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On Competition (Harvard Business Review Book) (Englisch) Gebundene Ausgabe – 9. September 2008

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Michael E. Porter is the Bishop William Lawrence University Professor at Harvard Business School. He is the author of seventeen books and numerous articles.


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Format: Gebundene Ausgabe Verifizierter Kauf
Ich habe das Buch für meine Marketingklasse gekauft. Und es darüber hinaus auch in meinem Alltag gelesen. Jetzt als Strategieberater bereue ich keine Seite davon. Wirklich, Porter ist sein Geld wert.
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Amazon.com: HASH(0x97e929fc) von 5 Sternen 26 Rezensionen
28 von 29 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
HASH(0x97ebc5d0) von 5 Sternen Insightful, but Also Dated - 8. April 2010
Von Loyd Eskildson - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
"On Competition" (2008) is an updated version of Porter's 1998 earlier work by the same title. It begins with an excellent updated version of his 1979 Harvard Business Review "The Five Forces that Shape Strategy" article (covered in a separate review), continuing to explain why many firms evolve away from their original competitive strategies, and separate chapters on diversification's track record, the competitive advantage of nations, problems within American health care (covered in another review), industry clustering, IT's role in competition, and likely surprises for new CEOs. While there is considerable worthwhile material within this new edition, it is also hampered by considerable dated material - the chapter on IT is 25 years old and that on the Internet was written in 2001; meanwhile, the material on clustering (2000) omits analysis of China, and that on the competitive advantage of nations is oblivious to the contributions made by the PRC's industrial policies.

Following his "The Five Forces that Shape Strategy" chapter, Porter continues by pointing out that many firms lose their way over time, adding product lines, product extensions, even new new businesses that make it difficult to understand what is underlying strategy is. Reconnecting can be helped by answering questions such as Which of our offerings is the most profitable, distinctive? and Which our customers are most profitable? A company's history can also be instructive - What was the founder's vision?, What were the products and customers that made the company.

Losing sight of strategy often occurs through becoming caught up in the race of operational excellence, and managers mistaking 'customer focus' to mean they must serve all customer needs or respond to every request from distributors. However, the desire to grow has the most perverse effect on strategy. Extending product lines, adding new features, making acquisitions all broaden the position. Porter points out that Maytag, for example, expanded into refrigerators and stoves and acquired other brands with disparte positions (Jenn-Air, Admiral, Magic Chef). Maytag sales grew to about 5X from '85 levels by '94, but its return on sales dropped from 8-12% to less than 1% before being was acquired by Whirlpool. (Porter notes that Maytag was faced with homogenization through shared design, distribution and/or customer service, or for-going any advantage of its acquisitions.) Similarly, Neutrogena expanded into products such as eye-makeup remover, shampoo) where it was not unique, and ended up diluting its image.

Porter conducted an extensive longitudinal analysis of large firms and their acquisitions, concluding that they mostly destroyed shareholder value. The most obvious instances involved acquisitions in weak industries with low records of return on investment. An even more obvious strategy doomed to fail - paying a premium. Reasons for making acquisitions include obtaining a market premium for stabilizing earnings (if accomplished), taking advantage of restructuring opportunities (a 1-time benefit), transferring expertise (G.M.'s rationale for buying Hughes Aircraft and its electronic skills), or sharing activities (eg. distribution). It would have been particularly interesting to learn Porter's thoughts on recent auto acquisitions (Mercedes-Benz of Chrysler, Ford of Jaguar and Volvo, G.M. of Hummer, Saab), but this section preceding those happenings.

A likely surprise for new CEOs is learning that they cannot run the firm's day-to-day operations. Symptoms include becoming buried in meetings, becoming a bottleneck, people using the CEO's name to validate positions (eg. "Chuck thinks . . ."), staff overly trying to please the CEO.
28 von 30 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
HASH(0x97ebc624) von 5 Sternen On the Social Science of Business 18. Juni 2009
Von R. Keeler Cox - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
This is a big ol' book - not just by volume, but by scope - and somewhere between Parts I (on developing strategy at the individual business level) and II (on the competitiveness of locations) it dawned on me that On Competition bears similarities to On Liberty, On Democracy in America, and On Human Nature*.

Like those classic tomes, this, too, cuts across disciplinary lines, tackles big subjects, and offers powerful insights into a wide variety of social problems.

Mr. Porter's been called "the world's most important business thinker" but, as I kept learning while reading Parts III and IV, his work touches on more than just business. His own big subjects are value creation and competition; the frameworks he's developed over the years have practical implications for organizations of all kinds. (think of government and non-government organizations)

You don't need to be a social scientist to understand the work. You *do* need to have a taste for academic-style writing and argument - and it'll no doubt help if you enjoy diagrams, activity maps, data tables, matrices, and other sorts of inserts. You should also have more than a passing interest in the interplay between business and society. If that's 'you', you'll find the articles in On Competition richly rewarding.

