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Historical Linguistics: An Introduction [Englisch] [Taschenbuch]

Lyle Campbell
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Kurzbeschreibung

Januar 1999
An accessible introduction to historical linguistics, this work contains many examples and problem sets/exercises to which the students can apply the principles and procedures outlined in each chapter. It deals with essential areas of historical linguistics: grammaticalization, sociolinguistic treatment of linguistic change, remote genetic relationship; areal linguistics and linguistic prehistory.
-- Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine vergriffene oder nicht verfügbare Ausgabe dieses Titels.

Produktinformation

  • Taschenbuch: 424 Seiten
  • Verlag: MIT Press; Auflage: 1 Mit Pr (Januar 1999)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 0262531593
  • ISBN-13: 978-0262531597
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 22,6 x 15 x 1,9 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 4.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (1 Kundenrezension)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 896.549 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
  • Komplettes Inhaltsverzeichnis ansehen

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Produktbeschreibungen

Synopsis

An accessible introduction to historical linguistics, this work contains many examples and problem sets/exercises to which the students can apply the principles and procedures outlined in each chapter. It deals with essential areas of historical linguistics: grammaticalization, sociolinguistic treatment of linguistic change, remote genetic relationship; areal linguistics and linguistic prehistory. -- Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine vergriffene oder nicht verfügbare Ausgabe dieses Titels.

Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende

Lyle Campbell is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand. He is the author of fifteen books, including American Indian Languages: The Historical Linguistics of Native America and Historical Syntax in Cross-Linguistic Perspectives (with Alice C. Harris), both of which won the Linguistic Society of America's Leonard Bloomfield Award. -- Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine andere Ausgabe: Taschenbuch .

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Format:Taschenbuch
Campbell is a more lucid writer other authors in historical linguistics (one for example, Theodora Bynon's Historical Linguistics) are, since he describes 'seven steps' of the comparative method and 'four steps' of the method of internal reconstruction. In these steps, technically reductio ad absurdum and ad hominem is employed in 'directionality' to argue for direction of change from a phoneme to another (pp.116, 203-204). Also is employed ex concesso in 'the majority-wins principles' (p. 117) and 'factoring in features held in common' (p. 118) to postulate a phoneme for a proto-language sound. In a word, as a graduate student in linguistics I can unquestionably recommend that a learner of historical linguistics study this book.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen A textbook with examples of immense variety 23. April 2005
Von Christopher Culver - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
Lyle Campbell's HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS: An Introduction is the latest textbook initiating students into the study of language change. Already in its second edition, the book is quite impressive and I highly recommend it to anyone entering the field.

Campbell begins by discussing three types of change, that of sounds, that of the lexicon in borrowing, and analogical change. After making students aware of these diachronic developments, he then presents the comparative method and the technique of proto-language reconstruction. After showing how regular correspondences indicate development from a common source, Campbell discusses the classification of languages and models of linguistic change. For me, the most exciting chapter is that on internal reconstruction, where Campbell gives a number of examples (not just the usual one of PIE ablaut). The author then covers three others types of change, semantic, lexical, and syntactic. A chapter on areal linguistics familiarises the reader with dialectology, and one on distant genetic relationships introduces theories like Nostratic. Finally, discussion of philology and a chapter on reconstruction of proto-cultures and the hunting of Urheimats closes the book.

The finest aspect of this book is the great variety of languages from which Campbell draws his examples. Many textbooks, such as that of Lehmann, limit their focus mostly to Indo-European, but Campbell also gives attention to Finno-Ugric, Polynesian languages, Semitic, and many indigenous American languages, especially the Mayan languages which the authors seems expert in. In fact, the lack of sticking just to Indo-European makes this a very useful text for budding Indo-Europeanists, because most of the other language family reconstructions make use of typology, a technique only now beginning to be applied to IE. I can make few complaints about the work, though his use of palatal velars in PIE reconstructions seems out of fashion.

