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Osman's Dream: The History of the Ottoman Empire (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 24. April 2007

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Produktinformation

  • Taschenbuch: 704 Seiten
  • Verlag: Basic Books; Auflage: New edition (24. April 2007)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 0465023975
  • ISBN-13: 978-0465023974
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 15,5 x 4 x 23,4 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 4.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (1 Kundenrezension)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 82.964 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)

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Produktbeschreibungen

Pressestimmen

"A scholarly, lucid, judicious and enjoyable account of over 600 years of history...ÝOsman's Dream will surely be the standard work of its kind for many years to come."

Synopsis

The Ottoman Empire was one of the largest and most influential empires in world history. Its reach extended to three continents and it survived for more than six centuries, but its history is too often colored by the memory of its bloody final throes on the battlefields of World War I. In this magisterial work-the first definitive account written for the general reader-renowned scholar and journalist Caroline Finkel lucidly recounts the epic story of the Ottoman Empire from its origins in the thirteenth century through its destruction in the twentieth.

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5 von 5 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von Ax315 am 19. September 2012
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
Nach dem Lesen dieses Buches war ich unschlüssig. Ist es ein historisches Meisterwerk oder fehlt dem Buch das Gewisse Etwas?

Das Buch ist sehr umfangreich, es werden kaum Dinge ausgespart, die die Osmanen betreffen. Die Anfänge der Türkischen Kultur werden ebenso beschrieben wie die seldschukische Zeit von Ende des 10.Jahrhunderts bis zu den Mongolen. Ab 1300 beginnt das Osmanische Reich an Fahrt aufzunehmen, nicht zuletzt durch zahlreiche Überläufer/Konvertiten aus den christlichen Ländern und expandiert stark nach Europa und im Nahen Osten bis hin zum Weltmachtstatus.

Im Folgenden werden die nächsten Jahrhunderte sehr detailliert porträtiert, die Erbfolge, die Machtbalance, das Rekrutierungssystem, das Millajet System der Steuern, die Entwicklung Istanbuls und der außenpolitische Kontext des Reiches, die Religiöse Zusammensetzung etc. Es ist SEHR detailliert geschrieben, ein positiver Punkt und zugleich die Hauptschwäche des Buches. Gefühlt beschäftigt sich die Hälfte des Buches mit der osmanischen Erbfolge und ihrer endlosen Intrigen. Wer des Türkischen nicht mächtig ist, verliert hier schnell den Überblick über die handelnden Charaktere. Die Erbstreitigkeiten ziehen sich über 600 Jahre...involviert der Harem, die Janitscharen, die Wesire etc. etc. pp.

Wer denkt, dass die Osmanen unkultivierte Barbaren waren, der wird in diesem Buch eines Besseren belehrt. Vieles wurde von der beseitigten griechisch-byzantinischen Kultur absorbiert, die imperialen Traditionen und das Selbstverständnis als Zentrum der Welt beispielsweise.
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Amazon.com: 45 Rezensionen
127 von 137 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
A good political narrative of the Ottoman Empire 17. März 2006
Von MarkK - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe Verifizierter Kauf
Though more people today associate the word "ottoman" with fancy cushioned footstools than with a mighty regime, the Ottoman Empire dominated much of southeastern Europe and the Middle East from the fifteenth century to the end of the First World War. In many respects it was the last of the great Muslim empires which challenged Christian Europe, while its' lengthy decline concerned generations of Western statesman and its successor states still demand the world's attention.

In this book, Caroline Finkel offers us a single-volume history of the Ottoman Empire, ranging from its obscure origins to its demise in the 1920s. Though similar overviews have been written before, her goal is to dispel the traditional "rise and fall" approach and to free the empire from its' stereotyping as, in her words, "a theatre of the absurd." Tapping into the enormous wealth of recent scholarly work on the Ottomans, she offers a far more complex and nuanced portrayal of the empire than in most popular accounts - pointing out, for example, that the ranks of the soldiers of the early empire included as many Christians as it did Muslims, and that it was not until well into the empire's decline in the 18th century that the Ottoman sultans began to embrace the previously disused title of caliph.

Yet the book suffers from a relatively narrow focus. Most of the text is dominated by a narrative of high politics, one concentrating on the machinations and maneuvering of the sultans; other elements, such as the complex social and economic structures of the empire, are addressed only in passing. Moreover, Finkel rarely explains the empire in any depth. Key institutions such as the janissaries are mentioned and their political role is covered, but the reasons for their existence and maintenance are rarely analyzed in detail. The result is that while readers are informed of the "who" "what" and "when" of Ottoman history, the "how" and the "why" often are left unaddressed.

Nonetheless, Finkel has provided an accessible overview of the Ottoman Empire, one largely free from the Eurocentric stereotyping all too typical of many earlier histories of the subject. While the text is often dense with details, the narrative itself is straightforward and a useful set of maps are provided to help readers master the intricacies of the human geography of the period. This book is likely to serve as the standard work on the empire for many years to come, though one that should be supplemented by more explanatory texts.
53 von 56 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Solid 19. Juni 2006
Von R. Albin - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
This is a decent survey of Ottoman history. In many ways, this is traditional history from above, mainly a political history concentrating on the ups and downs of the reigns of the Ottoman Sultans. Finkel does well in constructing the basic narrative, covering centuries of Ottoman history in solid prose. The complicated dynastic politics of several periods are covered well. Finkel makes a less successful attempt to integrate social and economic history. She describes different phases of social and demographic history in the Empire as related to the political history but rarely provides enough detail to be satisfactory. For example, she mentions the declining Muslim population of the 19th century empire but never describes the size of the population or whether this was an absolute or relative decline. In many sections, she devotes more text to architectural history than relevant economic or social history. This book is largely descriptive and useful on that basis. As a basic political history, it will probably be useful for many, but its analytic shortcomings make its utility limited.
68 von 74 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
A book worth waiting for 19. April 2006
Von Andrew Wheatcroft - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
In the last few years there has been many good new studies on the Ottoman Empire. But none has been a history of the Ottomans from start to finish, based on a wide range of sources, but also a flowing narrative, not a textbook. Now with Osman's Dream we have a narrative history that will be hard to surpass.

