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7
Civilization and Its Discontents
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am 4. Oktober 2005
With his culture theoretical documents Freud had essentially share at the development of the philosophical self-determination of mankind. After the Christian conception of the world had shattered, and human beings lost their feeling of being in security, after philosophers like Kierkegaard told, that only the fight for a pure individuality (and no common religious feelings) would be a help in the future, after Immanuel Kant had recognized the one-sidedness nature of academic scientifical points of view - a Nietzsche became famous, hammering out, that the power of will and lust (like Dionysos) should be focused - since the contrary, the Apollonian world of law and order had surpressed too much of important emotional horizons. Freud delivered more details of this conflict between sex and aggression and - on the other hand - sublimation, the capability to listen to the routes of correctness: a "super-ego" (like an inner police, living in every human being) is fighting against an ego, wishing childishly to love or to fight, often in the wrong moment and at the very wrong place. While an Arthur Schopenhauer still constituted the will as driving force of the world, but assigned only a role of an onlooker to the intellect, Freud drilled in greater detail: The destruction strength of human beings, their desire to meet death, their lust of aggression is the core of all driving inner-forces (Freud's opinion). This driving energy arduously sublimes in good behaviour, but then often dumps in self aggression or in an outside aggression. It is Freud's contribution to have made us examine an anthropological basic constant: the perpetually endangering human aggression instinct. Freud is therefore completely congruent with Schopenhauer, concerning the pessimistic prevailing mood. So he does not share the naiveté and enthusiasm of the at that time current "life philosophy" or the optimism of the existentialism starting with Henri Bergson's "elan vital": It is not very astonishing: Sigmund Freud was powerlessly hemmed in between two World Wars. He suffered (emigrating to London) under the Nazi-oppression. Long before any Islamic fundamentalism ruled the daily news, he clearly analyzed how much efforts we need, to calm down the global attacks of a so-called "death instinct". Therefore his culture theoretical documents perhaps are still much more meaningfully than the gloomy approaching area of his sick individual person stories...
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am 4. März 2000
To whoever is interested in Freuds "Civilization and It's Discontents" I SAY READ IT! An excellent book which depicts civilization for what it is. In this book Freud discussed a varity of topics such as religion, sex, happiness and human suffering (listed in no particular order). I think that the entire purpose of the book was to show humans that civilization is not any better than times before it occured. We tend to think of ourselves better than pre-civilized times however, nothing has changed because reality is constant. Human nature is focused on beauty, instinct and will.
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am 7. Januar 1999
Freud's point of view on humanity and its inhumanity is summed up in this dissertation. Written late in his life, C and its D is a good primer to show an extreme viewpoint for the starting psych or philosophy student.
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am 18. Juli 1998
Frued discribes the human animals (primarily males) reason for action within a society constructed to maintain order as the quid pro quo for supressing sexual desires (this is Frued). In this topic Frued sticks to his topic without getting too wacky with unsupported assertions (except in the footers). His arguments are mostly sound and should provide food for thought for those who are interested in discovering what makes them tick. A good Frued primer and also a must for true Hesse, Maugham, and Nietzche fans. Not too abstruse or confuted.
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am 29. Dezember 1998
This was the first book by Freud that I've read, and now I see why he was so successful. He had a brilliant mind and was a very effective writer.
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am 15. Dezember 2014
A little bit difficult to read but a nice explanation of some concepts. I will definitely try out other Freuds works.
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am 30. Juni 1999
As a staunch member of the class of people Freud addresses, I recommend this work to anyone on the path of self-realization, man or woman. Admittedly, I was once a Freud-basher, before I learned the art of forgiveness (stemming from psychological insight). In the end, I am personally indebted to Freud for this particular book, not for all its contents, but for one single, solitary phrase (believe it or not), a phrase that changed my life forever, and for the better; that one phrase being "Writing is the voice of an absent Person." Capitalization mine, for the Person is not a human, but an Inner Figure, which is to say, my Anima (Jung), and deeper still, my Soul (Hillman). For what it is worth, that has been my Path, my Journey to -- not Wholeness -- but Togetherness. This from one of my guiding dreams: Mandorla, not mandala; togetherness, not wholeness.
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