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Luftwaffe Viermot Aces 1942-45 (Aircraft of the Aces, Band 101) (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 22. November 2011

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  • Taschenbuch: 96 Seiten
  • Verlag: Osprey Publishing (22. November 2011)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 1849084386
  • ISBN-13: 978-1849084383
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 18,4 x 0,9 x 24,9 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 5.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (1 Kundenrezension)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 161.122 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)

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"...well written and easy to read, packing a good amount of information and detail ... the artwork is excellent, as is the photographic support. Modelers and historians alike should find this a worthwhile addition to any collection." -Frederick Boucher, AeroScale

"All of this is superbly illustrated with period photos of the men and aircraft as well as Osprey's usual collection of full color profiles. It makes this a most interesting read and a must have book for any Luftwaffe enthusiast." - Scott Van Aken, Modelling Madness 

Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende

Robert Forsyth has studied the history and operations of the Luftwaffe for many years. He has written three books for Osprey - AEUs Jagdverband 44 - Squadron of Experten and Jagdgeschwader 7 'Nowotny' and Duel 24 - Fw 190 vs B-17. He is also the author of JV 44 - The Galland Circus (1996), Battle over Bavaria: The B-26 versus the German Jets (1998), Mistel: German Composite Aircraft and Operations 1942-1945 (2001) and Messerschmitt Me 264 Amerikabomber (2006 - with Eddie J Creek). He works in publishing.


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1 von 2 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von TS am 15. Februar 2013
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Das Buch gewährt einen interessanten Ein- und Überblick in die Abläufe, Planungen und Kämpfe über Deutschland. Interessantes Bildmaterial komplettiert den guten Eindruck. Ein Buch, das für den Interessierten zu empfehlen ist.
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Defenders of the Reich! 27. November 2011
Von Mike O'Connor - Veröffentlicht auf
Format: Taschenbuch Verifizierter Kauf
When the first USAAF bomber missions were launched in mid-August 1942, Luftwaffe units faced the challenge of defeating ever-increasing numbers of heavily-armed 8th AF - and later 15th AF - B-17s and B-24s. The Luftwaffe responded with varying tactics and weapons employed by their stable of single- and twin-engined fighters. The history of the GAF's Defense of the Reich has been told many times, the latest effort being Robert Forsyth's nicely-done LUFTWAFFE VIERMOT ACES 1942-45, #101 in the Osprey 'Aircraft of the Aces' series, published in 2011.

Though pilots such as Egon Mayer, Georg-Peter Eder and Josef Wurmheller enjoyed early successes, the tightly-knit 8th AF formations proved a tough nut to crack. Consequently, over the course of three years, GAF units such as JG 1, 2, 11 and 26 experimented with head-on attacks, air-to-air bombing, cable bombs, heavy-caliber weaponry, company-front attacks and even deliberate ramming attacks in an attempt to defeat the American 'Viermots' or 'furniture vans.' Bf 109 and Fw 190 pilots like 'Pips' Priller, Klaus Mietusch, Ernst Dullberg, Gunther Specht, Heinz Bar, Walher Dahl, Wilhelm Moritz, Oskar Romm and Anton Hackl along with Bf 110 pilots like Peter Jenne ran up high B-17/B-24 scores. Despite those achievements and the transfer of additional JG and ZG units to Defense of the Reich ops, efforts to stop the bomber offensive floundered in the face of increasing numbers of USAAF escort fighters, heavy Luftwaffe pilot losses, poorly-trained replacements and low fuel reserves. By war's end, over 110 Luftwaffe pilots claimed 10 or more Viermot kills.

Much of the history found in LUFTWAFFE VIERMOT ACES 1942-45 has been covered in other books including several Osprey titles penned by John Weal (LUFTWAFFE STURMGRUPPEN, BF 109 DEFENCE OF THE REICH ACES, etc.). Both Weal and Forsyth are Luftwaffe authorities; Forsyth however is the better writer. His LUFTWAFFE VIERMOT ACES 1942-45 text is an appealing, informative summary of GAF anti-bomber ops. It reflects the many contacts Forsyth made with GAF pilots like Galland, Bosch, Rodel and Stigler and the text is enlivened by several first-person reminiscences.

