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How Europe Underdeveloped Africa
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4 von 4 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich.
am 26. Februar 2000
The late Guyanese writer, Walter Rodney had left us his great insights regarding the reasons for the underdevelopment of the African continent. His work finds equal footing with those of Frantz Fanon and to an extent that of the late Brazilian author and social activist, Paulo Freire in attempting to provide a critical insight, and a gainful analysis to the situation and reasons for the poverty on the African continent. This analysis, whether one agrees with its conclusions or not provides a means towards looking at the stalk realities of African underdevelopment. Rodney thesis that the trans-atlantic slave trade diminished the African manpower to attain development cannot be easily pushed under the carpet. Development is how a people within the means available to them, within their eco-context utilize their knowledge for the good of the totality.When their people is afflicted with disease or mass uprooting there is bound to be both a biological and social ripple effects that would affect both the pace and nature of development. It is here that we realize that Rodney's proposition underlines a crucial factor in explaining the reasons for the African state. The comparative examples used from various societies within Africa and beyond to support forcefully and assertively his thereotical claim shows a well researched critical mind at work. The book relates that the reality of underdevelopment can only be tied to two events, namely European colonialism and the capitalist orgy for profit, through the use of cheap labor (slavery) and through capitalist exploitation of the labor through the marketing and importation of African cash crop resources to Europe and the New World. Critically, there are areas of Rodney's thesis that could be radically challenged but given his own family and personal orientation towards the Marxist worldview and workers movement, one cannot deny him of his place in history as a critical scholar, simply because his reasoning might differ from our own.We must also realize that since 1972 when the book was first published a lot has changed globally. Yet we cannot negate the fact that the reactionary agents of colonial extension have reduced Africa to the state which would please their bourgeois self-interests and those of their Western mentors and patrons. There are still strifes and crises that only goes to reproduce the situation Rodney described within a circumvented form. In this way Rodney's legacy is eternal. What else can one say of a man who remained faithful to the ideal of freedom for the poor- mainly those of African descents both at home and in the diaspora- denigrated by colonial and neo-colonial establishments. For this he dearly paid for it with his life, following his bombardment by the government's reactionary forces of Guyana. It is his life testimony to the freedom of all oppressed people that gives a validity to his writings. His legacy remains with us to this day as one of the classic text explaining the causal relationship between of what happens in abstraction to what does happen in fact. A number of times we can be wrong but the insight is never lost.But that we are right and Rodney is wrong is not even the matter. We can only take a stand when we pick the book the shelf and knows exactly what he was talking about. It is a book for all, just pick one today and peruse it critically.Rodney lives eternally in this books as his other books, and in this way his spirit haunts the violent forces that create poverty and fear in the minds of the public without succeeding to halt the peoples' struggles. Aluta continua, Bon voyage!
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2 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich.
am 7. September 1999
There just is not any other book that will tell you what Rodney does in this one. No European historian is willing to admit to all the outrages Europe has inflicted upon Africa over the past 500 years. No capitalist historian either. So here is Walter Rodney, a Guianese Marxist to tell this agonizing history while holding nothing back. He really makes you feel it, this is a very intense book, you don't want to read it before bedtime or you will not get to sleep. I think you need to buy it, because you can not read it fast straight through, not if you care about Africa and Africans, and if colonial exploitation and slavery get you mad. You're going to be gnashing your teeth with rage all the way through this infuriating recitation of rape, pillage, robbery, slavery and every kind of imaginable injustice. In the end you might want to say oh that Rodney what do you expect from a Marxist. OK try it. But now you have to tell us what he said that's not true. And you can't. It really was and is that bad. And everyone who is a part of European/ Western civilization needs to know it.
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2 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich.
am 22. September 1998
Rodney provides a throught-provoking interpretation of African history that is essential reading for anyone attempting to understand the role of colonialism in underdeveloping Africa. Rodney is refreshingly open and emotional at times, but the book contains solid scholarship as well. This book is a much needed antidote to current books (Out of America, Africa Betrayed) that focus almost exclusively on internal determinants of Africa's problems. Don't read Out of America without reading Rodney or you won't understand how Africa got to where it is today.
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2 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich.
am 3. Januar 2000
An exceptionally well-written account of facts and historic events that contibutes validity to Walter Rodney's case. Clearly an enormous amount of research was done for this analysis to be as clear cut and decisive as it illustrated. A fantastic piece of armor for any student or intellectual of African/World History. We were so captivated by this book that we have made it a point to relay its information to all that we know and have even given it as a gift to many of our friends and family menbers world wide.
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1 von 3 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich.
am 21. November 1997
Rodney, no longer being with us (after accidently blowing himself up with a homemade bomb) doesn't have the same benefit of hindsight that we do. However, even for the early 1980s this book had no place in any scholarly analysis. To correct some of the book's academic failings: (1) the United States never colonized Africa; (2) Africa's problems existed before, during, and after European colonization; (3) black Americans are not Africans, at least not as those words are commonly used; and (4) sub-Saharan Africa is so culturally distinct from Northern Africa that the two really cannot be properly analyzed except in the most superficial, geographical sense. I'm giving this book a 2 instead of a 1 only because Rodney's underdevelopment theory has some, small, merit. But really, any book that sings the industrial praises of Albania and East Germany can't be taken seriously.
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1 von 6 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich.
am 6. Oktober 1999
Walter Rodney perpetuates a number of myths subsequently distributed on a much greater scale by today's current crop of Afrocentrists. Now for a little historical correction. 1. Underdeveloped African countries are rich in resources, but fail to develop those resources due to cultural atributes rather than foreign control. Had foreigners not lent enormous financial, physical, and human capital to Africa these resources would continue to remain undeveloped. 2. European nations were extremely adept at installing puppet dictators in various African countries, but this trend rapidly slowed in tempo during the 1970s, and virtually stopped during the last twenty years. The brutal dictators who rape Africa today are a sorry group of mercenaries, thugs, and ideologues who share Rodney's fascination with socialist dogma, not representatives of capitalism. 3. Many African nations and peoples valiantly resisted the ravages of the slave trade. Many others actively engaged in and profited from the slave trade. These groups protested to the very end the closure of the slave trade by the British. 4. The vast bulk of economic development in America occured in the industrial North, not in the backward agrarian South. Few Africans or Black Americans lived in the North prior to the 1940s. The vast majority of financial capital supplied to America between 1790-1890 was British, not African. Had the slave trade never existed no evidence exists that America would be any poorer or less developed. Japan and Germany, America's major economic competitors, have created economic machines without the benefit of slave labor. 5. The 19th Century European anti-slavery movement was led by British clergymen, not industrialists or bankers. Many Englishmen lost fortunes when the slave trade ended. The entire concept of slavery as a sin or a moral perversion is unique to western civilization. 6. Fascism is a branch of collectivism, as is communism and socialism. Fasist Italy and Nazi Germany, along with their South American counterparts, were famous for their lack of individual economic freedom, meddling by the state in every aspect of trade, trade barriers, and the other ephemera of collectivism. Fascism is exploitave in the same manner as communism, unlike capitalism. Rodney apparently was unable to distinguish between Microsoft and Bergen-Belsen. 7. European countries struggled to industrialize Africa, depositing far more capital in Africa than was removed. European Marshall Plans for Africa have generally proven to be utter failures, for the most part propping up dicatators like Mobuto. 8. If Africa sunk into the ocean tomorrow, the US would remain a global economic power. 9. Rodney cleverly fails to mention that his communist brethren in Asia, Afric, Europe and Americas killed over 100 million people and enslaved billions between 1920-1990. Read this book for amusement value only.
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