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John Von Neumann: The Scientific Genius Who Pioneered the Modern Computer, Game Theory, Nuclear Deterrence, and Much More (Englisch) Taschenbuch – Juni 2000


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Produktinformation

  • Taschenbuch: 406 Seiten
  • Verlag: Oxford University Press; Auflage: 2 (Juni 2000)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 082182676X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0821826768
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 1,9 x 17,8 x 24,8 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 3.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (1 Kundenrezension)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 20.455 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
  • Komplettes Inhaltsverzeichnis ansehen

Produktbeschreibungen

Synopsis

This volume is the reprinted edition of the first full-scale biography of the man widely regarded as the greatest scientist of the century after Einstein. Born in Budapest in 1903, John von Neumann grew up in one of the most extraordinary of scientific communities. From his arrival in America in the mid-1930s - with bases in Boston, Princeton, Washington, and Los Alamos - von Neumann pioneered and participated in the major scientific and political dramas of the next three decades, leaving his mark on more fields of scientific endeavor than any other scientist.Von Neumann's work in areas such as game theory, mathematics, physics, and meteorology formed the building blocks for the most important discoveries of the century: the modern computer, game theory, the atom bomb, radar, and artificial intelligence, to name just a few. From the laboratory to the highest levels of government, this definitive biography gives us a behind-the-scenes look at the politics and personalities involved in these world-changing discoveries.

Written more than 30 years after von Neumann's untimely death at age 54, it was prepared with the cooperation of his family and includes information gained from interviewing countless sources across Europe and America. Norman Macrae paints a highly readable, humanizing portrait of a man whose legacy still influences and shapes modern science and knowledge.


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Einleitungssatz
He was born Neumann Janos on December 28, 1903, in Budapest, the capital of his native Hungary. Lesen Sie die erste Seite
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3 von 3 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von Murray92 am 5. April 2010
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John von Neumann war sicherlich einer der bedeutendsten und interessantesten Mathematiker des letzten Jahrhunderts- daher liegt es nahe auf eine Biographie eines so interessanten Mannes zu hoffen.
MACRAE's buch beruht auf vielen Interviews die er mit Johnnys (wie er im Buch gennant wird) Freunden und Verwandten führte.
Macrae versucht auch den Hintergrund John von Neumanns darzustellen, das Leben im boomenden Budapest der Jahrhunderwende, die Erziehung die das junge Genie erhielt.
Dies gelingt dem Autor noch recht gut, doch in den späteren Kapiteln, verliert er sich Andekdoten und stilistischen Schwächen.
Auch der Schreibstil und die Sprache sind immer wieder recht seltsam, oft beginnt er eine mathematische Erklärung, wirft mit Begriffen umsich, um dann zu erklären, dass er es selbst nicht versteht und es nicht so wichtig sei, um von Neumanns werk zu würdigen.

Macrae's Buch hinterlässt ein Gefühl der Unzufriedenheit, und das Wissen, das man es sicher hätte besser machen können.
Alles in allem ein mittelmäßiges Buch. Es bleibt zu hoffen das noch einige bessere von Neumann Biographien erscheinen.
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Amazon.com: 10 Rezensionen
9 von 9 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
A Touching Masterpiece for all Scholars and even any Concerned Readers, 3. November 2012
Von Kunj Patel - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
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As a prodigious reader of biographies--of all sorts, but mostly those of persons of science and mathematics (probably read about a hundred)--I feel qualified to say that this biography of John von Neumann is one of the greatest written biographies available today. While the previous reviewers are completely correct in that there is little detailed technical information, the book more than compensates for this in its other aspects. The book is filled with fantastic anecdotes regarding John von Neumann's eccentricities and his extraordinary displays of his unparalleled abilities at mental calculation, problem solving, and memorization. (He was able to memorize entire book chapters verbatim and recite them 15 years later. He could easily multiply two eight digit numbers in his head. And so on...) The few stories that aren't breathtaking are downright hilarious! They often show the jovial side (and sometimes licentious side) of this man, who was one of the single greatest minds of the past millenium.

I particularly recommend this book for all types of quantitative thinkers, or even scholars of any sort who wish to widen their purview of the world. Von Neumann helps to define what it means to be an exemplary scientist. Furthermore, he does a great job of showing the moral responsibilities and gentlemanly behavior required of men of his stature and fame.

