In weniger als einer Minute können Sie mit dem Lesen von Lost Enlightenment auf Ihrem Kindle beginnen. Sie haben noch keinen Kindle? Hier kaufen Oder fangen Sie mit einer unserer gratis Kindle Lese-Apps sofort an zu lesen.

An Ihren Kindle oder ein anderes Gerät senden

 
 
 

Kostenlos testen

Jetzt kostenlos reinlesen

An Ihren Kindle oder ein anderes Gerät senden

Jeder kann Kindle eBooks lesen - auch ohne Kindle-Gerät - mit der gratis Kindle Lese-App für Smartphones und Tablets.
Lost Enlightenment: Central Asia's Golden Age from the Arab Conquest to Tamerlane
 
 

Lost Enlightenment: Central Asia's Golden Age from the Arab Conquest to Tamerlane [Kindle Edition]

S. Frederick Starr
5.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (2 Kundenrezensionen)

Kindle-Preis: EUR 22,46 Inkl. MwSt. und kostenloser drahtloser Lieferung über Amazon Whispernet

Weitere Ausgaben

Amazon-Preis Neu ab Gebraucht ab
Kindle Edition EUR 22,46  
Gebundene Ausgabe EUR 29,95  

Kunden, die diesen Artikel gekauft haben, kauften auch


Produktbeschreibungen

Pressestimmen

Honorable Mention for the 2013 PROSE Award in European and World History, Association of American Publishers "Starr argues rightly that the region's brilliant culture rested on a highly cosmopolitan mix of ethnic groups, languages and religions; a long, rich pre-Islamic intellectual tradition (mainly Buddhist); and prosperity... Starr shines in his core chapters, where he presents the great achievements of the Central Asian philosopher-scientists at a time when their homeland was the creative intellectual capital of the world."--Nature "Starr is that rare scholar with the horsepower to write about the medieval culture of this vast region that is bounded by Persia to the west, and China to the east, and India to the southeast... An indispensable title for scholars, this lively study should prove equally compelling to serious lay readers with an interest in Arabic and medieval thought."--Library Journal, starred review "In this graceful, luxuriant history, Starr recovers the stunning contributions of Central Asia scientists, architects, artists, engineers, and historians during the four centuries that began just before the Arab onslaught of the eight century and lasted until the Mongol siege in the thirteenth century... The book offers a lucid exploration of the era's intricate philosophical and theological debates and a succinct depiction of its poetry and art, enhanced by many illustrations."--Foreign Affairs "Lost Enlightenment is a most amazing book, one with--if we are lucky--the potential to shape global public thinking for decades ahead... Lost Enlightenment is an entirely readable, informative and even entertaining book. Although it might surely serve as an inspiration to the modern inhabitants of Central Asia, it should also serve as a warning to any modern nation and civilization that it is tempted to intolerance."--Dimitry Chen, Asian Review of Books

Kurzbeschreibung

In this sweeping and richly illustrated history, S. Frederick Starr tells the fascinating but largely unknown story of Central Asia's medieval enlightenment through the eventful lives and astonishing accomplishments of its greatest minds--remarkable figures who built a bridge to the modern world. Because nearly all of these figures wrote in Arabic, they were long assumed to have been Arabs. In fact, they were from Central Asia--drawn from the Persianate and Turkic peoples of a region that today extends from Kazakhstan southward through Afghanistan, and from the easternmost province of Iran through Xinjiang, China.

Lost Enlightenment recounts how, between the years 800 and 1200, Central Asia led the world in trade and economic development, the size and sophistication of its cities, the refinement of its arts, and, above all, in the advancement of knowledge in many fields. Central Asians achieved signal breakthroughs in astronomy, mathematics, geology, medicine, chemistry, music, social science, philosophy, and theology, among other subjects. They gave algebra its name, calculated the earth's diameter with unprecedented precision, wrote the books that later defined European medicine, and penned some of the world's greatest poetry. One scholar, working in Afghanistan, even predicted the existence of North and South America--five centuries before Columbus. Rarely in history has a more impressive group of polymaths appeared at one place and time. No wonder that their writings influenced European culture from the time of St. Thomas Aquinas down to the scientific revolution, and had a similarly deep impact in India and much of Asia.

