- Taschenbuch: 286 Seiten
- Verlag: University of Notre Dame Press; Auflage: 2 (Juni 1984)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 0268006113
- ISBN-13: 978-0268006112
- Größe und/oder Gewicht: 22,7 x 15 x 2,2 cm
- Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 12 Kundenrezensionen
- Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 756.101 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory (Englisch) Taschenbuch – Juni 1984
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Morality, according to Alasdair MacIntyre, is not what it used to be. In the Aristotelian tradition of ancient Greece and medieval Europe, morality enabled the transformation from untutored human nature as it happened to be to human nature as it could be if it realized its telos (fundamental goal). Eventually, belief in Aristotelian teleology waned, leaving the idea of imperfect human nature in conflict with the perfectionist aims of morality. The conflict dooms to failure any attempt to justify the claims of morality, whether based on emotion, such as Hume's was, or on reason, as in the case of Kant. The result is that moral discourse and practice in the contemporary world is hollow: although the language and appearance of morality remains, the substance is no longer there. Disagreements on moral matters appeal to incommensurable values and so are interminable; the only use of moral language is manipulative.
The claims presented in After Virtue are certainly audacious, but the historical erudition and philosophical acuity behind MacIntyre's powerful critique of modern moral philosophy cannot be disregarded. Moreover, independently of its principal claims, the book, first published in 1981, helped to stimulate philosophical work on the virtues, to reinvigorate traditionalist and communitarian thought, and to provoke valuable discussion in the history of moral philosophy. It was so widely discussed that MacIntyre added another chapter to the second edition in order to reply to his critics. After Virtue continues to deserve attention from philosophers, historians, and anyone interested in moral philosophy and its history. --Glenn Branch
Discusses the nature of moral disagreement, Nietzsche, Aristotle, heroic societies, and the virtue of of justice.
Macintyre describes the emotivist nature of modern moral thought, the attempt to relegate moral discussion to a "personal" matter. He argues that this is the nadir, the deep dark hole we have fallen into -- moral thought was once clear and precise, offering real choices. His view depends on Aristotle, and attempts to show the wrong turns of the Englightenment.
The book is sweeping, which makes for some jumpy reading. He asserts some points which he does not want to bother to prove. There is almost a rushed feeling to some of the arguments, as if he wants to get them on the table very fast.
The argument boils down to an attempt to begin a restoration of moral debate, by picking up pieces and polishing the shards. His attempt is to show a historical nature to moral arguments, sited within social contexts, and to show that this in fact offers a strength to moral debate, rather than a weakening through relativism.
If you wonder why everyone seems to be talking past each other, and why moral discussion is nigh unto impossible to sustain, this book offers answers. It is a worthy beginning, or maybe a last diagnosis before the curtain falls. Read it to understand why we are what C.S. Lewis calls "men without chests".
Die neuesten Kundenrezensionen
In this, his most famous work, Professor MacIntyre seeks to review the history of the destruction of modern ethics. Lesen Sie weiter...Veröffentlicht am 24. Juni 2000 von Alexander Fiske-Harrison
MacIntyre makes points in this book by trying to simply confuse the reader. There are too many leaps of faith for this to warrant further discussion.Am 18. Februar 2000 veröffentlicht
In this work Alasdair MacIntyre argues that morality as we currently understand it has suffered a great disaster. Lesen Sie weiter...Am 13. November 1998 veröffentlicht
While many of us find Virtue Ethics an oddly intiguing, if perhaps atavistic, field of study, I wonder if we are not falling victim to a wishful nostalgia. Lesen Sie weiter...Veröffentlicht am 23. August 1998 von Mark Brown
I've read this book several times, even though it is quite dense in places. This book is best at skewering various movements: emotivism, analytical philosophy, social science (in... Lesen Sie weiter...Am 23. April 1998 veröffentlicht
Contrary to the other reviewer, I did not find After Virtue be full of jargon. I actually find that in most places, the terminology is well explained or defined. Lesen Sie weiter...Am 1. Januar 1997 veröffentlicht