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Principles of Human Knowledge and Three Dialogues (Oxford World's Classics) (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 26. Februar 2009


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Produktinformation

  • Taschenbuch: 288 Seiten
  • Verlag: Oxford World's Classics (26. Februar 2009)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 0199555176
  • ISBN-13: 978-0199555178
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 19,6 x 1,3 x 13 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 5.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (4 Kundenrezensionen)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 76.136 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
  • Komplettes Inhaltsverzeichnis ansehen

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Produktbeschreibungen

Pressestimmen

There is something beautiful about the design of this series: their portability, even their tendency to become dog-eared. And this is a welcome reprint, sensitively edited. Nicholas Lezard, The Guardian the editions deserve great credit for the enthusiasm of their approach ... The introductions by eminent scholars put the thoughts of the author and the history of the time into clear perspective. Oxford should be given credit for making the classics accessible for all rather than just crib notes for students. Jonathan Copeland, Lincolnshire Echo

Synopsis

Berkeley's idealism started a revolution in philosophy. As one of the great empiricist thinkers he not only influenced British philosophers from Hume to Russell and the logical positivists in the twentieth century, he also set the scene for the continental idealism of Hegel and even the philosophy of Marx. There has never been such a radical critique of common sense and perception as that given in Berkeley's Principles of Human Knowledge (1710). His views were met with disfavour, and his response to his critics was the Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous. This edition of Berkeley's two key works has an introduction which examines and in part defends his arguments for idealism, as well as offering a detailed analytical contents list, extensive philosophical notes and an index.

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In diesem Buch (Mehr dazu)
Einleitungssatz
It is evident to anyone who takes a survey of the objects of human knowledge, that they are either ideas actually imprinted on the senses, or else such as are perceived by attending to the passions and operations of the mind, or lastly ideas formed by help of memory and imagination, either compounding, dividing, or barely representing those originally perceived in the aforesaid ways. Lesen Sie die erste Seite
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Von Estragon TOP 1000 REZENSENT am 5. November 2013
Format: Taschenbuch Verifizierter Kauf
Die vorliegende Ausgabe der ›Oxford World's Classics‹ umfasst zwei Hauptwerke des britischen Philosophen George Berkeley (1685-1753), der theoriegeschichtlich zwischen John Locke und David Hume anzusiedeln ist. Im »Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge / Abhandlung über die Prinzipien der menschlichen Erkenntnis« (1710) und in den »Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous / Drei Dialogen zwischen Hylas und Philonous« (1713) entwirft und verteidigt Berkeley eine Position, die einerseits der empiristischen Philosophie zuzurechnen ist, aber andererseits eine eigenwillige Form von Idealismus darstellt. Das Hauptziel seiner Argumentation ist die Widerlegung eines erkenntnistheoretischen Skeptizismus.

Das Buch präsentiert die beiden Texte in zuverlässiger Form. Textvarianten werden in den erläuternden Endnoten mitgeteilt. Herausgeber Howard Robinson hat eine ungefähr 20-seitige Einleitung verfasst, die konzise über historische und systematische Kontexte informiert und knappe Überblicke zu den beiden Texten liefert. Sehr nützlich sind die jeweils den Berkeley-Texten vorangestellten analytischen Inhaltsverzeichnisse, die die Orientierung in den ansonsten nur nach nummerierten Abschnitten gegliederten Texten doch erheblich erleichtert. Am Schluss des Buchs finden sich ca. 25 Seiten erläuternde Endnoten, die die zeitgenössische Diskussionslage erläutern, implizite Verweise explizieren und Berkeleys bisweilen verschlungene Argumente (zum Teil in formalisierter Weise) aufschlüsseln.