Lost Enlightenment chronicles this forgotten age of achievement, seeks to explain its rise, and explores the competing theories about the cause of its eventual demise. Informed by the latest scholarship yet written in a lively and accessible style, this is a book that will surprise general readers and specialists alike.

Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.


Produktinformation

  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • Dateigröße: 9342 KB
  • Seitenzahl der Print-Ausgabe: 686 Seiten
  • Verlag: Princeton University Press (6. Oktober 2013)
  • Verkauf durch: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ASIN: B00F8MIJMQ
  • Text-to-Speech (Vorlesemodus): Aktiviert
  • X-Ray:
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 5.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (2 Kundenrezensionen)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: #183.215 Bezahlt in Kindle-Shop (Siehe Top 100 Bezahlt in Kindle-Shop)

  •  Ist der Verkauf dieses Produkts für Sie nicht akzeptabel?

Mehr über den Autor

Entdecken Sie Bücher, lesen Sie über Autoren und mehr

Kundenrezensionen

4 Sterne
0
3 Sterne
0
2 Sterne
0
1 Sterne
0
5.0 von 5 Sternen
5.0 von 5 Sternen
Die hilfreichsten Kundenrezensionen
1 von 1 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Five-hundred.and-thirty.eight and one delights 22. Januar 2014
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe|Von Amazon bestätigter Kauf
Sheherazade narrated interesting tales for thousand and one nights. More modest, the author has spread his narrative skills over about half the number of pages, without loss in quality. It is rare that one would begin a review on a non-fiction book by praising the style and the author's expository skills. This work deserves such singular mention. Reading it cover to cover was a delight, attention never flagging, curiosity being subtly redirected to the next intellectual or political issue in order to avoid overstay.

One of the author's strength is his ability to summarize the positions of the different scholars clearly, and in a few pages. His treatment of Biruni's India is a model for anyone dealing with intellectual history.

The topic helps, of course. Central Asia's role in reworking and syncretizing ancient regional cultures is presented here in its magnificent detail: Central Asia not as a place of passage (akin to the sterile place de la Concorde in Paris), but a square (Brussels' Grande Place?) where cultures met, conversed, blended, and where novel synergies emerged. The metaphor would be of Central Asia as a sort of "heart" - pulling in and pushing out intellectual and spiritual forces over decades and centuries.

The region was able take on its role thanks to a concurrence of reasons: ecology (the oasis as center of agricultural production), geography (the crossing of the trade routes), economic (a proper balance between trade and local production and technical skills), technological (the underground irrigation system demanding a high degree of imagination), and social and cultural (a discerning mentality from trade and assimilation of production).
Lesen Sie weiter... ›
War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?
5.0 von 5 Sternen Ermutigende Botschaft und Warnung 10. Februar 2014
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe|Von Amazon bestätigter Kauf
Das Buch ist eine meisterliche Gesamtdarstellung der weltumspannenden Zivilisation und Kultur der Blütezeit Zentralasiens, die sich auszeichnete durch eine grosse Diversität von Ethnien und Religionen, regen internationalen Handel, überragende Fortschritte in allen Wissenschaftszweigen und eine kaum wieder dagewesene Strahlwirkung in die gesamte damals bekannte Welt hinein. Es war sozusagen eine Phase gelungener Globalisierung avant la lettre. Wir nehmen davon gemeinhin nur bruchstückhaft Kenntnis (ja ja Avicenna und al-Farabi), sehen das Zentrum fälschlich in Baghdad (wohl ein bisschen wegen 1001 Nacht) und nach dem Mongoleneinfall war ja sowieso alles vorbei.

Starr deckt auf, dass nicht das Zweistromland, sondern Zentralasien mit den intensiven Handelsverbindungen nach China, Indien, Nahost bis Westeuropa das eigentliche "Nervenzentrum" dieser Hochphase war, dessen Weltaufgeschlossenheit und Toleranz nicht nur Wirtschaft und Frieden beförderte, sondern auch Künste und Wissenschaften. Angehörige von Islam, nestorianischem Christentum, Judentum, Zarathustraritus, Buddhismus und Schamanismus wirkten während dieser Blütezeit einträchtig zusammen. Für diese Phase stellt Starr verblüffende Lateralbezüge zu anderen Regionen und Geschichtsepochen her.

