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Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 16. September 2008

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Produktbeschreibungen

Pressestimmen

"An unusually candid account of the state of Turkish politics . . . [Kinzer] is lyrical, even romantic, about the potential of a forceful, creative and (mostly) free people to realize their own implied glorious future." --Ira M. Lapidus, "The New York Times"

"Turkey matters greatly to us, given its crucial role both in Europe and in the Middle East, and this vivid book, both personal and analytical, is the best recent work on the subject." --Richard D. Holbrooke


“An unusually candid account of the state of Turkish politics . . . [Kinzer] is lyrical, even romantic, about the potential of a forceful, creative and (mostly) free people to realize their own implied glorious future.” —Ira M. Lapidus, "The New York Times"

“Turkey matters greatly to us, given its crucial role both in Europe and in the Middle East, and this vivid book, both personal and analytical, is the best recent work on the subject.” —Richard D. Holbrooke


"An unusually candid account of the state of Turkish politics . . . [Kinzer] is lyrical, even romantic, about the potential of a forceful, creative and (mostly) free people to realize their own implied glorious future." --Ira M. Lapidus, "The New York Times"

"Turkey matters greatly to us, given its crucial role both in Europe and in the Middle East, and this vivid book, both personal and analytical, is the best recent work on the subject." --Richard D. Holbrooke


An unusually candid account of the state of Turkish politics . . . [Kinzer] is lyrical, even romantic, about the potential of a forceful, creative and (mostly) free people to realize their own implied glorious future. "Ira M. Lapidus, The New York Times"

Turkey matters greatly to us, given its crucial role both in Europe and in the Middle East, and this vivid book, both personal and analytical, is the best recent work on the subject. "Richard D. Holbrooke""

Synopsis

In the first edition of this widely praised book, Stephen Kinzer made the convincing claim that Turkey was the country to watch-poised between Europe and Asia, between the glories of its Ottoman past and its hopes for a democratic future, between the dominance of its army and the needs of its civilian citizens, between its secular expectations and its Muslim traditions. In this newly revised edition, he adds much important new information on the many exciting transformations in Turkey's government and politics that have kept it in the headlines, and also shows how recent developments in both American and European policies (and not only the war in Iraq) have affected this unique and perplexing nation.

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Format: Taschenbuch Verifizierter Kauf
Dieses Buch wird jeden erfreuen, der eine profunde Analyse der modernen Türkei sucht. Der Autor ist amerikanischer Journalist und als Korrespondent nach Istanbul gekommen. Dort hat er einige Jahre verbracht und sich dabei ein Bild der Türkei gebildet. Grundsätzlich sieht Kinzer ein Defizit an echter Demokratie und Rechtsstaatlichkeit, weil zum einen Militärs und Bürokraten, zum anderen Politiker und einflussreiche Kreise kein Interesse an einer echten Öffnung des Landes für Demokratie haben.
Gleichwohl ist Kinzer der Meinung, dass die Türkei ein Modellstaat für Demokratie, Menschenrechte und einen modernen Islam werden könnte. Er sieht das Land sogar auf einem guten Weg dorthin. Nichtsdestotrotz kommt die Türkei nicht aus dem Griff der sozialen Machtgruppen raus und kämpft sozusagen mit der Modernisierung, die Kemal Atatürk einst durchsetzte und auf den Weg brachte.
Seine Betrachtungsweise, dass radikale Demokratisierung und Rechtsstaatlichkeit für einen langanhaltenden Modernisierungsschub ausreichen würden, ist durchaus zu kritisieren. Rund 30 Prozent der Türken leben unterhalb der offiziellen Armutsgrenze und immer mehr soziale Gruppen haben nicht mehr den gleichen Zugang zu Bildung und sozialem Aufstieg. Muslimische Gruppierungen streben nach einer gesellschaftlichen Islamisierung und Aufweichung der Westorientierung des Landes. Der Premierminister Erdogan war gar einst selber Islamist und musste dafür eine Haftstrafe verbüssen. Also, ich teile Stephen Kinzers Meinung nicht. Ich würde aber sagen, dass dieses Buch anregend und konsequent die Probleme und Stärken der modernen Türkei analysiert und jeden einzelnen Stern damit verdient hat.
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Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
The author has been worked in Turkey for several years and after that the published his book Crescent and Star. Readers who are interested in the Eastern and Western Debate after the September 11'th should have this book because you may have the possibility to look at the issues from a different perspectives. And for Turkish citizens. It is always interesting to have someone to tell us about us from his or her own experience.
I strongly recommend that book.
Greetings,
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Die hilfreichsten Kundenrezensionen auf Amazon.com (beta)

