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Evolution of Cooperation (Englisch) Gebundene Ausgabe – März 1984


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Produktinformation

  • Gebundene Ausgabe: 251 Seiten
  • Verlag: Basic Books (März 1984)
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISBN-10: 0465021220
  • ISBN-13: 978-0465021222
  • Größe und/oder Gewicht: 21,3 x 14,5 x 2,8 cm
  • Durchschnittliche Kundenbewertung: 4.3 von 5 Sternen  Alle Rezensionen anzeigen (9 Kundenrezensionen)
  • Amazon Bestseller-Rang: Nr. 545.978 in Fremdsprachige Bücher (Siehe Top 100 in Fremdsprachige Bücher)
  • Komplettes Inhaltsverzeichnis ansehen

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Synopsis

This widely praised and much-discussed book explores how cooperation can emerge in a world of self-seeking egoistswhether superpowers, businesses, or individualswhen there is no central authority to police their actions..

Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende

Robert Axelrod is the Walgreen Professor for the Study of Human Understanding at the University of Michigan. He has been consulted on cooperation by the United Nations, the World Bank, and the U.S. Department of Defense. He lives in Ann Arbor, Michigan. -- Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine andere Ausgabe: Taschenbuch .

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UNDER WHAT CONDITIONS will cooperation emerge in a world of egoists without central authority? Lesen Sie die erste Seite
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4.3 von 5 Sternen
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Die hilfreichsten Kundenrezensionen

5 von 5 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von Primoz Peterlin am 2. Mai 2000
Format: Taschenbuch
Sometimes, the individual benefit seems to conflict with the benefit of the community as whole, even though the community includes this very individuum. One such example has been formulated as the Prisonner's Dilemma: two suspects, A and B, are arrested, and kept separated so that they cannot communicate. If they continue to cooperate, they will be both sentenced to one year. However, if suspect A cooperates, but suspect B defects, A is going to be sentenced to five years, and suspect B will be released. Vice versa, if B cooperates and A defects, A will be released and B sentenced to five years. Finally, if both defect, they will both be sentenced to three years each.

It is clear that the best solution for both of them is cooperation. On the other hand, each individual is also tempted to maximize his own individual benefit. And each of them benefits most if he decides to defect, which in turn brings the worst possible outcome for both (six years total). So one-shot Prisonner's Dilemma rarely leads to cooperation. Now, what if the very two chaps are later arrested again? Will they cooperate when given another chance? Or if they know they will face the same situation every five years? Professor Axelrod tested the iterated Prisonner's Dilemma with computer programs, and investigated under which circumstances cooperation can emerge.

The book is nicely scattered with fragments of game theory and examples from world politics. All in all, as Richard Dawkins has commented in the foreword to its British edition, in breathes with optimism, and is a delight to read. Still, it has one problem, and actually shares it with Dawkins: the book reaches its climax right at the beginning. The book starts with a strong and very convincing idea, but later fails to keep the same pace of dynamic. The idea is splendid, but the structure of the book could be enhanced.
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6 von 7 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von Ein Kunde am 12. März 1999
Format: Taschenbuch
This book has a wonderful first chapter that Axelrod repeats throughout the book. Axelrod uses computer simulations to develop game theory and devise strategies that result in collaborative behaiviors. While Axelrod's findings can be applied to other fields, such as politics or interpersonal relationships, it should be noted that Axelrod is dealing with very precisely (and arbitrarily) defined initial conditions and constraints that are not at all gauranteed to exist outside the world of computer simulations. Generally speaking, the first chapter is excellent and offers a ray of hope that collaborative behaiviors can and will evolve on their own; on the other hand, the rest of the book is repetative and highly arbitrary.
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1 von 1 Kunden fanden die folgende Rezension hilfreich Von Ein Kunde am 24. August 1998
Format: Taschenbuch
This book is a stunningly lucid combination of game theory, computer science, strategy and evolutionary psychology. I always eschew any kind of 'business' book, and encountered this in the course of a computer research project, but it has had great influence on my thinking in a variety of personal and professional fields.
From first principles, and using ingenious empirical techniques, the author extrapolates from a simple so-called 'prisoner's dilemma' (would you betray a friend to save your neck?) right out to some extremely persuasive and general lessons on the conduct of potentially adversarial relationships.
The conclusions he draws are both powerful in their application, and refreshingly humane in what they imply for optimal behaviour in stable societies.
I'd rate this above even Kuhn's 'structure of scientific revolutions' as a piece of nominally scientific writing that has widespread relevance beyond the field for which it was intended.
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Von Ein Kunde am 11. Januar 1997
Format: Taschenbuch
Basing his work on computer models acting out strategies posited by scientists of every stripe, Professor Axelrod shows that there are indeed strategies that are to be preferred over others -- and some to be rejected altogether.

Perhaps "The Golden Rule" is not all it's cracked up to be!

What emerges from all this scrutiny is a hopeful picture for bacteria as well as entire countries. . . and everything in between.

We needn't continue to allow relationships to deteriorate. We can learn that it is simply good strategy to cooperate, even if cooperation means cutting off communications.

There is much grist for everyone in this little book -- from friends and lovers trying to get along better, to nations at each other's throat.

By learning (and teaching) these simple strategies and principles, anyone can make their lives, and the lives of those around you, improve.

This book is hot! Already, hundreds of other works have been spawned from this one.

This is the horse's mouth.
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Von Ein Kunde am 1. September 1999
Format: Taschenbuch
This book is a must-read not only for students (broadly defined) of the social sciences, but also for politicians and bureaucrats, especially those in charge of military and foreign affairs. Axelrod's book is a tour-de-force in multi-method approaches. Although the author is a trifle repetitive and occasionally laborious, I think the profound content of the book far outweighs the minor inadequacies of its form. At the risk of sounding like a logical positivist, I would venture to say that Axelrod's approach offers hope for a bottom-up construction of cooperation in an uncertain world without a central authority.
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