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The Shah [Englisch] [Taschenbuch]

Abbas Milani
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Kurzbeschreibung

15. Juni 2012
Though his monarchy was toppled in 1979 and he died in 1980, Mohammad-Reza Shah Pahlevi, the last Shah of Iran, remains relevant today. He was a social reformer, a romantic egomaniac, and a deeply conflicted man and leader. Here, internationally respected author Abbas Milani gives us the definitive biography, more than ten years in the making, of the monarch who shaped Iran's modern age and with it the contemporary politics of the Middle East. The Shah's was a life filled with contradiction - he built schools, increased equality for women, and greatly reduced the power of the Shia clergy. He made Iran a global power and nationalized his country's many natural resources. But he was deeply conflicted and insecure in his powerful role. Intolerant of political dissent, he was eventually overthrown by the very people whose loyalty he so desperately sought. This comprehensive and gripping account shows us how Iran went from politically moderate monarchy to totalitarian Islamic republic. Milani reveals the complex and sweeping road that would bring the United States and Iran to where they are today.

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Produktinformation

  • Taschenbuch: 488 Seiten
  • Verlag: Palgrave Macmillan; Auflage: Reprint (15. Juni 2012)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 0230340385
  • ISBN-13: 978-0230340381
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 24,1 x 16,2 x 3,4 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 2.5 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (2 Kundenrezensionen)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 62.769 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
  • Komplettes Inhaltsverzeichnis ansehen

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Produktbeschreibungen

Pressestimmen

"The definitive biography... the scholarship is impressive" -- "The Washington Times" "A finely wrought, enlightening biography."-- "The Wall Street Journal""Splendidly detailed... [Milani] succeeds in turning out a thoughtful biography without rancor." --"The Chicago Tribune""Milani brings to us a whole new set of facts, culled from thousands of recently declassified British, American and Iranian documents and hundreds of interviews, making this book fresh and relevant to the current democracy movement in Iran and to U.S.-Iranian relations.""-- San Franscisco Chronicle""" "An incisive portrait of a deeply riven man and his country... A stimulating biography and a thorough examination of the makeup of an entire nation.""--Kirkus Reviews""A deeply researched portrait... The shah's private life, which included three wives, alleged mistresses, and extravagances in palaces and other riches, is effectively depicted. With sympathy born of a compassion for someone in over his head, Milani's meticulous amassing of facts establishes a base for readers to form their own opinions." --"Booklist""Milani interviewed many who were close to Pahlavi, and makes excellent use of archives and memoirs. The result is a comprehensive portrait of a man who modernized Iran--and in doing so ensured his own downfall." -- "Macleans""Abbas Milani brings to life the tragic figure of the late Shah of Iran... A refreshingly balanced biography!""-- Fawaz Gerges, author of Journey of the Jihadist and""Obama and the Middle East""For God's sake let us sit upon the ground/And tell sad stories of the death of kings." Shakespeare's words from Richard II are an apt invitation to this gripping biography of Mohammed Reza Shah. The Shah of Iran, Abbas Milani shows, was a tragic figure whose inner ghosts and deep personal flaws helped to destroy the hopes that were vested in him. His downfall ushered in a nightmare from which Iran and the rest of world has yet to awaken. Milani's detailed and rich

Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende

Abbas Milani is an Iranian-American scholar, and author. He is the director of the Iranian Studies Program at Stanford University. He is also a research fellow and codirector of the Iran Democracy Project at the Hoover Institution. Milani has appeared on Anderson Cooper 360, Charlie Rose, PBS Newshour, and Hannity & Colmes.

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4.0 von 5 Sternen Good book 27. Oktober 2011
Von Goli D
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe|Verifizierter Kauf
This book opened my eyes to lots of things that I was not aware of.
I enjoy reading it. The only thing is that the author explain every little bit of detail on & on. I am sure he has put lots of effort to find all the truth,
but for the readers it is too much. May there are people who enjoy to read every bit of detail!
I recommand the book very highly.
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1.0 von 5 Sternen Dieses Buch basiert auf Halbwissen und Propaganda 26. Oktober 2012
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe|Verifizierter Kauf
In diesem Buch ist nichts was der Realität entspricht.Linke Propaganda gepaart mit Halbwissen geben eine explosive Mischung. Ich frage mich bis heute noch was einen angeblich gebildeten Nationalisten dazu bringt, solch ein Mist zu verfassen. Das Buch beginnt mit einem Zitat von Wiliams Shakspear, ein wahrer Nationalist hätte einen Zitat von Ferdausi oder Hafez gewählt. Diese iran feindliche Einstellung des Autors zieht sich durch das ganze Buch. Ich empfhele jedem Interssierten auch die Bücher "Mission for my country" oder "Answer to History" von Mohammad reza Pahlavi zu lesen, um ein objektiveres Bild zu dem Thema zu bekommen. Dieses Buch ist einfach nur schlecht!!!
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Amazon.com: 4.2 von 5 Sternen  63 Rezensionen
45 von 48 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen Excellent historical analysis and account of the Shah's reign. 13. Februar 2011
Von Kersi Von Zerububbel - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
A month or so ago I was reading about the suicide of one of the Shah's sons in Boston. This rekindled my interest in the Shah and his reign. In India, I recall it was a *big deal* amongst Zoroastrians when the Shah married Soraya and since my ancestors were originally from Persia (Iran) I looked around for a good history and picked Mr. Abbas Milani's book.

