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The Cathedral & The Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary (Hors Coll Us) [Englisch] [Gebundene Ausgabe]

Eric Raymond
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Kurzbeschreibung

Oktober 1999 Hors Coll Us
The Linux kernel started with a series of odd statistics. The leading challenger to Microsoft's stranglehold on the computer industry is an operating system called Linux, the product of thousands of volunteer programmers who collaborate over the Internet. The software behind a majority of all the world's web sites doesn't come from a big company either, but from a loosely coordinated group of volunteer programmers called the Apache Group. The Internet itself, and much of its core software, was developed through a process of networked collaboration. The key to these stunning successes is a movement that has come to be called open source, because it depends on the ability of programmers to freely share their program source code so that others can improve it. In 1997, Eric S. Raymond outlined the core principles of this movement in a manifesto called "The Cathedral and the Bazaar," which was published and freely redistributed over the Internet. Mr. Raymond's thinking electrified the computer industry. He argues that the development of the Linux operating system by a loose confederation of thousands of programmers--without central project management or control - turns on its head everything we thought we knew about software project management. Internet-enabled collaboration and free information sharing, not monopolistic control, is the key to innovation and product quality. This idea was interesting to more than programmers and software project leaders. It suggested a whole new way of doing business, and the possibility of unprecedented shifts in the power structures of the computer industry. The rush to capitalize on the idea of open source started with Netscape's decision to release its flagship Netscape Navigator product under open source licensing terms in early 1998. Before long, Fortune 500 companies like Intel, IBM, and Oracle were joining the party. By August 1999, when the leading Linux distributor, Red Hat Software, made its hugely successful public stock offering, it had become clear that open source was "the next big thing" in the computer industry. This revolutionary book starts out with "A Brief History of Hackerdom" - the historical roots of the open-source movement - and details the events that led to the recognition of the power of open source. It contains the full text of "The Cathedral and the Bazaar," updated and expanded for this book, plus Mr. Raymond's other key essays on the social and economic dynamics of open source software development. Open source is the competitive advantage in the Internet Age. "The Cathedral & the Bazaar" should be of interest to anyone who cares about the computer industry or the dynamics of the information economy. Already, billions of dollars have been made and lost based on the ideas in this book. Its conclusions will be studied, debated, and implemented for years to come.

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Produktinformation

  • Gebundene Ausgabe: 288 Seiten
  • Verlag: O'Reilly & Associates (Oktober 1999)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 1565927249
  • ISBN-13: 978-1565927247
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 22,4 x 17 x 2,8 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 4.3 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (18 Kundenrezensionen)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 247.823 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
  • Komplettes Inhaltsverzeichnis ansehen

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Dieser Titel ist in englischer Sprache
Als das größte Werk zur Computerprogrammierung seit der Internetrevolution muß Eric Raymonds jüngste Sammlung von Aufsätzen, The Cathedral And The Bazaar, nicht unbedingt betrachtet werden. Genauso wenig sollte man jedoch die Implikationen und den langfristigen Nutzen dieser sorgfältigen Beschreibung der Entwicklung Freier Software (Open Source Software) ignorieren -- vor allem angesichts der Tatsache, daß Unternehmen und Wirtschaft in steigendem Maße von diesen neuen Computertechnologien abhängen.

The Cathedral And The Bazaar ist nach einem Vortrag benannt, den Raymond 1997 beim Linux-Kongreß hielt. Der Aufsatz dokumentiert wie Raymond Fetchmail, eine E-Mail-Utility, erwarb, umstrukturierte und mehrfach neu bearbeitete. Raymond stellt auf interessante Weise den Entwicklungsprozeß von Fetchmail dar und erläutert gleichzeitig die fortlaufende Basar-Entwicklungsmethode, die er mit Unterstützung freiwilliger Programmierer anwendet. Der Aufsatz erspart dem Leser klugerweise zu viel technischen Morast, der leicht vom eigentlichen Ziel des Textes ablenken könnte, nämlich die Wirksamkeit des Modells der Freien Software, auch Basar-Modell, bei der Entwicklung robuster und brauchbarer Software aufzuzeigen.

Zunächst führt Raymond die Komponenten und Beteiligten ein, die für ein optimal funktionierendes Open-Source-Modell notwendig sind, das er dann der konventionellen Weisheit der klassischen Softwareentwicklung mit geheimgehaltenen Quellcodes (Closed Source Software) entgegensetzt. Wie bei einem excellent programmierten Code antizipiert der Autor mit seinen Argumenten systematisch jegliche Einwände. Viele Programmierer "machen sich Sorgen, daß der Übergang zu Freier Software ihre Arbeitsplätze überflüssig macht oder den Wert ihrer Arbeit herabsetzt". Raymond widerspricht geschickt und sachlich, daß "die Gehälter der meisten Programmierer nicht von den Umsätzen aus dem Softwareverkauf abhängen". Raymonds verblüffende Überzeugungskraft ist ebenso grenzenlos wie seine Fähigkeit, das Potential der Open-Source-Entwicklung herauszuarbeiten.