Dass es nach den Metzeleien von Dschingis Khan nicht mehr zu einer wirklichen Renaissance kam, schreibt Starr der, wie er nachzuweisen versucht, keineswegs zwangsläufigen, sondern eher kontingenten Durchsetzung orthodox-traditionalistischer Strömungen im Islam zu (Denker wie al-Ghazali, Verbreitung des Sufismus).

Die Botschaft für heute ist klar. Wir müssten schauen, dass wir die Globalisierung retten trotz big data, NSA.
Lesen Sie weiter... ›
War diese Rezension für Sie hilfreich?
Die hilfreichsten Kundenrezensionen auf Amazon.com (beta)
Amazon.com: 4.6 von 5 Sternen  11 Rezensionen
23 von 25 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen A must-read for anyone interested in the history of societies and ideas 21. November 2013
Von E. Gerba - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition
If you are interested in the many shapes history takes: that of societies, individuals, religion, science, philosophy, etc - this is a must read. It is a book that covers a wealth of material from a period and region that many (most?) modern readers in the West are unfamiliar with. It demonstrates in a very compelling way the important role Central Asian, Iranian, and Arabic thinkers of the Middle Ages played in both preserving & transmitting the intellectual heritage of the Hellenic civilization, and in developing & enriching these ideas, so that they could become the foundation for the European Renaissance. That Mr Starr does all this in a very engaging way makes this book an even more impressive achievement.

If I am to find fault with Mr Starr's work it is that while he eloquently praises al-Biruni for his objective and dispassionate treatment of the Indian culture, Mr Starr himself on a few occasions comes across as a bit of Central Asian cheerleader. However, taking into account how that region is viewed by the public today and the very limited awareness of its rich history, this minor fault is forgivable and it does not get in the way of the narrative.

It is probably worth mentioning that this work is sure to annoy some proponents of Iran and the various Arabic states because, on the one hand, it makes a distinction between the various Persian/persianate peoples and the Iranian state, and on the other hand between those who wrote in Arabic and Arabs. Lest that keeps you from reading this book, I would say that Mr Starr makes a distinction between these that is akin to the distinction between germanic peoples and Germany, or thinkers who wrote in Latin and Romans. Ultimately, while no historical writing is ever entirely objective, as an impartial reader I do not feel he diminishes either.
6 von 7 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen a discovery, but be careful 12. Januar 2014
Von Renato Baserga - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe|Von Amazon bestätigter Kauf
I knew very little about Central Asia (Gengis Khan, Tamerlano, Averroe, Avicenna) and this book has come to me as a revelation of a rich background in that zone, well brought out by an author obviously familiar with the area. It is accompanied by maps and pictures that are helpful in understanding the times under discussion and to bring out the essential documentation. But be careful: the author lets himself to lavish copious adjectives, too many, everything is extravagant, or first ever, or seminal, and one is left with the impression that the quality of those times has been forcedly raised. Especially when some of the main persons at the end turn out to be less desirable than originally made. And the author has really cut out the Romans from civilization, it almost seems that his book has been edited by Hollywood, that has spent its time denigrating the Romans more than necessary. He left out giants like Lucretius (sic, ubi non erimus), Cicero, a great jurist (for all its defects), Caesar (a historian), Catullus (cui videberis bella? etc. He mentions the Greeks many times, but Hollywood has informed his Romans. But, if you knew as little of Central Asia as I did, then this book is a must, that will repay you with valuable information.
6 von 7 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Fivehundred thirty eight and one delight 9. Januar 2014
Von aldo matteucci - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe
Scheherazade narrated interesting tales for thousand and one nights. More modest, the author has spread his narrative skills over about half the number of pages, without loss in quality. It is rare that one would begin a review on a non-fiction book by praising the style and the author's expository skills. This work deserves such singular mention. Reading it cover to cover was a delight, attention never flagging, curiosity being subtly redirected to the next intellectual or political issue in order to avoid overstay.