Insgesamt eine ebenso brauchbare wie preiswerte Ausgabe, die hervorragend für philosophische Lektüreseminare, aber auch für interessierte Laien mit einer gewissen Vorbildung geeignet ist.
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2 von 3 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von Ein Kunde am 6. April 2000
Format: Taschenbuch
Berkeley's principle, esse est percipi aut percipere, denies the bustance's existence and assents that all things are only minds or ideas perceived by minds. This is the starting point for the idealism and all this is exposed in his first work, the "Principles of human knowledge" (1710). Since his first work was met with disfavour, he resposed to his critics with his second work, the "Three dialogues" between Hylas and Philonous (1713). This edition contains the two keys works and also has an introduction wich examines Berkeley's arguments.
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1 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von Ein Kunde am 4. Juni 2002
Format: Taschenbuch
In the Principles Berkeley argues for the striking claim that there is no external, material world; that houses, trees and the like are simply collections of 'ideas'; and that it is God who produces 'ideas' or 'sensations' in our minds. The Three Dialogues would probably not have been written, had people not been readier to ridicule than to read a treatise that denied the existence of 'matter'. The dialogue form proved an admirable way of allowing likely objections to be dealt with at each stage as well as making the book still perhaps the most attractive introduction to Berkeley.
He held that, if properly understood, he would be seen as defending the view of common sense. Henri Bergson in his essay "L'intuition philosophique" maintains that Berkeley's immaterialism is in fact an attempt to develop a fundamental intuition of God's visibility, the corporeal nature being a kind of transparent skin, which is extended between God's infinite and man's finite spirit.
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1 von 3 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von Ein Kunde am 9. Juni 2002
Format: Taschenbuch
This edition provides a detailed analytical contents list which is very helpful in tracing particalar arguments in both Berkeley's key works and analyzing his thought.
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Amazon.com: 6 Rezensionen
28 von 29 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Immaterialism and Common Sense 24. August 2001
Von mp - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Taschenbuch
George Berkeley's early 18th century treatise "Of the Principles of Human Knowledge" was written in response to the current popular philosophical leanings of Locke, Descartes, Hobbes, Malebranche, and others. Berkeley's major problem with the philosophy of his age was in its materialist leanings. Berkeley at base had issues with the indefinite nature of philosophical terminology, and the ways in which the foundations of knowledge seemed to be centered on unknowable concepts like 'abstract truths,' 'matter,' and 'absolute' entities. The solution?
Berkeley reasons that philosophy has gotten away from common sense, and that the way to make philosophy and natural science more accessible is to use the vocabulary and understanding of the 'vulgar' masses. Berkeley's philosophy is called Immaterialism. He holds that the only things that can properly be said to exist are 'ideas' and 'spirits.' Ideas are all objects perceived by our five senses or by logic and inference from those objects. Spirits are our minds or souls, those things that perceive, think, and exercise will. He says that all other philosophical terminology only tends to confuse us. We cannot doubt the real existence of anything in the world, because we see, feel, hear, touch, and taste these things every day. What we can doubt are philosophical quandaries like abstract ideas - for existence, while we can think of a particular person in motion, we can neither conceive of a person in abstract nor of motion in general. This, Berkeley contends, is all that common sense gives to the plainest of people. Ordinary people do not doubt the existence of trees or gloves, nor do they conjecture about matter or substrata underlying the things they interact with everyday.
The 'Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous' serve to support the philosophical arguments that Berkeley made in the 'Principles.' Hylas is a materialist, while Philonous represents Berkeley's immaterialist argument. Their three dialogues are extremely entertaining and informative. They compliment the technical philosophy by providing concrete examples, which are many times missing from Berkeley's treatise. While the treatise and the dialogues can be read and understood on their own, the fullest appreciation of Berkelely comes from reading both. One limitation of Berkeley is that his 'vulgar' notions are almost too simplistic. He takes Occom's razor almost to the point of absurdity, which causes him to dispute notions like gravity, which these days one may well frown upon. Other than matters of advanced mathematical or scientific complexity, however, Berkeley's immaterialism seems, on the surface, to make great sense.
Another interesting facet of these two works is their religious component. An Anglican bishop, Berkeley makes use of his belief in God both to support his arguments, and uses immaterialist arguments to simply (far more simply than Descartes) prove the existence of God. Not quite an enthralling read, but, who reads philosophy to be enthralled? The arguments are interesting, the arguments well-supported, and possible objections deftly handled.
15 von 16 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Excellent edition 13. Juli 2006
Von meadowreader - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Taschenbuch
The main text of any edition of Principles/Three Dialogues will be virtually the same, but this one is especially good for its superb introduction, by Roger Woolhouse. I can't imagine that there is anywhere a better short introduction to Berkeley's thought, the issues that motivated his work, and where he fits into the history of philosophy both before and after his time.

