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The Enemy at the Gate: Habsburgs, Ottomans, and the Battle for Europe (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 9. November 2010


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Produktinformation

  • Taschenbuch: 339 Seiten
  • Verlag: Basic Books; Auflage: Reprint (9. November 2010)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 046502081X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0465020812
  • Vom Hersteller empfohlenes Alter: Ab 18 Jahren
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 15,6 x 2,5 x 23,5 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 5.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (4 Kundenrezensionen)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 22.969 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)

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Produktbeschreibungen

Pressestimmen

New York Times Book Review "As Andrew Wheatcroft brilliantly shows in The Enemy at the Gate, the skirmishes and the pitched battles that raged for centuries between Habsburgs and Ottomans, and their numerous vassals on both sides, represented not so much a 'clash of civilizations' as a collision of empires... [H]is narrative is thrilling as well as thoughtful, a rare combination." Washington Times "There are two stories here worth telling and well told: the blood-and-thunder tale of the heroic defense of Vienna against the Ottomans in 1683, the surge in morale after the Habsburg victory, and the war to recover Hungary and the Balkans from the Turks. The other story is of the obsessive fear and hatred of the Turks in Christian central Europe, exorcised by the Habsburg victory at Vienna, turning to revenge and reconquest led first by Duke Charles of Lorraine, then by the legendary Prince Eugene of Savoy, ending in exhausted and bankrupt stability." Telegraph "[A] riveting narrative, Andrew Wheatcroft's The Enemy at the Gate...tells the story of the final Habsburg-Ottoman showdown at the gates of Vienna in 1683, one of the genuine turning points in European history." Independent "Andrew Wheatcroft's The Enemy at the Gate: Habsburgs, Ottomans and the Battle for Europe brilliantly reconstructs the climactic conflict between Muslim 'East' and Christian 'West', at Vienna in 1683." Telegraph "A masterpiece of historical writing...The story of the siege reads as compellingly as a Dumas novel." Literary Review "Intensely gripping... The Enemy at the Gate is rich and multilayered... Wheatcroft has done us all a service." Sunday Telegraph "A fascinating and compelling story, a clash between a mighty besieging army and one of the major cities of Europe, involving extraordinary efforts and sacrifices on both sides." Financial Times "Ambitious...Wheatcroft is undeniably expert in his field." Times Higher Education Supplement "It is one of the book's strengths that it demonstrates how far Ottomans, Habsburgs and the rest of Europe lived in a common world with borders that were more porous than we usually imagine." The Weekly Standard " "[Wheatcroft's] fourth book is primarily a military history of the clashes between the Habsburg and Ottoman Empires in the 17th century, the fruit of more than 20 years researching in the field... Some of the most suggestive material here is on military organization, equipment, and tactics." Victor Davis Hanson, First Things "Wheatcroft offers a riveting account of the slow, methodical Ottoman approach to Vienna... [A] masterful account of the siege and battle." Michigan War Studies Review "Wheatcroft displays exceptional awareness of the power of the printed word not only to crystallize and reproduce specific facts or news for a mass audience, but to preserve and especially propagate a particular opinion of a given subject. Throughout, he strives to distinguish between the actual siege of Vienna in 1683 and the one preserved in the Western imagination, noting print's power to distort and undervalue the humanity of the Ottoman Turks." Choice "Wheatcroft's real contribution is his illustration of complex Ottoman administrative and military structures. In fact, the book reveals these to have been a main source of Ottoman power; not, as many have suggested, the provocation of fear through terror or oriental savagery. Wheatcroft also adeptly addresses important historiographical questions about Ottoman decline, the dangers of over-reliance on secondary source materials, syncretism of nomadic steppe tradition with Islamic values, and fine contrasts between Ottoman and European military techniques." Journal of Military History "Andrew Wheatcroft writes exciting and provocative books, and The Enemy at the Gate is no exception... As battle history this book is great... The descriptions of the fortifications, weapons, tactics, attacks, and counterattacks are vivid and compelling... Even though the reader knows how the siege will turn out, he/she is eager to turn the next page to see if the next explosion and attack will enable the Turks to get into the city." Austrian History Yearbook "Andrew Wheatcroft has written an engaging and thought-provoking narrative of the second Ottoman siege of Vienna...There is a lot to praise in the book, including Wheatcroft's reconstruction of the European fear of the 'Turks'...his vivid description of the siege and defense, and his effort to give the Ottomans their due regarding their skills and mastery in siege warfare...a good read for history buffs."

