- Taschenbuch: 544 Seiten
- Verlag: Penguin (6. Juni 2013)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 0141038225
- ISBN-13: 978-0141038223
- Größe und/oder Gewicht: 12,9 x 2,3 x 19,8 cm
- Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 34 Kundenrezensionen
- Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 14.117 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
Antifragile: Things that Gain from Disorder (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 6. Juni 2013
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Wall Street's principal dissident (Malcolm Gladwell)
The hottest thinker in the world (Bryan Appleyard The Sunday Times)
A guru for every would-be Damien Hirst, George Soros and aspirant despot (John Cornwell Sunday Times)
A superhero of the mind (Boyd Tonkin)
Nassim Taleb, in his exasperating but compelling book Antifragile, praises "things that gain from disorder" - people, policies and institutions designed to thrive on volatility, instead of shattering in the encounter with it (Oliver Burkman Guardian)
More than just robust or flexible, it actively thrives on disruption (Julian Baggini Guardian)
full of important warnings and insights (Julian Baggini Guardian)
Modern life is akin to a chronic stress injury. And the way to combat it is to embrace randomness in all its forms...the great seer of the modern age (Guardian)
Something antifragile actively thrives under the impact of the unexpected...to embrace randomness rather than trying to control it (The Sunday Times)
Enduring volatility is one thing; what about benefiting from it?...That is what Taleb calls 'antifragility' and he thinks that it is the ultimate model to aspire to-for individuals, financial institutions, even nations...may well capture a quality that you have long aspired to without having quite known quite what it is...I saw the world afresh (The Times)
Taleb takes on everything from the mistakes of modern architecture to the dangers of meddlesome doctors and how overrated formal education is. . . . An ambitious and thought-provoking read . . . highly entertaining (Economist)
This is a bold, entertaining, clever book, richly crammed with insights, stories, fine phrases and intriguing asides. . . . I will have to read it again. And again (Wall Street Journal)
[Taleb] writes as if he were the illegitimate spawn of David Hume and Rev. Bayes, with some DNA mixed in from Norbert Weiner and Laurence Sterne. . . . Taleb is writing original stuff-not only within the management space but for readers of any literature-and . . . you will learn more about more things from this book and be challenged in more ways than by any other book you have read this year. Trust me on this (Harvard Business Review)
What sometimes goes unsaid about Taleb is that he's a very funny writer. Taleb has a finely tuned BS detector, which he wields throughout the book to debunk pervasive yet pernicious ideas. . . . Antifragility isn't just sound economic and political doctrine. It's also the key to a good life (Fortune)
A new kind of strength...not invincible but better able to handle life's inevitable surprises...such a combination leaves open the possibility of big rewards while minimizing exposure to risk (Los Angeles Times)
At once thought-provoking and brilliant, this book dares you not to read it (Los Angeles Times)
Antifragility is the secret to success in a world full of uncertainty, a system for turning random mutations to lasting advantage... (Economist)
Nassim Nicholas Taleb, the bestselling author of The Black Swan and one of the foremost thinkers of our time, reveals how to thrive in an uncertain world.
Just as human bones get stronger when subjected to stress and tension, many things in life benefit from stress, disorder, volatility, and turmoil. What Taleb has identified and calls antifragile are things that not only gain from chaos but need it in order to survive and flourish.
In The Black Swan, Taleb showed us that highly improbable and unpredictable events underlie almost everything about our world. Here Taleb stands uncertainty on its head, making it desirable, even necessary. The antifragile is beyond the resilient or robust. The resilient resists shocks and stays the same; the antifragile gets better and better.
What's more, the antifragile is immune to prediction errors and protected from adverse events. Why is the city-state better than the nation-state, why is debt bad for you, and why is what we call "efficient" not efficient at all? Why do government responses and social policies protect the strong and hurt the weak? Why should you write your resignation letter before starting on the job? How did the sinking of the Titanic save lives? The book spans innovation by trial and error, life decisions, politics, urban planning, war, personal finance, economic systems and medicine, drawing on modern street wisdom and ancient sources.
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The concept of fragility is very familiar to us. It applies to things that break when you strike or stretch them with a relatively small amount of force. Porcelain cups and pieces of thread are fragile. Things that do not break so easily when you apply force to them we call strong or resilient, even robust. A cast-iron pan, for instance. However, there is a third category here that is often overlooked. It includes those things that actually get stronger or improve when they are met with a stressor (up to a point). Take weight-lifting. If you try to lift something too heavy, you’ll tear a muscle; but lifting more appropriate weights will strengthen your muscles over time. This property can be said to apply to living things generally, as in the famous aphorism ‘what doesn’t kill you makes you stronger’. Strangely, we don’t really have a word for this property, this opposite of fragility.
For author Nassim Nicholas Taleb, this is a real shame, for when we look closely, it turns out that a lot of things (indeed the most important things) have, or are subject to, this property. Indeed, for Taleb, pretty much anything living, and the complex things that these living things create (like societies, economic systems, businesses etc.) have, or must confront this property in some way. This is important to know, because understanding this can help us understand how to improve these things (or profit from them), and failing to understand it can cause us to unwittingly harm or even destroy them (and be harmed by them). So Taleb has taken it upon himself to name and explore this curious property and its implications; and in his new book ‘Antifragile: Things That Gain from Disorder’ Taleb reports on his findings.
