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Operation Paperclip: The Secret Intelligence Program that Brought Nazi Scientists to America (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 11. Februar 2014

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  • Taschenbuch: 592 Seiten
  • Verlag: Little, Brown and Company; Auflage: Int (11. Februar 2014)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 0316277444
  • ISBN-13: 978-0316277440
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 15,3 x 3,8 x 23,4 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 4.2 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (4 Kundenrezensionen)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 30.848 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)

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One of The Boston Globe's Best Books of 2014

One of iBooks' Top Ten Nonfiction Books of the Year

"Important, superbly written.... Jacobsen's book allows us to explore these questions with the ultimate tool: hard evidence. She confronts us with the full extent of Paperclip's deal with the devil, and it's difficult to look away."―Matt Damsker, USA Today (4 stars)

"With Annie Jacobsen's OPERATION PAPERCLIP for the first time the enormity of the effort has been laid bare. The result is a book that is at once chilling and riveting, and one that raises substantial and difficult questions about national honor and security...This book is a remarkable achievement of investigative reporting and historical writing."―Boston Globe

"As comprehensive as it is critical, this latest expose from Jacobsen is perhaps her most important work to date.... Jacobsen persuasively shows that it in fact happened and aptly frames the dilemma.... Rife with hypocrisy, lies, and deceit, Jacobsen's story explores a conveniently overlooked bit of history." -- Publishers Weekly (starred)

"The most in depth account yet of the lives of Paperclip recruits and their American counterparts.... Jacobsen deftly untangles the myriad German and American agencies and personnel involved...more gripping and skillfully rendered are the stories of American and British officials who scoured defeated Germany for Nazi scientists and their research."―New York Times Book Review

"Chilling, compelling, and comprehensive accounting.... Jacobsen's impressive book plumbs the dark depths of this postwar recruiting and shows the historical truths behind the space race and postwar US dominance. Highly recommended for readers in World War II history, espionage, government cover-ups, or the Cold War." -- Library Journal (starred)

"Darkly picaresque.... Jacobsen persuasively argues that the mindset of the former Nazi scientists who ended up working for the American government may have exacerbated Cold War paranoia."―New Yorker

"An engrossing and deeply disturbing exposé that poses ultimate questions of means versus ends." -- Booklist (starred)

"Annie Jacobsen's Operation Paperclip is a superb investigation, showing how the U.S. government recruited the Nazis' best scientists to work for Uncle Sam on a stunning scale. Sobering and brilliantly researched." -- Alex Kershaw, author of The Liberator

"Throughout, the author delivers harrowing passages of immorality, duplicity and deception, as well as some decency and lots of high drama. How Dr. Strangelove came to America and thrived, told in graphic detail." -- Kirkus Reviews

"[A] gripping, always disquieting story of a nation forced to trade principle for power.... Jacobsen gives us many vivid moments.... OPERATION PAPERCLIP takes its place in the annals of Cold War literature, one more proof that moral purity and great power can seldom coexist."―Chris Tucker, The Dallas Morning News

"Jacobsen uses newly released documents, court transcripts, and family-held archives to give the fullest accounting yet of this endeavor." -- The New York Post

"Doggedly researched." -- Parade -- Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine andere Ausgabe: Gebundene Ausgabe .

Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende

Annie Jacobsen was a contributing editor at the Los Angeles Times Magazine and is the author of the New York Times bestseller Area 51. A graduate of Princeton University, she lives in Los Angeles with her husband and two sons.

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4.3 von 5 Sternen
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Die hilfreichsten Kundenrezensionen

Format: Taschenbuch
`Operation Paperclip' written by Annie Jacobsen tells a story about a controversial subject - the secret intelligence program responsible for transfer, providing asylum and forgiveness to the German scientists after World War II to US.

Annie Jacobsen work is well-researched and offers story rich in details that explain how this operation was carefully planned, though hidden from the public and conducted after the war conflicts were ended.