Werbetext

Major historian Andrew Wheatcroft reveals the full story of four centuries of Ottoman incursions into the heartlands of Europe, culminating in the momentous 1683 Siege of Vienna. -- Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine andere Ausgabe: Taschenbuch .

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15 von 15 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von Ax315 am 16. März 2011
Format: Taschenbuch Verifizierter Kauf
Im Zentrum des Buches steht die zweite Belagerung von Wien 1683, diese wird in allen Details geschildert.
Weiterhin geht es um den Konflikt zwischen Christenheit und Islam auf dem Balkan, stellvertretend durch das Reich Habsburg und das Osmanische Reich als Hauptakteure dieses Konflikts.

Kurz wird angeschnitten, in welchen Schritten die Expansion der Osmanen bis zur 1. und 2. Belagerung erfolgt ist. Speziell die Situation Ungarns (heute wären das noch Teile Rumänien, Serbien und Kroatien, Slowenien und der Slowakei) als Schauplatz der Jahrhundertelangen Kämpfe wird im Detail beleuchtet. Spannend auch, wie der Autor persönliche Schicksale, Propaganda/Ideologie und den Alltag in diesen Gebieten beschreibt, es wird dadurch oft zum Roman und weniger zum Sachbuch.

Die Belagerung selber wird basierend auf Schriften von Augenzeugen und Entscheidungsträgern "live" erzählt und ist sehr spannend, oft auch dramatisch (Das Ergebnis war ja im Übrigen auch knapper als man denkt). Kurz vor dem Kollaps der Stadt rücken die Allierten an, die Polen und die Verbündeten der deutschen Vasallen, in einer finalen Schlacht werden die Türken schließlich zur Flucht gedrängt. Der Mythos Wiens befeuerte die nächsten hundert Jahre die Kampagnen der Habsburger auf dem Balkan. Hier wird den nächsten 50 Jahren viel Platz eingeräumt, mit großen Belagerungen und einem Hin- und Her- mit zunehmenden Vorteilen bei den Österreichern.

Ich kann das Buch sehr empfehlen. Es ist nicht allzu umfangreich, aber ob es noch viel länger sein sollte sei mal dahingestellt. Die Sprache ist sehr anspruchsvolles Englisch, ich kann mir vorstellen dass es auf Deutsch auch nicht schlecht ist.
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5 von 5 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von amazonmuc am 9. Januar 2012
Format: Taschenbuch Verifizierter Kauf
There are some books about the great Siege of Vienna of 1683, but this one I do recommend to read. First of all, Andrew Wheatcroft has an in-depth knowledge of Habsburg and Ottoman history and the book is well written. Second, it does broaden the readers view on the political and military background including events before and after the siege. It tells the fascinating story of what happened and the why and how give a great deal of political and military context. We meet Sultan Mehmed IV, leaving the dirty work to his general Kara Mustafa, his adversary Starhemberg the great defender and the Emperor Leopold I and his general Duke of Lorraine who won the Kahlenberg battle with more than the assistance of the Polish King John III Sobieski's heavy cavalry and Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck with Franconian, Swabian and Bavarian infantry. As the book shows the heart of Europe was exclusively defended from the Catholic side, which would have suffered most and first.