Amazon.com: 4.1 von 5 Sternen 147 Rezensionen
94 von 102 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen A centered, rational view of Turkey. 5. Oktober 2001
Von W. Jarvis - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
Thank you, Mr. Kinzer.
To all reading this, please buy this book if Turkey or world cultures interest you.
I've heard Turkey and Turks called everything from genocides to barbarians to philistines to militarists and just as easily, I've heard the country brushed off as if it's just another fragment of a nation, a third-world country. The problem is that Turkey is only half-known, and Turkey is half-sure of what it must do.
The book makes clear all the difficulties of Turkey and its search for a place in the sun. Yes, there were massacres of Armenians after their support of Russia in WWI. Yes, there have been several military coups that tortured thousands of people. Yes, the Kurdish wars were terrible and kept secret by the government. But what were the circumstances of these events? Kinzer answers all, taking the right people to task for the crimes in Turkey's past.
The wonderful thing is that Kinzer doesn't shy away from the awful realities, the eccentricities, and the outright pitfalls of Turkey's quirky system. He tells it all how it is, but he obviously loves the country all the same. He just hopes it will fix its flaws as he knows it can.
I am of Turkish descent but this book written by a non-Turkish American thoroughly deepened my appreciation for the country. If you're attracted by the book at all, follow your instincts and pick it up.
70 von 77 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
3.0 von 5 Sternen Yes but 3. Mai 2005
Von M. Coburn - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Taschenbuch
You can learn a good deal about Turkey from this book but it suffers two weaknesses. One is the heavy-handed prescriptions for Turkey which the author voices repeatedly; while much of the analysis seems cogent, there is an almost-arrogance in the idea of an American reporter telling the Turks how they should fix their nation. The second is the almost total omission of any discussion of the role of women in the culture --- a critical and profoundly interesting question as the country finds its way between East and West.
93 von 108 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen how bright the future ? 22. September 2001
Von Orrin C. Judd - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
A truly modern Turkey governed by the rule of law would raise the Turkish people to levels of
prosperity and self-confidence they have never known before. Despite the country's political and
psychological underdevelopment, it has the resources to become a towering power. If it can
liberate
itself from its paralyzing fears and embrace true democracy, it will also serve as a magnetic
example of how the ideals of liberty can triumph over enormous obstacles. By adding moral
strength to its military strength, Turkey could become a dominant force in the Middle East,
encouraging peace and pulling Arab countries away from the social backwardness and feudal
dictatorship under which most of them now suffer. It could exert a mighty and stabilizing
influence westward to the Balkans and eastward to the Caucasus and Central Asia, becoming the
key power in a region that is strategically vital, overwhelmingly rich in oil and other resources, and
now ruled mostly by tyrants who are dragging it toward chaos.
-Stephen Kinzer, Crescent & Star
Though we pay obscenely little attention, Turkey is an extraordinarily important nation and its future
may go a long way to determining whether Islam and democracy can ultimately co-exist in one
nation. Geographically and politically, Turkey occupies a unique position, squeezed between Europe
to the West and the Islamic world to the East. Though traditionally Muslim, its great revolutionary
leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, upon taking power in 1922 and establishing a Republic, reoriented the
nation towards the West, toward the values of the Enlightenment and the institutions of secular
democracy. But still today, despite the continuing devotion of Turks to the person and ideas of
Ataturk, it remains an open question as to whether the democracy can endure.
Stephen Kinzer was the NY Times correspondent in Turkey for four event filled years and his passion
for the country and its people is infectious. In conversational but admonitory style he manages both
to educate Westerners as to the history and cultural richness of Turkey while also honestly depicting
its internal problems, many of them unresolved, and firmly prodding Turks to deal with them, as a
great nation must.
One very effective device Kinzer uses is a series of brief interludes each dealing with one element of
Turkish life. These include : the fez; raki, the national drink; the nargile, or water pipe; the nation's
three favorite sports--camel fighting, oil wrestling, and cirit (a form of jousting); the literature of
Nazim Hikmet; and the romantic endeavor of swimming the Bosphorus. These quick chapters provide
a rich and fascinating texture to go along with the history.
The hero of the story is very much Ataturk, who at least in Kinzer's portrait seems to have been one
of the most remarkable national leaders of the 20th Century. Like Peter the Great in Russia and the
