3 von 3 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Robert A. Lynn
- Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
THE JEWISH REVOLT, AD 66-74
OSPREY PUBLISHING, 2013
QUALITY SOFTCOVER, $21.95, 96 PAGES, PHOTOGRAPHS, MAPS, ILLUSTRATIONS, CHARTS, BIBLIOGRAPHY, INDEX
Uniquely among the disparate peoples of the Roman Army, the Jews refused to accept the Graeco-Roman culture all around them, proudly aware that they had a tradition to rival it. The Romans, despite initial good intentions and a total lack of understanding, couldn't understand a people so different; in their exclusive monotheism, from any of their other subjects. Situated between the wealthy provinces of Syria and Egypt, Judaea was too strategically important to be ignored, however. The Jewish Diaspora, which had started about three centuries before followingthe conquests of Alexander the Great, meant that Jews were already spread across the eastern part of the Roman Empire, and there was a Jewish community in Rome by Julius Caesar's time.
Herod the Great, who died in 4 B.C., had pursued a pro-Roman and Hellenizing policy. But upon his death, the Romans ended the monarchy and split the country into three with Galilee and land east of the Jordan River being detached from the main portion which was ruled by Herod's eldest son, Archelaus. He ruled for ten years but his tyranny caused the people to appeal to Rome and he was deposed and banished. Judaea then came under the direct and heavy-handed rule from Rome. In 66 A.D., the Jews rose up against the procurator, Gessius Florus, and drove out the Roman garrison.
The governor of Syria, Cestius Gallus, was ordered to suppress the revolt but with inadequate forces; was defeated and withdrew. Rome wouldn't let this stand and so sent Vespasian and three legions to re-conquer Judaea and Galilee. Vespasian was already a successful general with a good record of storming forts twenty years earlier in Britain. He invaded Galilee in early 67 A.D. and, largely through the treachery of Josephus, the Jewish commander, overcame all resistance.
The Jews then split into three armed factions who fought each other leaving Vespasian to conquer the rest of the country except Jerusalem. He waited for the internal conflicts to weaken the Jew' still further. This happened when Vespasian became emperor in 70 A.D. and leaving his son Titus to complete the conquest. He besieged Jerusalem in the spring of 70 A.D. and captured it and destroyed the Temple in August of that year. All Jewish resistance ended in 71 A.D. by the Governor, Lucilius Bassus except for Masada which was later captured by Governor Flavius Silva, the 10th Legion, and several thousand prisoners after a long siege which ended in 73 A.D.
THE JEWISH REVOLT, AD 66-74 is a detailed account that throws new light on an extremely important and currently relevant topic. The author has provided a comprehensive examination of a campaign that was fought over a region in the world that is sacred to three great monotheistic religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. This book, in the Osprey Campaign series, is both well-illustrated and has a number of high quality maps that help the reader understand the personalities, strategies, tactics, and politics of that time period.
Lt. Colonel Robert A. Lynn, Florida Guard