At Vienna the Ottomans came very close to victory in the siege, but were defeated on the battlefield. Andrew Wheatcroft draws interesting conclusions of military history, for instance that in a way, the Thirty Years' War shaped strategy and hardened battlefield skills of the relief army and benefits from new Ottoman studies. The book asserts that Europe was saved by the bravery of Polish heavy cavalry and better drilled infantry but also by arrogance and carelessness, if not incompetence of the Ottoman commander. General Kara Mustafa lost despite of his experienced army which had the needed superior logistics, numbers (138,000 men) and all engineering skills for a siege -and- also excellent battlefield capabilities e.g. Tartar auxiliaries and Janissaries. He was strangled by a silk rope for his grave mistakes.
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12 von 14 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von Jochen Müller, Oerlingen, Switzerland am 7. März 2010
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe Verifizierter Kauf
Excellent book, well researched, highly readable even for amateur historians like myself, author does not commit the usual Anglo Saxon mistakes when quoting German language. Only mistake I found is the translation of the French word foutue
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Das Buch läßt sich vorbehaltlos empfehlen (für jemanden, der kein Problem damit hat, englische Bücher zu lesen...); ich lebe und arbeite in Wien... das Buch öffnet ein neues Verständnis für die Geschichte der Türkenbelagerung vor beinahe 350 Jahren...

Vor allem wird die geographische und räumliche Perspektive lebendig... alles wird vorstellbar, die Orte und Wege sind bekannt... es ist, als ob man diese entscheidenden Monate von Juli bis September 1683 direkt miterlebt!
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Amazon.com: 61 Rezensionen
79 von 84 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
"The Age of Heroes" 3. Juli 2009
Von Ian Shumaker - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe Verifizierter Kauf
Andrew Wheatcroft does an excellent job of narrating the dramatic struggle between the Hapsburg Empire and it's allies and the Ottoman Empire and their allies for control of Central Europe. He describes not only the military events but also the political and cultural aspects of this struggle. I enjoyed the entire book but being retired military the descriptions of the various military forces involved were most interesting to me. The Janissaries and Sipahis were aggressive, fierce and highly courageous but they were facing opponents who learned their trade in the Thirty Years War and understood the value of dicipline and massed firepower. Wheatcroft makes a good argument that,"Nothing until the battle for Stalingrad in 1942 equalled the relentless struggle in the ditch before Vienna." I disagree with the other reviewer who questioned the need for Wheatcroft's continuing the story to include the campaigns to liberate Hungary. I thought it was facinating to read about the heroic old Pasha of Buda and his doomed stand against Lorraine, and I'll read about Pringe Eugene any day. There's a reason why Napoleon called Eugene one of the greatest generals of all time. If you have any interest in the history of Central Europe or just want to read a great story you owe it to yourself to read "Enemy at the Gate."
88 von 101 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Besieged, But Not Bewitched 16. Oktober 2009
Von Thomas M. Sullivan - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
As an aged reader of histories, I often wonder at my seemingly insatiable appetite for more accounts of more events in more detail. Just can't get enough. We experienced pursuers of what's past pretty much know how "things," be they prominent persons' lives, or battles, or natural cataclysms, or whatever, turned out, that is, we know who won the battle, invented the whatever, caught the miscreant, etc., but we always want to know more. How many books can one read about, say, World War I, and not be completely sated? Well, it turns out, at least in my case, to be just about every one that comes down the pike. No historian can ever adequately describe the convoluted causes, the military missteps, the human suffering, the nation-changing results. But they continue to try, and we continue to be fascinated by their efforts.

I guess if my memory of relatively recent readings had served me better, I would have passed on Author Wheatcroft's latest effort in view of my reaction to his 2005 work, "Infidels." As with that earlier effort, "Enemy" gets off to a decent start but trails off in unsupported observations and uncertain conclusions. Two failings stand out in my mind. First, Mr. Wheatcroft possesses a distressingly dry and unimaginative writing style. If an author can't invigoratingly portray the inherent drama and human terror and suffering of the Siege of Vienna, then I don't know what other event could propel the effort. I understand that it was long ago and that the implicit sprawl of a siege does not lend itself to concise and engaging descriptions. One could say the same about 16th century sea battles, but as Roger Crowley demonstrates in his marvelous "Empires of the Sea," it is possible to tell a very complicated and diffused story in a manner that excites and engages the reader and makes him wonder as he anxiously turns the pages whether he really does recall how "things turned out." Crowley succeeds; Wheatcroft does not.

