Speculative history at its best, in which a talented team of historians, led by Niall Ferguson, explore what might have happened if nine momentous events had turned out differently. . What if there had been no American War of Independence? What if Hitler had invaded Britain? What if Kennedy had lived? What if Russia had won the Cold War? Niall Ferguson, author of the highly acclaimed The Pity of War , leads the charge in this historically rigorous series of separate voyages into imaginary time and provides far-reaching answers to these intriguing questions. Fergusons brilliant 90-page introduction doubles as a manifesto on the methodology of counter-factual history. His equally masterful afterword traces the likely historical ripples that would have proceeded from the maintenance of Stuart rule in England. This breathtaking narrative gives us a convincing, detailed alternative history of the Westfrom the accession of James III in 1701, to a Nazi-occupied England, to a US Prime Minister Kennedy who lives to complete his term.