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From Elvish to Klingon [Englisch] [Gebundene Ausgabe]

Michael Adams
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Kurzbeschreibung

27. Oktober 2011
How are languages invented? Why are they invented? Who uses them? What are the cultural effects of invented languages? This fascinating book looks at all manner of invented languages and explores the origins, purpose, and usage of these curious artefacts of culture. Written by experts in the field, chapters discuss languages from Esperanto to Klingon and uncover the motives behind their creation, and the outcomes of their existence. Introduction by Michael Adams Linking all invented languages, Michael Adams explains how creating a language is intimidating work; no one would attempt to invent one unless driven by a serious purpose or aspiration. He explains how the origin and development of each invented language illustrates inventors' and users' dissatisfaction with the language(s) already available to them, and how each invented language expresses one or more of a wide range of purposes and aspirations: political, social, aesthetic, intellectual, and technological. Chapter 1: International Auxiliary Languages by Arden Smith From the mythical Language of Adam to Esperanto and Solresol, this chapter looks at the history, linguistics, and significance of international or universal languages (including sign languages). Chapter 2: Invented Vocabularies: Newspeak and Nadsat by Howard Jackson Looking at the invented vocabularies of science fiction, for example 1984's 'Newspeak' and Clockwork Orange's 'Nadsat', this chapter discusses the feasibility of such vocabularies, the plausibility of such lexical change, and the validity of the Sapir-Whorfian echoes heard in such literary experiments. Chapter 3: 'Oirish' Inventions: James Joyce, Samuel Beckett, Paul Muldoon by Stephen Watt This chapter looks at literary inventions of another kind, nonsense and semi-nonsense languages, including those used in the works of James Joyce and Samuel Beckett. Chapter 4: Tolkien's Invented Languages by Edmund Weiner Focussing on the work of the accomplished philologist J.R.R. Tolkien, the fifteen languages he created are considered in the context of invented languages of other kinds. Chapter 5: Klingon and other Science Fiction Languages by Marc Okrand, Judith Hendriks-Hermans, and Sjaak Kroon Klingon is the most fully developed of fictional languages (besides Tolkien's). Used by many, this chapter explores the speech community of 'Trekkies', alongside other science fiction vocabularies. Chapter 6: Logical Languages by Michael Adams This chapter introduces conlangs, 'constructed languages'. For example, Laaden, created to express feminine experience better than 'patriarchal' languages. Chapter 7: Gaming Languages and Language Games by James Portnow Languages and games are both fundamentally interactive, based on the adoption of arbitrary sign systems, and come with a set of formal rules which can be manipulated to express different outcomes. This being one of the drivers for the popularity of invented languages within the gaming community, James Portnow looks at several gaming languages and language games, such as Gargish, D'ni, Simlish, and Logos. Chapter 8: Revitalized Languages as Invented Languages by Suzanne Romaine The final chapter looks at language continuation, renewal, revival, and resurrection - in the cases of Gaelic, Welsh, Cornish, and Breton - as well as language regulation.

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From Elvish to Klingon + In the Land of Invented Languages: Adventures in Linguistic Creativity, Madness, and Genius
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Produktinformation

  • Gebundene Ausgabe: 294 Seiten
  • Verlag: Oxford University Press (27. Oktober 2011)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 0192807099
  • ISBN-13: 978-0192807090
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 20,4 x 13,7 x 2,8 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 5.0 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (1 Kundenrezension)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 51.390 in Englische Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Englische Bücher)
  • Komplettes Inhaltsverzeichnis ansehen

Produktbeschreibungen

Pressestimmen

This book is a welcome addition to the growing literature that treats linguistic invention seriously. Dirk Elzinga, Language Problems and Language Planning the book ought to be read by anyone with an interest in the future of Scots, Gaelic, and even English. The Scotsman

Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende


Michael Adams is Associate Professor of English and Director of Undergraduate Studies at Indiana University. He has contributed to and edited many journals as well as numerous linguistic works, including the Middle English Dictionary and The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. He is the author of Slayer Slang: A Buffy the Vampire Slayer Lexicon and co-author of How English Works: A Linguistic Introduction to the English Language.