One of the author's strength is his ability to summarize the positions of the different scholars clearly, and in a few pages. His treatment of Biruni's India is a model for anyone dealing with intellectual history.

The topic helps, of course. Central Asia's role in reworking and syncretizing ancient regional cultures is presented here in its magnificent detail: Central Asia not as a place of passage (akin to the sterile place de la Concorde in Paris), but a square (Brussels' Grande Place?) where cultures met, conversed, blended, and where novel synergies emerged. The metaphor would be of Central Asia as a sort of "heart" - pulling in and pushing out intellectual and spiritual forces over decades and centuries.

The region was able take on its role thanks to a concurrence of reasons: ecology (the oasis as center of agricultural production), geography (the crossing of the trade routes), economic (a proper balance between trade and local production and technical skills), technological (the underground irrigation system demanding a high degree of imagination), and social and cultural (a discerning mentality from trade and assimilation of production). Time and again the region was devastated, and time and again it pulled itself up - a homeostatic system with a strong capacity for self-repair.

Syncretism allowed a renewed analysis of scientific and philosophical questions that had remained dormant since the Greek Enlightenment. The border between philosophy and theology was explored, defining their respective contents as the study progressed. Great minds emerged, and argued. Where these two disciplines separate, or was there a ranking, and if so, which was to lead, which one was to adapt? The matter was never resolved. Meanwhile it all came to naught, and Central Asia somehow disappeared from the map, only to be discovered by intellectual archeologists in the last few decades.

Why so? The author puts much of the blame on emergent Islamic fundamentalism, which found its strident voice in Ghazali. He is certainly right in this. A culture of conformity dampens curiosity by creating negative stereotypes. The threat of death (for committing apostasy by questioning the Koran) was potent inhibitor (we've seen this kind of threaat with Giordano Bruno and Galileo).

On page 429 the author also conjectures a reduced supply of "rising geniuses." May be the author is right. My hunch is somewhat different (albeit not incompatible). The wisdom of a scientist lies in asking questions for which he can find an answer. At the end of the period, all questions that could have been answered with the technologies of the day had been resolved. The niche had been explored. Latecomers were condemned to be epigones.

Reading Biruni's achievement in astronomy one realizes that given extant observational capacities, he had come to the end of the line. There simply were no "adjacent possibles" at hand, or the combination of conceptual framework and tools needed for further advance. Kashi's later work in Samarkand was solid, but broke new ground. Nor could it have done so. One had to await the invention of the telescope to move beyond what the naked eye could see, and settle open questions or discover new ones. The question is, of course, why Central Asia did not invent the telescope - it had all the components. My guess: practice precedes science. In Europe it probably had practical use at sea (in Holland) before it was adapted for astronomy.

Another area where I may part (gently) with the author's conclusions is in the role of the Islamic religion. Rome was a republic well before it became an empire, and the state structure in China goes back to Lord Shang, well before the Yellow Emperor. They expanded from a core, never deserting it, like Islam did. The tragedy of Islam may have been to have succeeded too fast, never having had the time to create proper state structures. The Arab term for bureaucracy is diwan - originally simply the roster of the army. This is little to go on, when building a state. So the mighty ship of the Arab empire may have slipped into the water and drifted out to sea without proper instruments to steer it. Islam was jury-rigged device: it prevented the ship from foundering, but no more. Take away religion tomorrow, and still the ship of state would be rudderless.

To conclude: A "classic" is a text that raises more follow-up questions that it settles issues. This book has the potential of becoming a highly readable classic, rather than a door stopper or coffee-table book one skims, but then leaves unread. One small regret: reading The Waning of the Middle Ages I was struck by this sentence: "A scientific historian, relying first and foremost on official documents, which rarely refer to he passions, except violence and cupidity, occasionally runs the risk of neglecting the differences in tone between the life then and now." The Middle Ages were passionate, vibrant,and colorful to a degree we can hardly imagine. I suspect that this was the case in Central Asia as well. The Sufi movement is witness. The book, however, reads like marble from Greek statues, fro which age has removed the garish colors.