The only other book that comes close in its readability is Lord Kinross's classic, written in the 1970s. But that was an old-style study, based on ancient legends and old prejudices. Caroline Finkel's book comes from deep knowledge of the Ottoman sources, and for the first time, the long story rings true.

Few empires were more complex and more opaque to the outsider than the Ottoman world. Finkel understands it and she never lets her own opinions get in the way of opening up that world to the reader.

She draws together this long history in a manner that disentangles its complexities, brings its individuals to life, and connects the Ottoman past to the Turkish present. Even with well known episodes, she manages to add something new, often through the deft use of Ottoman sources in a sprightly translation. It is a huge book, but for this reader, never seemed overlong.

There is often one book that will outlast all the others on any given subject, and will define the topic for a generation. Finkel already has a reputation in her academic area of Ottoman studies. The truly remarkable aspect of Osman's Dream is that it is good not just on her speciality, but all the way through, from the 14th to the 20th century. A magnicent achievement.
25 von 25 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
A Decent History of the Ottoman Empire 22. August 2009
Von Suchos - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Taschenbuch
This is a scholarly review of the political and military history of the Ottoman Empire, from its foundation in the early 14th century until the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in 1923. Because the material covers over six hundred years in just over 550 pages, it is unavoidably superficial in most places. As a result, it is helpful as a college-level, introductory survey of the Ottomans, best followed up with more detailed study. It is far too general to be of much use to a specialist. I believe it is too dense for the casual reader, so I would not recommend it to anyone without a real interest in middle eastern history.

The book is a political history, with extremely rare forays into matters of culture, religion, ethnicity, art or architecture. We are presented with an endless list of Sultans, viziers, military commanders, battles, treaties and boundaries, and virtually no analysis. For example, we have no discussion of the reasons the early Ottomans were so overwhelmingly successful at expanding the empire. The Ottomans were one of the first middle eastern empires to adopt gunpowder weapons, but Finkel does not discuss this adoption, or the impact it had on early conquests. Indeed, Finkel's discussions of warfare in general is universally vague -- she tells us who won the battles, but not why.

Another problem is that the book gives extremely little notice to more distant Ottoman realms, in North Africa, Egypt, the Hijaz and Syria/Palestine. Near the end, when the Empire begins to fragment, we get some mention of Mehmet Ali [Muhammad Ali] and the sharifs of Mecca. This is extremely cursory, and the subject is abandoned soon after it is taken up.

In conclusion, this book does tolerably well at achieving a limited goal: providing a general survey to a college-level beginner, as a springboard to more advanced studies. Readers looking for something beyond that narrow scope will be disappointed.

I have some specific comments about the contents of the book, but for space considerations I will put them in a comment to this review.
89 von 106 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Good core, fuzzy edges 26. Mai 2006
Von K. Tsekouras - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
This is one more book about Ottoman history, a subject which lately semms to have become fashionable. As a general outline of the Empire's history it is pretty good, mentioning all important events, and doing so from an Ottoman perspective. This last is significant, as traditional histories tend to adopt an anti-Turkish approach by default. I have given this book 3 stars because it omits no serious events, because of the fact that it narrates them from the Ottoman viewpoint and because it utilises many sources, including Ottoman ones.

I have declined givng the last two stars because of two problems: One, many institutions and events are treated superficially or have an inaccurate description -- there is litle depth and often further research reveals the summary presented by the author to be the truth but by no means the whole truth. (or the most important part thereof -- although this also depends on what one considers to be the most important aspect of an event).

The second problem is one endemic to US/English scholarly work:

All too often, the sources cited, though numerous, turn out to consist of english-language bibliography plus some sources from the culture/people being studied. In this case the bibliography consists of Ottoman and english language sources. Yet when writing history it is oftem critical to examine the writings of a people's neighbors and enemies as well. This is sadly lacking here, the author seems not to be aware of contemporary Greek, Italian, Persian or Russian sources. An example: in discussing te 1821 Greek revolt, the author states that it is not clear whether Prince Ypsilantis's Moldavian adventure was undertaken in coordination with the Morea rebels. Yet anyone with elementary knowledge of contemorary greek writings on the issue cannot help but be aware that coordination did exist and in fact the whole point of the Moldavian affair was to provide at worst a diversion for Ottoman troops and at best cause a Russo-Turkish war.

One last thing, an appeal to my fellow Greeks, concerning reviews who give the book one star because it ignores how evil vicious and subhuman the Turks are: Can we PLEASE grow up and stop demonizing the Turks? Yes the author does not mention the Armenian genocide and the pogroms at the Ottoman Greeks expense as forcefully as many of us might have liked, but the way to draw attention to these omissions is NOT by blatantly exaggerating Turkish "cruelty" or the number of people who fell victim of the upheavals at the end of WWI. Stop automatically denigrating everything that may disagree with "our" POV!
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