This is a wonderful book that flows easily and keeps one hooked. The text gives a fairly detailed account of how the Shah came to be in power and how Britain, America, and Russia influenced Iranian politics and history. The political machinations of various players are scoped out in goodly portions. Of course, with hindsight, one can easily see how the Shah was doomed beginning as early as 1963. Then at the height of his power and flushed with petro dollars, the decade of 1965 - 1975 was the halcyon point. Or was it? Per Mr. Milani the Shah failed to cease the initiative during this decade and compromise with the intellectual middle class and the religious players. Had he done so who knows where Iran would be now. Much good that the Shah had wrought was overwhelmed by corruption, in-fighting, and outright incompetence.

What saddened me were the last days of the Shah. Shuffled from country to country the poor man had no true friends and only one Statesman, Anwar Sadat, who gave him succor. I recall seeing the Shah in interviews on TV in the seventies and the change was remarkable.

One aspect about this book that disappointed me to no end was the COMPLETE lack of any photographs of the historical figures discussed so eloquently in the text. I understand with copyright laws and cost cutting some publishers are taking this route. But I am afraid this significantly marrs an otherwise outstanding work. Human beings need to put a face to a name - we just do. For this reason alone I most reluctantly have to deduct a star from my rating. Very sad to do it but I have to be honest and point out this major flaw. Other than this tragic oversight the book is superb and worth reading sans pictures and all.
44 von 52 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Amazing book on the man and the country for anyone who is interested and even those who are not 4. Januar 2011
Von Constant Reader - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
This book is really terrific. I picked it up and I simply could not put it down. Milani does a great job of balancing substantive information with a narrative that is simply enthralling. The book is based on previously classified documents and is written in a way that flows perfectly. I feel like I really have a sense of the true Shah and why events in Iran went the way they did. If you want to read any book on the Shah or Iran, this is it!
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4.0 von 5 Sternen The Shah by Abbas Milani 28. September 2011
Von Samuel W. Coulbourn - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe|Verifizierter Kauf
This is a marvelous, wide-ranging and intelligently written story of the reign of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi. It looks to me to be an excellent piece of scholarship.
I lived just down the street from the Shah for two years, from 1970 to 1972, and I served as an advisor to his Supreme Military Staff, and advised in the creation of his National Defence University, but I don't presume to be an expert on the Shah.
During the years that I lived and worked in Iran, and in all that I have read and heard since then, the Shah was a good leader for Iran, trying to bring a backward country into the modern world, and to carve out a greater part for Iran in the world. When I was there, and since the Shah was restored to his throne less than 20 years before, the Soviet Union loomed large on the landscape. Everything we did in and with Iran reflected our need to keep Iran on our side in the great balancing act between the USSR and the West.
During World War II Britain, the United States and the USSR all stationed forces in Iran in order to ship millions of tons of military supplies and food north to Russia. At war's end, the British and Americans began to leave, but the Soviets occupied northern provinces, and appeared very determined to annex those parts of the country.
The Shah, with British and American help, was able to expel the Soviet troops from those northern provinces.
When I was there the Shah had just about reached the high point of his rule. The British, in a long-before announced move, had taken their navy out of the waters "east ofAden", or the Red Sea, and with American encouragement the Shah's Imperial Navy was taking over a larger role in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and gradually, theIndian Ocean.
In 1973, the Yom Kippur War took place, and the coalition of oil-producing countries put a giant clamp on world oil supplies. For Iran and the Shah, the money came flooding in. Up to that time, he had been able to manage the greed of his relatives and close associates, keeping graft and corruption bubbling below the surface.
Milani's book certainly does not paint the Shah as a modern day hero, or the Savior of Iran, but he was clearly a very positive influence on Iran, and his leadership was bringing Iran into the modern world, with education for more Iranians, improvements in standard of living, and a greatly improved standing in the world community. He was a secular ruler, and he and the Shahbanou set an example for modernizing the role of women in the country.
It seems to be a very fair picture of a man born to a Persian Cossack officer of very humble beginnings. That officer seems to have fallen into the role of Shah of Iran, by the events of the time, carried along by crafty and often unprincipled westerners--mostly British, but later, the operatives of the United States took over the care, feeding and steering of the Shah.
In 1965 the Shah, in Milani's view, had reached about the pinnacle of his reign. By then he was skilled, principled, and moving rapidly to modernize his country. If only he could have done more of all that good, but he had a lot of things working against him.

