- Gebundene Ausgabe: 2069 Seiten
- Verlag: Springer; Auflage: 2007 (15. Mai 2007)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 3540338586
- ISBN-13: 978-3540338581
- Verpackungsabmessungen: 24,3 x 16,8 x 1,9 cm
- Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: Schreiben Sie die erste Bewertung
- Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 4.837.047 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
- Komplettes Inhaltsverzeichnis ansehen
Handbook of Paleoanthropology: Vol I:Principles, Methods and Approaches Vol II:Primate Evolution and Human Origins Vol III:Phylogeny of Hominids (Englisch)
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".... yesterday I received a copy of your Handbook of Paleoanthropology.. I just want to congratulate you for doing such a great job. I think there is nothing comparably detailed in our field covering so many aspects as this handbook does. When I started reading in many of the chapters yesterday I couldn`t stop because it was so exciting to read about all these latest views and conclusions of our colleagues regarding so many interesting points. ......" (Prof. Dr. Günter Bräuer, Universität Hamburg)
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Joseph J Grenier MD PhD
This comprehensive 3 volume text describes the thinking concerning human evolution by noted international scholars of the subject. There is ample room for Methods of archaeology, the origin and evolving nomenclature of primates, leading up to homosapiens. Tattersall et al. have done a remarkable job putting together and publishing a vast, admirable set of books about human origins.
• Handbook of Paleoanthropology
Unfortunately we read here mostly only the usual unproven paleo-anthropological preassumptions: that australopithecines, Ardipithecus and Sahelanthropus were "human ancestors", that Homo and Pan split more than 7 million years ago, that we evolved bigger brains by eating meat, that human ancestors ran over the African plains (although sweating = salt + water = scarce on savannas), etc.
The traditional idea that human ancestors in Africa went from the forests to the plains (incl.the "savanna hypothesis") rests on a logical error (post hoc, ergo propter hoc) which confuses "because" and "since": since non-human primates in the trees are quadrupedal, and humans on the ground are bipedal, we became bipedal when we left the forest, it is thought. Some paleo-anthropologists rightly realize that this cannot be the whole truth (e.g. savanna monkeys are less bipedal than forest monkeys: the so-called “baboon paradox”) and believe that our ancestors already "stood up" in the branches, possibly not unlike gibbons, who walk bipedally over branches and hang vertically from branches. In any case, most paleo-anthropologists in this handbook only consider living in versus outside forests, neglecting the possibility that hominoids could have spent part of their time in forest swamps, rivers or coastal waters ("aquatic ape hypothesis" is a misleading term: it is not about apes-australopiths, but about waterside Pleistocene Homo).
Fossil, paleo-environmental, archeological, isotopic, and comparative data independently show that Pleistocene human ancestors did not walk or run over the open plains as assumed in this handbook (the "endurance running" fantasy is arguably one of the worst hypotheses ever proposed: a just-so, cherry-picking "explanation" fitting in savanna preassumptions). The malacological data (on molluscs) show that virtually all archaic Homo fossils and tools were associated with shallow water habitats and edible shellfish (Munro 2010), and sites as far apart as England (e.g. Happisburgh, Boxgrove), Indonesia (e.g. Mojokerto, Flores) and southern Africa (e.g. Dungo V, the Cape) lay in coastal and estuarian sediments. Pleistocene Homo populations during the Ice Ages, instead of running over dry open plains, simply followed the coasts and rivers when they dispersed to different continents, beach-combing, diving and wading bipedally for waterside and shallow water foods (plenty of brain-specific nutrients, such as DHA which incomparably better explains Homo's brain expansion than meat-eating).
Recent papers more and more confirm that Homo evolved along the water, e.g.
-J.Joordens, S.Munro cs 2014 Homo erectus at Trinil on Java used shells for tool production and engraving, Nature doi 10.1038/nature13962,
-S.Munro 2010 Molluscs as ecological indicators in palaeoanthropological contexts, PhD thesis Univ.Canberra,
-M.Verhaegen & S.Munro 2011 Pachyosteosclerosis suggests archaic Homo frequently collected sessile littoral foods, HOMO J.compar.hum.Biol.62:237-247
-J.Joordens cs 2009 Relevance of aquatic environments for hominins: a case study from Trinil (Java, Indonesia), J.hum.Evol.57:656-671,
-M.Gutierrez cs 2001 Exploitation d’un grand cétacé au Paléolithique ancien: le site de Dungo V à Baia Farta (Benguela, Angola), CRAS.332:357-362,
-K.Choi, D.Driwantoro 2007 Shell tool use by early members of Homo erectus in Sangiran, central Java, Indonesia: cut mark evidence, J.archaeol.Sci.34:48-58,
-M.Vaneechoutte.A.Kuliukas & M.Verhaegen eds 2011 Was Man more aquatic in the past? eBook Bentham Sci.Publ.
-S.Cunnane 2005 Survival of the fattest: the key to human brain evolution, World Scient.Publ.Comp.
-P.Rhys Evans cs eds 2013-2014 Human Evolution conference London May 2013 proceedings, Hum.Evol.28-29 special editions,
-M.Verhaegen 2013 The aquatic ape evolves: common misconceptions and unproven assumptions about the so-called Aquatic Ape Hypothesis, Hum.Evol.28:237-266, google researchGate marc verhaegen, or independent academia edu/marcverhaegen