Secondly, and as other reviewers have mentioned, the book just cries out for even the most rudimentary maps and diagrams to aid understanding of the geographic and fortification challenges for both sides in the sieges of Vienna and Buda. Instead, the author includes several pretty, and pretty much worthless, romantic portrayals of the action. There simply must exist illustrative documents that would enhance the reader's appreciation of the action, but if there are, you won't find them here. Very frustrating.

The late, and very great, film director, John Huston, was once asked what he looked for in auditioning an actor for a particularly obscure and demanding role. He answered, "A quality so fragile that it would die in the description." Precisely. That's what we history buffs always desire but so seldom find. "The Enemy at the Gate" is a worthy and obviously deeply researched effort which ultimately comes up short. Our search continues.
78 von 95 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Ottoman Stalingrad: The Battle of Vienna 19. April 2009
Von Omer Belsky - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
With only rudimentary knowledge about either the Ottoman Empire or the Holy Roman (Habsburg) One, I found Andrew Wheatcroft's "The Enemy at the Gate" to be a good primer about the empires, their epic clash in 1683, and 17th century European history generally. Although the narrative lacks focus, its heart - a study of the massive Ottoman campaign against the capital of the Habsburg Holy Roman Empire - is solid.

The conquest of Vienna would have been the crown achievement of the Ottoman Empire, a victory to rival the conquest of Constantinople. Vienna had withstood a siege by Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in 1521, and topping his achievement would have immortalized his distant successor, Mehmet IV. It was a battle for the glory of the empire and that of Islam - "to be hailed as the Conqueror of Vienna was an irresistible Prospect" (p. 82).

Irresistible, but far fetched. From the get go, the Ottomans were disadvantaged - their troops, although superior to the Habsburg forces individually, were far less disciplined, and were unable to maneuver as ably. The Ottomans were facing an invasion of a well defended country in an era in which military maneuvering were moving away from pitch battles into sieges. By the late seventeenth Century, the Ottoman Habsburg border was littered with formidable castles. Vienna itself sported impressive defenses, admittedly poorly maintained. Mehmet's task was considerably more onerous than the one attempted by his legendary ancestor.

Not that the Sultan was there to command the campaign - in fact, neither sovereign participated directly in the campaign. Mehmet IV, after accompanying his soldiers part of the way as a de jure commander, gave formal authority to his Grand Vizier, Kara Mustafa in Belgrade. On the Habsburg side, the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I abandoned Vienna as soon as it appeared the Ottomans were approaching.

The Ottoman army caught the Holy Roman Empire unaware; Its leaders did not foresee a march on Vienna, and the city was left mostly undefended, with its main forces scattered. Arriving in Vienna in middle of July, the Turks surrounded the city, and the war started in earnest.

The Ottoman Siege of Vienna was a pitched battle, a daily carnage as the Ottomans inched forward, mining and destroying the Viennese defenses piece by piece, all the time under heavy fire. "Nothing until the battle of Stalingrad in 1942 equaled the relentless struggle in the ditch before Vienna... men fought over the mountains of debris, shattered buildings and a landscape of utter desolation" (p. 150).

By the end of august, a month and a half after the siege has commenced, the Ottomans have cracked through most of the main defenses. Battles now raged around improvised, yet effective, barriers. But as the City's defenses endured, help was on the way. A coalition of Habsburg, Polish, and several Germanic states' forces made its way towards Vienna. Battle was matched on September the 12th, 1683.

Wheatcroft's description of the battle is confusing. With only one map, deciphering the various tactical moves is difficult. Yet the bottom line is clear: after 12 hours of heavy fighting, the result was an utter rout for the Ottoman forces. Vienna, and Christendom, saved.

