summersale2015 Hier klicken mrp_family Liebeserklärung Cloud Drive Photos WHDsFly Learn More wenko Fire HD 6 Shop Kindle Sparpaket SummerSale
Why Everyone (Else) Is a Hypocrite und über 1,5 Millionen weitere Bücher verfügbar für Amazon Kindle. Erfahren Sie mehr
  • Statt: EUR 17,95
  • Sie sparen: EUR 0,03
  • Alle Preisangaben inkl. MwSt.
Nur noch 3 auf Lager (mehr ist unterwegs).
Verkauf und Versand durch Amazon.
Geschenkverpackung verfügbar.
Menge:1
Why Everyone (Else) Is a ... ist in Ihrem Einkaufwagen hinzugefügt worden
+ EUR 3,00 Versandkosten
Gebraucht: Gut | Details
Verkauft von Deal DE
Zustand: Gebraucht: Gut
Kommentar: Dieses Buch ist in gutem, sauberen Zustand. Seiten und Einband sind intakt.
Ihren Artikel jetzt
eintauschen und
EUR 0,10 Gutschein erhalten.
Möchten Sie verkaufen?
Zur Rückseite klappen Zur Vorderseite klappen
Anhören Wird wiedergegeben... Angehalten   Sie hören eine Probe der Audible-Audioausgabe.
Weitere Informationen
Alle 2 Bilder anzeigen

Why Everyone (Else) Is a Hypocrite: Evolution and the Modular Mind (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 3. Juli 2012

2 Kundenrezensionen

Alle Formate und Ausgaben anzeigen Andere Formate und Ausgaben ausblenden
Amazon-Preis Neu ab Gebraucht ab
Kindle Edition
"Bitte wiederholen"
Taschenbuch
"Bitte wiederholen"
EUR 17,92
EUR 14,13 EUR 14,47
Unbekannter Einband
"Bitte wiederholen"
47 neu ab EUR 14,13 4 gebraucht ab EUR 14,47

Hinweise und Aktionen

  • Buch Sommerangebote: Entdecken Sie unsere bunte Auswahl an reduzierten Hörbüchern und englischen Büchern für den Sommer. Hier klicken.


Wird oft zusammen gekauft

Why Everyone (Else) Is a Hypocrite: Evolution and the Modular Mind + The Moral Animal: Why We Are, the Way We Are: The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology
Preis für beide: EUR 34,84

Die ausgewählten Artikel zusammen kaufen
Jeder kann Kindle Bücher lesen — selbst ohne ein Kindle-Gerät — mit der KOSTENFREIEN Kindle App für Smartphones, Tablets und Computer.



Produktinformation

  • Taschenbuch: 274 Seiten
  • Verlag: Princeton Univers. Press; Auflage: Reprint (3. Juli 2012)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 9780691154398
  • ISBN-13: 978-0691154398
  • ASIN: 0691154392
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 23,1 x 15,2 x 1,8 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 4.5 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (2 Kundenrezensionen)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 30.836 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
  • Komplettes Inhaltsverzeichnis ansehen

