits of marijuana, explains why it has been forbidden, and puts forward arguments for legislation to make it available for patients who need it. The argument is supported by accounts from individuals with various ailments.
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It also touches on its benefits for a variety of mental illnesses. And it is in this area only that I would like to add a little warning. Though it can assist with various mental health conditions there is always a need for care. I suffer a mental illness and find that as long as I use it sparingly, i.e. a very small quantity once a week at most, then its effects are greatly beneficial in many ways. However if I smoke too much (very small quantities on a daily basis) then I begin to lose the plot and generally life becomes overly chaotic and toublesome.
I do know someone else with mental illness who uses it regularly and finds it helps keep him on the rails, so people just need to be aware and honest with themselves about its use, and cease if it causes them problems.
Medically I would highly recommend a book titled "Cannabis and Cancer" for a real look at medical use for an elderly couple struggling where the husband was suffering with advanced prostate cancer.
For a look at the potentially devastating effects on mental health in susceptable people, I highly recommend reading a book called "Matters to a Head, Cannabis, mental illness and recovery".
Getting back to this title I can not recommend it enough, it is one of those books one keeps going back to and finding more and more positive uses for this greatly beneficial plant.
Congratulations and our thanks to Grinspoon and Bakalar for condensing all this information and making it available in this easy to read volume. It is a source of inspiration and positivity to us all. We all know of the Placebo effect well there is another called Nocebo and that is where bad side effects are experienced when a person is told something about a drug from some one in authority such as a doctor. I feel Marijuana has received so much bad press that who knows how many people experience bad side effects just because they might be expecting to?
Thanks for reading my review, hope you enjoy the book.
The intoxicating portion of marijuana comes from a resin produced by the female plan only during reproduction as a guard against heat and moisture. More resin is produced in areas with higher temperatures. The pure resin, charas, is hashish and is the most potent. Ganja is the flower top. Bhang is dried and crushed leaves, seeds, and stems and is half to a third the potency of ganja.
Marijuana plants contain 1 to 5% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is psychoactive and stimulates brain nerve receptors that control body movements. This reduces spasms and calms body movement pain. Marijuana was used as a medicine for at least 5,000 years in China. From 1840 to 1900, over 100 medical papers published findings of medicinal uses for marijuana. These articles found marijuana useful for relieving pain in many medical situations, asthma, postpartum psychosis, bronchitis, gonorrhea, and migraine prevention. A 1940s study in New York City found most myths about marijuana causing aggressive and antisocial behavior were false. A 1942 study indicated marijuana might be useful in treating depression, opiate addiction, and loss of appetite. Harry Anslinger and the Federal Bureau of Narcotics denounced these 1940s studies as unscientific.
The military contracted with the Arthur D. Little Company to determine if there were any military uses for marijuana. They did not discover any but they found marijuana may have therapeutic value, the details of which are classified.
When Congress placed marijuana as a controlled drug, Administrative Law Judge Francis Young stated in 1968 that "marihuana, in its natural form, is one of the safest therapeutically active substances known to man...One must reasonably conclude that there is accepted safety for the use of marihuana under medical supervision. To conclude otherwise, on the record, would be unreasonable, arbitrary, and capricious." The Judge's decision was overturned by the U.S. First Circuit Appeal Court.
New Mexico passed the first state law allowing marijuana for medical use in 1978. By 1994, 35 states had do so. Federal laws prevented may of the state laws from being implemented, except for 17 states between 1978 and 1984 that allowed marijuana for chemotherapy nausea and for glaucoma and for 10 states that had medical marijuana studies.
A 1978 to 1986 New Mexico study of 250 cancer patients with nausea that did not respond to conventional medication found over 90% had complete or significant relief from nausea while three patients reported worse conditions that were found to be related and treatable due to anxiety.
A Florida court case overturned a lower court conviction and allowed a couple to possess marijuana for medical purposes.
In the 1990s, Deputy National Drug Control Policy Director Herbert Kleber announced medical marijuana would be allowed. The Public Health Service reviewed this for nine months and killed this idea but allowed 13 people who had been approved to continue taking medical marijuana.
Marijuana is useful in reducing chemotherapy vomiting (which can pose health problems as it can last for hours and even for days). A 1990 study of about 100 members of the American Society of Clinical Oncologists found only 43% stated that legal drugs were useful in controlling chemotherapy nausea. 44% admitted suggesting the use of marijuana to a patient.
