- Taschenbuch: 494 Seiten
- Verlag: Oxford University Press, Usa (22. März 2013)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 0199669031
- ISBN-13: 978-0199669035
- Größe und/oder Gewicht: 23,1 x 3,8 x 15,2 cm
- Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 1 Kundenrezension
- Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 120.619 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
- Komplettes Inhaltsverzeichnis ansehen
Algeria: France's Undeclared War (Making of the Modern World) (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 22. März 2013
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"A carefully nuanced history of the Algerian War...This highly detailed, well-written, well-researched book will likely be the definitive history of the Algerian War for many years to come." --CHOICE
"Fascinating insights into the origins of Algerian independence." --History Today
"Algeria combines excellent scholarship with crossover appeal for a general audience. While preserving academic rigor, the book has the clarity and narrative force to draw in general readers as well as lower-level students... A fine example of academic work with ambitious scope and a robust allegiance to historical justice" --African Studies Quarterly
"Algeria: France's Undeclared War will interest specialists and nonspecialists alike, and it will be essential for teachers of North African and French colonial history."-M. Kathryn Edwards, African Studies Review
Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende
Martin Evans is Professor of Contemporary History at the University of Portsmouth. He is the author of Memory of Resistance: French Opposition to the Algerian War, co-author with Emmanuel Godin of France 1815 to 2003, and co-author with John Phillips of Algeria: Anger of the Dispossessed. In 2008 Memory of Resistance was translated into French and serialised in the Algerian press. He has written for the Independent, the Times Higher Education Supplement, BBC History Magazine, and the Guardian, and is a regular contributor to History Today. In 2007-08 he was a Leverhulme Senior Research Fellow at the British Academy.
Martin Evans provides a highly detailed chronicle of French occupation, land grab and oppression leading to Algerian opposition, the founding of the FLN (Front de Liberation Nationale) culminating in France's `undeclared war' (1945 - 1959) against Algeria. Incredible atrocities were committed in a highly organized manner by both the French (torture, executions, rape) and the FLN (terrorism) until Algeria reached its independence in 1962 - thanks to a policy pursued by Charles de Gaulle.
Martin Evans thoroughly covers all aspects of the conflict: the (European) French politicians side (and their cover-up of war crimes committed by French troops), the European settlers' side, the FLN side and its struggle against rival groups, the OAS (counter-terrorist) group, the fissures running through the French army (leading to the 1961 putsch), the reaction of the international community and the UNO, the French public, French and Algerian intelligentsia, the Algerian Jews.
Martin Evans is a great impartial chronicler of events in Algeria. Many facts unveiled managed to surprise me quite a bit.
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Evan's book gives us a more detailed account from the FLN's perspective and while this has been possible because time has given Evans access to materials which were not available to Horne, my criticism of Horne is that he has not corrected some of the mistakes in his book - the murder of Ben M hidi at the hands of Capt Paul Aussaresses for example, which Aussaresses openly admits in his own book 'The Battle For The Casbah' - and that Horne saw the conflict more from a military perspective, rather than the social and political revolution that it was.
Evans makes none of the above mistakes and relegates the military campaign to the political one fought in France and elsewhere. His detailing of the main participants on all sides (nobody comes out as a particularly nice character) has none of Horne's sentimentality for the call to arms and the dirtiest of the 20th Century's colonial war appears more visual and realistic than the parachutist's romp of Horne's account.
Again, it is not an issue of Horne or Evans, it's an issue of which one first? On this point I would start with Horne, he is a far better writer than Evans, whose staid historian style and obsession for detail can be a bit wearing at time. However an understanding of the Algerian wars 1954-62 from an Anglo-Saxon perspective would be incomplete without reading both.
