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The Language Construction Kit

The Language Construction Kit [Kindle Edition]

Mark Rosenfelder
5.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (1 Kundenrezension)

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Create plausible and realistic languages for RPGs, fantasy and science fiction, movies or video games, or international communication... or just learn about how languages work from an unusual, light-hearted perspective. The Language Construction Kit on has helped a generation of conlangers to understand and create languages. It's expanded here with coverage of semantics and pragmatics, language families, writing systems, and sample wordlists, as well as an annotated sample grammar.

Über den Autor

Mark Rosenfelder is a conlanger and author, creator of


  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • Dateigröße: 778 KB
  • Seitenzahl der Print-Ausgabe: 292 Seiten
  • Verlag: Yonagu Books; Auflage: 1.1 (2. Oktober 2011)
  • Verkauf durch: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ASIN: B005RX79Z4
  • Text-to-Speech (Vorlesemodus): Aktiviert
  • X-Ray:
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 5.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (1 Kundenrezension)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: #197.806 Bezahlt in Kindle-Shop (Siehe Top 100 Bezahlt in Kindle-Shop)

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3 von 4 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Von LF
Auch wenn ein Teil des LCK (zu deutsch: Sprachbaukasten) bereits im Internet frei verfügbar ist, hat der Autor die bisher vorhandenen Informationen deutlich erweitert und um einiges Vertieft. Das Buch beschäftigt sich mit allen Bereichen die Sprache betreffen und unterlegt diese mit leicht verständlichen Beispielen.
Schön fand ich auch die leicht verständliche Einführung in Semantik und Pragmatik die auf der Webseite fehlen, leider haben sich in diesem neu geschriebenen Teil der eine oder andere Rechtschreibfehler eingeschlichen, was jedoch in der noch frischen und wenig gelesenen Natur des Textes liest.
Der Sprachliche Stil ist leicht und ließt sich sehr angenehm, nirgendwo erschlägt einen der Text mit zu komplizierten Inhalten.

Alles in Allem für alle die schon immer in Tolkien's Fussstapfen treten wollten oder aber gerade für eine Fantasywelt eine erfundene Sprache benötigen sehr empfehlenswertes Werk.
War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?
Die hilfreichsten Kundenrezensionen auf (beta) 4.4 von 5 Sternen  42 Rezensionen
28 von 29 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen A must have for fantasy world building 18. März 2010
Von William D. Colburn - Veröffentlicht auf
Format:Taschenbuch|Verifizierter Kauf
I bought this book because I want to make distinctive names in a variety of made-up languages for my Pathfinder (like D&D 3.5) game. The author's website (zompist) appears to have been around for quite a while, and seems well connected and well respected, but for some reason I had never come across it. I found it at a good time though; just days before his book was released. The website has a lot of good information, but the book is better because it is more of everything on the website. The website is more like an overview, but this goes into detail, and I got a lot more out of the book form of the material than I did his website. The information on how humans make sounds is quite possibly the missing link I needed to go from the ideas I have in my head into actual written examples of a made up language.

In addition to being a very practical guide to help me create interesting sounding names, the book is just fun to read overall. The author seems to know a little bit about a whole lot of languages, and it's fun to read about the subtle little nuances that exist that I've never noticed.
23 von 24 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen Wow. 1. Mai 2010
Von Ulyyf - Veröffentlicht auf
Format:Taschenbuch|Verifizierter Kauf
The Language Construction Kit, online, is THE resource for "conlangers" (people who make up languages for fun and profit - but you knew that already). I personally can remember printing it out at least twice in my teens. (And holy HECK that was a lot of paper!) Every example mentioned for building your language (firmly based upon actual linguistic concepts - and yes, I think this is a good companion book for an intro to linguistics class) is given with examples from either real-world languages or from some of the author's own conlangs.

So why buy the book when you can get the kit for free?

Well, first off, if you've ever visited the LCK online, you should support the guy who created it. How? By buying the book.

Secondly - and somewhat more importantly - this isn't just a reprint of the online version. It's expanded (there's a whole new FASCINATING section on semantics, for example) and it's convenient to have on your desk.

So why only four stars?

No fault of the author's, but the formatting was a bit odd. Sometimes a section header would appear as the last line on a page, or a line would be spaced v e r y s t r a n g e l y, and that made it hard to read. The formatting issues are *not* his fault, but they *did* require me to re-read more often than I'd like because they made it hard to understand some things wherever they occurred.
18 von 19 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen Makes you think 10. Mai 2010
Von Andre Bosch - Veröffentlicht auf
Format:Taschenbuch|Verifizierter Kauf
Mark Rosenfelder gives very good advice in this book - it covers everything a language constructer needs.
I mostly bought the book not only for that purpose but also to learn more about the linguistic concepts the book covered. It is extremely useful in this purpose - it explains very complex concepts VERY well, at least to an amateur linguist like myself.