Along with some 80-odd photographs and diagrams, the book is illustrated with eight pages of top-notch color profiles by Jim Laurier showing Bf 109s, Bf 110s, Me 210s, Me 410s, Me 262s and Fw 190s.

While LUFTWAFFE VIERMOT ACES 1942-45 is neither definitive nor exhaustive, it is a compelling account of the Luftwaffe's hard-fought campaign to defeat the American bomber offensive. Recommended.

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14 von 16 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
very possibly the last Osprey Aces title... 12. Dezember 2011
Von N. Page - Veröffentlicht auf
Format: Taschenbuch
dealing with the Luftwaffe ? ...probably yes, since much of the content of LUFTWAFFE VIERMOT ACES 1942-45 has been covered in detail in previous Osprey titles. That said there is some interesting new material for Osprey Aces fans here. This is the first Osprey Aces book to include details of less well known units such as JG 4 and the ZG heavy fighter Gruppen. Formed in 1942 to defend the petroleum fields of the Reich's Rumanian ally, JG 4 saw its first major combat action over the refineries of Ploesti during Operation Tidal Wave on 1 August 1943 - the cover illustration depicts 28-victory JG 4 ace Fw. Albert Palm in his `Yellow 6' downing a 44th BG B-24 during Tidal Wave on 1 August 1943. Refineries and oil were to take on a vital importance given the Reich's ever increasing fuel requirements the longer the conflict went on.

Robert Forsyth's well-written text reveals - perhaps surprisingly for a US readership - that the first Allied four-engine bomber raids mounted over Europe were the RAF's Stirling and Halifax bombers sent to attack Kriegsmarine battleships in the ports of Brittany, France, as early as July 1941 (see also Osprey Elite 'JG 2'). Although the first USAAF bomber missions, launched in mid-August 1942, were tentative affairs, the Luftwaffe would soon face the challenge of going into combat against ever-increasing numbers of heavily-armed B-17s and B-24s. In response to this growing threat, the Luftwaffe formed new fighter units and brought back battle-hardened units from other fronts to protect Germany's western borders - III./JG 3 was just one such Gruppe. Equipped with the Bf 109 G-6 mounting underwing cannon and led by Kommandeur Hauptmann Walter Dahl, III./JG 3 arrived from Russia and settled in at Munster on the western German border. Virtually their first action following their return to Germany after two years in Russia occurred on 17 August 1943 - the combined Schweinfurt Regensburg mission, the famous raid on the ball-bearing and Messerschmitt production plants. (see also Osprey 'Bf 109 aces of the Western Front') In total some 370 bombers set out on this first major USAAF daylight raid on Germany. The result was a disaster for the Americans - escorted only as far as the German border by P-47 Thunderbolts and RAF Spitfires, the Jagdgruppen launched wave after wave of attacks - some 60 B-17 fortresses were shot down, only some 135 managing to return to friendly territory undamaged ! ( As Regensburg was only 40 miles from the Czech border the 4th Bombardment Wing flew on to bases in North Africa ). Yet while the raid resulted in heavy losses for the fledging 8th Air Force bomber fleet, Schweinfurt-Regensburg proved to be an early high water mark in the Defence of the Reich. Aside from hastening the introduction of long-range US escort fighters, the Schweinfurt raid forced the German defenders to recognise their shortcomings in equipment and tactics. The American four engine bombers - Viermots in German jargon - operated close to the limits of the high altitude performance of the Bf 109 and Fw 190 fighters, and with their 40 metre wingspans the B-17s and B-24s were tough opponents, filling the Luftwaffe fighter's gun sights while they were still some way out of range and putting up a powerful defensive crossfire when in their combat 'boxes'. The favoured tactic of the German fighters was the head-on pass, yet with combined closing speeds of nearly 700 mph the conventional frontal attack was fraught with risk and required above average piloting skills. A firing pass from the rear was even riskier, leaving the attacking fighter exposed to the bomber boxes defensive fire power for a longer period.

