- Taschenbuch: 302 Seiten
- Verlag: Oxford University Press, USA (21. März 2012)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 0199644047
- ISBN-13: 978-0199644049
- Größe und/oder Gewicht: 21,3 x 2,8 x 13,5 cm
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Famine and Foreigners: Ethiopia Since Live Aid (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 21. März 2012
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Gill does great justice to this ever-pertinent issue. * Maria Kuecken, London School of Economics Review of Books *
Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende
Peter Gill has specialized in developing world affairs for most of his career, an interest that began as a VSO teacher in Sudan and his first visit to Ethiopia in the 1960s. In the 1970s he was South Asia and Middle East Correspondent for The Daily Telegraph. For TV Eye and This Week, he made films in Afghanistan during the Soviet occupation, in Gaza and Lebanon, in South Africa under apartheid and in Uganda, Sudan, and Ethiopia during the famine years. He made Mr. Famine for ITV about corruption at the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation and Clare's New World about Clare Short, DFID and its first White Paper, Eliminating World Poverty. From 1999-2003, he headed the India office of the BBC World Service Trust. His first project partnered Indian broadcasters in leprosy campaigning that brought 200,000 patients forward for cure; this led to a L5 million project on HIV/Aids awareness. He has is author of Drops in the Ocean, A Year in the Death of Africa and Body Count.
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He provides great insight to the cause of famine and to anyone who takes time to read this book realizes that the solution to Famine is neither simplistic nor accomplished in short sprints. His presentation of three regimes handling of famine (Haile Selassie, Mengistu and the current regime. ) His analysis of these regimes handling of famine provides an interesting insight as to how closely related is solving the problem of famine and the political policy of the regime in power.
He lets his readers see what was important to the Haile Selassie regime (denial of its existence at the expense of the lives of millions is preferred than the embarrassment of admitting that one's citizens need outside help). He juxtaposes this with Mengistu regime that was willing to spend 1.2 billion dollars in importing arms from the former Soviet Union at exactly the same time as it's nations citizens were dying at a rate of 100/day.
He contrasts the number of dead in the 1984 famine in which 600, 000 died (not to mention the 50,000 that died in resettlement) versus the one in 2003 where 300 died even though 13.2 million faced the prospect of famine.
Despite pointing to this progress he directs his reader the current regimes suppression of free press and the rounding of journalists to prison and the excessive use of force during the 2005 election. To do that he presents the views of both the regime as espoused by Meles in his conviction that a regime might suspend democracy for a while as it implements sound economic development for its nation side by side with those who challenge the regime as being extremely repressive.
Amare was one who fought side by side with Melese (former Prime Minister of Ethiopia) and was head of Ethiopian Television who left his post as he found the current regimes firm grip on free press. I would say this book is an exciting journey for both those that are already well informed about the political climate in Ethiopia and for those who would like to get their hands on a book that provides an objective view.
Gill has a fine sense of irony, so it was disappointing to spot the places where he didn't employ it. As in his efforts to parse the Meles government and its progress toward feeding people, reforms and techniques and strategies and so on, without once confronting the question of whether this is a land that could EVER feed itself, and if not, what the clear-eyed response should be. Maybe a country that endlessly perfects its ways of collecting and channeling aid from better-fed countries is not actually solving its problem. What could Ethiopia do, anyway, to bear itself up in a globalized world? Should we make a fetish of these scrawny, unreliable, tiny farms and their inevitable seasonal failures, or does Ethiopia need an injection of something entirely different that could pull it into the world economy? Is Ethiopian subsistence -- spotty subsistence -- enough for us all to feel smug and happy about what we've helped bring about there? Wouldn't we want more for ourselves?
Moreover, Gill gets contraception backward: it's not an investment used to cut down the number of hungry mouths (western reductionism) but a technique that people will adopt AFTER their livelihoods become more secure. That's been shown. Family planning is the cart, prosperity the horse. "Feed the World" still echoes in my head from that dreck 1980s ballad. "Feed Ethiopia's future, and thus its prosperity, and thus its people" is presumably not as much of a hook.
Interesting to watch the news today. Famine is once more raging in these barren lands, and nothing at all has been solved.
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