A study of 19 patients found marijuana stops vision deterioration of glaucoma. Animal studies found cannabis helps eyes even when placed on the eyes with eyedroppers as well as taken internally. No similar human study has been done.
Marijuana was a known treatment for epilepsy seizures until it was banned. A 1975 study of patients given marijuana whose grand mal epilepsy was not responding to treatment found three patients improved totally, two improved partially, two had minor improvements, and one had no improvement.
The medical literature notes that marijuana reduced the tremors and improved mobility of a couple of multiple sclerosis patients.
A 1990 study in Switzerland found marijuana reduces painful spasms that afflicted paraplegics and quadriplegics. A 1983 U.S. Veterans Administration study found similar results with 22 of 43 people with spinal cord injuries.
A study of AIDS wasting syndrome found 70% of those using Marinol, a synthetic form of marijuana, reversed their wasting and increased weight. A subsequent study had similar findings and noted 20% found Marinol unpleasant and preferred illegal cannabis.
Chronic pain is often treated ineffectively with analgesics like aspirin and Tylenol that may include toxic side effects such as ulcer, gastic bleeding, liver disease, and kidney disease. Analgesics may cause over 7,500 death and 76,000 hospitalizations per year. Several studies found that THC, even applied orally, was more effective in relieving pain and had fewer side effects, in addition to reducing muscle spasms and seizures that are often experienced by people with chronic pain.
Marijuana was a medication for migraines until it was banned. THC reduces serotonin during migraine attacks which reduces the painful effects.
Marijuana relieves pains and has anti-inflammatory qualities. This helps patients with rheumatic diseases such as osteoarthritis and ankylosing spondylitisipruritus.
Marijuana was prescribed for premenstrual syndrome, menstrual cramps, and labor pains before it was banned.
Marijuana was prescribed for depression until it was banned. A 1947 study of 50 patients in England noted 36 had marked improvement. A subsequent study using lower doses of THC found no improvement. A 1993 study of eight hospitalized patients for one week also found no improvement. Advocates note that the 1947 study, with higher doses over longer period with generally less troubled patients, may attribute for the difference in results.
A Czechoslovakia study found marijuana is useful in treating microbial ailments.
The authors present anecdotal evidence that marijuana may be useful for treating asthma, insomnia, severe nausea, kidney failure, dystonia, adult attention disorder, schizophrenia, scleroderma, Crohn's disease, diabetic gastra paresis, pseudotumor cerebri disorder, phantom limb pain, treating alcohol and other addictions. It can be also be a topically applied anesthetic. The author defends anecdotal evidence by noting that thousands of years of use by millions of people has shown marijuana has very low toxicity while relieving multiple symptoms with less side effects than other medications.
The risks of marijuana are impaired coordination, impaired judgment, altered state of consciousness that can least several hours, risk that some have psychological reactions (which are treatable with self assurance), and a risk that some develop anxiety and paranoia.
Numerous Federal government studies attempting to find chronic effects of long term marijuana use failed to find any.
A study was found that monkey brain cells were damaged from long term marijuana use. Studies in Greece, Jamaica, and Costa Rica did not find human brain cell damage from long term marijuana use.
Several studies show marijuana can be harmful to the pulmonary system by damaging bronchial cells. Fortunately, most marijuana users do not smoke enough to make this a major health threat. No case of lung cancer, emphysema, or pulmonary pathology has been found in the U.S.
You need to look at this gentleman's credential's and know he's
NOT a young kid talking out of his a**. This man has FIRST hand
knowledge of this subject, having tested and in this book given
the results of YEARS of study and use of this NATURAL WEED(MEDICINE)!
I've got a friend, who is a judge, that see's cases before him that
involves alcohol and VERY seldom Marijuana. There's NO comparison
the different outcome between the two. There is NEVER a violent
reaction when Marijuana is used. Compare that to the use of Alcohol!!
A blind man could tell the difference of people using Alcohol and POT!
If you have NEVER tried POT. then don't judge it until you read this
book by a man that have studied it for many years. It's ALL about the
MONEY and JOBS involved in keeping Marijuana FORBIDDEN to us. I've
read lot's of books on the subject and if YOU have any questions on
this subject, maybe you should open YOUR MIND and read some yourself!!
DON'T take MY WORD for it, READ, LISTEN, ASK QUESTIONS, find out the
TRUTH once and for all!!!