When I arrived in Iran in September, 1970, I was one of a few U.S. Naval officers, on a staff of mostly Army officers and men, and a growing number of Air Force officers and men. The American presence in Iran had begun during World War II, just before President Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Josef Stalin had their historic Teheran Conference there.
In 1970 the United States was busy helping the Shah to build up his armed forces as a bulwark against the Soviet Union and its allies in the region--Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, and India. At the same time, Britain had scheduled a complete withdrawal of its naval forces from the Indian Ocean, and was turning that responsibility over to the United States Navy, and to Iran.
This book tells about life in the cocoon around the Shah, as he became increasingly protected by a small circle of sycophants, and even foreign diplomats, CIA and MI6 operatives. Those in that circle became people who told him what he wanted to hear, and at the same time urged him to buy more. And buy he did. With all the oil money that was coming to the country, he bought destroyers from the UK, trucks and artillery from the USSR, and state-of-the-art jet fighters, Boeing airliners, and much more from the U.S.
During my time there, my wife taught bright young Iranians English, and I learned Persian from other bright young Iranians, and in our exposure to the unofficial Persian world, we heard bits and pieces of the discontent that was simmering in the country.
However, no one was putting this picture together for the Shah, nor was he listening. No one would dare darken his day telling him how the world would soon know that SAVAK, his security agency, was more and more shifting to the dark side of doing dirty tricks. No one was giving him a good report about how Islamic groups were building up resentment to the Shah. His efforts to westernize the country naturally irritated those groups, but he had no apparent plan for handling this growing resentment.

In 1971 the Shah put on a magnificent party out in the desert at the ancient city ofPersepolis. It was a grand party. He spent millions to put up elegant tents for his visitors, with marble bathrooms and rich Persian carpets, and running water--right out there in the desert! And they came--kings and princes and princesses--from all over the world. I remember seeing Prince Rainier and Princess Grace, and Emperor Haile Selassie ofEthiopia, and King Hussein of Jordan. The U.S. sent Spiro Agnew, the VP, I think. That whole event did not go down well with the growing circle of Iranians critical of the Shah.
As time went on, the Shah became more disconnected to any voices that would tell him "bad news". American diplomats and intelligence operatives reported growing discontent, but back home in the USA, presidents and Secretaries of State dared not rock the Shah's boat, so did not bother the Shah with their findings.
By 1975, the Shah was pulling in more money than even he and his circle could spend, and no one seemed to be worrying about how all this would play out. And then there were the girls. Lots of girls.
This was the beginning of the end, as his appetite for debauchery overcame his desire to lead. He was also facing early signs of cancer, and intelligent Iranians were beginning to see the end. Some of those bright Iranians were Mullahs and other religious leaders.

How does the 1979 Islamic Revolution relate to the string of revolutions and uprisings taking place today?

The central point is: a leader who isolates himself from his people is ruling in the dark. Even a dictator must be aware of his people, and this is where the Shah failed. One can see similar failings in Mubarak, Qaddafi, al Assad, el Abadine Ben Ali and Saleh.

The Islamic Republic of Iran appears to be much worse for Iran than the Shah ever was. There are a lot of smart, well-educated Persians, both in Iran and abroad, and I feel confident that before long, they will figure out a way to unseat the Mullahs and thugs who are running Iran slowly into the sand.
11 von 13 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen A must read....! 13. Mai 2011
Von Shirin Afrasiabi - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition|Verifizierter Kauf
I stopped reading this book from sheer fury many times. It was frustrating to read.It showed how a few men and one woman, made decisions about a whole nation's direction of life! It was very infuriating. It also validated most of the suspecions most of us Iranian-Americans grew up with. However, I picked it up again and again, because I had to know more.
It is a comprehensive look at how and why and who did what in our history!
I was a little disappointed that Dr. Milani could not hide his distaste for the Shah a little better. As objective and factual as he is about most all of the information, his dislike for the Shah is palpable throughout his book.Other than that, I am certain this will be a great source of reference for most people. It will illuminate or disillude many of the misguided political activists, who have given up their youth and livelihoods for their politiacl beliefs. Many will realize how those few people, influenced and directed various belief systems in that nation. They implemented and removed belief systems like they were pieces of furniture! Created whole governments and constitutions simply as a fecade to appease their allies and enemies, while manipulated key features of the system in the background to their own benefits! The foreign involvment in Iran's domestic affairs would not have been as comprehensive and as effective, without the help of the many traitors who sold themselves repeatedly and relentlessly.
In reading between the lines it becomes obvious, how The Shah evolved from a naive and petrified, yet arrogant young man into a savy polititian that learned the game and played it well for a long time. He was intoxicated by his power and success and finally was overthrown when inebriated!
19 von 24 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Interesting Read 19. Januar 2011
Von James T. - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
I have read a lot different books on Iran (out of pure interest in the country) and this is an instant classic. Milani's analysis is spot on, engaging the wide variety of ideas and views the history/evidence suggests. I found the book engrossing and a delight, every passage begins with a passage from Shakespeare (very apropos)! This is a worthy purchase.
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