Raymond erläutert nicht nur die Open-Source-Methode und ihre Vorteile, sondern versucht zudem, die Hackerkultur vor den ruchlosen Konnotationen zu retten, die typischerweise in seinem Aufsatz A Brief History Of Hackerdom mit ihr assoziiert werden (Es nicht weiter verwunderlich, daß er auch The New Hacker's Dictionary verfaßt hat). Die Hackerkultur in ein besseres Licht zu rücken, mag an sich ein heroisches Unterfangen sein, aber angesichts der herkulischen Anstrengungen und der perfektionistischen Ambitionen Raymonds und seiner Mitstreiter in der Open-Source-Entwicklung, wird dieses Licht wohl hell erstrahlen. --Ryan Kuykendall

Synopsis

The Linux kernel started with a series of odd statistics. The leading challenger to Microsoft's stranglehold on the computer industry is an operating system called Linux, the product of thousands of volunteer programmers who collaborate over the Internet. The software behind a majority of all the world's web sites doesn't come from a big company either, but from a loosely coordinated group of volunteer programmers called the Apache Group. The Internet itself, and much of its core software, was developed through a process of networked collaboration. The key to these stunning successes is a movement that has come to be called open source, because it depends on the ability of programmers to freely share their program source code so that others can improve it. In 1997, Eric S. Raymond outlined the core principles of this movement in a manifesto called "The Cathedral and the Bazaar," which was published and freely redistributed over the Internet. Mr. Raymond's thinking electrified the computer industry.

He argues that the development of the Linux operating system by a loose confederation of thousands of programmers--without central project management or control - turns on its head everything we thought we knew about software project management. Internet-enabled collaboration and free information sharing, not monopolistic control, is the key to innovation and product quality. This idea was interesting to more than programmers and software project leaders. It suggested a whole new way of doing business, and the possibility of unprecedented shifts in the power structures of the computer industry. The rush to capitalize on the idea of open source started with Netscape's decision to release its flagship Netscape Navigator product under open source licensing terms in early 1998. Before long, Fortune 500 companies like Intel, IBM, and Oracle were joining the party. By August 1999, when the leading Linux distributor, Red Hat Software, made its hugely successful public stock offering, it had become clear that open source was "the next big thing" in the computer industry.

This revolutionary book starts out with "A Brief History of Hackerdom" - the historical roots of the open-source movement - and details the events that led to the recognition of the power of open source. It contains the full text of "The Cathedral and the Bazaar," updated and expanded for this book, plus Mr. Raymond's other key essays on the social and economic dynamics of open source software development. Open source is the competitive advantage in the Internet Age. "The Cathedral & the Bazaar" should be of interest to anyone who cares about the computer industry or the dynamics of the information economy. Already, billions of dollars have been made and lost based on the ideas in this book. Its conclusions will be studied, debated, and implemented for years to come.


