The first volume of the book series Ottoman Empire and European Theatre focuses on the period between 1756 and 1808, the era of W. A. Mozart (1756–1791) and Sultan Selim III (1761–1808).These historical personalities, whose life-spans overlap, were towering figures of their time: Mozart as an extraordinary composer and Selim III as both a politician and a composer. Inspired by the structure of opera, the forty-four contributions of Volume I are arranged in eight sections, entitled Ouverture, Prologue, Acts I–V and Epilogue. The Ouverture includes the opening speeches of diplomats, politicians, and scholars as well as a memorial text for the “Genius of Opera”, Turkish prima donna Leyla Gencer (1928–2008). The Prologue, “The Stage of Politics”, features texts by distinguished historians who give an historical overview of the Ottoman Empire and Europe in the late eighteenth century, from both Turkish and Austrian points of view. Act I features texts concerning “Diplomacy and Theatre”, and Act II takes the reader to “Europe South, West and North”. Act III has contributions concerning theatre in “Central Europe”, while Act IV deals with “Mozart” and the world of the seraglio. Act V turns our attention to the Ottoman “Sultan Selim III”, and the Epilogue considers literary and theatrical adventures of “The Hero in the Sultan’s Harem”.