- Taschenbuch: 96 Seiten
- Verlag: Osprey Publishing (18. August 2000)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 1855329921
- ISBN-13: 978-1855329928
- Größe und/oder Gewicht: 18,4 x 0,5 x 24,6 cm
- Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 2 Kundenrezensionen
- Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 364.454 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
- Komplettes Inhaltsverzeichnis ansehen
Jutland 1916: Clash of the Dreadnoughts: The Last Great Clash of Fleets (Campaign, Band 72) (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 18. August 2000
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A major fleet action of the First World War between the two most powerful navies on earth.
Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende
Charles London is a military writer of long-standing, with a particular interest in the Royal Navy in the Great War. He has published a number of books and articles on nineteenth and twentieth century military history. He has contributed to a number of publications on twentieth century naval warfare, amongst other books on naval history and has made a particular study of the Battle of Jutland.
Derzeit tritt ein Problem beim Filtern der Rezensionen auf. Bitte versuchen Sie es später noch einmal.
Das Heft in der üblichen Aufmachung startet also mit den Anfängen der Aufrüstung um die Jahrhundertwende, dem Einfluss der britischen Dreadnought-Klasse, die den ganzen Kriegsschiffbau revolutionierte, politische Hintergründe etc.
Die Schlacht wird gut geschildert...naja. Oder auch nicht. Wer sich schon mit dem Thema auskennt, der wird folgen können. Die Karten zeigen "nur" kleinere Episoden der Schlacht, die Gesamtheit bleibt aber im Nebel.
Als Übersicht daher nicht so informativ, wenn man sich um Hintergründe, Fehler etc schwert.
Als Lektüre zur Skagerrak-Schlacht empfehle ich da lieber Davis Horwarths Buch "Schlachtschiffe", wo die Schlacht sehr gnenau mit vielen Karten erklärt wird, dazu noch die ganze Entwicklung bis 1918 beleuchtet.
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The book, like most Osprey Campaign books, succeeds at providing an introduction to the strategic situation, the state of both navies, what both sides were seeking to accomplish and how the battle played out. On the negative side, the book makes use of only secondary sources, only English language sources are cited and there is nothing really novel regarding the analysis of the campaign. Hence the book is more valuable to the novice than to those with a level of knowledge, on the subject, that exceeds this level. For the novice this book would be a four star but for those over and above that only a three.
On the whole, this volume repesents one of the very best of the Osprey Campaign series. The maps are excellent, and provide much better depictions of the action than the sketch maps usually provided in much lengthier works. The strategic level map on page 32 which depicts the opening moves is one of the best I have seen, including locations of all U-Boats and British submarines (unfortunately he did leave out Zeppelin patrol areas). Both the photographs and artwork are of excellent quality. This volume is a valuable visual companion to John Campbell's technical Jutland: An Analysis of the Fighting, which lacks photos and decent maps.
On the negative side, the author is rather blatantly biased toward the British. There is little or no mention of significant damage to British dreadnoughts, including the seven hits on HMS Malaya, the six hits on HMS Barham and the torpedo hit on HMS Marlborough (all three of which had close calls with sinking). On the other hand, damage to German ships is sometimes exaggerated; such as when the author claims that three German pre-dreadnoughts were hit when in fact, two were hit by one shell each (minor damage) and the third suffered one sailor killed from a shell splinter. The author alludes to the German advantage in night fighting but fails to mention that they had starshells, while the British did not.
The author makes selective use of the vast technical data available on Jutland. He notes that both sides gunnery was about the same - 3% probability of hits and that the various advantages and defects of their ship designs canceled each other out. In fact, the British obtained 2.75% hits of rounds fired versus 3.39% for the Germans. In the initial battlecruiser action, the German edge was even more lop-sided: the Germans scored 44 hits versus only 17 hits for the numerically-superior British.
Organizationally, this volume would have done better to provide strict time delimiters, to break the action into phases. Instead, the author uses the "flow" style, which gets very confusing after the initial battlecruiser action. The maps help to sort out the battle, but the text does not. One wonders also why the author included photographs of the Goeben, and ships sunk in the Falklands Battle two years prior to Jutland, but no photos of several major ships such as the Lutzow and Pommerm which were sunk there.
Finally, the author seems somewhat unsatisfied with the indecisive conclusion of Jutland, as everyone always seems to be, except perhaps the Germans. The author uses the fact that the Grand Fleet "remained on the battlefield" the next morning to claim a victory for sea control and assert that Jellicoe would have won any follow-up engagement off the Horn Reef. Here the author's bias ignores the fact that the Grand Fleet had lost all cohesion after twelve hours of fighting; most of the destroyers were separated in the night action and three dreadnoughts had wandered off 45 miles away from the main body. Certainly Jellicoe had the strength to finish off any German cripples, but any renewed battle would have witnessed a thoroughly-spread out Grand Fleet fighting in minimal visibility conditions. Any action on 1 June would likely have been a scaled-down repeat of the previous day: ships blundering into each other in the haze and quick, furtive exchanges of gun fire. More ships might have been sunk, but without radar, air support, better navigation and improved communications, the clash of dreadnoughts could not be decisive in 1916.
Despite the author's bias and certain errors, this volume is still a valuable adjunct to any Jutland collection. Just remember to keep other works handy to sort out the omissions.
The book makes short mention of a lot of the fine details surrounding the battle and sticks to the essentials of having the reader understand it in general terms at the end. Pictures and maps are well placed and succeed in giving a novice reader a pretty complete idea of what happened.
The books seems to try to avoid a lot of the controversy but does lean in favour of the Royal Navy but does not do this to any exaggerated extent. For those interested in a deeper, more thorough study there are many works that address the battle in more detal.
For anyone new to naval history or reading their first account of the battle this is an excellent book to get started with!