As the title would suggest, what Taleb has found is that most complex systems not only gain from small stressors, but they are designed to gain more when these stressors are distributed irregularly, or randomly. This point is more difficult to accept because we tend to dislike disorder and randomness. Disorder can be frightening, because unpredictable, and is therefore not something that we readily welcome. So what we often do is attempt to remove the random and disorderly from our systems, and make them smooth. For example, we may try to take the boom and bust out of the economy, and instead aim for a gradual upward trend.
For Taleb, though, this is a big mistake, because while removing the small shocks in a complex system may create stability for a time, it actually upsets the system and makes it prone to major shocks in the long term. What’s more, unlike the small shocks (that refine and improve the system), the major shocks are usually damaging, and can even destroy the system. So removing the small shocks from a complex system doesn’t create stability; rather, it creates the illusion of stability. In the economy, for instance, you get a long period of stability followed by a major crash.
This phenomenon is not just confined to the economy. Indeed, Taleb maintains that it is the spirit of the age to believe that we can remove the disorder from any system, and render it orderly, smooth and predictable. We are almost always mistaken in this, and end up creating systems that are prone to major damage and even outright destruction (in Taleb’s language, we ‘fragilize’ these systems). We call the damaging and destructive episodes Black Swan events (Taleb himself coined the term). Better it would be by far, Taleb argues, to accept and even welcome a certain amount of disorder, randomness and jaggedness in our lives and systems, and put ourselves in a position to profit from the unpredictable, rather than eradicate it.
On this last point, Taleb maintains that it is indeed possible to profit from the unpredictable (without having to actually predict any specific thing—which is next to impossible in the realm of the complex anyway). We simply need to recognize what systems are fragile (and therefore prone to collapse), and what systems are antifragile (and therefore prone to grow stronger from stressors), and get out of the way of the former, and put our faith in the latter. This applies not only to large, overarching systems like corporations, economic systems and political societies, but our own bodies and minds.
Taleb presents a very intriguing position, and offers up some very interesting evidence in support of it (though at times we may wonder whether he is resorting to the same kind of cherry-picking of information that he accuses others of). Also, Taleb has a lot to say, and a bone to pick, so his style often comes across as arrogant—even bombastic. Some will like this, while others will be annoyed (I didn’t mind it, but did not think it truly added anything for the most part). Also, Taleb jumps around and repeats himself often. This was more annoying to me than his style, but ultimately I think the content rose well above this, and I truly enjoyed the book, and think it deserves a read. A full executive summary of the book will be available at newbooksinbrief dot com, on or before Monday, December 17; a podcast discussion of the book will be available shortly thereafter.
So should you read this?
If you want hear a compelling argument against modernism, interventionism, and the contemporary manifestations of fortune-telling from the point of view of a rational skeptic - then yes. If you just want to become familiar with the central idea of Nassim Taleb then you would be better off reading one of his other two books. If you already have read one of them and liked it then chances are you will like this one as well.
Der Autor versucht verschiedene Lebensweisheiten, wie "nur du selbst bist Herr deiner Bildung", "lieber denken lernen als auswendig lernen", "Fachwissen nützt nichts, wenn man es nicht auf praxisrelevante Sachverhalte anwenden kann", "Das Fehlen von Beweisen für die Existenz, ist nicht der Beweis des Nichtvorhandenseins" (Black Swan Theory), etc., näherzubringen. Dabei nutzt Taleb diverse Anekdoten und Metaphern. Es steht außer Frage, dass der Autor einen großen Wortschatz aufweist. Nichtsdestotrotz war das Lesen bzw. Hören des Buches mit der Zeit mit immer mehr Langeweile verbunden. Warum? Nassim Taleb verliert sicht leider gerne mal in Eigenlob, unnötigen Nebenbemerkungen oder, und dies am allermeisten, in Kritik für bestimmte Berufsgruppen.
Nassim Taleb hält nicht viel von Bescheinigungen für Abschlüsse und macht dies vermehrt deutlich, obwohl und vielleicht auch, weil er selbst Akademiker erster Klasse ist.
Mich persönlich brachte die eine oder andere Bemerkung zum Schmunzeln, zunächst in positiver Hinsicht ermunternd, später nur noch aus Frustration. Hin und wieder plagt einen die Sehnsucht nach dem Fazit, die teilweise unerfüllt bleibt.
Wer gerne Dinge auch einmal aus einer anderen Perspektive sieht, ist bei diesem Buch gut aufgehoben. Allerdings sollte man zum einen den Autor nicht zu ernst und wörtlich nehmen und zum anderen, wie eigentlich immer, dem Gesagten kritisch gegenüberstehen.
Wer eine detaillierte Resenzion lesen möchte, sollte die sehr treffend formulierte Review der New York Times zum Buch lesen.
Der Schwierigkeitsgrad bzgl. der englischen Sprache liegt circa. bei B2-C1, d.h. wer Abitur in Englisch geschrieben hat, sollte, mit wenigen Ausnahmen, keine Verständnisprobleme haben.
A bit more lengthy than "Black Swan" and "Fooled by Randomness" - but hey, that means you get more Taleb for your buck...
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