- Taschenbuch: 152 Seiten
- Verlag: Yale Univ Pr; Auflage: Revised. (3. November 1997)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 0300072546
- ISBN-13: 978-0300072549
- Größe und/oder Gewicht: 12,7 x 0,9 x 20,3 cm
- Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 2 Kundenrezensionen
- Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 424.411 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 3. November 1997
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This work tells the story of a secret love affair between two of the most prominent philosophers of the 20th century, Hannah Arendt and Martin Heidegger. It aims to shed light on both individuals, challenging the image of Heidegger as an austere thinker, and Arendt as an independent personality.
Da hilft nur eines: Zurück zur Originalliteratur. Man lese den Briefwechsel Hannah Arendt - Martin Heidegger, erschienen bei Klostermann, und bilde sich seine eigene Meinung.
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The initial impact of this book is to put meat on the bones of those ongoing abstract debates about the degree of Heidegger's culpability in supporting the Third Reich. Beyond that, this book tips the scale by showing that Heidegger was capable of seducing a young, impressionable student, ending it when he became worried about the affair's potential impact on his career, then renewing the relationship in later life when it suited his purposes. Heidegger needed Arendt's support against his critics.
Readers will come away disgusted with Heidegger, but impatient with Arendt. She does not come off as tough minded as her reputation suggests. She allowed her early infatuation with Heidegger to color what should have been a mature judgement. Driven by old loyalties, she defended Heidegger against his critics.
As the small book relates, this extremely unlikely couple met in 1924 when Arendt began attending Heidegger's classes at the University of Marburg. Heidegger's mesmerizing lectures apparently had immense power over his students. A married man with children, his wife also avidly supported the Nazis, Heidegger approached the young, brilliant and beautiful Arendt and so began a lifelong affair that largely took a master and subservient form. He wooed her with letters, poetry and mostly, at first, one-sided conversation. The relationship also had a very physical dimension. She fell under his spell so completely and so helplessly that even his lies, treachery, abuse, neglect and often disgusting moral behavior couldn't break it. She defended him in writing more than once. Their mutual friend, Karl Jaspers, who had finally taken enough nonsense from Heidegger, couldn't convince Arendt to break with the transparent, manipulative and controlling megalomaniac. Heidegger's "stupid" wife, as Arendt more than once described Elfriede Heidegger, became the scapegoat for all of his flagrant flaws and vile beliefs. Arendt just couldn't give up on her beloved professor.
Heidegger also had more than one "other" woman, Elisabeth Blochmann, who the book feels probably suited Heidegger's need for interpersonal power better than the increasingly independent Arendt. He broke with Arendt in 1928 and she wrote him pleading letters. She ended up marrying twice, one short lived marriage to a student of Heidegger's followed by a much longer one. Perhaps Arendt's broken heart and revulsion in the face of Heidegger's growing antisemitism prompted her to leave Germany in 1933. He joined the Nazi party that same year and delivered a horrifying pro-Hitler rectorial address at the University of Freiburg. He then acted shamelessly towards his mentor Edmund Husserl and students who he felt didn't support the National Socialist cause enthusiastically enough. He informed on many and ruined careers and livelihoods while serving as Rector. His appalling written denunciation of Noble Laureate Hermann Staudinger would have probably ruined Heidegger forever after the war, but the letter didn't surface until long after his death. Luckily for him, beginning in 1950 he once again had Arendt as a staunch defender. Who better to defend an ostracized Nazi than a highly acclaimed Jewish woman? It's pretty easy to accuse Heidegger of having self-serving ulterior motives. They met again and an awkward trio evolved in which Heidegger urged Arendt and his wife to form a strong and lasting bond. Passionate letters and poetry once again flowed between the former lovers. Unfortunately, the two women appeared to loathe one another.
Arendt soon made a name for herself in the 1950s and her travels often led her to Germany. A stark silence fell between her and Heidegger again, probably due to Arendt's outright excoriation of National Socialism, an ideology still apparently dear to the Heideggers. Not only that, she likened Nazism to communism, which Heidegger detested. The silence continued. Arendt also reported on Adolph Eichmann's 1961 trial in Jerusalem and reflected on "the banality of evil." For some reason Heidegger decided to write Arendt in 1966, which opened up yet another phase of this ineffable relationship. This time the warm letters and personal visits persisted until Arendt's death in 1975. Elfriede even reached out to Arendt for advice on selling the manuscript for "Being and Time." Heidegger died only a few months after Arendt in 1976. Their long inscrutable relationship remains somewhat of an enigma given the personalities and situations involved. Arendt seemed to truly love Heidegger, though this morphed into a platonic love later in life. Whether Heidegger truly returned Arendt's love presents a nebulous mystery. He may have wanted to simply use her for his own ends. The book also delineates numerous occasions on which he outright lied to her, though she would have had no way of knowing at the time. As more of Heidegger's wretched past behavior has come to light, the more one wonders whether Arendt would have rejected him had she known the entire sordid tale.
One of the book's most memorable passages presents a paradox and an intellectual dilemma. Arendt and Jaspers were among the top thinkers of their day. Both dealt deeply with issues of ethics and morality. Yet, they didn't reveal all that they knew of Heidegger to the world at large, though Jaspers did eventually speak up to some extent. Their renowned studies and works seemed nearly impotent against this one forceful personality. They simply couldn't shake him, no matter how awful he became. The book concludes, rather harshly, that "their theories failed them when it came to Martin Heidegger." This has potentially disturbing implications for applied ethics as well as humanity's ability to live up to its own intellectual endeavors and beliefs. How did someone as morally repugnant as Heidegger create a vibrant, beautiful, almost miraculous philosophy that understandably and justifiably attracts numerous adherents? How did this same man also seduce some of the greatest minds of his age? There are forces at work here that undermine logic and rationality and suggest that human society may work on incomprehensible and unintelligible levels that defy the concept of civilization itself. The book raises such puzzling questions. In the end, the philosophy of Martin Heidegger continues to haunt the world's thought. It will probably haunt it for some time to come. But his life, as described in this little book, haunts the world for different and more ominous reasons. A much sought after reconciliation between his thought and his life may never occur. The more one reads, the more difficult it seems.
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