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5.0 von 5 Sternen Esperanto is not alone! 28. Januar 2013
Von John
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe|Von Amazon bestätigter Kauf
Michael Adams had my attention riveted for many hours. I had no idea that so many languages were invented over several hundred years. I knew of Esperanto and the cult language Klingon for the Star Wars fans, but this book describes some of the many people who have spent many years of their life constructing and developing an artificial language. Esperanto comes perhaps nearest to a usable universal language because it is logical and fairly easy to learn, particularly for Europeans, since most of the roots come from European languages. But whatever the merits of the many invented languages, they all failed because no international body such as the European Union and the United Nations could bring itself to select and use in their meetings one of these invented languages. They could have saved so many translaters and interpreters! Esperanto has a fairly wide following of enthusiasts who meet in conventions and chat in Esperanto, but there is no practical use for it. Interestingly enough one language did find a practical use -- a sign language! What seems at first glance crazy was an ideal instrument for some homes for the disabled in Toronto in teaching them how to express themselves through the symbolic language of Mr. Bliss when they had no power of speech. A fascinating book!
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Amazon.com: 4.8 von 5 Sternen  6 Rezensionen
18 von 18 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
4.0 von 5 Sternen Interesting mix of history, linguistics and social context 29. Mai 2012
Von J. Velson - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe|Von Amazon bestätigter Kauf
I'm no linguist, and nowhere near a cunning one (har har). And to be sure, I think this book isn't really about linguistics - at least as I understand the discipline. Instead, it's a series of relatively non-technical essays that look into the structure, history and context of constructed languages.

Far from exclusively focusing on the science fiction/fantasy languages implied in the title, it also includes expository treatment of internet slang, Newspeak (of 1984 fame), modern revival languages with constructed elements such as Hawaiian, Breton, and Hebrew, and early attempts to create utopian universal languages. Heck, the book even takes a stab at looking at the dialogue of Joyce.

The treatment each language receives varies slightly, but in general it couches the structural and phonological descriptions of constructed languages in the history of their development and the way decisions in the constructed languages play out in their speaking communities. Each bit of context is given to help you understand the motivations behind many of the (often idiosyncratic) people that created these languages, or, if no one creator exists, the interactions between the people in charge. The technical descriptions of the languages, by the way, are unusually accessible given the clearly academic origin of some of the writing. I can't remember a single instance of IPA making its way into the text, for example (although there is a short section in 1337). For those who want additional discussion of the languages, every chapter has an appendix, though it may not contain what you want.

I liked this book, but I will easily say that it's not for everyone. The writing style is academic and thus at times very dry, particularly when moving through the histories of early constructed languages in the late 19th century that I'd never heard of. I managed to power through to read the (alas, breathtakingly short) chapters on Elvish and Klingon, but many others may want to skip them and move to the other self-contained chapters.

The book also is more enjoyable in parts if you have the right external context. Two chapters in this book stand out to me in particular. One covers Newspeak and Nadsat, two constructed languages/jargons from 1984 by George Orwell and A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess. The other covers "Oirish," the attempt to differentiate Irish English as a written language from Standard English, as written by James Joyce in his many novels - including, at the end, a discussion of Finnegans Wake. Reading about the way language is used in books you've never read is sometimes interesting, but you will get more out of it if you've read those books. Given that I have a realistic idea of how many people have attempted to read (let alone completed) Finnegans Wake, I would advise the average reader to just skip that chapter.
3 von 3 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich
5.0 von 5 Sternen Fabulous Read 21. April 2013
Von Ricardo De La Torre - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition|Von Amazon bestätigter Kauf
As a language lover and a fan a Tolkien, this book called out to me. The entire book held my attention and stimulated my mind as I read about the histories and descriptions of the languages covered. The Appendixes added some great extra information as well, so if the basic chapters don't satisfy you, there's plenty more to read. I highly recommend this book.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen the joy of languages 17. Februar 2012
Von Joel Bjorling - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe|Von Amazon bestätigter Kauf
When you think of all the things that have been invented, the last thing you'd think is that someone would invent a language. Why do it when the ones we have seem to do the job? Yet you find new languages everywhere--in international languages as Esperanto, in sci fi languages as Klingon, Vulcan, and Romulan, and in fantasy languages as Elvish, Sindarin, Gnomish, and Quenya.
This book contains essays about invented languages, from Newspeak, languages devised by J.R.R. Tolkein, Klingon, and gaming languages. It examines why people invent new languages and what role they play in society.
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5.0 von 5 Sternen Most interesting 18. August 2013
Von Peter D. Relyea - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Gebundene Ausgabe|Von Amazon bestätigter Kauf
This book is most interesting to me because my hobby is Foreign Languages. Elvish is very interesting reading and can be a jumping off to other more involved books. I can’t wait to get into the subject of Elvish. Pete
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5.0 von 5 Sternen Insights into invented language 5. Januar 2014
Von Bill Pruett - Veröffentlicht auf Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition|Von Amazon bestätigter Kauf
The collection of essays on invented languages was an eye-opener. Gym Tolkien's complex, highly developed Elvish to the "like Topsie it just growled" Klingon to the barely noticed invented language used in 1984, this was a fascinating read. For the lay person, it got a little technical at times, but even those parts were worth wading through.
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