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am 18. Juli 1999
Das Flow-Konzept von Csikszentmihalyi ist mittlerweile zum Klassiker in vielen Bereichen der Psychologie geworden; interessanterweise ist der Begriff auch sehr popularisiert worden und inzwischen in aller Munde - von der Fitneß-Zeitschrift bis zum Performance-Künstler.
Allein aus diesem Grund lohnt es sich, dieses Buch zu lesen. Andererseits ist es aber auch nicht weniger als ein meiner Meinung nach sehr wertvolles Selbsthilfe-Buch. Csikszentmihalyi ist vielleicht ein bißchen zu sehr vom Flow als dem Allheilmittel gesellschaftlicher und persönlicher Mißstände überzeugt. Im Grunde genommen allerdings beschreibt "Flow" tatsächlich den Zustand, bei dem man wohl am ehesten von geistiger Gesundheit sprechen kann. Flow ist nicht unbedingt synonym zum Glücksempfinden, aber das Glücksempfinden ist zumindest immer entweder Teil oder Folge des Flow-Erlebens.
Csikszentmihalyi sieht das menschliche Bewußtsein als ein chaotisches, Angst machendes System - ähnlich (in externalisierter Form) die zunehmend komplexe und dynamische Gesellschaft. Im Zustand des Flows wird nun dieses Chaos-Empfinden durch eine strukturierte, selbst-gesteuerte Tätigkeit neutralisiert und durch ein Gefühl des Kontrolle habens ersetzt.
Der Flow-Zustand ist gekennzeichnet durch folgende Punkte: - tritt auf bei Tätigkeit, die wir vollenden können - man ist in der Lage, sich voll auf die Tätigkeit zu konzentrieren - die Tätigkeit hat klare Ziele und bietet sofortiges Feedback über Erfolg oder Mißerfolg - man ist voll und ganz in der Tätigkeit, und vergißt die Alltagssorgen und -probleme - man hat Spaß an der Tätigkeit und hat das Gefühl, deren Ablauf zu kontrollieren - das Zeitgefühl ist relativiert; Stunden vergehen wie Minuten und umgekehrt.
Angenehmerweise bettet Csikszentmihalyi seinen Ansatz kulturell und biologisch ein. Außerdem beschreibt er recht ausführlich die verschiedenen Bereiche, in denen man Flow erleben kann - hier fungiert das Buch als Ratgeber.
Meiner Meinung nach ein flüssig geschriebenes und sehr inspirierendes Buch. (Dies ist eine Amazon.de an der Uni-Studentenrezension.)
11 Kommentar|8 Personen fanden diese Informationen hilfreich. War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?JaNeinMissbrauch melden
am 29. Januar 2000
Flow is an ecstatic state that occurs when according to Dr. C. you are really, really paying attention to some creative or demanding act. And all credit to Dr. C. for brining our attention to flow and how it influences peoples lives. But there is a teensy little problem. Dr. C. tell us what other people tell him 'flow' feels like, but in 300 pages, he never tells us what flow is. This is sort of like reading a book on headaches by Dostoevsky or some existentialist philosopher. You may get the feel of what headaches are like, but to know the physiology of headaches, a better choice would be to rely on DrKoop. Same thing unfortunately with Dr. C. Instead of a scientific analysis of flow that brings in the latest research on cognitive science or neuroscience, Dr. C. ladles on the metaphors like a never ending fountain of curdled verbal gravy. Thus flow "transports one into a new reality", represents an "ordering of consciousness", or represents some "undreamed of state of consciousness". Hmm, may I have some psychic fries with all this psychic goodness?
So Dr. C's book gets two stars for literature, but flunks out as science. Indeed, the latest research in neuroscience has demonstrated that the brain releases the neuromodulator dopamine whenever attention shifts from one salient precept to another. Whenever attention shifts a lot, as when we encounter something challenging, creative, or very interesting, a lot of dopamine is produced. Since dopamine is the pleasure chemical in the brain, as well as is responsible for drug induced highs, it stands to reason that flow is no more than a natural drug high that keeps us riveted on important thoughts. So flow is important, but is hardly best understood by the half baked Jungian analysis that Dr. C. cooks up.
For a better insight on how you too can make 300+ page books by weaving together meaningless metaphors, I would refer the reader to George Lakoff's superb book "Philosophy in the Flesh". For a better understanding about the emotions that may underlie flow, I also recommend Antonio Damasio's book "Descartes Error..."; and for those of you who would like to get a better idea about how flow like processes may arise from the brain, Donahoe and Palmer's book "Learning and Complex Behavior" is heartily recommended.
0Kommentar|43 Personen fanden diese Informationen hilfreich. War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?JaNeinMissbrauch melden