Evans' summary of the "war" period covers the developments in Algeria and in France, but places heavy emphasis on the role of French policymakers and politicians in seeking to craft a "third way" based precisely on such a reconciliation - while the FLN's own development and its campaigns inside Algeria are covered, Evans treats these in more summary form. Similarly, when de Gaulle is returned to power in 1958, Evans then focuses on the evolution of de Gaulle's own thinking, and how de Gaulle's initial continuity with the "third way" strategy of prior governments moved towards a successive abandonment of each of the constituent parts of that strategy as the irreconcilable nature of the conflict steadily became more clear. On the FLN side, the increasing dominance of the military faction is described, setting the stage for what happens upon Algerian independence (as the military faction seizes power) and what has shaped the country ever since. Evans has had the benefit of the longer view that the half-century that has passed since the end of the conflict provides, which enables him to provide more clarity about its roots and its consequences.
Evans' book provides a good complement to Alistair Horne's A Savage War of Peace: Algeria 1954-1962 (New York Review Books Classics), and it's worth reading both books. Horne (writing only a decade or so after the conflict ended) provides much greater detail about the events of 1954-62 (he's much more specific about the events of the Battle of Algiers, for example, and about the OAS campaigns in the early-1960's as a "last ditch," and extremely bloody, effort to prevent the French-Algerian agreement for independence to go into effect). Evans deals with these events in more summary fashion, but is better on the overall context and the political developments in France. If you only have time for one, Evans will give you a better perspective, Horne a more exciting read.
This book is extremely well written and gives a clear perspective on Algeria since the time of the colonization. There is something to learn in this book, maybe the Israel/Palestine problem is similar to France/Algeria - with the added problem that some Palestinians want also the pre-1967 Israel territory.
There was practically no mention of (Military tactics), the role of the Foreign Legion, Paratroops, air power, uniforms, weapons, etc. No
focus on the life of the average FLN combatant living in the bled. In addition, the author comes across as at least marginally sympathetic to the FLN. Now, if your looking for a "political" history of the Algerian War, the book is superlative. Having said all this, I would still recommend this book, especially to readers who are not familiar with this page of history, and more especially since there is such a dearth of literature in English on this subject (As with the Indochina War).
While there is no excuse for killing innocent citizens, the terrorist shooting can be seen as blowback for the imperial abuses leveled by France on its imperial possessions and populations. The relations between France and Algeria were especially problematic. It tore society apart, not only in Algeria but in France as well.
There are many fine histories of the Algerian War. But Martin Franks has written the definitive history of the Algerian conflict. His history is alone in covering the France - Algeria conflict from the very beginning when the French took control of the country from the Ottomans in 1830 to the end of the conflict. Franks has done his homework. Even the most notable history written by Van Horn is limited to years of the military conflict itself. The coverage on the history of conflict is meticulous. The history probably contains too much information for the general reader. It is, however, the most comprehensive history of the conflict, while providing a comprehensive background to Algerian resentment.
There are several aspects to the story of French-Algerian relations which will seem familiar viewed against contemporary events.
First, as described in the Preface, the abuses present in the interrogation methods of French intelligence rival those from Abu Graeb. That French security used waterboarding is a given. French interrogators also
Second, French settlers did not so much seize lands belonging to native Algerians, as they simply occupied Algerian lands, then purchased these lands through a legal process completely foreign to the unwitting Algerians — all one hundred percent “legal” according to the occupier’s legal system.
Third, Algerian society was extremely segregated. As a result of the “legal” occupation and purchase of Algerian territory, the native Algerians were segregated in the worst, least arable lands, leaving the best for the occupiers, much as what happened to the Native Americans in the United States.
As the conflict proceeded into the Twentieth Century, terrorist attacks from segments in the Algerian population occurred. The Paris police, however, as documented in this history, was responsible for the greatest act of terrorism. In October 1961, unarmed French Algerians peacefully demonstrated in the streets of Paris. The police attacked the demonstrators through the streets. Over two hundred demonstrators were killed that day, their bodies unceremoniously dumped in the Seine.
Algeria was France’s Vietnam. The country has still to come to terms with the conflict. Martin Franks indicates there is barely a monument, plaque or remembrance commemorating the incident. In a country replete with statuary and monuments, a traveler would be hard-pressed to even know there was an Algerian War if that traveler relied on external reminders.
This book is a good introduction for those seeking to understand Arab rage.