am 4. Dezember 1999
Malcolm X is truly a powerful, significant, and essential work for all time. Why? Because you are able to witness how a man suffered from the effects of prejudice and his whole disposition was formed from it. You see how a very angry man stays angry at the "white devils" for most of his life. However, the unique aspect of Malcolm X is that he changed his views towards the end with the realization that his religion and own understanding gave him. This book serves as a learning experience, for one learns not only about racism and a mans struggle with it, but how to listen and read with a open mind. Many people get very offended at what Malcolm says and I can relate. However, your purpose as a reader should not be to judge Malcolm, but just listen to what he has to say, and learn from his experience. Knowledge, insight, and power of personal change are all gained from this story. I cannot stress enough the importance of having his autobiography in your memory. A highly recommended read.
am 15. März 2013
Malcolm X (born 1925) became one of the most influential black leaders of the 20th century, however he left no writings except this biography. His philosophy is known almost entirely from the countless speeches and interviews he gave between 1952 until his death in 1965. Many of those speeches, especially from the last year of his life, were recorded and have been published. It was often said that he was the only man in America who could start a race riot - or stop one. "I don't know," Malcolm X said when asked about this, "If I could start one, I don't know if I'd want to stop one." He was angry, "the angriest black man in America," he called himself. His contempt for the refinement of speech and vivid oratory, he was the black leader who expressed perhaps better than any other the fury and despair that had built up at the bottom of the social pyramid.
During his last two years Malcolm X succeeded to find meaning of the life he lived, a remarkable achievement considering his incredibly busy schedule. During long evenings, burning the midnight oil, he would visit Alex Haley's Greenwich Village studio and talk half the night - and then rise a few hours later to plunge again into his daily battle. Slowly the talks progressed, over countless cups of coffee lightened with cream - "the only thing I like integrated" - and slowly Malcolm X emerges as a surprisingly sensitive personality that defies his public image in thoughtful ways. By the time the book was completed just before his death, he had wrought something far beyond the initial purpose. Rarely has there been a volume about which it can be more fittingly said: Touch this book and you touch a man.
Malcolm X was aware that he steered a dangerous course, "I don't expect to be alive to read this book in print," he said in the final months before his assassination. However, he has here created a classic American testimony. A man who came from the lowest depths and in prison, he discovered not only the "religion of Islam" but also the world of books and learning. He has been described as one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history and is credited with raising self-esteem of black Americans and "made clear the price that white America would have to pay if it did not accede to black America's legitimate demands." Even the Panthers were influenced by Malcolm X, as author Jama Lazerow, an authority on the Black Panther Party, famously writes "As inheritors of the discipline, pride, and calm self-assurance preached by Malcolm X, the Panthers became national heroes in African American communities by infusing abstract nationalism with street toughness."
Alex Haley, already popular for his interviews with prominent African Americans as Martin Luther King Jr., Sammy Davis Jr., and Quincy Jones asked Malcolm X if he could write a book on his life. The result was The Autobiograpy, that casts light on Malcolm's character, and his changing views toward the end of his life. The book memorializes for eternity the life of Malcolm X while transforming Haley, his collaborator, into a celebrated writer.
am 3. März 1999
The Autobiography of Malcolm X was a very well written book about religion, racism, and self-discovery. This book is a great read for anyone who wants to clear up any misconceptions they have about Malcolm X or all the issues linked to him. This book is also great for just about anybody because of the universality of the problems he faces in his life. Malcolm begins as a very bright child but because of his environment and society he is forced into many years of confusion. This caused him to become a hustler in Harlem and go to jail for several years. His turning point seemed to be in jail when he discovered the religion of Islam. Finding something to truly believe in enabled him to pick himself up and turn his life around for his own survival. Then later on when he is betrayed by Elijah Muhammed the only man he ever really looked up to and respected, he creates a better self even more by breaking out of his narrow-minded belifs and learning to love people for who they are, and learning to love himself as the individual he finally found in himself before his tragic death. Although the preaching and racism that took up a few entire chapters upset me and began to lose my interest, I think working through it and finishing this book was extremely important and well worth my time.
am 18. Dezember 1998
Before I read this book, I had a negative feeling about Malcolm X. Then I realized I didn't know anything about him. I don't like to pass judgement without being informed, so I decided to read this book. I didn't know what to expect. I read the book with a completely open mind. Anybody reading it would have to do so, or you won't get anything out of it. I now have a better understanding of what would make a black man view white people as "devils." I understand that black pride is not about being anti-white, but about overcoming the overwhelming odds that are stacked up against a Black American. I would recommend this book to anyone. I don't think there's a person in the world who couldn't learn something from it. For me, it was an entirely new viewpoint. I think a lot about race, but from MY perspecitve, as a white teenage girl who exclusively dates black men. That makes me deffensive about black people talking bad about "the white man." But I put down my deffenses and objectively read what turned out to be the most influential book I've ever read. After reading this book, I don't see how anybody could feel anything toward Malcolm X other than a deep admiration and respect.
am 9. März 2000
When I was first told by my Ethics teacher (I'm a high school Junior) that our syllabus would include The Autobiography of Malcolm X, I questioned why. Why in a course of ethics, would we study Malcolm X? As we delved into the book, I realized that it was an integral part of our studies. Malcolm's plight was a slap in the face, especially from my point of view. My first reaction to his "rants" on white america, was pure anger, I felt his vast generalizations to be demeaning and insulting, and if it had not be required reading, I would have probably put the book down. I am thankful that I didn't, because it has opened my eyes, and I believe that every person, regardless of religion, race, or creed, needs to experience this book, and examine Malcolm's life as a hustler to a martyr. My views will forever be changed by the words of Alex Haley, and the amazing story of Malcolm X.