Mehr über den Autor

Entdecken Sie Bücher, lesen Sie über Autoren und mehr

Produktbeschreibungen

Pressestimmen

"Bolstered by recent studies and research, Kurzban makes a convincing and coherent ... case for the modular mind, greatly helped by humorous footnotes and examples... Taking on lofty topics, including truth and belief, Kurzban makes a successful case for changing--and remapping--the modern mind."--Publishers Weekly "Using humour and anecdotes, [Kurzban] reveals how conflict between the modules of the mind leads to contradictory beliefs, vacillating behaviours, broken moral boundaries and inflated egos. He argues that we should think of ourselves not as 'I' but as 'we'--a collection of interacting systems that are in constant conflict."--Nature "Robert Kurzban believes that we are all hypocrites. But not to worry, he explains, hypocrisy is the natural state of the human mind. In his book Why Everyone (Else) Is a Hypocrite: Evolution and the Modular Mind, Kurzban asserts that the human mind consists of many specialized units, which do not always work together seamlessly. When this harmony breaks down, people often develop contradictory beliefs."--Victoria Stern, Scientific American Mind "Kurzban is a luminary in the growing discipline of evolutionary psychology... [P]rovocative... Kurzban devotes much space to explicating and demonstrating ways in which his theory plays out in our everyday lives."--Library Journal "With wit, wisdom, and occasional hilarity, Robert Kurzban offers explanations for why we do the things we do, such as morally condemning the sale of human organs and locking the refrigerator at night to keep from snacking... Kurzban touches on some complex topics in a manner that's both smart and accessible. He incorporates a plethora of psychological studies to support his theories but the narrative is never dry... By challenging common assumptions about habits, morality, and preferences, Kurzban keeps readers both entertained and enlightened."--Foreword Reviews "[Kurzban] argues that ... internal conflicts are not limited to extreme cases; they occur in everyone's brains, leading to illogical beliefs and contradictory behaviors. That's not necessarily a bad thing, according to Kurzban. In fact, being selectively irrational may give us an evolutionary advantage."--Kacie Glenn, Chronicle of Higher Education "Robert Kurzban has used his view of evolutionary psychology to pursue the concept of 'self' at the heart of both the discipline of psychology and the everyday understanding of human behavior--which surely is of interest to everyone... The book itself is fresh. Kurzban's style is to take traditional questions and apparently reasonable positions and then demonstrate that reasonableness is actually only so under a set of assumptions--and that if they do not conform to the modularity hypothesis then we ought to rethink."--Tom Dickins, Times Higher Education "Highly recommended."--Jessica Palmer, Bioephemera blog "I'm sure that Why Everyone (Else) Is a Hypocrite will provoke a lot of controversy, and I'm certain that Kurzban's theses will require further refinement. But what a fascinating read!"--Brenda Jubin, Reading the Markets blog "[T]here is much that is valuable in Kurzban's book."--Peter Carruthers, Trends in Cognitive Sciences "We're all inconsistent and self-deceiving, says evolutionary psychologist Robert Kurzban. Our modular minds didn't evolve for consistency, but for patchwork multitasking... As Kurzban says, understanding how and why we can be so 'ignorant, wrong, irrational, and hypocritical' may help us work towards a fairer society."--Susan Blackmore, BBC Focus "Kurzban brilliantly (and often hilariously) breaks down the system of functional modules, explaining their existence through evolution, and their hypocrisy through a lack of communication. Why Everyone (Else) is a Hypocrite delves into a part of psychology that has famously been ignored by many prominent members in the field."--Haley M. Dillon and Rachael A. Carmen, Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology

Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende

Robert Kurzban is associate professor of psychology and founder of the Pennsylvania Laboratory for Experimental Evolutionary Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania. In 2008, he won the inaugural Distinguished Scientific Award for Early Career Contribution from the Human Behavior and Evolution Society.


In diesem Buch

(Mehr dazu)
Ausgewählte Seiten ansehen
Buchdeckel | Copyright | Inhaltsverzeichnis | Auszug | Stichwortverzeichnis
Hier reinlesen und suchen:

Kundenrezensionen

4.5 von 5 Sternen
5 Sterne
1
4 Sterne
1
3 Sterne
0
2 Sterne
0
1 Sterne
0
Beide Kundenrezensionen anzeigen
Sagen Sie Ihre Meinung zu diesem Artikel

