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Iwo Jima and Okinawa: The Final Campaigns in the Pacific Theater (English Edition) von [Charles River Editors]
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Iwo Jima and Okinawa: The Final Campaigns in the Pacific Theater (English Edition) Kindle Edition


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Länge: 99 Seiten Word Wise: Aktiviert Verbesserter Schriftsatz: Aktiviert
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Produktbeschreibungen

Kurzbeschreibung

*Includes historic pictures of the fighting.
*Includes pictures of important people, places, and events.
*Includes a bibliography for further reading.
*Includes a table of contents.

On February 23, 1945, one of the most famous photographs in American history was taken atop Mount Suribachi, as five American soldiers began to raise an American flag. The picture, which most Americans are instantly familiar with, has come to symbolize the strength and sacrifice of America’s armed forces, and though many realize it was taken during the Battle of Iwo Jima, much of the actual battle and the context of the picture itself have been overshadowed.

The Battle of Iwo Jima, code name “Operation Detachment,” is more of a misnomer than anything. It was fought as part of a large American invasion directed by steps toward the Japanese mainland, and it was more like a siege that lasted 36 days from February-March 1945, with non-stop fighting every minute. In fact, the iconic flag-raising photo was taken just four days into the battle, and as that picture suggests, the battle was not a pristine tactical event but an unceasing horror with no haven for protection. As veteran and author James F. Christ put it in the foreword of his exhaustive study of the action, “it is carnage…that is what Iwo was…the Gettysburg of the Pacific.” Iwo Jima defined the classical amphibious assault of the World War II era, as much as the Normandy invasion did, but it came later in the war. In Europe, the Battle of the Bulge had already been won, and German forces would surrender in early May. However, the Japanese Empire was still at a considerable level of strength and state of resolve, and an essential offensive, grinding from island to island with naval unit to naval unit and air to air was met with maniacal resistance by the enemy.

When Admiral Chester Nimitz was directed to capture an island in the Bonin group, Iwo Jima stood out for its importance in making progress against the mainland, with three airfields that would allow American air forces to attack the Japanese mainland. But the Japanese were also well aware of how important Iwo Jima was, and they fought desperately in bunkers and tunnels that required the Americans to carefully clear them out gradually. Less than 5% of the Japanese soldiers on Iwo Jima were taken alive, and American casualties were estimated at 26,000, with 6,800 killed or captured.

Near the end of 1944, as Allied forces were pushing across the Pacific and edging ever closer to Japan, plans were drawn up to invade the Ryuku islands, the most prominent of them being Okinawa. Military planners anticipated that an amphibious campaign would last a week, but instead of facing 60,000 Japanese defenders as estimated, there were closer to 120,000 on the island at the beginning of the campaign in April 1945. The Battle of Okinawa was the largest amphibious operation in the Pacific theater, and it would last nearly 3 months and wind up being the fiercest in the Pacific theater during the war, with nearly 60,000 American casualties and over 100,000 Japanese soldiers killed. In addition, the battle resulted in an estimated 40,000-150,000 Japanese civilian casualties.

Okinawa witnessed every conceivable horror of war both on land and at sea. American ground forces on Okinawa had to deal with bad weather (including a typhoon), anti-tank moats, barbed wire, mines, caves, underground tunnel networks, and fanatical Japanese soldiers who were willing to use human shields while fighting to the death. Allied naval forces supporting the amphibious invasion had to contend with Japan’s notorious kamikazes, suicide pilots who terrorized sailors as they frantically tried to shoot down the Japanese planes before they could hit Allied ships. As one sailor aboard the USS Miami recalled, "They came in swarms from all directions. The barrels of our ship's guns got so hot we had to use firehoses to cool them down."

Produktinformation

  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • Dateigröße: 5578 KB
  • Seitenzahl der Print-Ausgabe: 99 Seiten
  • Verlag: Charles River Editors (17. April 2014)
  • Verkauf durch: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ASIN: B00JSC90YI
  • Text-to-Speech (Vorlesemodus): Aktiviert
  • X-Ray:
  • Word Wise: Aktiviert
  • Screenreader: Unterstützt
  • Verbesserter Schriftsatz: Aktiviert
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  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: #119.630 Bezahlt in Kindle-Shop (Siehe Top 100 Bezahlt in Kindle-Shop)

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Amazon.com: 3.7 von 5 Sternen 6 Rezensionen
5.0 von 5 Sternen Combination of two good short histories 2. September 2014
Von Michael A. Hobart - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Kindle Edition Verifizierter Kauf
A combination of two good short histories. As with many of the Charles River Editions multi-topic short histories, this is a combination of existing short histories on the independent subjects which are simply pasted together with little integration in the combined release. Each sections has references as well as bibliographies. Generally this is well written, though there are occasional typos, generally involving words which would be found in dictionaries but which are inappropriate in context. For example there is a mention of a "bonsai attack" instead of a "banzai attack." That typo made me laugh at the image it evoked. One point it made clear was the combination of these two battles certainly raised the prospect of tremendously intense fighting if a land invasion of Japan took place, as was planned. No matter what you think of Truman's decision on the use of nuclear weapons, these do put it in context.
5.0 von 5 Sternen Useful Series 12. Juli 2014
Von David L. Yinger - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Kindle Edition Verifizierter Kauf
My Dad was there. Chief Pharmacists Mate Jack Yinger. He saw the flag go up both times...didn't feel like he was watching history in the making since he had more important things to do right then. God Bless ALL of the brave guys who fought through this horrific
meat grinder...the young men (Dad was 24) who took Iwo Jima turned the tide in this war....the Charles River series is worth your money if you're a history buff like me...all their little books are well-written and have an immediacy that puts you at the scene.
4.0 von 5 Sternen There are other longer books of each battle with more description of the horror & more eyewitness accounts but this is a good de 15. Juli 2014
Von Kindle Customer - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Kindle Edition Verifizierter Kauf
a short & concise history of two pivital battles of WWII. There are other longer books of each battle with more description of the horror & more eyewitness accounts but this is a good decription of the battles themselves and a good summary. RAG
4.0 von 5 Sternen very Good 5. Mai 2014
Von Mike - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Kindle Edition Verifizierter Kauf
I suspect, like most Americans, I know more about the war in Europe than the war in the Pacific. This book helps to fill in the gaps for me. I recommend it for anyone who wants to know more about two of the climactic battles of WWII fought in the Pacific.
1.0 von 5 Sternen Why bother? 23. Juli 2014
Von Mike Venturino - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Kindle Edition Verifizierter Kauf
This book(s) is so full of factual errors that reading it is a waste of time. Money would be better spent elsewhere.
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