am 28. Juli 2000
People have made numerous attempts to analyze, classify and form theories about Malcolm X and what he stood for, forgetting that for someone of his caliber, it is not easy to do this. To even attempt to understand Malcolm X, you would have had to know of his life experiences and how they laid the foundation of what he became. This book gives you that information, and most importantly, it is from his point-of-view. That is why I believe this book gives the best analysis of who Malcolm X was and what he stood for. Malcolm X was one of the most inspiring and articulate leaders that has ever lived and this book is a testament of that. This autobiography is very powerful and for anyone looking to learn more about Malcolm X, I cannot tell you of a better place to start.
am 23. Mai 2016
Was ist noch zu sagen? Dieser Mensch war authentisch, intelligent, klug, im richtigen Moment aggressiv genug, um etwas in Bewegung zu setzen und reflektierte dabei aus dem Herzen. Und er blieb intellektuell niemals stehen! Nur eine Anmerkung: Dieser Mensch wäre ein großer Staatsmann gewesen!
am 3. Februar 2000
I remember, as a kid, it was truly this easy: Martin Luther King was a good black guy; Malcolm X was a bad black guy. Upon reflection, I think that, even at his most inflammatory, Malcolm X defied this easy categorization. Who is to say that if he & the Black Panthers hadn't been willing to hold out at least the threat of violence, that whites would have moved to solve the Civil Rights issues as quickly (relatively speaking) as they did? More importantly, suppose the shoe was on the other foot, if you were a young black man in 1960's America, whose message would have had more appeal, Martin's or Malcolm's?
Actually, I have often wondered if black America might have been better served by a more violent tone to the struggle. Civil disobedience works precisely because it depends on the fundamental decency of the oppressor and the certainty that he will yield. But one result of the yielding party's giving in, is that they can end up imbued with a sense of their own magnanimity and sink into a deceptive mood of self congratulation. It might be better for the oppressed if there was more of a sense that they had taken what was theirs, rather than that it was given to them. I don't truly know.
Of course, the ultimate historic irony is that King, the peacemaker and accommodationist, was gunned down by a racist white man, while Malcolm, the rabble rouser and confrontationalist, was killed by rival blacks. Reading his life story, it is hard not to believe that Malcolm X's career was really just beginning. It seems possible, even likely, that the inner peace he had found in the true Moslem religion would have given him the moral and spiritually grounding which, combined with his oratorical gifts and incisive intellect, might have lead him to accomplish great things.
Martin Luther King is justly celebrated; he is an easy hero for white America to embrace. Malcolm X is more problematic, he has sharper edges, but is no less deserving of admiration and honor. His life story belongs on the shelf with Benjamin Franklin and Booker T. Washington and Whittaker Chambers and the other handful of great American autobiographies of self made men.
am 29. Juni 1999
Malcolm X to many people was the epitome of a violent natured, totally corrupted, evil spirit. As early as page one however, we find that this couldn't have been further from the truth. In fact, in the last chapter (1965), Malcolm masterfully articulates the universal truth that seems to shape everyone's life: the fact that circumstance, not unintelligence or inherent evil nature, is the fundamental cause of most of our decisions. Secondly, we see how ultimately unintelligent decisions are made in an intelligent manner. We find that Malcolm was an astute individual whose vision, or lack there of, caused him to whole-heartedly devote most of his mature adult life to an organization he would later regret ever having been a champion of. So, the limit of human intelligence and understanding is revealed poignantly in this life story. What is most inspiring is the integrity with which Malcolm carried himself- unike too many of today's religious "leaders". When he changed, it was for real! Also, in reading this book, it becomes obvious through Malcolm's recounts of history that religion and poilitics are inseperable. That is, if one, after reading this book, still holds to the belief that religion and politics have nothing to do with each other, then he/she understands niether. The theme of subjectivity and self-interest rings loud as a bell. Malcolm, above all, was a sociologist; he understood human behavoir at it's core. He could very well have been a better poitician than JFK and Clinton combined- he was just that brilliant! Pay close attention to his criminal life and all the knowledge he imparts, the LBJ/Goldwater comparison, the Nation's "jealousy", Hollywood's version of love and relationships, Alex Haley's "up close and personal", and the use and meaning of the word "devil".
am 18. Februar 1999
The Autobiography of Malcolm X provides a very detailed and repetitive description of Malcolm X's life. The book goes in chronological order from the beginning of his life in Michigan to the very end of his life when he is assassinated by fellow Muslims. The beginning of the book is very interesting and holds your attention for many chapters. With detailed descriptions of his childhood as a hick and his teenage years as a hoodlum on the East Coast, I felt like I was with Malcolm when he was growing up. I also had a better understanding for what life was like for black people, of all classes, back then. Not knowing anything about Malcolm X or The Nation of Islam, I certainly learned all about Malcolm X and the Muslim religion. The Muslim religion is described in great detail from when Malcolm is in prison until the end. I feel a lot better about myself now that I know about and understand what another religion believes and how it is run. I think the main theme of this book is self-discovery. Like many other minorities, Malcolm struggled through the whole book to be at peace with who he was. With conflicts within his race he had trouble making peace with white people before making peace with black people. I think the phrase Malcolm X repeatedly uses,"by any means necessary," describes Malcolm's philosophy on life. I think that this is why society thought of him as a violent person because he would do anything to get what he wanted. Although this book did get slow towards the middle with Malcolm repeatedly lecturing on the devil white man, in all I thought it was a good book. It should definitely be read so society truly understands the type of person Malcolm X was, how the Nation of Islam works, and what can be done to help the continuing struggle with racial equality.