am 29. Januar 2000
Flow is an ecstatic state that occurs when according to Dr. C. you are really, really paying attention to some creative or demanding act. And all credit to Dr. C. for brining our attention to flow and how it influences peoples lives. But there is a teensy little problem. Dr. C. tell us what other people tell him 'flow' feels like, but in 300 pages, he never tells us what flow is. This is sort of like reading a book on headaches by Dostoevsky or some existentialist philosopher. You may get the feel of what headaches are like, but to know the physiology of headaches, a better choice would be to rely on DrKoop. Same thing unfortunately with Dr. C. Instead of a scientific analysis of flow that brings in the latest research on cognitive science or neuroscience, Dr. C. ladles on the metaphors like a never ending fountain of curdled verbal gravy. Thus flow "transports one into a new reality", represents an "ordering of consciousness", or represents some "undreamed of state of consciousness". Hmm, may I have some psychic fries with all this psychic goodness?
So Dr. C's book gets two stars for literature, but flunks out as science. Indeed, the latest research in neuroscience has demonstrated that the brain releases the neuromodulator dopamine whenever attention shifts from one salient precept to another. Whenever attention shifts a lot, as when we encounter something challenging, creative, or very interesting, a lot of dopamine is produced. Since dopamine is the pleasure chemical in the brain, as well as is responsible for drug induced highs, it stands to reason that flow is no more than a natural drug high that keeps us riveted on important thoughts. So flow is important, but is hardly best understood by the half baked Jungian analysis that Dr. C. cooks up.
For a better insight on how you too can make 300+ page books by weaving together meaningless metaphors, I would refer the reader to George Lakoff's superb book "Philosophy in the Flesh". For a better understanding about the emotions that may underlie flow, I also recommend Antonio Damasio's book "Descartes Error..."; and for those of you who would like to get a better idea about how flow like processes may arise from the brain, Donahoe and Palmer's book "Learning and Complex Behavior" is heartily recommended.
0Kommentar|9 Personen fanden diese Informationen hilfreich. War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?JaNeinMissbrauch melden
am 31. Juli 2000
A friend recommended this book to me, and before reading it I was not sure if I would understand the psychological writtings on what "flow" is. I was incorrect in my assumption.
Mihaly's writting is very understandable and insightful. I was amazed at the author's extensive data collection from hundreds of thousands of different people where they similarly described what "flow" experiences meant to them. Where their everday life became more satisfying.
If you enjoyed this book another book you might like is called "WORKING ON YOURSELF DOESN'T WORK" by Ariel and Shya Kane. Eventhough I wasn't sure what "flow" meant before reading Mihaly's book, after reading it I can honestly say I have many "flow" experiences in my life and that is a direct result of reading the Kanes' book, listening to their tapes (check out the Principles of Transformation-it's great!) and attending their seminars. For me the Kanes' book is a practical guide to living in the moment where life has become miraculous and satisfying on a day in day out basis.
11 Kommentar|3 Personen fanden diese Informationen hilfreich. War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?JaNeinMissbrauch melden
am 2. Februar 2000
When I first read FLOW in graduate school, I was struck by the simple idea of it: being absorbed in whatever you're doing leads to flow, which usually leads to feeling you're living a meaningful life. I now use "flow" as a lens to consider everything; so many people seem so miserable because they haven't found their flow activity, or haven't been willing or able to make room for it in their lives. In my own book, WRITING IN FLOW, for which Csikszentmihalyi wrote the Foreword, I was able to apply these ideas to a writing life, which shows their universality. My life hasn't been the same since! FLOW describes how to recognize this altered state and how to make it more likely to happen regularly. It's impossible to read this book and not find resonances in your own life.
0Kommentar|2 Personen fanden diese Informationen hilfreich. War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?JaNeinMissbrauch melden
am 2. April 2012
It is quite abstract, reading a book about Flow while being in Flow.

