- Taschenbuch: 496 Seiten
- Verlag: Pimlico; Auflage: New ed (6. Januar 2005)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 9780712667616
- ISBN-13: 978-0712667616
- ASIN: 071266761X
- Größe und/oder Gewicht: 15,7 x 4 x 23,5 cm
- Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: Schreiben Sie die erste Bewertung
- Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 341.763 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
The Burning Tigris: A History of the Armenian Genocide (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 6. Januar 2005
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A definitive history of the twentieth century's first genocide - the Armenian Massacres.
From Question to Massacre to Genocide, the story of the Armenians from the dying days of the Ottoman Empire and the early years of modern Turkey is one of shocking and tragic modernity - the first genocide of a century of genocides. Over a million Armenians were viciously slaughtered, starved or marched to death - men, women, the elderly, children and babies - in a systematic, state-sponsored onslaught on an ancient minority. And Turkey today still denies that this genocide took place. Peter Balakian reveals the three stages of persecution of the Armenian people, from the relatively small-scale massacres under the last Sultan, Abdul Hamid II, to the ethnic cleansing undertaken by the forces of the Committee of Union and Progress under the cover of the First World War. Balakian makes use of the eye-witness accounts of US diplomats and missionaries and the terrible testimony of the persecutors themselves during the short-lived trials of the 1920s. He exposes the failures of the great powers to respond effectively - just as they failed to halt later genocides.And he shows how the issue of oil changed the focus of US foreign policy in the 1920s so that the fate of the Armenians was forgotten and the lesson of the genocide ignored. Compelling and authoritative, this groundbreaking book restores the Armenian tragedy to its rightful place in history. Alle Produktbeschreibungen
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1) Armenian citizens of the Ottoman Empire were slaughtered both under the reign of Sultan Abdul Hamid II in the late 1800s and the CUP government of the Ottoman Empire in the early 1900s. Victims included men, women, and children.
2) The murders took place in a variety of ways. Citizens were slaughtered by Ottoman troops as well as Kurdish gangs. Many more were forced on mass transits from their homes in eastern Turkey to present day Syria whether by train or foot and died along the way. Men were often drafted into labor battalions of the Ottoman army and killed while "serving."
3) The governments of Britain, France, the US, and Russia did little to nothing to save the Armenians.
4) There was a substantial presence of American Protestant missionaries in Ottoman Turkey at the time who did much to save and shelter the victims. However, these missionaries opposed a declaration of war on Ottoman Turkey by the US due to fear of losing their property there.
5) President Woodrow Wilson, who was in debilitating health and likely influenced by missionary friends, did not declare war on Ottoman Turkey.
6) Largely due to Turkey's strategic location and influence in the oil-rich middle east, most countries do not recognize the massacres of millions of Armenians as genocide.
Less than 30 countries worldwide recognize the Armenian Genocide. The ones that do are mainly either in Europe or South America.
Balakian presents a historically accurate image of what the United States government knew and how they sought to address the deliberate genocide against the Armenians without becoming involved in World War I or other international conflicts occurring at the time. Balakian's writing is succinct, detailed, and he relies on primary source documents including US government documents from the period, letters and journals of Armenian victims of the genocide as well as letters and journals from Turks who participated in the genocide, and newspaper reports from the time. Overall this is a strong accounting of what occurred in Armenia between 1880 and 1918 and how it impacted the Armenian people. Balakian creates a powerful picture that shows that genocide effects everyone not just the victims.
I was also most impressed to see that the build up to the Turkish Genocide of the Armenians was similar to the history in Europe before the Holocaust, and many believe that this was the prototype of all the genocides to follow, including the Holocaust, Bosnia, Ruwanda, etc. The impact of this piece of history continues to impact the Middle East to this day. This is both a sobering and informative reflection on a historical chapter about which we have heard, but know little.