Die hilfreichsten Kundenrezensionen

2 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von Samuel "Sammy" Burt am 1. Juli 2011
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
Wir sind alle Heuchler. Sagt zumindest der Autor. Im Zentrum des Problems steht das ICH. Da kann Herr Kurzban, der sonst im Text gerne locker-flapsig daherredet (für meinen Geschmack etwas zu locker, stellenweise), richtig böse werden. Etwa, wenn es um das Thema Selbsttäuschung geht. Dann sagt er (und das im Text mehrfach), dass er gar nicht wisse, was dieses SELBST in jenem Ausdruck denn bitteschön zu bedeuten habe. Das ist eine der Grundthesen des Buches: So etwas wie ein ICH oder SELBST gibt es nicht.
An die Stelle des ICH treten bei Kurzban eine Vielzahl kleinerer Iche. Besser gesagt: Module. Kurzban ist wohl der aktuell entschiedenste Vertreter der sog. Modularitätstheorie in der evolutionären Psychologie. Diese Theorie gibt es in zwei Versionen: eine schwache, und eine starke. Die schwache Version ist im Grunde common sense unter Psychologen. Bekannt ist z.B. das Gesichtserkennungsmodul. Fällt es aus, dann ist man nicht irgendwie teilweise blind, nur Gesichter haben dann keine Gestalt mehr.

Die starke Version, und um die geht es in diesem Buch, geht viel weiter. Die Frage, um die geht, ist: Sind die kognitiven und emotionalen Module hierarisch geordnet, so wie Angestellte einer Firma letztlich dem Big Boss zuarbeiten, welcher seinerseits die Strategie des Unternehmens vorgibt. Entspricht im Menschen das ICH diesem Big Boss? Kurzban sagt: NEIN! Das, was ich als Ich erlebe, ist bei ihm nichts weiter als eine Art 'Pressesprecher', ein Modul unter, bzw. neben anderen, das den Organismus nach außen vertritt.

Was hat das nun mit Heuchelei zu tun ? Laut Kurzban hängt es von der Situation ab, welches Modul gerade 'in charge' ist.
Lesen Sie weiter... ›
4 Kommentare War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich? Ja Nein Feedback senden...
Vielen Dank für Ihr Feedback. Wenn diese Rezension unangemessen ist, informieren Sie uns bitte darüber.
Wir konnten Ihre Stimmabgabe leider nicht speichern. Bitte erneut versuchen
1 von 1 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von Tim Cooper am 12. Januar 2013
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe Verifizierter Kauf
Describes a theory which, when explained, makes so many other things fall into place. The hallmark of a scientific step forward understandable to laymen and professionals alike. Read this book. It will change your whole weltanschauung
Kommentar War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich? Ja Nein Feedback senden...
Vielen Dank für Ihr Feedback. Wenn diese Rezension unangemessen ist, informieren Sie uns bitte darüber.
Wir konnten Ihre Stimmabgabe leider nicht speichern. Bitte erneut versuchen

Die hilfreichsten Kundenrezensionen auf Amazon.com (beta)

Amazon.com: 47 Rezensionen
58 von 61 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
A truly foundational book for anyone serious about Psychology. 24. Februar 2011
Von Amazon Customer - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe Verifizierter Kauf
"I" almost didn't purchase this book - what a serious mistake that would have been! Having read The Ego Tunnel: The Science of the Mind and the Myth of the Self by Philosopher Thomas Metzinger, I felt I was thoroughly acquainted with the notion that there is no self. Also, I have read: Predictably Irrational: The Hidden Forces That Shape Our Decisions by Behavioral Economist Dan Ariely, The Happiness Hypothesis: Finding Modern Truth in Ancient Wisdom by Psychologist Jonathan Haidt, and How the Mind Works by Psychologist Steven Pinker (all three cited by Kurzban). Now, I don't mean to name drop, I simply say that to say this: Why Everyone (Else) Is a Hypocrite is better. Yes, better.

Kurzban states in the Prologue, "This book is...an attempt to explain why we act the way we act, and, perhaps partly in our defense, to show that if we are wrong a lot, well, being right isn't everything. My argument is going to be that much, or at least some, of what makes us ignorant, mind-numbingly stupid - and hypocritical - is that we evolved to play many different kinds of strategic games with others, and our brains are built to exploit the fact that being knowledgeable, right, or morally consistent is not always to our advantage. Because humans are such social creatures, while being right is still really important, it's very far from everything. In fact, being ignorant, wrong, irrational, and hypocritical can make you much better off than being knowledgeable, correct, reasonable, and consistent."