A final comment: This book belongs to what I have dubbed tongue-in cheek the "new historiography" school, where readability trumps structure, and plates trump maps. I'm not sure that it is utter progress.

A few minor problems now. One of the frustrations while plowing through the text was the abysmal dearth of maps. For each period and center of power, one would have liked the corresponding map. There is only one map, incomplete, at the beginning - just about useless. It also contains errors (Shakhrisabz in the text is without k). I understand that including maps may be expensive, but I suspect that publishing houses have expanded on the age-old rule: "each mathematical formula in the text halves the readership" to include maps. The author has adapted to this ukase: he foregoes geography: Khwarazm is introduced at pg. 44 without any comment, as if its location and import was self-evident.

Structure, it would seem nowadays, is counterproductive. At times the text sounds like GPS instructions: "prepare to turn to Ibn Sina;" the author chimes cheerfully, and then: "turn now." Summary inserts, maps, and timelines in each chapter would have been more useful than the global "Chronology" of dates of births and deaths at the beginning (Biruni never gets to be born there, BTW), a list that also includes assorted events outside the region (what's the purpose of mentioning the Norman invasion of England?).

One is in awe of the wealth of footnotes and references, which testify to language skills beyond anyone's dream. Given the subject, however, a decent bibliography is a must (may be subdivided by language, or type of source). On pg. 546, footnote 52 there is the startling assertion: "A history of the trade routes from Central Asia to India has yet to be written". I was unable to verify whether the author had missed LIU Xinru (The Silk Road in World History (The New Oxford World History) ), who has done a splendid job there.

A minor quibble - the Pantheon is not a "double dome," and the link back from Central Asia to Brunelleschi's dome in Florence may be quite tenuous...
5 von 6 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen An absolute must read 29. Dezember 2013
Von Srinivas Peri - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe|Von Amazon bestätigter Kauf
This is a must read for any one who wants to understand history of Central Asia. An absolutely scholarly work with truly deep insights on what caused the flowering of sciences and knowledge for about a millennium and then how it was lost for in Central Asia. The important view the author takes is the fact that the region was at the cross roads of other major civilizations and you had to pass through what he calls as cross road civilization. This enabled great exchange of ideas along with the ever existing trade patterns. It was an era where tolerance and understanding along with acceptance of all faiths was common. His analysis of orthodox, dogmatic and rigid religious interpretation and intolerance along with tirades against reasoning as against scriptural truths that began in 11th century is excellent, specifically with the cases of Ghazali and Hanbal. I always wondered what made different parts of the Islamic world follow different schools of Jurisprudence? The authors thesis about why Central Asia went the Hanafi way and not Hanbali way probably explains a lot for other parts of the world too. In sum and excellent work.
5 von 6 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen What blew out the lamp? 1. Dezember 2013
Von travel light and smiling - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe|Von Amazon bestätigter Kauf
A great introduction to the importance of Central Asia before Islam's retraction unto itself.(That's a polite term).
One thinks of the Mongols when one looks at that era in Central Asia. The civilization was much closer to the level of India and China-- in some respects (math and science )ahead, than they were to the primitives west of the Urals. As a result of reading this work, I was stimulated to find writings by philosophers (as opposed to reading someone's interpretation of them), and Sufis, to name two streams I have fished in. Iran and Afganistan were once far more sophisticated than they are now, and were destinations for people who would learn.
Waren diese Rezensionen hilfreich?   Wir wollen von Ihnen hören.
Kundenrezensionen suchen
Nur in den Rezensionen zu diesem Produkt suchen

Kunden diskutieren

Das Forum zu diesem Produkt
Diskussion Antworten Jüngster Beitrag
Noch keine Diskussionen

Fragen stellen, Meinungen austauschen, Einblicke gewinnen
Neue Diskussion starten
Thema:
Erster Beitrag:
Eingabe des Log-ins
 

Kundendiskussionen durchsuchen
Alle Amazon-Diskussionen durchsuchen
   


Ähnliche Artikel finden


ARRAY(0x9fb732f4)