The defenders tested any number of expedients as they sought ways of knocking down significant numbers of bombers in order to bring a halt to the offensive as detailed in this account. In August 1943 the WGr 21 was first introduced. This 21cm diameter air-to-air rocket was equipped with a time fuse and fired into the bomber formations to break up flying cohesion and the integrity of the 'boxes', thus exposing individual B-17s to fighter attack. The primary units toting these sorts of weapons were the heavy fighter or 'destroyer' Gruppen. Forsyth devotes a chapter to the heavy fighters of ZG 1, 26 and 76 including mini-bios of ZG aces such as Egon Albrecht and Peter Jenne -both of whom later converted onto single-seat fighters and were promptly KIA. Yet while German fighter armament was being upgraded to provide the punch to knock down the bombers, the impact on manoeuvrability meant that the attacking 109s, 190s, Bf 110s and Me 410s, now laden with heavy weapons, were increasingly to become prey for high performance and agile USAAF escort fighters. The Luftwaffe gradually lost air superiority over its own territory. Forsyth's text goes on to deal with other innovations introduced in German air defence - the Sturmgruppen (see also Osprey Elite 'The Sturmgruppen', 'Fw 190 aces of the Western Front'), units which adopted ramming as a combat tactic, and the first Luftwaffe jet units (see also this author's Osprey Elite 'JG 7' and 'JV 44').

During the summer and autumn of 1944 the American strategic daylight bombing offensive against the Reich was at its height. The air battles waged in the skies of Germany over this three-month period were some of the largest and most savage in the history of aerial warfare. By war's end, over 110 Luftwaffe pilots had claimed 10 or more Viermot kills. One Geschwader in particular was at the forefront of Reichs defence - JG 300. If there is to be another Luftwaffe aces title, then the publishers could certainly look at JG 300. For the first time in the Osprey Aces series aces, JG 300 aces such as Ernst Hirschfeld, Peter Jenne and Konrad Bauer are all covered in this volume, which is a fitting tribute to these less-well known Luftwaffe aces. And while this volume must be the last of Osprey's Luftwaffe aces titles, it loses two 'stars' for coverage of events already well detailed in other recent Osprey volumes. However, I would still rate this book as 'worth a purchase' for Luftwaffe 'fans' - the superlative and highly realistic profile artwork by Jim Laurier, including for the first time both port and starboard side views of the same aircraft- is worth the price of admission alone!
9 von 10 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Von KOMET - Veröffentlicht auf
Format: Taschenbuch Verifizierter Kauf
I finished reading this book about an hour ago and was much impressed with Osprey's coverage of the combat experiences of the Luftwaffe pilots in the West, who, between 1942 and 1945, bravely took on the seemingly herculean task of trying to blunt and disrupt the Allied bombing offensive against Germany.

When the first 4-engined bombers (B-17s and B-24s) of the U.S. Eighth Air Force began flying combat missions over Europe during the summer of 1942, the German fighter force in the West (which up to that time had largely been successful in maintaining air superiority against the Royal Air Force) came to the realization that new tactics and training would be needed to tackle these massive aircraft which bristled with machine guns capable of throwing out a solid wall of defensive fire.

At first, the Luftwaffe fighter pilots on the Channel Front were at a loss as to how to effectively attack the American 4-engine heavy bombers, which were very well-armed and flew in tight formations at high altitudes, which generally afforded them the best protection against fighter attacks.

A top ranking fighter ace in the Second Fighter Wing (JG 2), Egon Mayer, studied this problem very carefully and together with Georg-Peter Eder, a fellow pilot in JG 2, helped to develop the head-on attack against the B-17s and B-24s. The bombers were most vulnerable to attack from the 12 o'clock or head-on position because from this angle of attack, the attacking ME 109 or FW 190 pilot faced less return fire from the bombers. Nevertheless, it required considerable courage and skill to carry off this type of attack. On average, given the converging speeds of the bombers and the Luftwaffe fighters, the Jagdflieger had barely 3 seconds to carry off the attack and score an "Abschluss" or certain kill.