Unfortunately, Wheatcroft's account does not stop after the siege was lifted, or even after the successful Habsburg counter attack, which led to the re-conquest of Hungary by the early 18th century. Instead, Wheatcroft spends several rambling chapters tracking Turkish-Western relations to the present, in a transparent and cheap attempt at political relevance.

He would have been wise to avoid it. Until the final chapters, "The Enemy at the Gate" is a workmanlike history of the Battle of Vienna and its aftermath. It is mostly well written, albeit somewhat confusing: The narrative jumps around places and times in a manner that makes it difficult for the reader to keep track. In chronicling decades of Ottoman-Habsburg clashes, it is sometimes difficult to decide where and when events occurred. Nevertheless, if we overlook its pretensions and expositional faults, "The Enemy at the Gate" is a worthwhile piece for anyone interested in the mighty clash between two competing empires, and two great faiths.
16 von 17 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Promise unfulfilled 2. Juli 2010
Von Peter - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
I found the book to be disappointing. The main event, i.e., the battle for Vienna, was a subject I wanted to know more of, and that part of the book doesn't come off too badly (although it has its own problems). But, as others have noted, the book has some flaws. For one thing, after Vienna the narrative wanders around with a disjointed description of subsequent Habsburg-Ottoman relations. A battle here, a treaty there (with absolutely no description of the terms of any treaty, or why the parties entered into them), and side trips that have almost nothing to do with the subject of the book. For another, throughout the book its organization is spotty. The narrative jumps around to different times and topics, eventually wandering back to the current action but with no apparent thread connecting them. The book is especially weak as it approaches its end (which I was glad to get to), in which it tries to describe the ends of the two empires. The complexity of the last years of the Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Empires is simply too great to try to cram it into a few pages, and so the book just trails off.

The author obviously did a prodigious amount of research, but what he really needed was an editor.
13 von 14 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Fascinating Story of an Important Historical Event 21. Oktober 2009
Von J. Groen - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Kindle Edition Verifizierter Kauf
I must say that when I first bought this book, I didn't know what to expect. The reviews weren't the best and this time in history wasn't one of my favorites.

However, when I opened the book and started reading it, I was impressed. The pictures that it painted of this period of time, where very good. The Ottoman Empire of that period was a very dictatorial environment with the Sultan running everything and disobedience resulting in death. And, when they attacked a Christian city, the inhabitants were provided two options prior to the start of the siege - either surrendur or die. At the end of the battles, if the inhabitants did not surrender, the results were truly barbaric.

This was the lead in to the campaign that resulted in a near run affair of the siege of a major European city in 1683 - the siege of Vienna. The city was under siege for 2 months - and the book shares the specifics of the bombardment, the Ottoman mining (which they were very good at), the assaults of Ottomans (after mines were exploded taking down some of the city walls), the defense and the potential loss of the city. As the book continued through this section describing these events, I couldn't put it down. I kept wondering what it must have been like to experience this. And, what would have happened to the thousands of people in the city, if the city was taken.

The highlight of the book is the arrival of the "cavalry". A joint army of units from Poland, Saxony and other locations arrives in the nick of time, fights a battle with the Ottomans that ends with a successful heroic attack of the Polish Winged Hussars. You can just picture the result as you are reading the book - the hussars attacking with their lances, chasing the Ottomans and routing them.

The end of the book is somewhat anti-climatic relating how the Christian armies then attacked and threw the Ottomans out of Buda (Pest), Belgrade and other Balkan cities and states resulting in the elimination of a future threat.

As you read this, you can get a sense of why, to this date, there are animosities in that region between the Christians and Muslims what with the barbarism that occurred - beheadings, flayings, impalings, etc. for the poor losers. There was very little mercy towards civilians and prisoners.

This is a great book on a fairly unknown period of history that also provides some perspective on why the Christian and Muslim animosities exist. For this reason, I highly recommend this book.
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