The author went through German archive and Harvard University documents, but also acquired numerous documents due to the Freedom of Information Act; Jacobsen additionally conducted numerous interviews with family members of those involved in this top-secret operation, their friends and colleagues and people who interrogated captured Germans. The result is in-depth post-war life presentation of ten major German scientists who replaced their work for the Third Reich with the work for one of the two conflicting forces of the Cold War.

Annie Jacobsen split her book into five chapters, each of them dealing with a particular period of time while this operation was in progress, that make her book so far the best work on this subject previously known, but never so well treated - an amazing and complex story about one of the biggest and some would say most shameful secrets and post WW II time.

At the beginning of the book, the author asks the interest question - ...all of the men profiled in this book are now dead. Enterprising achievers as they were, just as the majority of them won top military and science awards when they served the Third Reich, so it went that many of them won top US military and civilian awards serving the United States.
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Format: Taschenbuch
This is a book which picks up a part of history that is interesting and deserves more publicity.

You can tell, though, that the book is written by a journalist, not a historian. Firstly, it
is more a collection of anecdotes about individuals than a comprehensive account. I
would have liked to get the global picture as well. A table with how many scientists of which
specialties going from which German institution to which US institution would be a starting
point, for example. Or maps?

Secondly: I am German and I have noticed many small errors when our side of the Atlantic Ocean
is described. To name but two out of many: (i) the university of Vienna is not the oldest in the German-speaking
world; Prague was earlier, and it was German-speaking at the time. This mistake seems to have been
faithfully copied from the English Wikipedia (the German Wikipedia is correct). (ii) The Raubkammer
site is not located 75 miles west of Hanover at Münster-Nord, but about 50 miles straight to the north
near Munster (no umlaut!) in a region called Lüneburger Heide. The author also failed to notice the continuity
of chemical weapons research at this site: In the immediate neighbourhood is the Gasplatz Breloh,
where much of the chemical-weapons testing of the first world war had been carried out.

Such inaccuracies may be unimportant and inconsequential for the thrust of the book. But the
number of them makes me wonder whether there are also more important errors in other
parts, which I am not able to check.

I hope this book opens the door to more in-depth historical research on the subject. The
issue deserves it!
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Format: Taschenbuch
What no reviewer seems to have pointed out is the apparent superiority of German universities such as those at Goettingen and Tuebingen, whose scientific graduates, while no more intelligent than their U.S. or British counterparts, were light-years ahead in military applications of physics and chemistry. No other country's scientists were capable of producing the V-2 rockets or -- Sputnik's German creators not excepted -- satellites. German exchange students in our high schools regularly report that they aren't being taught anything that they haven't already learned. John J. McCloy's view that it was preferable to employ even virulently anti-Semitic Nazi scientists in our military-industrial complex rather than allow the Soviets to reap the advantages of their contributions is arguably cogent.
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Von DZ am 24. April 2014
Format: Taschenbuch Verifizierter Kauf
Bin zwar erst bei Seite 200, liest sich aber bisher sehr flüssig und ist äußerst interessant. Vom Stil her mehr in Richtung Journalismus denn Sachbuch.
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Die hilfreichsten Kundenrezensionen auf Amazon.com (beta)

Amazon.com: 232 Rezensionen
82 von 89 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
A powerful book that will change your view of the Defense Department 15. Februar 2014
Von americangadfly - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
After Nazi Germany's surrender to the Allies, sixty of the world's most evil human beings gathered as prisoners at Kransberg Castle twenty miles north of Frankfurt. This building was the former headquarters of Hermann Göring's Luftwaffe. It was here that American military intelligence officers began the process of deciding their fates. Send them to trial at risk of the gallows. Or spirit them away to war department laboratories in America. (Or do both, and then commute their sentences as if justice did not matter.)

Jacobsen's book tell this story. It's a big one, and she has conducted a massive amount of research and made it readable with a lively narrative style. Some of those scientists did go to face trial at Nuremberg. But others were brought into the U.S. and put quietly back to work.