In the historical domain, this biography necessarily beats out most others simply because von Neumann was so intimately connected with some of the big scientific and political events of the 21st century (Hungarian education and WWI, Quantum Mechanics, the A-bomb and WWII, the Digital Computer, Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles and the Cold War, etc.). I once was talking with a professor about von Neumann, and at a certain point he seemed to think that I thought von Neumann's work was greater than Einstein's. I quicky corrected this. However, upon reflection, I now think that while no single theory of von Neumann's is greater than Einstein's General Relativity, when their work is considered and compared as a whole, von Neumann's entire work will probably have a greater impact on the world as time progresses. The computer, for one, has affected domains of science that Einstein's work doesn't touch. Game Theory and Meterology have similar more global effects.

I highly recommend this book for aspiring young scientists and students of any age. It is inspirational to see such a devoted and passionate man, and in my personal life, von Neumann's example has served as a source of considerable encouragement and as a lesson on the greatness of human potential. This book is the best place to encounter von Neumann's exemplary example.
9 von 9 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
A good biography of a true genius 21. Juni 2006
Von lector avidus - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
John von Neumann was a prodigy's prodigy, the likes of whom rarely grace the earth. Norman McRae is one of the few intrepid biographers who have dared to take on von Neumann's phenomenally accomplished life. As was to be expected, McRae wasn't equal to his subject, but the book is still extremely worthwhile.

I wished that McRae had put more effort into describing the science of von Neuman's work - Aspray did an excellent job in describing his contributions to computer science - and spared us some his thoughts on the Japanese economy. Nevertheless, this is a good, if imperfect book, and one of the best on John von Neumann.
9 von 10 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Too little focus on science 25. Oktober 2010
Von S. ragno - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
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The book is enjoyable but the descriptions of Neumann's contributions to science are too brief.
In the beginning chapter there is almost full page explaining the origin of the surnames of John's parents, or the meaning of the word " Gymnasium " in different countries and I would have liked to have a similar level of detail about John's work and breakthroughs.
Despite being light on equations, the book is still interesting and accessible.
3,5 stars.
6 von 7 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
the life and the times of von Neumann 1. Januar 2013
Von Palle E T Jorgensen - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
The author Norman Macrae, a long time editor of the Economist, is a brilliant writer.
John von Neumann was one of the few mathematicians with a huge impact in technology and science outside mathematics itself. The book concentrates on those areas, quantum mechanics, the atomic bomb, computers (e.g., the idea of stored programs); as well as the times, and the historical background, Hungary, Germany, the USA.
There are many biographies of pioneers in physics and the other sciences, but to the public, the lives of mathematicians are ignored. Although a mathematician of axioms, von Neumann is nonetheless unique material for a biography of wide appeal.
The book is well researched, but it is also a delightful read; at times it reads as a thriller.
Also covered: von Neumann's two marriages, his friends and collaborators, and the planning and the building of the Institute for Advanced Studies in Princeton in the 1930ties. Covered especially well are the two decades in Europe between the two World Wars, as it relates to von Neumann, and to mathematics; and the building of a scientific infrastructure in the US in the 1950ties when von Neumann was a government advisor to the Eisenhower administration for defense strategies, and for science and energy. Among other things at the time of his death, von Neumann was head of the Atomic Energy Commission. Reviewed by Palle E T Jorgensen, January 1213.
3 von 3 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
Biography of a supergenius 28. Juni 2012
Von Pichierri Fabio - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
John von Neumann, or simply Johnny as he was known among his friends and colleagues, in one of the five Hungarian-born "martians" that emigrated to the States before the start of WWII. He was a mathematician of great power and a polymath that contributed greatly to many scientific fields such as physics, quantum mechanics, fluid dynamics, computer science, game theory, and economy. As a child prodigy he was able to entertain family guests by memorizing any page of Budapest's telephone book and then providing the phone number associated to a user and the other way round. His memory was awesome being able to recite verbatim the pages of books that he read fifteen or more years before. His speed of mental computing was unbeatable being able to outperform most of his colleagues (perhaps only Fermi with his ruler and Feynman with his Marchant mechanical calculator could keep pace with his speed). These and other interesting stories are nicely described in Macrae's book. Overall, I enjoyed reading the book and as far as I am aware this is the best available biography of Johnny. Further details about the development of the first electronic computer (the IAS machine) based on the socalled "von Neumann architecture" can be found in George Dyson's Turing's Cathedral: The Origins of the Digital Universe while the scientific and personal interactions between Johnny and the other "martians" (von Karman, Szilard, Teller, Wigner) are nicely described in Martians of Science by Istvan Hargittai.
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