The Author does a great job in compressing his findings of years of study into condensed knowledge.

Each of the Chapters is built in a logical way and you will rarely find yourself wondering when he will be done elaborating.

His explainations are oftenly underlined by real life stories and quotes from surveys.

This is not the typical; "Follow these 10 magical steps to find happynes" Book.
Each point es built up in a scientifical manner which is not easy when talking about a toppic that is often mystified.
Reading this book does in deed require a lot of concentration and I rarely managed to read more than 20 pages in one go.
There are so many sentences which simply strike you because the carry the essence of long study and knowledge. I had to pause several times reflecting on the line I just had read.

I still suggest this book to everyone who wants to understand what makes people happy and how one can accomplish or structure enjoyment.
It is a matter that affects us all and we can all only benefit from this great piece of science.

P.S.:
Reading this Book from a Game Design point of view is a bliss, simply because optimal experience is such an important factor of Games.
0Kommentar|Eine Person fand diese Informationen hilfreich. War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?JaNeinMissbrauch melden
am 30. Dezember 1999
Csikszentmihalyi (pronounced chick-ZENT-me-high) did some original research into enjoyment. He strapped pagers onto people and it rang 8 times a day at random. Whenever it rang, the subject was to write down what they were doing and rate their state of happiness and enjoyment on several scales. After 100,000 of these reports, he has found out some fascinating (and USEFUL) information about work, enjoyment, and creativity.
I have read this book several times, and I'm always forcibly struck by the profundity of the first few chapters. The writing goes deeper and more to the heart of the human condition than anything else I've ever read. Csikszentmihalyi lays it out so straight and honest that it is almost a shock to the system.
The chapters that follow are pure genius in my opinion, and they all have a solid, practical value. If you would like to "get into" your work more, if you would like to ENJOY your work more, you should read this book. I am the author of the book, Self-Help Stuff That Works, and I'm an expert on what is practical and helpful and what isn't. It's not often a book is both profound AND practical, but this one is. I recommend it highly.
0Kommentar|Eine Person fand diese Informationen hilfreich. War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?JaNeinMissbrauch melden
am 7. Februar 2016
Dieses Buch hat fast schon etwas Mystisches, wenn man sich lange genug darauf einlässt. Es ist ein recht langes Buch, in dem Csikszentmihalyi sehr beeindruckend erklärt, wie das Prinzip des "Flow" – das man am besten vielleicht mit "im Fluß sein" übersetzt – zustande kommt. Anhand einiger weniger Parameter erläutert er, was es für dieses "Flow"-Gefühl braucht und wie dieses Gefühl von Menschen, die es erlebt haben und regelmäßig erleben, wahrgenommen wird. Danach beschreibt er verschiedenen Lebensumfelder und Situationen und stellt die Frage, wie der Mensch in diesen "Flow" erfahren kann.
Die gute Nachricht ist nämlich: Im Fluß mit sich und den Dingen zu sein ist erlernbar, wenn man die richtigen Voraussetzungen schafft. Der Lohn ist ein starkes Zufriedenheitsgefühl und ein Wachsen des eigenen Ich an diesen Erlebnissen.
Dieses Buch ist eine besondere Empfehlung!
0Kommentar|Eine Person fand diese Informationen hilfreich. War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?JaNeinMissbrauch melden
Professor Csikszentmihalyi has done a great service by distilling his decades of research into happiness and satisfaction into a well constructed single volume. He writes with wit, insight, and character. He vast learning is often evident but never overbearing.
The book ultimately fails, however, for it invests all of its considerable power in describing Flow and convincing the reader to seek this optimal experience but does too little to help us on the path toward experiencing it. This flaw is somewhat healed in his later books, but perhaps the key can not be conveyed in print.
That is why I am so busy teaching and consulting on the topic.
0Kommentar|Eine Person fand diese Informationen hilfreich. War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?JaNeinMissbrauch melden
am 21. Februar 1999
Flow and flow dynamics, dissipative self-organization in complexe systems have attracted me more than 10 years ago. As a Consultant for transforming work and leadership I worked with various insights - also Mihaly's - successfully, but found that there is a "higher non-evolutive" C3-order (Creator, Creation, Creature) that cannot be modelled by simplified darwinian chaos theories. This step however was only possibly by considering what Mihaly is writing about. Thanks to that I joined my partner, Dr. Peter Meier, to further develop his APS Applied Personal Science to model real human systems from their (predictible) outcome!
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