Berkeley really was a radical thinker, following the premises of others, like Descartes and Locke, to their logical, and deeply troubling, implications. He was out to defeat skepticism, which he saw as corrosive of religion, yet ended up a primary representative of the skeptical view. As Woolhouse points out, modern phenomenalism can find roots in Berkeley, and perhaps even the logical empiricism of the Vienna Circle. If someone were just starting out reading Western philosophy and wondered where to begin, I would recommend Berkeley as the best place to start.
11 von 15 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Esse est percipi aut percipere 6. April 2000
Von Ein Kunde - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Taschenbuch
Berkeley's principle, esse est percipi aut percipere, denies the bustance's existence and assents that all things are only minds or ideas perceived by minds. This is the starting point for the idealism and all this is exposed in his first work, the "Principles of human knowledge" (1710). Since his first work was met with disfavour, he resposed to his critics with his second work, the "Three dialogues" between Hylas and Philonous (1713). This edition contains the two keys works and also has an introduction wich examines Berkeley's arguments.
3 von 5 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Review 25. Oktober 2012
Von CB - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Taschenbuch
On paper, this book should be a zero star for someone like me. As people know, I'm a militant atheist, materialist, Marxist, and I wear my politics and philosophy on my sleeve - sometimes even on other peoples' sleeves. And Berkeley is basically the stark opposite of me: a Christian, immaterialists, who undoubtedly held conservative views. Nonetheless, Berkeley was unequivocally a philosophical gangster in the streets, and a freak in the bed.

Seriously though, Berkeley gives every materialist, in his time, hitherto, a run for their money. As the introduction essays remarks, Lenin, and Engels, recognized Berkeley's philosophy was not easy to transcend. And anyone who has read Engels's attempt to transcend it (I have not read Lenin's), knows he failed. According to my friend, Lenin failed too. For Berkeley only two things exist, minds/spirits, and ideas. Well God too, but his argument in favor of God's existence ultimately boils down to: atheist are repugnant, hallelujah.

Despite the extreme advances made in the cognitive sciences, and philosophy overall, returning to the empiricist tradition is always a treat. The writing is clear, the philosophy is simple, and their epistemological system is completely summarizable. Berkeley is no exception. He sets out to rid the world of abstractions, and abstract ideas, especially Platonic forms. Moreover, he wants to make necessary advancements upon Locke's philosophy of primary qualities (i.e., substance, extension, etc), and secondary qualities.

Locke believed when we perceived an object, we perceived secondary qualities, that is qualities that only exist for our mind, such as colors, sounds, tasted, etc.; and primary qualities, which existed independent of observation (e.g., extension, substance). Thus, a table tastes oaky to the human, but delicious to the termite. But to both creatures, the table is extended, and contains substance (the metaphysical glue holding the table together), or matter for the materialist. Berkeley points out that for an empiricist this is a complete contradiction. The empiricist never observes primary qualities, and it is impossible for these qualities to exist outside perception, because how could someone perceive of something existing outside perception? This is a complete contradiction.

If things only exist when they're being perceived, we are left flummoxed. Why is it that things always seems to be where we left them, and that there is consistency and order in the universe? Berkeley believes that there are natural laws, laws that unlike our perception have a will or volition of their own. Moreover, these objects remain consistent because there is one all eternal perceiver: GOD. In the first essay there is no serious argument for why God exist; only that atheist are repugnant beings, worthy of contempt. But isn't Berkeley's philosophy all the more fun when a God doesn't exist? I mean really, the fact that things don't exist when I don't perceive them, and I bring things into existence by viewing them, is substantially more interesting. Moreover, despite the fact that Berkeley says we perceive God in his work, he is essentially using God as the primary quality he rejects.

Overall, great book.
Hylas and Philonous 25. April 2015
Von Bartok Kinski - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Taschenbuch
Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous is a Dialogue between two pretentious philosophical nitwits, discussing flatuence, food, and the nature of empty air.

In all, it's not very important, and only goes to prove that George Berkeley was a deluded immaterialist.
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