The newly formed Joint Intelligence Objective Agency, or JOIA, had decided that these scientists were too valuable to the U.S. to allow to fall into Soviet hands. The initiative started by JOIA, Operation Paperclip, was a covert American operation that was one of the most guarded U.S. government secrets of the 20th century. Some of the scientists who were part of it were well known -- Albert Einstein for one. But others had much darker pasts:

* Otto Ambros was a Third Reich chemist who served as director of the German corporation that produced the gas used in the death camps. He was tried at Nuremberg, found guilty of mass murder, and sentenced to eight years. While he was serving time in prison, Operation Paperclip officials arranged for his sentence to be commuted. In 1951, Ambros was hired to work at a clandestine facility north of Frankfurt called Camp King. His work, sanctioned by the Defense Department, ultimately involved the testing of sarin toxins on American soldiers without their knowledge.

* Arthur Rudolph was a Nazi rocket scientist who played a key role in the V-2 rocket program. One of Operation Paperclip's earliest hires, Rudolph, in the U.S., worked his way up through the ranks of NASA to become project director of the Saturn V rocket program. Ultimately, Rudolph was led to confess to war crimes, but his work is all over the U.S. aeronautics technology.

* Kurt Blome, a virologist, pioneered Hitler's secret germ warfare program. Specializing in plague research, Blome conducted human tests on concentration camp prisoners and was a defendant at the Nuremberg Doctors' Trial. Acquitted, Blome was instrumental in the U.S. germ warfare program.

Jacobsen's book tells a dramatic story about morality and expediency, and the ethical quandaries that arise when the former is sacrificed for the latter. She writes with a sense of drama, and has clearly found materials (judging by her source notes) that have eluded other authors. Her book can be recommended to anyone who likes biography, World War II history, or science narratives.
64 von 69 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Troubling, often difficult to stomach, but in the end an important book about moral shortcuts at the highest levels. 15. Februar 2014
Von n735wb. - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
Annie Jacobsen plunges us head first into the grim dossiers of some of the most celebrated names in America’s space program in her well researched book on the infamous World War II project called Operation Paperclip. Designed to prevent Nazi Germany’s scientific minds from taking their weapons-making skills to Russia, Paperclip instead devolved into a US government-sanctioned safe harbor for more than a hundred SS thugs and cold killers. “Humans and machine parts went into the tunnels,” writes Jacobsen of the underground assembly areas for Hitler’s V-2 rockets. “Rockets and corpses came out.” Most famously, Jacobsen tells the story of the well known SS officer Werner Von Braun who today has a performing arts center named after him near the rocket center in Huntsville, Alabama but who during the war showed little concern for the thousands of concentration camp workers who built his rockets in the death mills of the underground mines called the Mittelwerks. Rather than stand trial for his inhumanity, von Braun was brought to American and treated like a celebrity, his horrific past notwithstanding.
In alike matter, one name after the other pours forth from the pages of Jacobsen’s book at a pace that at times seems overwhelming but that in the end paints a portrait of a large-scale moral rationalizations set against the looming crisis of the Cold War. Jacobsen presents her material with detail never before seen in print masterfully laying out the facts without undue sensationalism.

