This new Handbook provides readers with the tools to understand the evolution of transatlantic security from the Cold War era to the early 21st century. After World War II, the US retained a strong presence as the dominant member of NATO throughout the Cold War. Former enemies, such as Germany, became close allies, while even countries that often criticized the United States made no serious attempt to break with Washington. This pattern of security co-operation continued after the end of the Cold War, with NATO expansion eastwards extending US influence. Despite the Iraq war prompting a seemingly irreparable transatlantic confrontation, the last years of the Bush administration witnessed a warming of US-European relations, expected to continue with the Obama administration. The contributors address the following key questions arising from the history of transatlantic security relations: What lies behind the growing and continuing European dependency on security policy on the United States and what are the political consequences of this? Is this dependency likely to continue or will an independent European Common Foreign and Security Policy eventually emerge? What has been the impact of 'out-of-area' issues on transatlantic security cooperation? The essays in this Handbook cover a broad range of historical and contemporary themes, including: the founding of NATO; the impact of the Korean War; the role of nuclear (non-)proliferation; perspectives of individual countries (especially France and Germany); the impact of culture, identity and representation in shaping post-Cold War transatlantic relations; institutional issues, particularly EU-NATO relations; the Middle East; and, the legacy of the Cold War, notably tensions with Russia. This Handbook will be of much interest to students of transatlantic security, NATO, Cold War Studies, foreign policy and IR in general. Basil Germond is Research Associate at the Centre for Sustainable Development, University of Central Lancashire. Jussi M. Hanhimaki is professor of international history and politics at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva. Georges-Henri Soutou is Professor Emeritus at Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV) University.
Jussi M. Hanhimäki is Finland's internationally best known historian. He is currently Professor of International History at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland, and previously taught at the London School of Economics (1995-2000). In 2006 he was named Finland Distinguished Professor by the Academy of Finland. Hanhimäki is the recipient of the Bernath Prize from the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations (SHAFR) and has authored or co-authored eleven books and countless articles and chapters.
Harvard University Professor Akira Iriye, a doyen of international historians, has described Jussi Hanhimäki as "a superb embodiment of the internationalized scholarship that is a precondition of any study of international relations." Iriye came to this conclusion upon reflecting on Hanhimäki's truly international career path. He left his native Finland in 1987, studied in the United States (Boston University), and spent his early postdoctoral years in Canada (Montreal) and the United States (Harvard University, Ohio University). Hanhimäki then moved to London in 1995 (LSE), before accepting his current post in Geneva in 2000. Among the institutes where he has held fellowships are: the Charles Warren Center for Studies in American History at Harvard University; the Contemporary History Institute at Ohio University; the Norwegian Nobel Institute, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and the United States Institute of Peace.
A specialist of the international history of the Cold War, transatlantic relations, and the role of international institutions, Jussi Hanhimäki's publications include: An International History of Terrorism: Western and Non-Western Experiences (2013) and The Rise and Fall of Détente: American Foreign Policy and the Transformation of the Cold War (2012) and . He has previously authored or co-authored: Transatlantic Relations Since 1945: An Introduction (2012); The United Nations: A Very Short Introduction (2008); The Flawed Architect: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy (2004); (with Odd Arne Westad), The Cold War: A History in Documents and Eyewitness Accounts (2003); and (with A. Best, J. Maiolo and K. Schultze) International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond (2008, 2nd ed.), and other works. His books have been translated into Turkish, Italian and Arabic.
Hanhimäki is currently working on two major book projects: Refugees: An International History and Transnational History of the Cold War. He also directs a project on "Terrorism and the Cold War" at the Graduate Institute in Geneva.