From these beginnings, the air war over Europe took on a ferocity in which both sides fought tenaciously til V-E Day.
1 von 1 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
German pilots against the American heavy bombers. 23. November 2014
Von Stone Dog - Veröffentlicht auf
Format: Taschenbuch Verifizierter Kauf
In this Osprey title, Aircraft of the Aces #101, Luftwaffe Viermot Aces 1942-1945, author Robert Forsyth gives us an account of the Luftwaffe fighter pilots that went after the Viermots - or, four motor bombers - in defense of Germany. This book has all the period photos and color plates Osprey is known for.

This book tells the story of the highly professional and skilled German pilots that rose every day to do combat with the heavily armed American four-engine bombers: the B-17 and B-24. The book picks up the story in 1942 when American bombers increasingly attacked occupied Europe with fleets of heavy bombers. It includes not only aerial combat in north-west Europe, but also southern Europe where Bombers based first in North Africa and then Italy attacked Germany from the south.

The book gives the reader a good idea of the evolution of tactics used by the Germans trying to stem the flow of destruction raining down on Germany as well as profiles of the pilots themselves and their exploits. The Germans were using a number of tactics as the war went on from the terrifying head-on attacks against Flying Fortresses (where their defensive armament was weak) to the employment of aircraft to launch "mortars" or rockets into bomber formations to try to break them up and go after the strays.

The book concludes with the absolute overwhelming of not only the Luftwaffe, but Germany in general, by sheer numbers of American aircraft that wore down the Luftwaffe, their pilots and their aircraft. There are a lot of good first-hand accounts in this book and I like reading the words of the men who flew against the "viermots".

This is an interesting book that focuses solely on the pilots who made their careers contesting the skies over Germany against the unstoppable American juggernaut. Five stars.
1 von 1 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Von Robert A. Lynn - Veröffentlicht auf
Format: Taschenbuch

During the spring of 1943, the heaviest and most costly air battles fought by the Luftwaffe were those against the U.S. Army Air Forces over Germany itself. Two or three times a week, weather permitting, the 8th and 15th Air Forces sent their B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator heavy bombers or Viermot ('four motors') to strike at important targets in the Third Reich. On these missions, they were escorted by P-38 Lightnings, P-47 Thunderbolts, and P-51 Mustangs. These incursions couldn't be allowed to go unchallenged and they would be met by Bf-109, Fw-190, Bf-110, and Me-210/410 heavy fighters. Engaging the enemy directly over Germany, jagdflieger were tested to the limit as they attempted to defend the Third Reich's industrial heart.

This vigorous defense saw the losses in pilots far outstrip the ability of the German training organization to provide replacements. To maintain a viable defense for the German industrial centers it had been necessary to withdraw several fighter units from the battle fronts, and those that remained were starved of replacement pilots.

At this time, the usual procedure for engaging American heavy bomber formations was to assemble large formations of up to 100 fighters, which were positioned by ground control for head-on attacks. Such attacks, made at a combined closing speed of 500 mph, allowed German pilots time for only a single half-second burst before they had to pull up to avoid colliding with the bomber under attack. For their success, these tactics required considerable skill, and only a few outstanding pilots were able to build up a sizeable victory score that way.

Despite suffering from a high loss of undertrained pilots, sporadic supplies of fuel, and a decaying support infrastructure, a small group of battle-hardened fighter veterans wreaked havoc among the American heavy bombers. Using new Sturmgruppe tactics after D-Day, these jagdflieger using courage, flying skills, tactical knowledge, and their excellant gunnery skills, were able to accumulate impressive scores despite the best efforts of the escorting Allied fighters.

LUFTWAFFE VIERMOT ACES, 1942-1945 (AIRCRAFT OF THE ACES) is a detailed and well-written account of these men who were in the front line in wartime; where conditions of absolute safety didn't exist. They were a tough group with high morale who accepted the harsh conditions they flew under. The author, Robert Forsyth, has done an excellant job of focusing on not just the aircraft flown by these men but also the aircraft modifications and tactics used by them to defend Germany in spite of the overwhelming Allied superiority.

Lt. Colonel Robert A. Lynn, Florida Guard
Orlando, Florida
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