According to Rava's dictum, the Jews accepted the Tora twice, once at Sinai, where they HAD to accept it, and again, in Persian diaspora, "in the days of Ahashverosh," where they CHOSE to accept it. Hazony examines Rava's dictum with respect to Esther as he breaks away from its traditional interpretation, where the enemy (Haman) fails in his conspiracy to destroy the Jews, and he himself and the rest of anti-Semites are destroyed because of a series of minor miracles. Instead, Hazony discovers a simple and effective theory to manage political processes and a pragmatic methodology to achieve power, which Esther and Mordechai applied systematically to beat despair, avoid defeat, and achieve their fantastic victory in spite of God's absence.
Hazony shows how Mordechai and Esther saw God's justice and peace even though it was not handed to them; they built it, using three principles of action:
(1) The principle of investment, or positioning, familiar to every chess player from Nimtzovich's "The Praxis of My System" and to every reader of Machiaveli's "The Prince";
(2) The principle of boldness, so colorfully argued by Machiavelli two thousand years later: "...fortune is a woman...; and it can be seen that she lets herself be overcome by the bold rather than by those who proceed coldly;" and
(3) The principle of faith, which places Mordechai's political theory above Machiavelli's: "Do not think you will escape because you are not a Jew. Deliverance will come." If we do our part, God will do his.
"In the great Hebrew tale of the formation of the world and its abandonment, as it seems, by its maker, Esther ranks barely as a postscript," writes Hazony. Then he shows, in this beautifully written and absorbing book, how Esther is the classic text of Jewish continuity and a pragmatic guide for modern politics.
Yuval Lirov, Medical Billing Networks and Processes - Profitable and Compliant Revenue Cycle Management in the Internet Age