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1 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen Final 45 Pages on Practical Skepticism Are a Must Read, 24. Dezember 1997
Von Ein Kunde
This book was written in 1748 and I must say it certainly humbled me to realize that modern philosophical concerns are neither new nor unique. Terminology may have changed since the time when this book was written, but the underlying deliberations and contemplations remain unchanged. Hume's first 100 pages discuss the experiential foundation of knowledge. His arguments are compelling, but too enduring. The final 45 pages are superb. In these pages, Hume presents his treatises on miracles and academic skepticism and I must admit that it is one of the best discussions on practical skepticism that I have had the pleasure of reading.
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1 von 3 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Hume at his best, 8. März 2006
David Hume was perhaps the leading light in the Empiricist movement in philosophy. Empiricism is seen in distinction from Rationalism, in that it doubts the viability of universal principles (rational or otherwise), and uses sense data as the basis of all knowledge - experience is the source of knowledge. Hume was a skeptic as well as empiricist, and had radical (for the time) atheist ideas that often got in the way of his professional advancement, but given his reliance on experience (and the kinds of experiences he had), his problem with much that was considered conventional was understandable.
Hume's major work, 'A Treatise of Human Nature', was not well received intially - according to Hume, 'it fell dead-born from the press'. Hume reworked the first part of this work in a more popular way for this text, which has become a standard, and perhaps the best introduction to Empiricism.
In a nutshell, the idea of empiricism is that experience teaches, and rules and understanding are derived from this. However, for Hume this wasn't sufficient. Just because billiard balls when striking always behave in a certain manner, or just because the sun always rose in the morning, there was no direct causal connection that could be automatically affirmed - we assume a necessary connection, but how can this be proved?
Hume's ideas impact not only metaphysics, but also epistemology and psychology. Hume develops empiricism to a point that empiricism is practically unsupportable (and it is in this regard that Kant sees this text as a very important piece, and works toward his synthesis of Empiricism and Rationalism). For Hume, empirical thought requires skepticism, but leaves it unresolved as far as what one then needs to accept with regard to reason and understanding. According to scholar Eric Steinberg, 'A view that pervades nearly all of Hume's philosophical writings is that both ancient and modern philosophers have been guilty of optimistic and exaggerated claims for the power of human reason.'
Some have seen Hume as presenting a fundamental mistrust of daily belief while recognising that we cannot escape from some sort of framework; others have seen Hume as working toward a more naturalist paradigm of human understanding. In fact, Hume is open to a number of different interpretations, and these different interpretations have been taken up by subsequent philosphers to develop areas of synthetic philosophical ideas, as well as further developments more directly out of Empiricism (such as Phenomenology).
This is in fact a rather short book, a mere 100 pages or so in many editions. As a primer for understanding Hume, the British Empiricists (who include Hobbes, Locke, and Berkeley), as well as the major philosphical concerns of the eighteenth century, this is a great text with which to start.
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3 von 8 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen It helps, 11. Dezember 1999
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David Boy (Needham, MA) - Alle meine Rezensionen ansehen
(REAL NAME)   
I believe that most of the people that are posting reviews are just trying to show off their knowledge. With that said, I had to read this for Lincoln-Douglas high school debate. I found it to be an enormous help in forming arguments for a broad range of topics. This shows that the ideas expoused in this book can be applied to nearly all aspects of society. After reading this (and maybe some Locke and Kant as well) you will have an entirely new way of looking at societal systems and government.
-it really is 5 stars, that's not there just for the heck of it.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen A must in any basic library of philosophy., 25. Februar 1999
Von Ein Kunde
Hume is underappreciated, as even the casual reader of the Enquiry will see. Kant credited Hume with "awakening me from my dogmatic slumbers," but Kant's thought owes more to the structuralism (if one may call it that) of Rousseau than the ernest and tentative scepticism of Hume. Unlike Kant, Hume does not try to rescue Platonic dualism by positing an 'idealistic' connection between the consciousness of man and what lies beyond our sensory awareness. Unlike Wittgenstein, Hume does not say we should remain silent about that for which words may fail us. In contrast to some of his famous successors, Hume does not attempt to rationalize religion to justify the power of the state; nor does he sacralize philosophy with a neo-mystical faith in analysis. Hume exemplifies honesty in critical thinking in a way that one seldom sees in any sort of writing. The ideas are as fresh now as they were 250 years ago, and the clarity of writing is extraordinary given the genuine newness of the ideas expressed.
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0 von 5 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law., 14. Juni 1999
This contains " Hume's doctrine of Causality," alluded to in " Liber OS ABYSMI vel DAATH " of Aleister Crowley: the latter short essay encompasses a revolutionary technique to end the reason, in that doing so it [i.e. the reason] may be overcome by the penetrating Higher Faculties. This is the ultimate text-book of Scepticism, portraying an essence of outsanding literary style, enveloped in blissful, abounding philosophies, not to be taken lightly. One should absorb the massive meaning of the entire book, than assimilate its meaning into one's everyday habit-universe, life-style, or reality-tunnel (or perhaps one has their own name for the same proposition, the arisen definition would be: the way in which the Universe appears through the choices one has made of existing, that have presently become automatic). In this way one will become unto Hume's philosophies -- rather than merely contemplating, as the vulgar mind usually chooses to do.
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An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (Oxford Philosophical Texts)
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (Oxford Philosophical Texts) von David Hume (Taschenbuch - 26. Februar 1998)
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