Troubling, often difficult to stomach, but in the end comprehensive, this well written account is a warning to those of us today who are tempted to believe that “national security” forgives past sins or that “national interest” trumps morality. Thankfully, Ms. Jacobsen’s excellent books tells us that quite the opposite is true.
47 von 51 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Deals with the devils 20. Februar 2014
Von Rolf Degen - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
This book is absolutely, breathtakingly fantastic. I am a German, I always thought that I knew everything about our "dark past", and then comes Annie Jacobsen with this treasure trove of unbelievable, mind boggling new revelations. The period is the same where the narrative of the Monuments Men is taking place, in the rubble of the Third Reich, and there is this American task force searching desperately for the whereabouts of the legendary "wunderwaffen" - and the dark geniuses who built them. The greed for these history changing inventions is so enormous, that rules are bent, laws are broken, monsters brought to the USA. The stories of the individual actors are harrowing and, at times, perversely sickening. A great deal of this information had never before been made public. Endless suspicions are raised (Why did Albert Speer get that light sentence at Nuremberg?). I am an author myself and I wish I had written this jewel. The Monuments Men has been filmed by Hollywood, but this is far more explosive dope. Annie, I wish you get your movie!
55 von 65 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Do we want science at any price? or: The shameful days of the American past 14. Februar 2014
Von Paul Gelman - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe
Operation Paperclip is about the connection between Nazi scientists and American government secrets. Under this program, more than a thousand of Nazi scientists were brought to America immediately after the end of World War Two. Those scientists helped develop rockets, the NASA program, chemical and biological weapons, aviation and space medicine and many other weapons of mass destruction.They came to America at the behest of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Some officials believed that by endorsing the Paperclip program they were accepting the lesser of two evils-that if America didn't recruit theses men, the Soviet Communists would.
The book comes in five parts and each part is about another chronoligical era . Most men that were brought to America were accused of war crimes. Most of them were found guilty of war crimes by the various post-war trials at Nuremberg. Yet the USA wanted them on American soil to work for the American people despite their horrible past.
Opposition to Operation Paperclip gained momentum with America's scientific elite and many scientists were outraged when the details of the secret project came out. Albert Einstein was the most esteemed figure to publicly denouce this operation and wrote directly to President Truman on behalf of his FAS colleagues:"We hold these individuals to be potentially dangerous...Their former eminence as Nazi Party members and supporters raises the issue of their fitness to become American citizens and hold key positions in American industrial, scientific and educational institutions".
Another famous scientists, Hans Bethe, who fled the Nazis, asked: "Do we want science at any price?"
Among the various and many scientists and their respective projects they were working on, Ms. Jacobsen mentions Dr. Walter Schreiber who was the surgeon general of the Third Reich and developed intravenous lethal phenol injections. He was finally exposed by an ex-concentration camp victim and as a result had to leave the USA. Another criminal, Kurt Blome, was Hitler's biological weapons maker, while Kurt Debus was a V-weapons engineer who oversaw mobile rocket launches at Peenemunde. An ardent Nazi, he wore the SS uniform to work and became the first director of NASA's JFK Space Center in Florida. Hubertus Strughold was in charge of the aviation research in the Reich Ministry and despite his war crimes was hired by the Americans only to become America's father of Space Medicine.
These and many more criminal scientists people the pages of this fascinating and fast-paced written book. In it, Ms. Jacobsen has incorporated a wealth of post-war interrogation reports, army intelligence security dossiers, Army intelligence armaments reports, declassified memos, diaries and journals. She also used-for the first time-materials supplied to her by the descendants of some Nazi scientists. She definitely shows to what extent the CIA agency had been involved with these monsters and the various ways those Nazis trained and supplied vital information to the CIA. The various and notorious interrogation techniques and other programs and projects had their beginnings in a camp near Franfurt called Camp King. It was there where Operation Bluebird experiments involving LSD and other drugs started.The army's herbicidal warfare program during the Vietnam War, in
which 11.4 million gallons of Agent Orange were sprayed over more than 24 percent of South Vietnam was the brainchild of Fritz Hoffmann, another Nazi war criminal. On his deathbed, Hoffmann, according his daughter, was quiet and said nothing about it. Unfortunately, many details about additional projects initiated by the Nazi scientists who were flown into the USA are still classified.
For anyone interested in the history of the postwar period and for those who would like to know to what extent the USA became involved with the Nazi past, this long book is "a must".
8 von 8 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
I was there ! 9. April 2014
Von donjones1 - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format: Gebundene Ausgabe Verifizierter Kauf
Donald D Jones T-5 U S Third Army Heidelberg I was there
assigned to Transportation in Patton's Armyh I was there
Good Bool and on the mark Thank you Annie
I am now 87 yrs thanks Farmer Don
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