The amount of research that Dr. Kurzban utilizes in fulfilling this aim is staggering. There are many classic examples (i.e. Muller-Lyer Illusion, "Spandrels," "Framing Effects") but, also plenty that were new on me. Also, and more importantly, I loved the presentation. Kurzban's style is wry, witty, and always entertaining. I was laughing throughout. I loved the method, the material, and the message. As a long-time fan of evolutionary psychology, this certainly is a welcome addition; Dr. Kurzban is definitely one of my new favorite authors. Also, the new information dovetailed nicely with what I read in Self Comes to Mind: Constructing the Conscious Brain by Antonio Damasio, The Tell-Tale Brain: A Neuroscientist's Quest for What Makes Us Human by V.S. Ramachandran, and Your Brain Is (Almost) Perfect: How We Make Decisions by Read Montague; I just might have to re-read some of my favorites with this new modularity view in mind. In sum, this is a great book and I highly recommend it to anyone interested in morality, Philosophy of Mind, psychology, economics, social policy...well, everyone really. Here is one more great quote, "Modularity explains why everyone is a hypocrite. Moral(istic) modules constrain others' behavior. The mob's moral sticks can be used to prevent an arbitrarily wide set of acts. At the same time, other modules advance our own fitness interests, often by doing the very same acts our moral modules condemn. In this sense, the explanation for hypocrisy lies in the rather quotidian notion of competition. Organisms are designed to advance their own fitness interests, which entails harming others and helping oneself and one's allies. Hypocrisy is, in its most abstract sense, no different from other kinds of competition."
22 von 22 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Kurzban's Mind 18. Februar 2011
Von Mike McCullough - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
We're living in a world in which social scientists are able to study human behavior in incredibly clever ways--not the least of which is their ability to take pictures of the brain as it implements mysterious patterns of neural finding that somehow eventuate in your getting up to get a sandwich, posting or reading a book review, or letting your dog outside one last time before you head off to bed. But even with all of the clever experiments and pretty pictures of brains in action, most scientists who study complex social behavior couldn't begin--even on their best day--to explain to you how the brain might be structured so as to create behavior.

No matter what else turns out to be true about how the brain gives rise to mind, there is one cardinal principle to remember: The force that creates brains is natural selection, and natural selection operates exclusively by rewarding genes that give rise to good designs with a singular prize: More copies of themselves in the world, courtesy of sexual reproduction. What that means, above all, is that the structures that genes produce are in response to selection pressures that ancestral humans faced while our species was evolving. And there's no such thing as a "general selection pressure;" only specific ones. As a result, the structures in your head can't be general solutions. Whatever you've got up in your brain, then, is bound to be a collection of information-processing mechanisms for solving specific jobs.

Few other books are as effective as Kurzban's fine book at sketching the implications of this cardinal principle for our understanding of human mental life, so on that count alone this is a book worth reading. But by viewing mental life as the result of modular computational entities, Kurzban also shows us completely imaginative ways of looking at some of human beings' most interesting foibles and follies--from why we fall prey to optical illusions that we've already seen hundreds of times, to self-deception, to the seeming absurdity of many of our moral stances. It is these creative new ways of thinking about the richness of our psychological and social lives that really makes this book shine.

The prose in "Why Everyone (Else) is a Hypocrite" is crystal clear. Its argumentation is persuasive. The examples from the social science literature are interesting and fun, and Kurzban's personality comes through on every page. But most importantly, it's a book that will give you a brand new way of thinking about what you've got between your ears. Kurzban is one to watch, and "...Hypocrite" is one to read.
35 von 40 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Definitely the Hedgehog! 18. Juni 2011
Von Kevin Currie-Knight - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
In philosopher Isaiah Berlin's analogy, there is a hedgehog and a fox. The hedgehog who knows a lot about one big idea, and the fox who knows a little about a lot of different ideas. Robert Kurzban appears in this book to be very much a hedgehog: his idea is that our brain is not really a unitary whole so much as a collection of modules that sometimes might communicate with each other and more often might not. There is no "one" in charge in the brain, but it is better compared to a government of many parts, where the "conscious you" is not so much the executive director as the press secretary. The problem is that I am on about page 150, the point where it is evident that Kurzban, the hedgehog, is going to repeat and repeat himself. To put it kindly, the book gets quite a bit repetitive.