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Kundenrezensionen

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2 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Excellent 5. November 1999
Von Ein Kunde
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
Eric S. Raymond is one of the major players of the open source community; he lives and breathes open source. His essay "The Cathredal and the Bazaar" is required reading for anybody who wants to understand the open source movement. I highly recommend this book. 5 stars
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1 von 1 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen A successful method for collaborative innovation 16. Februar 2000
Von John
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
Having struggled for many years to force developers to use software development processes that were intrinsically limiting and disheartening because they did not allow people to do what they new to be right. I was tremendously relieved to see how software can come together using this style of development. Not only does it work it also makes people feel proud of their work and committed to producing high quality deliverables.
The sooner software development professionals accept that their vocation is a craft and will never be an engineering discipline the better for all of us. When we start to treat developers with the respect deserved by craftsmen and give them the autonomy they desire we will start to see software that actually does what it is supposed to do with a high level of quality.
This book talks about these issues and many more. If you develop software you cannot afford to ignore it. But more importantly this book talks about a successful method for collaborative innovation. Which should exite anyone who needs to harness creativity.
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1 von 1 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Almost makes me want to convert to Open Source Linux 31. Dezember 1999
Von "jwhatch"
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
After reading this eloquent manefesto of the Open Source movement, it almost pursuaded me to convert to Linux. Mr. Raymond's arguments and his vision of software engineering has sent shockwaves through the industry. Just look what his evangelism has done for Red Hat and VALinux. I would compare this to Guy Kawasaki's evangelism of the Mac, the message is made more powerful by the speaker.
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1 von 1 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Excellent - I'm reading it for the second time 26. Dezember 1999
Von tmaioli
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
I recommend this book highly! It seemed to fill in a lot of holes that I had with the whole free / open source movement. The book it very easy to read and I even said the wife would like it, but if it has the word "computer" in it she stays away. Don't make the same mistake she is the book is a easy read and kept my interest, so much so I'm going through it agian, something I usally only do for highly technical books, this is just enjoyable reading.
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1 von 1 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Absolute Gold. A Book All Should Read 30. November 1999
Von Portege
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
The methods for development detailed within this book extend far beyond software development. Dealing strictly with software development, though, this book does an excellent job discussing open source and closed source software, as well as motivations for open source projects and tidbits on hackerdom. Having met Eric Raymond myself, I know his works are genuine and powerful. The material in this book is what caused Netscape to open source their Web browser. Anybody who questions the ideals and motives of open source and wishes to learn more about this increasingly popular software production model should read this book. That being said, buy it!
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5.0 von 5 Sternen Für OpenSource Entwickler und Fans ein Muß 22. Februar 2013
Von wombats
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe|Verifizierter Kauf
Eric. S. Raymond beschreibt hier das Wesen der Freien Software und plaudert dabei aus dem Nähkästchen. Das Buch ist locker und humorvoll geschrieben, so daß immer spannend bleibt.
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Format:Taschenbuch
This book is groundbreaking. ESR guides the reader to the essence of the bazaar style of software development by giving various practical as well as empirical examples. After more than 10 years most of Eric's predictions on the Open Source movement still hold or have been proven to be true. Thanks Eric for granting every software developer and open source lover around the world this fundamental insights into what the underlying principle of the bazaar mode really means. Your outstanding way to describe things as they really are should read like a novel to every Open Source enthusiast.
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4.0 von 5 Sternen More analysis than manifesto, and better for it 20. März 2000
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
The cult-like status of this book and its Web antecedents in the Linux community isn't surprising. But even for those of us who aren't staunch open-source partisans, it's a surprisingly well-argued (if a bit scattered) and concise collection.
Taken as a whole, the book makes a series of good business cases for when opening the source code to software is appropriate and potentially profitable -- as well as maximally efficient. I was pleased that Raymond acknowledges that open source is _not_ always the best way to go, even while noting that it will probably be more prevalent over time.
Raymond's fervour about open source shows through, particularly late in the book, but it doesn't detract from the largely objective analyses he makes -- so his arguments carry force.
Worth reading for anyone who's a programmer, a hacker, or interested in the politics of the software business. Or anyone else, for that matter.
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Die neuesten Kundenrezensionen
3.0 von 5 Sternen Boring & Self-serving
I don't understand the hype about this book. One is it boring; I mean there is no way this book deserves 200 pages. Lesen Sie weiter...
Veröffentlicht am 25. Mai 2000 von Georgina
3.0 von 5 Sternen Bazaar...is "bizaar" : worth skimming, but not by much
Other reviewers have pointed out that this is more analysis and less manifesto, but that doesn't make it great. Lesen Sie weiter...
Veröffentlicht am 14. April 2000 von P. Nash
2.0 von 5 Sternen Nothing new...
Well, I agree pretty much with the only negative review I saw here...Linux and FreeBSD have been around for a while now, they're only recently getting popular and moving in the... Lesen Sie weiter...
Am 15. März 2000 veröffentlicht
1.0 von 5 Sternen Open source is a joke...
I don't see how or why this author is so big in the Open Source community. This collection of his opinions is uneducated and insufferable. Lesen Sie weiter...
Am 8. März 2000 veröffentlicht
5.0 von 5 Sternen Five stars is too few
There are good reasons why the stock market puts astronomical values on the Internet, Linux and the open source software development methods that brought us both. Lesen Sie weiter...
Veröffentlicht am 17. Januar 2000 von D. Searls
5.0 von 5 Sternen A must for System Adminstrators and Internet businesses
Eric S. Raymond basically puts on paper what most Open Source developers have been thinking. ALso presents strong arguments why Open Source products are really the only viable... Lesen Sie weiter...
Veröffentlicht am 3. Januar 2000 von KD
4.0 von 5 Sternen These essays are very insightful
I'll admit at the top that I haven't read this book, but I have read the essays that make it up. If you haven't read them on-line or care to keep a copy for yourself, get this... Lesen Sie weiter...
Veröffentlicht am 31. Dezember 1999 von Stephen Rowe
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