Maybe now more than ever. I think the book's most important message is that competition has the "staggering power to make things better - both for companies and for society." What better time than the midst of an economic crisis to learn that?

*by John Stuart Mill, Alexis de Tocqueville, and E.O. Wilson, respectively
13 von 13 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
HASH(0x97ebcae0) von 5 Sternen A Must Read 28. Oktober 2009
Von Thomas Oswald - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
I read Porter's major books: Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance and Competitive Advantage of Nations when they were first published. When I saw this was available, I had to read it to see how he had updated the material and if his perspective was as compelling today as it was almost 30 yeas ago.

The updates, while not qualifying as a total re-write, definitely freshened and extended the material in important ways. Chapters 7 (Clusters and Competition: New Agendas for Companies, Government, and Institutions) and 8 (Competing Across Locations: Enhancing Competitive Advantage Through a Global Strategy) were especially good in their explication of the implications of clusters and their impact on competitive advantage.

The material in Parts III (Competitive Solutions to Social Problems) and IV (Strategy, Philanthropy, and Corporate Social Responsibility) was new to me and I found it to be extremely worthwhile. These chapters reflect what I think of as essential Porter, which is applying his deep understanding of competition rooted in economics to complex problems and coming up with innovative solutions.

In summary, whether you have read Michael Porter's earlier books or not, you should read this book. Michael Porter's writing is, to use Deming's term, "profound knowledge" on competition that everyone should be familiar with.
6 von 8 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
HASH(0x97ebceac) von 5 Sternen Little alternative 2. März 2012
Von Achmed McGillicuddy - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
In these collected articles, which appear to have been written mainly for a practitioner's audience, Michael Porter shows he is willing, however minimally and indirectly, to acknowledge the mounting significance for business strategy of the scholarly Theory of the Firm. Porter has had little alternative. His theory of strategy, which derives from the Industrial Relations school of thought emphasizes the inter-firm market context: industry structure-function and firm market conduct. This perspective is widely regarded by many scholars as having insufficient explanatory power, since it pays little regard to intra-firm behavior and how it affects firm marketplace conduct.

By contrast, of the notable developments in economics over the last 15 to 20+ years (and in management consulting thought leadership), the scholarly thinking which has most interested economists and strategy practitioners has emerged from the Theory of the Firm.

One illustration of the strong scholarly interest in the Theory of the Firm is that Google Scholar brings up 28,000 links for the phrase "dynamic capabilities", which is but one branch of the Theory, and probably the one now receiving the greatest attention. Whereas the "five forces" concept, the key element at the core of Porter's theory of strategy, brings up just 12,900 links. (YMMV.)

Another illustration: There are 10,600 links for the scholarly paper, "Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management" (downloadable), which originally circulated in 1995 and later appeared in the Strategic Management Journal, authored by David J. Teece, Gary Pisano, and Amy Shuen. This paper was the most cited scholarly work across all academic journals in business and economics from 1995 to 2005, according to Science Watch.

Michael Porter's contribution has been much praised. It clarified a great deal and has been a mainstay of strategy thinking for about 30 years. However, most serious management consulting practitioners recognize that much firm conduct cannot be explained fully by Porter's strategy theory. In recent years some of the most penetrating insights applied in strategy consulting either derive from the various strands comprising the Theory of the Firm, or else unconsciously recapitulate some of the thinking in that scholarly literature.

What this all signifies is that, for students now arriving at business school and for generations still to enter, it is time to consider learning about the theory and practice of strategic management by using scholarly sources other than those mainly from Impresario University of the Lower Charles River.
4 von 5 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
HASH(0x97ebcf90) von 5 Sternen Read Everything Mr. Porter Writes 12. August 2009
Von Mariusz Skonieczny - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
Mr. Porter is an expert on competition. As a professional investor, I evaluate competitive strengths and weaknesses of companies on everyday basis. I cannot overemphasize how important Mr. Porter's writings are to my ability to pick investments that perform well. In my opinion, the first chapter is the most important one. Mr. Porter writes about five forces:

* Threat of new entrants
* Intensity of rivalry among existing competitors
* Pressure from substitute products
* Bargaining power of buyers
* Bargaining power of suppliers

These five forces can be a roadmap to determining the competitiveness of individual companies. Mr. Porter's books are long, but I highly recommend this book or any other book written by the author.

- Mariusz Skonieczny, author of Why Are We So Clueless about the Stock Market? Learn how to invest your money, how to pick stocks, and how to make money in the stock market
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