Kurzban' thesis, though, is interesting precisely because it is not the best accepted theory in neuroscience (I'm largely taking the authors word for it, as I am by no means an expert on neuroscience). Most neuroscientists, it seems operate on the idea that there must be some 'master controller' in the brain, such that even if different modules do different things, there must be one that is in charge of integrating these things into a unitary experience. Kurzban presents evidence (generally from behavioral economics, behavioral psychology, and neuroscience) that he thinks are better explained by his "modular mind with no "one" in charge" thesis: experiments, say, where a person seemingly deceives themselves by holding two incompatible beliefs at the same time, experiments where someone performs an action but can't explain why (or tries to explain why in a seemingly post-hoc manner). Early in the book, the author also gives reason as to why it would make sense from an evolutionary standpoint that complex organisms - like the human brain - would be the culmination of many less complex parts than the culmination of one big design.

And the theory is great to think about; it has bearing on everything from whether or not we have 'free will' (if a module we are not consciously aware of does x, did we choose to do x?) to morality (if two different modules evolved to think about things differently, then why is it irrational to hold contradictory beliefs?). The author not only gives us a clear explanation and defense of his theory, but goes into some of these implications.

As a non-neuroscientist, I hesitate to criticize the theory too much, but I do have some questions about it which weren't addressed by the book. First, if 'no "one" is in charge' of our brain, then I wonder how it is that when we have dialogues with ourselves, one side 'wins' at all! I am not tied to the idea that our brains have to have a director-of-affairs, but if I cannot engage in contradictory actions (turning the steering wheel left and right; uttering one sentence and not another), surely there must be some way inner conflicts are resolved and doesn't resolution often require a mediator? Next, even if there is no one part of my brain in overall control of me, it sure does feel like I am a unitary whole. And we can't really say it is an illusion (because to be known as an illusion, we have to be able to step back and see that it is an illusion, but to do so here begs the question).

Anyway, these are not objections to the theory so much as questions I'd like to see answered. But my bigger objection is really that this book is quite repetitive. I debated on whether to continue to the end, but did so when the last 30 pages I'd read essentially said things I knew the author would say before he said them. And whenever that happens, I generally assume that it is an indication that nothing new is being presented.

So, this is an interesting book with an interesting, and pretty well argued, idea. But Kuzban is a hedgehog, who presents a lot about one thing and, at some point, represents it. If you could buy the first 100 pages of this book, I daresay that would be your best deal.
20 von 22 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Great book! 20. Januar 2011
Von PsychGradStudent - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
This is an excellent book. Kurzban explains, using plenty of humorous examples, how evolution designed our minds one piece at a time (a concept called modularity), and how this explains important mysteries of the universe like why people lock their refrigerator doors at night. Ever had the feeling that part of you wants to finish the giant slice of cheesecake on your plate, and part of you is shrieking "no! no!" Kurzban explains that, in a certain sense, there really are two parts of you who are arguing over dessert, and that whether you devour it depends on which part gains control. There is plenty to learn and Kurzban leads you through with style.

Read on!
9 von 10 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Modules and You made understandable 29. Januar 2011
Von nandonoise - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
Kurzban has strong opinions that he supports with data, and more importantly, logic. Evolutionary logic, specifically.
Modules, like iPhone apps, work both independently, and as part of a whole. Some of our evolved preferences sometimes conflict. Kurzban deftly demonstrates that understanding and retrofitting evolved modules can resolve seemingly complex and intractable problems in psychology.
Highly recommended as both an underpinning of evolutionary psychology and as a good quick read.

Nando Pelusi, PhD
Waren diese Rezensionen hilfreich? Wir wollen von Ihnen hören.