Shah in Iran, which not coincidentally are the two other equally troublesome Eurasian democracies,
he found it intolerable that his people should be so far behind the West in terms of technology, wealth
creation and self governance, and so, using dictatorial means, he imposed Western institutions an an
often reluctant populace and tried eliminating persistent vestiges of the Ottoman past. That the
Republic endures, is allied with NATO, has a strategic partnership with Israel, and is on the verge of
entering the EU is testimony to his success. But the too frequent necessity for the armed forces to step
in and depose governments, the oppression of the Kurd minority, and the very real fear of a takeover
of government by radical Islamicists, illustrates just how tenuous the democracy remains.
Kinzer is extremely optimistic about Turkey's future and feels that it can afford to face its past more
honestly than it has--including such issues as the Kurds, Cyprus, and the Armenian massacre--and can
take the risk of loosening the Kemalist grip on society, the military backed determination of Turkey's
elites that no threat to Kemal Ataturk's legacy will be permitted. I certainly hope that he is right,
though I'm not as confident.
Even as this book hits the stores, Turkey has decided to allow the United States to operate out of
Turkish airbases in the war on terrorism. Once again, Turkey is proving itself to be a far more
important ally than we in the West give it credit for. Hopefully Stephen Kinzer's excellent book will
educate many Americans as to the unique and potentially vital role in world affairs that Turkey, with
its uneasy blend of democracy and Islam, may play in the coming decades. We have a far larger stake
in the outcome of Turkey's internecine struggles than we seem to realize.
GRADE : A-
27 von 30 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
2.0 von 5 Sternen Too much like Thomas Friedman 9. April 2002
Von A reader - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
Readers who find Thomas Friedman's books insufferable will find much to annoy them in Stephen Kinzer's book on Turkey. Kinzer is another New York Times correspondent who is able to make glib assertions about peoples and conflicts moments after arriving in a country.
Here he is on the Kurds: "Kurds are poor, share a collective memory of rebellion and have used guns to solve their problems for as long as there have been guns (P. 111)." Here he is on the Middle East: "Since time immemorial, leaders in the Middle East have nurtured a culture of power and confrontation. Winners take all, losers are annihilated and compromise is considered a sign of weakness (p.133)."
A further annoyance is the writing. It is clichéd and uninspired: Abdullah Ocalan is described as a "Marxist firebrand;" the Kurdish conflict is "Turkey's festering wound;" the Black Sea is "cool, verdant and alpine."
Also like Friedman, Kinzer is careful to emphasize the fact that he (the New York Times Correspondent) has access to all the movers and shakers. We learn that in the summer of 1999, he had lunch with Foreign Minister Ismail Cem "at a fashionable restaurant in Ankara." A few days later in Athens, Kinzer meets Cem's "Greek counterpart, George Papandreou." Neither man has anything profound to say, but since Kinzer is a Times correspondent, they will talk to him; and since they have talked to him, why not write it down?
Kinzer has written books on Nicaraqua and Guatemala and, according to the dust jacket, is now the Times national cultural correspondent in Chicago. Further, he has "covered more than fifty countries on four continents." So perhaps he has spread himself a little thin. At least in this book it seems that way.
For a more substantial and less egocentric view of contemporary Turkey, try "Turkey Unveiled: A History of Modern Turkey." Or better still, keep looking and maybe you will find a good book about Turkey written by a Turk.
21 von 23 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Devlet & Raki 25. Oktober 2001
Von Craig Stoehr - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
Having traveled to Turkey numerous times for both business and vacation (I generally spend two weeks each summer in Istanbul and Bodrum), I thought Kinzer did a spendid job of describing the crossroads Turkey is at. In the aftermath of September 11th, the book is particularly relevant, as it examines what is frequently being referred to as the "model" for a secular Islamic state.
The book is also an easy read for anyone interested in Turkey and its important future role in Middle East/Central Asia-Western relations, as it provides an excellent view into the various internal and external conflicts Turkey has had to address, without becoming too bogged down in a detailed history. Although at times fairly critical of the Turkish government and military, generally, the captivating spirit and culture of the Turkish people shine through.
The vignettes that precede each chapter about the author's experience with Turkish culture - swimming the Bosphorous, enjoying raki (the Turkish national drink), attending olive oil wrestling and camel fights, and even spending a night in a Turkish jail - add a wonderful personal and human touch to the book.
All in all, I highly recommend this book to anyone interested in Turkey and/or current affairs in the Middle East/Central Asia.
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