- Gebundene Ausgabe: 328 Seiten
- Verlag: Harvard Univ Pr (11. Januar 2011)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 0674048997
- ISBN-13: 978-0674048997
- Größe und/oder Gewicht: 16,3 x 2,1 x 23,6 cm
- Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: Schreiben Sie die erste Bewertung
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Dairy Queens: The Politics of Pastoral Architecture from Catherine de' Medici to Marie-Antoinette (Harvard Historical Studies (Hardcover)) (Englisch) Gebundene Ausgabe – 11. Januar 2011
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[A] brilliant and gorgeous new book...Until now, little has been written about the pleasure dairy and this is certainly the first I've heard of it. An explanation for its disappearance from our cultural history and consciousness is that almost all of the actual buildings no longer exist. But the pleasure dairy's gender coding and associations with female exclusivity and power is likely another reason. It is a testament to Meredith Martin's talent as both writer and scholar that the pleasure dairy has now become so vivid in my imagination, a part of our political and cultural history, that I feel as if I have always known about the phenomenon, Martin's book serving as an exquisite reminder.--Jenny McPhee"Bookslut" (05/01/2011)
Marie Antoinette herding sheep and milking cows in the peasant hamlet that she built at Versailles seems the least likely subject for an essay in cultural history. Yet, as Martin shows in her stunning work of scholarship, the queen's interest in pastoral retreats--dairies in particular--was an established and complex court tradition going back to Catherine de' Medici in the 16th century. Martin argues that Catherine, a foreign consort to Henri II, and thus particularly vulnerable to the machinations of a chauvinist court, erected a dairy at her estate to ally herself to ideas of regal fertility, purity, and maternal care as a means of deflecting criticism. Later, during the reign of Louis XIV, the aristocrats who resisted the Sun King's efforts to centralize power at Versailles constructed at their country properties "pleasure dairies" and picturesque gardens as symbols of their repudiation of courtly life and affirmation of feudal order. By the mid-18th century, reformist ideas about responsible child-rearing and proper sanitation encouraged Mme. Pompadour to reintroduce dairies to Versailles. Marie Antoinette's seemingly frivolous exercise in peasant rusticity, then, should be seen as a continuance of elitist expressions of virtuous behavior.--L. R. Matteson"Choice" (07/01/2011)
"Dairy Queens" is a wonderful book, which I read with sustained pleasure. From Catherine de Medici to Marie-Antoinette, French queens and royal mistresses ordered the creation of dairy farms that became the intersecting sites of important architectural, decorative, and cultural trends. Martin deals with a plethora of subjects in this informed book, ranging from the prestige of milk baths and personal hygiene to politics. Readers will learn something new on every page.--Patrice Higonnet, Harvard University
An innovative and pathbreaking study. Martin demolishes the assumption that pleasure dairies were the frivolous products of a 'let-them-eat-cake' state of mind. They helped shape a range of significant discourses on health, femininity, nobility, pleasure, nature, and utility. Written in clear, lucid prose, this book will appeal to a wide readership.--Mary Sheriff, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Most of us are acquainted with tales of Marie-Antoinette's faux-pastoral activities her hamlet at Versailles, equipped with a 'pleasure dairy, ' where she dressed as a milkmaid and churned butter with her aristocratic pals. In her meticulously researched book, Martin places this diversion into its historical context. Discussing the tradition that celebrated the virtues of rural living, milk, and maternal care as means of social reform, Martin's wonderful book never fails to surprise and enlighten us.--Francine du Plessix Gray"
Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende
Meredith Martin is Assistant Professor of Art, Wellesley College.
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First of all, I had read all of the novels of Richardson and also Julie, or La Nouvelle Heloise by Samuel Richardson, so I was aware of the dairy-house in Clarissa. Remember in the novel, how Clarissa's grandfather leaves the dairy- house to her in his will and this sparks off the conflict in the novel as her brother was hoping to inherit the estate. It is given to her in recognition of her skill and diligence within the dairy-house, where Clarissa made dairy products and entertained her family. This is also the first novel to present female identity as a distinct and controversial entity. Remember also how Mrs Norton, Clarissa's wet-nurse, retires to the dairy-house to spent the rest of her days after Clarissa's death.
Also, in Samuel Richardson's novel, Pamela, there is a dairy to which Pamela's intended takes her in order to discuss their domestic arrangements.
Meredith describes the dairy of Catherine de Medici. This is a place for feminine activity and for female self-construction as much as having an association with the normal activities of milking cows and of making butter and cheese. These were nevertheless activities in which high-born women took an interest. The pleasure dairy, or 'ornamental dairy' as it is called in England, is a structure that stands apart from the main dairy, and in involves a more genteel activity. The dairy is also there to celebrate feminine activities like breastfeeding, and provides a more secular model for doing so. Previously this activity was something that was always visualized within a religious context, based on the images of the Virgin Mary within the church, so this heralded a new way of feminine thinking and self-construction.
Everyone has heard of the dairy-maid activities of Marie-Antoinette, but they have always been given an incredibly bad press. In this book Meredith explains how the dairy at Rambouillet was not designed by Marie-Antoinette, but was presented to her as a surprise gift. Instead of her ideas, it contains male fantasies of these feminine activities and ideals. Instead of Rambouillet, Marie-Antoinette preferred the Hameau at Versailles. This was a little hamlet built for the queen. She houses some peasant families there, and also a model farm and a dairy. This activity was based on the advice of Rousseau, who wanted women to be closer to nature and to return to breast-feeding their own children.
Anyone who has read Julie, or La Nouvelle Heloise, will recall the dairy that Julie is given on her husband's estate. The dairy defines a specifically feminine retreat and is associated with quintessentially feminine activities. This is a delightful book, beautifully laid out and meticulously researched.
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