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The Galitzianers: The Jews of Galicia, 1772-1918 (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 15. Mai 2006


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Synopsis

In 1977, inspired by Alex Haley, Suzan Wynne set out to learn about her Jewish roots in Europe. Her curiosity about her Galician ancestors turned into an obsession, yielding discoveries valuable not only to her immediate family, but anyone interested in Jewish genealogy. If you have wanted to know more about the history of the Jewish community in Eastern Europe, or you have thought about tracing your own origins, you'll find a wealth of information in The Galitzianers: The Jews of Galicia, 1772--1918.


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Amazon.com: HASH(0x94945174) von 5 Sternen 4 Rezensionen
13 von 13 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
HASH(0x94927204) von 5 Sternen Galitzianers 12. April 2011
Von aida - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
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An useful historical survey of Galicia Jews since 1772: its social organization, economic activities, culture and education. Most helpful to locate towns and districts. Besides it is a comprehensive guide for genealogical research, including travelling to special places.
4 von 4 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
HASH(0x94a8b270) von 5 Sternen Excellent resource for historians and genealogists. 19. November 2013
Von hdfazz - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
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Wonderful resource for historians and genealogists on the subject. The book provides an excellent starting point for what might be available, and where, for those searching for records of ancestors from this part of eastern Europe. Plus it provides a very helpful review of the relevant history of the region.
6 von 10 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
HASH(0x94a8b27c) von 5 Sternen A Geneology-Centered Work on the Partition-Era Jews of Austrian-Ruled Galicia. Clarifies "Jewish Restricted Occupations" Notion 26. Mai 2014
Von Jan Peczkis - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
This work covers the years 1772-1918, which is the time that Poland as a state did not exist, and was ruled by Prussia, Russia, and Austria. Most of this work provides profuse detail about archival sources in places such as Poland and Ukraine. Numerous place names are listed, along with Jewish surnames.

The first part of this book is a brief historical survey of the Jews of Galicia--both eastern Galicia and western Galicia. I now discuss a few issues:

JEWISH OCCUPATIONAL STRUCTURE

One common explanation (or exculpation) for Jews being concentrated in certain professions is their barring from other professions. For instance, it is argued that Jews were prevented from becoming farmers, and that the huge fraction of doctors and lawyers being Jewish, in interwar Poland, owed to Jews filling those default occupations available to them.

The "Jews barred from occupations" notion is a chicken-and-egg question and, at best, an oversimplification. For instance, soon after the Partitions, in the late 18th century, the Austrian emperor Josef II encouraged Jews to become farmers. (p. 24). Yet this did cause a large increase of Jews engaged in agriculture.

In 1869, the Austrian emperor Frank Josef lifted all occupational restrictions on Jews. (p. 41). Now consider the fact that Jews had been prohibited from being doctors or pharmacists in or before 1829. In 1869, they were allowed to, and, by 1890, Jews already comprised 25% of physicians and 48% of lawyers in Galicia (p. 16), even though they comprised only 11% of Galicia's population. (p. 18). Obviously, the strong Jewish overrepresentation among doctors and lawyers had long preceded the re-establishment of the Polish state in 1918!

For more on how the restriction of Jews to certain occupations had been a late development, please click on, and read, the detailed Peczkis review of The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492 (Princeton Economic History of the Western World).

SECULARIZATION OF THE GALITZIANERS

The departure of Jews from religion is best known in Russian-ruled Poland, notably among the Litvaks (Litwaks). However, it also occurred, if to a lesser extent and slower pace, among Galicia's Jews. Thus, by the late 19th century, the impact of Zionism, the Haskalah, and German-style Reform Judaism, began to be noticeable, especially among the Galician Jews living in large urban areas. (p. 53). In fact, "Young people began to identify themselves with Zionist youth movements rooted more strongly in socialism than Judaism." (p. 53). Furthermore, in spite of the continued dominance of traditional Jewish ways at this time, secularization became a trend (Author Wynne uses the word trend), among the Jewish young people of Galicia's cities. (p. 54).

These Jewish youth, of course, became the adults and elderly of the Jewish community in the interwar Polish state. [The self-atheization of Poland's Jews accelerated once Poland was resurrected as a state in 1918. This prompted Polish Cardinal August Hlond's 1936 "Jews are freethinkers" statement, for which he has been endlessly criticized ever since.]
HASH(0x949457a4) von 5 Sternen Well-intentioned research, but dull and disappointing 9. Oktober 2015
Von Amazon Customer - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
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Mostly statistical information. Disappointing to the non-academic.
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