Rosenfelder makes good use of examples, which is key in his explanations. However, I think some of it still could have been done in a bit more detail - some of the more complex grammatical concepts lack examples or examples from real languages. The author should also add more detail into the diversity of the concepts - for instance, with verbs or nouns, he lists an interesting array of possibilities for inflections, but the list is not very extensive. This is especially true of the concepts he explored in less detail. One point in particular I thought would have been well-suited to an expansion was a bit in the section on pragmatics. He mentions by way of an example the extreme difference in the way the Apache language made its speakers think. It was a very good example of just how diverse human language can be from the languages we in the West are used to. More examples of this would help conlangers to open their minds and their ability to see all the possibilities. Another favourite was a point about a language he appears to have invented just for the book, called Eteodäole. His single example had me thinking for days.

He gives a reasonable explanation of phonetics, brilliant sections on grammar, semantics and pragmatics, and his section on his own conlang Kebreni, while somewhat confusing and long, was interesting and helpful. (It is also very good for readers to check out his other languages on his website - as well as the other resources he recommends.) Included was a list of recommended basic lexicon items for conlangers - a useful feature.

I also found the book generally captivating, especially the semantics and pragmatics section. They are both very entertaining sections that broadens our understanding and appreciation of all languages. And it makes you think.

And for people who are constructing languages, you need not look further than this book (or perhaps its recommended resources as well). I'd say that for a slightly practiced conlanger, the book could well assist you in creating a language that is vastly better than many of those used in certain fiction.

[PS: I would love to hear Rosenfelder's take on Na'vi from Avatar - but I can almost predict what he might say!]
11 von 12 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen New way to learn linguistics - write your own language 20. April 2010
Von S. Burr - Veröffentlicht auf
Format:Taschenbuch|Verifizierter Kauf
It's not very often that somebody comes up with a completely original idea for a book, but in this case it has happened. Mr Rosenfelder has published the first ever off-line how-to manual for inventing a completely new language.

Intended for sci-fi and fantasy writers who want to create their own languages, the Language Construction Kit is also an entertaining and original introduction to linguistics.

Invented languages are nothing new. Zamenhof created Esperanto in the late 1800s, hoping it would become a universal second language and foster international peace. Other people have made up their own languages purely for pleasure. Tolkien's Elvish languages, Quenya and Sindarin, have become famous thanks to his masterpiece Lord of the Rings. Star Trek's huge fanbase has ensured the spread of Klingon. However, until the development of the internet, most conlangs remained in their inventors' exercise books.

Mr Rosenfelder is a programmer who does linguistics as a hobby. His website [...] includes a bulletin board for language inventors, several linguistics essays and other resources, including the original version of the Language Construction Kit, which consisted of two main sections, phonology (or sounds) and grammar. For the book version, the LCK has been revised and considerably expanded, with additional chapters on Semantics, Pragmatics, Language Families and Writing Systems. The author has published no less than fourteen of his own languages on the web, including several members of a language family, one with an absolute-ergative case system, and a non-human language which uses vowel continua to indicate degree (and violates several other universals). An upcoming colang, Lé, will feature tones. One of these languages, Kebreni, is featured in the book, as an example.

The bibliography is an excellent resource for conlangers and linguistics students, featuring works by JC Catford, Bernard Comrie, Noam Chomsky, RMW Dixon, Daniel L. Everett, and George Lakoff. Web resources are listed on his own site, including the Sound Change Applier, a piece of free software designed by the author for generating daughter languages. The chapter on Language Families includes a how-to-use section for the SCA.

I only have minor criticisms. British readers should be aware that the vowel diagram on page 41 is for American English: British English would include "part" and "pert". While some people might think the chapters on Semantics and Pragmatics are unsatisfactory, they should remember the study of those topics is still in its infancy and nobody has come up with a unifying theory that hasn't been debunked.


"Non-linguists will often start with the alphabet and add a few apostrophes and diacritical marks. The results are likely to be something that looks too much like English, has many more sounds than necessary, and which even the author doesn't know how to pronounce."

"Semantics is something like a rain forest: a huge area of obvious scientific interest, but not well mapped; paths have been hacked into it, but don't seem to meet up to allow us to form a coherent overview."

"In our own tradition pragmatics is something of the trash bin of linguistics: anything that didn't fit into truth-conditional semantics was shoved aside into pragmatics, to be dealt with later if at all. However, many of the items put aside-- utterances, speakers, conversational rules and strategies, speech acts, real-world knowledge-- turn out to be pretty interesting, and close to the core of what language is."

"Why Kebreni? Well, unlike Verdurian, it's short enough to fit in the book; and Kebreni was a sort of playground for trying out non-Indo-European features, so it makes an interesting example."
2 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen Good For Conlangers or Amateur Linguists 31. Dezember 2012
Von Brandon - Veröffentlicht auf
Format:Kindle Edition|Verifizierter Kauf
As someone who has been conlanging for a couple years, I'd of course heard of the LCK. If you've read the online version, you'll definitely notice that some text was directly copy/pasted into this. But this book goes beyond what the online LCK does; in particular, the sections on semantics, pragmatics, and sound changes have been either expanded or written anew. In addition, the reference grammar of one of the author's own conlangs in the back demonstrates a majority of the principles from the book.

Even if you're not a conlanger, the book is still worth a read because it deals with linguistic theory in simpler English than most textbooks. Sure, the book is aimed at conlangers, but anyone at all with an interest in languages can read it and understand a bit more about linguistics.

Just one thing: Don't try and read it all in one sitting. Read a section, put the book down, digest it, and then return. It's way too much to try and do in one sitting.
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