- Taschenbuch: 80 Seiten
- Verlag: Osprey Publishing (24. November 2009)
- Sprache: Englisch
- ISBN-10: 184603941X
- ISBN-13: 978-1846039416
- Größe und/oder Gewicht: 18,3 x 12,9 x 25,1 cm
- Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 2 Kundenrezensionen
- Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 212.940 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
- Komplettes Inhaltsverzeichnis ansehen
Fw 190 Sturmbocke vs B-17 Flying Fortress: Europe 1944-45 (Duel, Band 24) (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 24. November 2009
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Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende
Robert Forsyth has studied the history and operations of the Luftwaffe for many years and has amassed a large archive of documents and reports on Luftwaffe operations gathered from archives and private sources all over the world. He has also met and interviewed numerous former German aircrew. He works full time in publishing and is the author of two titles in the Osprey Aviation Elite Units series - Jagdverband 44 'Squadron of Experten' and Jagdgeschwader 7 'Nowotny' (both 2008). The author lives in Tunbridge Wells, England.
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Auch die Ausrüstung, die Reichweite, die Aerodynamik und die Bewaffnung mit gleichen 0.50cal Rohr- Waffen der Begleitjäger wurden verbessert!
Die deutsche Reichsverteidigung hielt dagegen mit stärkeren Motoren, mit stärker gepanzerten Nah- Jägern für kurze Reichweite, die ihren leichten MG-17 MG's über dem Motor zunehmend durch 13,0mm MG's MG-131 ersetzt haben, dazu noch zusätzliche 20mm Kanone MG 151/20 jeweils in den Außenflügeln ergänzt haben (insgesamt dann 4x MG151/20)!
Später wurden die sogenannten "Rammjäger" erfunden, noch stärker gepanzert und entfeinert, mit 2x 20mm MG151/20 im Flügelwurzel und mit 30mm MG 108, ohne 13,0 MG- 131 Rohrwaffen über dem Motor, für Angriffe auf 4-mots auf kurze Distanz, oder Rammangriff als ultimo Ratio!
Alles nachzulesen in diesem Buch!
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The book begins with a bit of history, the recognition by some that bombers could be important weapons in warfare. Americans began to test several possible models. One of these became the B-17 "Flying Fortress." The discussion is not lengthy, but it does give background. Following are sections on the "design and development" of the planes and the technical specifications.
Then, the actual battle situation. As with others in this series, treatments tend to be brief (that is, after all, one hallmark of this series). The combatants are discussed, including their training. We learn of the exploits of some of the German pilots) some of the numbers of planes shot down appear incredible). Combat tactics are discussed, as well as the evolution of those tactics, as both sides tried to figure out how to perform better.
The fate of the German air force is well told, as pilots received less and less training and experienced pilots were killed off by attrition.
Another nice entry in the Duel series. . . .
That's 33,390 Americans dead or prisoners of war, an average of 43 losses every day for 26 months. Add the British, Canadian and other Allied losses, and the scope of the air war over western Europe becomes real. Many of those losses were due to the Fw 190, one of the finest fighters of World War II.
Early in the war, the British tried strategic bombing of German naval bases. Almost all bombers were lost; so they switched to night bombing. The B-17, which carried a bomb load equal to the twin-engine Mosquito, was used to confront and crush the Luftwaffe in daylight. It took just over two years; without victory in the air, the ground war would have been horrendous if not impossible.
Ironically, the B-17 was intended for coastal patrol; it took nine years to perfect as a heavy bomber. The plane is typified by Rosie the Riveter; it truly reflects the American ability to develop, mass produce and effectively use massive projects.
The Fw 190 was meant to defeat other fighters; the blunt reality is Germany never created an effective bomber defence. As this book makes clear, they tried dozens of expedients without ever finding the perfect weapon. For example; it took 20 hits of 20 mm cannon shells to down a B-17; the Fw 190 carried 60 rounds each for its four cannons. An estimated 2 percent of shots hit their target; that translates to 1,000 rounds fired by four Fw 190s to down one B-17.
As was said in another context, "We ran out of shells before you ran out of aircraft."
The ultimate German desperation came April 7, 1945, when the Fw 190 was used by the 'Rammkommando Elbe' to ram US bombers. The loss ratio of German pilots was 33 percent, the loss ratio of American bombers was one tenth of one percent, just 12 lost of 1,261 bombers.
This book succinctly sums up a deadly, but truly lopsided, battle.
Though the idea of pitting the Fw 190 against the B-17 appealed to me initally, I had misgivings about the appropriateness of the match-up. Pitting a P-51 against a Bf 109, for instance, is valid, both aircraft having pluses and minuses in a dogfight. In a Fw 190/B-17 combat however, there was/is no comparison. The Fort always functioned as a clay pigeon albeit a well-armed clay pigeon!
While Forsyth checked off all the squares in the established Duel format, the book doesn't jell into a comprehensive, cohesive whole. He does detail each aircraft's development and design, the training received by its pilot/aircrew, tech specs and so on.
My problem lies in the 'Stategic Situation,' 'Combat,' 'Statistics and Analysis' and 'Aftermath' sections. Some of the material in the first section seemed to fit better in the second and vice versa. As regards the Combat section, there were a number of engagements where Fw 190s caught unescorted B-17 units and did great execution: 6 March 1944, Berlin; 12 May 1944, Brux; 28 Sept. 1944, Magdeburg; 2 Nov. 1944, Merseburg; etc. Had Forsyth used a straight chronological approach focusing on some/all of those combats, his narrative would have been more apropos to the Duel 'who won?' bottom line. Then too, the Stats/Analysis section was too confusing for my simple mind; too much 1:8 of this and 3.6 of that. The Aftermath coda wasted space on Bodenplate, Kommando Elbe and YB-40s, all of which added little to the main topic.
The book's artwork though was a definite plus. The colorful cockpit and tail turret diagrams, armament views and attack formations were interesting and helpful. Gareth Hector's combat scene of JG 300 '190s closing in on 303rd BG Forts was eye-catching. And Jim Laurier's cover artwork, especially the JG 4 scene, was simply magnificent.
So, while the Fw 190/B-17 idea sounds good, for it to succeed, you really need a sharply focused narrative that separates air combats from air campaigns. And, to do justice to such a match-up probably required more than the standard Duel 80-page format. As is, Fw 190 STURMBOCKE VS B-17 FLYING FORTRESS, EUROPE 1944-45 has an unfinished, or perhaps more accurately, a poorly focused feel to it. Great cover art though!
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