This is a real textbook, exercises are abudant and really challenge the student to apply all he has learned. The author does assume students already have some understanding of phonology and general linguistic terminology.

If you are interested in the general field of historical linguistics and have some prior training in linguistics, Campbell's textbook is one of the best primers available and highly worth seeking out.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen One of the best introductory textbooks on historical linguistics 31. Dezember 2005
Von Whimemsz - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
I would highly recomment this book to anyone interested in historical linguistics. Having read four introductory textbooks on historical linguistics (Campbell's, R. L. Trask's, Anthony Fox's, and Terry Crowley's), I believe that Campbell's is probably the best. His writing style is clear and accessible, his explanations easy to understand, and his examples drawn from a wide variety of languages, particularly indegenous languages of Central America (Campbell is one of the leading experts in Mayan languages today). His step-by-step description on how to apply the comparative method, in particular, is in my opinion both more detailed and better-illustrated than those in most of his colleague's works. He does assume some knowledge of basic linguistic concepts, but defines those concepts which are more advanced as they come up. The exercises given at the end of each chapter are well-chosen, but unfortunately for those who are not students but merely reading the book outside of a classroom, answers are not provided.

The only complaint I have is not a problem with the writing per se, but with the way the book was printed. Several of the diacritics used in the text (in particular, an upside-down semi-circle placed under a velar consonant to signify that the consonant is fronted or palatalized) do not appear correctly, and show up a line below where they are supposed to be, which tends to interfere with the reading, as it forces you to read slower and return to previous lines to see which characters are supposed to have diacritical marks. This is not a fault of Campbell's, but it does detract somewhat from the reading (hopefully it will be fixed if there is another edition).
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5.0 von 5 Sternen the best out there 14. Oktober 2010
Von Lynn D. Guindon - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
Campbell has written a book I never tire of using in my classes. Most textbooks are flawed, some more than others, and have to be changed after a few years to avoid driving professors and students crazy. This book has no imperfections. To those who find his orthography confusing, I recommend a close read of BOTH pages of his introductory section on his orthographic methods. Each chapter is concise, readable, and comprehensive, something few authors can achieve on ANY topic. The chapters also finish with exercises ideally suited to follow up on, and aid the understanding of, the material in the chapter. Campbell does not avoid the moderate and difficult comparative and internal reconstruction problems, as other books do by relying largely on Polynesian data, but presents the student with problem sets ranging from the simple to the highly complex. The choice of which to use can be determined by the instructor and the level of the class. (BTW, the problem with the Polynesian sets is that none of them deal with assimilation and dissimilation, two forces that drive the great majority of sound changes.) Campbell also bravely and politely wades into the Mother Tongue debate, and deals with it logically and brilliantly. Considering the damage done to the field of Historical Linguistics by folks engaged in this debate, that is no small contribution.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen Fantastic read, incredibly informative 19. Oktober 2009
Von Jackson Wheeler - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
Campbell's book is perfect for anyone looking to a solid introduction to historical linguistics. It came highly recommended by a friend of mine who is a professor at Cambridge.
Not only does it introduce you to the basic concepts of the field, it teaches you how to apply them.
Perhaps the only drawback is the lack of answers to the exercises. However, if you re-read the chapter preceding the exercises, you will probably be able to figure out the correct answer.
I highly recommend it!
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4.0 von 5 Sternen Mechanical flaws, excellent content 18. Januar 2013
Von Ramon - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Taschenbuch
Inochimizu accurately identifies some very annoying and pervasive mechanical flaws. IPA and non-IPA representations are casually jumbled together, and diacritics are routinely printed half an inch south of where they should be -- the sloppy typesetting is quite distracting. However, in terms of content, it is hands-down the best historical linguistics textbook I've encountered. I ordered and read five other potential choices while writing the syllabus for my current course, and none of them even came close. This book contains plenty of examples from plenty of languages, and Campbell explains useful methodologies in a way that even underprepared undergraduates have (so far) been able to follow. Three cheers.
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